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Search: MSC category 42B ( Harmonic analysis in several variables {For automorphic theory, see mainly 11F30} )

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1. CJM Online first

Cascante, Carme; Fàbrega, Joan; Ortega, Joaquín M.
 Sharp norm estimates for the Bergman operator from weighted mixed-norm spaces to weighted Hardy spaces In this paper we give sharp norm estimates for the Bergman operator acting from weighted mixed-norm spaces to weighted Hardy spaces in the ball, endowed with natural norms. Keywords:weighted Hardy space, Bergman operator, sharp norm estimateCategories:47B38, 32A35, 42B25, 32A37

2. CJM Online first

Guo, Xiaoli; Hu, Guoen
 On the commutators of singular integral operators with rough convolution kernels Let $T_{\Omega}$ be the singular integral operator with kernel $\frac{\Omega(x)}{|x|^n}$, where $\Omega$ is homogeneous of degree zero, has mean value zero and belongs to $L^q(S^{n-1})$ for some $q\in (1,\,\infty]$. In this paper, the authors establish the compactness on weighted $L^p$ spaces, and the Morrey spaces, for the commutator generated by $\operatorname{CMO}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ function and $T_{\Omega}$. The associated maximal operator and the discrete maximal operator are also considered. Keywords:commutator, singular integral operator, compact operator, completely continuous operator, maximal operator, Morrey spaceCategories:42B20, 47B07

3. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1161)

Zhang, Junqiang; Cao, Jun; Jiang, Renjin; Yang, Dachun
 Non-tangential Maximal Function Characterizations of Hardy Spaces Associated with Degenerate Elliptic Operators Let $w$ be either in the Muckenhoupt class of $A_2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ weights or in the class of $QC(\mathbb{R}^n)$ weights, and $L_w:=-w^{-1}\mathop{\mathrm{div}}(A\nabla)$ the degenerate elliptic operator on the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\ge 2$. In this article, the authors establish the non-tangential maximal function characterization of the Hardy space $H_{L_w}^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ associated with $L_w$ for $p\in (0,1]$ and, when $p\in (\frac{n}{n+1},1]$ and $w\in A_{q_0}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with $q_0\in[1,\frac{p(n+1)}n)$, the authors prove that the associated Riesz transform $\nabla L_w^{-1/2}$ is bounded from $H_{L_w}^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ to the weighted classical Hardy space $H_w^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$. Keywords:degenerate elliptic operator, Hardy space, square function, maximal function, molecule, Riesz transformCategories:42B30, 42B35, 35J70

4. CJM 2014 (vol 66 pp. 1358)

 Sharp Localized Inequalities for Fourier Multipliers In the paper we study sharp localized $L^q\colon L^p$ estimates for Fourier multipliers resulting from modulation of the jumps of LÃ©vy processes. The proofs of these estimates rest on probabilistic methods and exploit related sharp bounds for differentially subordinated martingales, which are of independent interest. The lower bounds for the constants involve the analysis of laminates, a family of certain special probability measures on $2\times 2$ matrices. As an application, we obtain new sharp bounds for the real and imaginary parts of the Beurling-Ahlfors operator . Keywords:Fourier multiplier, martingale, laminateCategories:42B15, 60G44, 42B20

5. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 284)

Eikrem, Kjersti Solberg
 Random Harmonic Functions in Growth Spaces and Bloch-type Spaces Let $h^\infty_v(\mathbf D)$ and $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ be the spaces of harmonic functions in the unit disk and multi-dimensional unit ball which admit a two-sided radial majorant $v(r)$. We consider functions $v$ that fulfill a doubling condition. In the two-dimensional case let $u (re^{i\theta},\xi) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty (a_{j0} \xi_{j0} r^j \cos j\theta +a_{j1} \xi_{j1} r^j \sin j\theta)$ where $\xi =\{\xi_{ji}\}$ is a sequence of random subnormal variables and $a_{ji}$ are real; in higher dimensions we consider series of spherical harmonics. We will obtain conditions on the coefficients $a_{ji}$ which imply that $u$ is in $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ almost surely. Our estimate improves previous results by Bennett, Stegenga and Timoney, and we prove that the estimate is sharp. The results for growth spaces can easily be applied to Bloch-type spaces, and we obtain a similar characterization for these spaces, which generalizes results by Anderson, Clunie and Pommerenke and by Guo and Liu. Keywords:harmonic functions, random series, growth space, Bloch-type spaceCategories:30B20, 31B05, 30H30, 42B05

6. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1382)

Wu, Xinfeng
 Weighted Carleson Measure Spaces Associated with Different Homogeneities In this paper, we introduce weighted Carleson measure spaces associated with different homogeneities and prove that these spaces are the dual spaces of weighted Hardy spaces studied in a forthcoming paper. As an application, we establish the boundedness of composition of two CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operators with different homogeneities on the weighted Carleson measure spaces; this, in particular, provides the weighted endpoint estimates for the operators studied by Phong-Stein. Keywords:composition of operators, weighted Carleson measure spaces, dualityCategories:42B20, 42B35

7. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1217)

Cruz, Victor; Mateu, Joan; Orobitg, Joan
 Beltrami Equation with Coefficient in Sobolev and Besov Spaces Our goal in this work is to present some function spaces on the complex plane $\mathbb C$, $X(\mathbb C)$, for which the quasiregular solutions of the Beltrami equation, $\overline\partial f (z) = \mu(z) \partial f (z)$, have first derivatives locally in $X(\mathbb C)$, provided that the Beltrami coefficient $\mu$ belongs to $X(\mathbb C)$. Keywords:quasiregular mappings, Beltrami equation, Sobolev spaces, CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operatorsCategories:30C62, 35J99, 42B20

8. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 510)

Blasco de la Cruz, Oscar; Villarroya Alvarez, Paco
 Transference of vector-valued multipliers on weighted $L^p$-spaces We prove restriction and extension of multipliers between weighted Lebesgue spaces with two different weights, which belong to a class more general than periodic weights, and two different exponents of integrability which can be below one. We also develop some ad-hoc methods which apply to weights defined by the product of periodic weights with functions of power type. Our vector-valued approach allow us to extend results to transference of maximal multipliers and provide transference of Littlewood-Paley inequalities. Keywords:Fourier multipliers, restriction theorems, weighted spacesCategories:42B15, 42B35

9. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 299)

Grafakos, Loukas; Miyachi, Akihiko; Tomita, Naohito
 On Multilinear Fourier Multipliers of Limited Smoothness In this paper, we prove certain $L^2$-estimate for multilinear Fourier multiplier operators with multipliers of limited smoothness. As a result, we extend the result of CalderÃ³n and Torchinsky in the linear theory to the multilinear case. The sharpness of our results and some related estimates in Hardy spaces are also discussed. Keywords:multilinear Fourier multipliers, HÃ¶rmander multiplier theorem, Hardy spacesCategories:42B15, 42B20

10. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 600)

Kroó, A.; Lubinsky, D. S.
 Christoffel Functions and Universality in the Bulk for Multivariate Orthogonal Polynomials We establish asymptotics for Christoffel functions associated with multivariate orthogonal polynomials. The underlying measures are assumed to be regular on a suitable domain - in particular this is true if they are positive a.e. on a compact set that admits analytic parametrization. As a consequence, we obtain asymptotics for Christoffel functions for measures on the ball and simplex, under far more general conditions than previously known. As another consequence, we establish universality type limits in the bulk in a variety of settings. Keywords:orthogonal polynomials, random matrices, unitary ensembles, correlation functions, Christoffel functionsCategories:42C05, 42C99, 42B05, 60B20

11. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1036)

Koh, Doowon; Shen, Chun-Yen
 Harmonic Analysis Related to Homogeneous Varieties in Three Dimensional Vector Spaces over Finite Fields In this paper we study the extension problem, the averaging problem, and the generalized ErdÅs-Falconer distance problem associated with arbitrary homogeneous varieties in three dimensional vector spaces over finite fields. In the case when the varieties do not contain any plane passing through the origin, we obtain the best possible results on the aforementioned three problems. In particular, our result on the extension problem modestly generalizes the result by Mockenhaupt and Tao who studied the particular conical extension problem. In addition, investigating the Fourier decay on homogeneous varieties enables us to give complete mapping properties of averaging operators. Moreover, we improve the size condition on a set such that the cardinality of its distance set is nontrivial. Keywords:extension problems, averaging operator, finite fields, ErdÅs-Falconer distance problems, homogeneous polynomialCategories:42B05, 11T24, 52C17

12. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 892)

Hytönen, Tuomas; Liu, Suile; Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong
 Boundedness of CalderÃ³n-Zygmund Operators on Non-homogeneous Metric Measure Spaces Let $({\mathcal X}, d, \mu)$ be a separable metric measure space satisfying the known upper doubling condition, the geometrical doubling condition, and the non-atomic condition that $\mu(\{x\})=0$ for all $x\in{\mathcal X}$. In this paper, we show that the boundedness of a CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operator $T$ on $L^2(\mu)$ is equivalent to that of $T$ on $L^p(\mu)$ for some $p\in (1, \infty)$, and that of $T$ from $L^1(\mu)$ to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu).$ As an application, we prove that if $T$ is a CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operator bounded on $L^2(\mu)$, then its maximal operator is bounded on $L^p(\mu)$ for all $p\in (1, \infty)$ and from the space of all complex-valued Borel measures on ${\mathcal X}$ to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu)$. All these results generalize the corresponding results of Nazarov et al. on metric spaces with measures satisfying the so-called polynomial growth condition. Keywords:upper doubling, geometrical doubling, dominating function, weak type $(1,1)$ estimate, CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operator, maximal operatorCategories:42B20, 42B25, 30L99

13. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 257)

Chen, Yanping; Ding, Yong; Wang, Xinxia
 Compactness of Commutators for Singular Integrals on Morrey Spaces In this paper we characterize the compactness of the commutator $[b,T]$ for the singular integral operator on the Morrey spaces $L^{p,\lambda}(\mathbb R^n)$. More precisely, we prove that if $b\in \operatorname{VMO}(\mathbb R^n)$, the $\operatorname {BMO} (\mathbb R^n)$-closure of $C_c^\infty(\mathbb R^n)$, then $[b,T]$ is a compact operator on the Morrey spaces $L^{p,\lambda}(\mathbb R^n)$ for $1\lt p\lt \infty$ and $0\lt \lambda\lt n$. Conversely, if $b\in \operatorname{BMO}(\mathbb R^n)$ and $[b,T]$ is a compact operator on the $L^{p,\,\lambda}(\mathbb R^n)$ for some $p\ (1\lt p\lt \infty)$, then $b\in \operatorname {VMO}(\mathbb R^n)$. Moreover, the boundedness of a rough singular integral operator $T$ and its commutator $[b,T]$ on $L^{p,\,\lambda}(\mathbb R^n)$ are also given. We obtain a sufficient condition for a subset in Morrey space to be a strongly pre-compact set, which has interest in its own right. Keywords:singular integral, commutators, compactness, VMO, Morrey spaceCategories:42B20, 42B99

14. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 798)

Daws, Matthew
 Representing Multipliers of the Fourier Algebra on Non-Commutative $L^p$ Spaces We show that the multiplier algebra of the Fourier algebra on a locally compact group $G$ can be isometrically represented on a direct sum on non-commutative $L^p$ spaces associated with the right von Neumann algebra of $G$. The resulting image is the idealiser of the image of the Fourier algebra. If these spaces are given their canonical operator space structure, then we get a completely isometric representation of the completely bounded multiplier algebra. We make a careful study of the non-commutative $L^p$ spaces we construct and show that they are completely isometric to those considered recently by Forrest, Lee, and Samei. We improve a result of theirs about module homomorphisms. We suggest a definition of a Figa-Talamanca-Herz algebra built out of these non-commutative $L^p$ spaces, say $A_p(\widehat G)$. It is shown that $A_2(\widehat G)$ is isometric to $L^1(G)$, generalising the abelian situation. Keywords:multiplier, Fourier algebra, non-commutative $L^p$ space, complex interpolationCategories:43A22, 43A30, 46L51, 22D25, 42B15, 46L07, 46L52

15. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1419)

Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong
 BMO-Estimates for Maximal Operators via Approximations of the Identity with Non-Doubling Measures Let $\mu$ be a nonnegative Radon measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ that satisfies the growth condition that there exist constants $C_0>0$ and $n\in(0,d]$ such that for all $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and $r>0$, ${\mu(B(x,\,r))\le C_0r^n}$, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball centered at $x$ and having radius $r$. In this paper, the authors prove that if $f$ belongs to the $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ of Tolsa, then the homogeneous maximal function $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is not an initial cube) and the inhomogeneous maximal function $\mathcal{M}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is an initial cube) associated with a given approximation of the identity $S$ of Tolsa are either infinite everywhere or finite almost everywhere, and in the latter case, $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S$ and $\mathcal{M}_S$ are bounded from $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ to the $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{RBLO}(\mu)$. The authors also prove that the inhomogeneous maximal operator $\mathcal{M}_S$ is bounded from the local $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{rbmo}(\mu)$ to the local $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{rblo}(\mu)$. Keywords:Non-doubling measure, maximal operator, approximation of the identity, RBMO(mu), RBLO(mu), rbmo(mu), rblo(mu)Categories:42B25, 42B30, 47A30, 43A99

16. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1182)

Yue, Hong
 A Fractal Function Related to the John-Nirenberg Inequality for $Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$ A borderline case function $f$ for $Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$ spaces is defined as a Haar wavelet decomposition, with the coefficients depending on a fixed parameter $\beta>0$. On its support $I_0=[0, 1]^n$, $f(x)$ can be expressed by the binary expansions of the coordinates of $x$. In particular, $f=f_{\beta}\in Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$ if and only if $\alpha<\beta<\frac{n}{2}$, while for $\beta=\alpha$, it was shown by Yue and Dafni that $f$ satisfies a John--Nirenberg inequality for $Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$. When $\beta\neq 1$, $f$ is a self-affine function. It is continuous almost everywhere and discontinuous at all dyadic points inside $I_0$. In addition, it is not monotone along any coordinate direction in any small cube. When the parameter $\beta\in (0, 1)$, $f$ is onto from $I_0$ to $[-\frac{1}{1-2^{-\beta}}, \frac{1}{1-2^{-\beta}}]$, and the graph of $f$ has a non-integer fractal dimension $n+1-\beta$. Keywords:Haar wavelets, Q spaces, John-Nirenberg inequality, Greedy expansion, self-affine, fractal, Box dimensionCategories:42B35, 42C10, 30D50, 28A80

17. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)

Ouyang, Caiheng; Xu, Quanhua
 BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces This paper studies the relationship between vector-valued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1-|z|)^{q-1}\|\nabla f(z)\|^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\|f(z)-f(z_0)\|^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$-uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1-|z_0|^2}{|1-\bar{z_0}z|^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$-uniformly smooth norm. Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spacesCategories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20

18. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 807)

Hong, Sunggeum; Kim, Joonil; Yang, Chan Woo
 Maximal Operators Associated with Vector Polynomials of Lacunary Coefficients We prove the $L^p(\mathbb{R}^d)$ ($1 Categories:42B20, 42B25 19. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1283) Ho, Kwok-Pun  Remarks on Littlewood--Paley Analysis Littlewood--Paley analysis is generalized in this article. We show that the compactness of the Fourier support imposed on the analyzing function can be removed. We also prove that the Littlewood--Paley decomposition of tempered distributions converges under a topology stronger than the weak-star topology, namely, the inductive limit topology. Finally, we construct a multiparameter Littlewood--Paley analysis and obtain the corresponding renormalization'' for the convergence of this multiparameter Littlewood--Paley analysis. Keywords:Littlewood--Paley analysis, distributionsCategory:42B25 20. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 685) Savu, Anamaria  Closed and Exact Functions in the Context of Ginzburg--Landau Models For a general vector field we exhibit two Hilbert spaces, namely the space of so called \emph{closed functions} and the space of \emph{exact functions} and we calculate the codimension of the space of exact functions inside the larger space of closed functions. In particular we provide a new approach for the known cases: the Glauber field and the second-order Ginzburg--Landau field and for the case of the fourth-order Ginzburg--Landau field. Keywords:Hermite polynomials, Fock space, Fourier coefficients, Fourier transform, group of symmetriesCategories:42B05, 81Q50, 42A16 21. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1207) Bu, Shangquan; Le, Christian $H^p$-Maximal Regularity and Operator Valued Multipliers on Hardy Spaces We consider maximal regularity in the$H^p$sense for the Cauchy problem$u'(t) + Au(t) = f(t)\ (t\in \R)$, where$A$is a closed operator on a Banach space$X$and$f$is an$X$-valued function defined on$\R$. We prove that if$X$is an AUMD Banach space, then$A$satisfies$H^p$-maximal regularity if and only if$A$is Rademacher sectorial of type$<\frac{\pi}{2}$. Moreover we find an operator$A$with$H^p$-maximal regularity that does not have the classical$L^p$-maximal regularity. We prove a related Mikhlin type theorem for operator valued Fourier multipliers on Hardy spaces$H^p(\R;X)$, in the case when$X$is an AUMD Banach space. Keywords:$L^p$-maximal regularity,$H^p$-maximal regularity, Rademacher boundednessCategories:42B30, 47D06 22. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 276) Bernardis, A. L.; Martín-Reyes, F. J.; Salvador, P. Ortega  Weighted Inequalities for Hardy--Steklov Operators We characterize the pairs of weights$(v,w)$for which the operator$Tf(x)=g(x)\int_{s(x)}^{h(x)}f$with$s$and$h$increasing and continuous functions is of strong type$(p,q)$or weak type$(p,q)$with respect to the pair$(v,w)$in the case$0 Keywords:Hardy--Steklov operator, weights, inequalitiesCategories:26D15, 46E30, 42B25

23. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 1121)

Bownik, Marcin; Speegle, Darrin
 The Feichtinger Conjecture for Wavelet Frames, Gabor Frames and Frames of Translates The Feichtinger conjecture is considered for three special families of frames. It is shown that if a wavelet frame satisfies a certain weak regularity condition, then it can be written as the finite union of Riesz basic sequences each of which is a wavelet system. Moreover, the above is not true for general wavelet frames. It is also shown that a sup-adjoint Gabor frame can be written as the finite union of Riesz basic sequences. Finally, we show how existing techniques can be applied to determine whether frames of translates can be written as the finite union of Riesz basic sequences. We end by giving an example of a frame of translates such that any Riesz basic subsequence must consist of highly irregular translates. Keywords:frame, Riesz basic sequence, wavelet, Gabor system, frame of translates, paving conjectureCategories:42B25, 42B35, 42C40

24. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 401)

Kolountzakis, Mihail N.; Révész, Szilárd Gy.
 On Pointwise Estimates of Positive Definite Functions With Given Support The following problem has been suggested by Paul Tur\' an. Let $\Omega$ be a symmetric convex body in the Euclidean space $\mathbb R^d$ or in the torus $\TT^d$. Then, what is the largest possible value of the integral of positive definite functions that are supported in $\Omega$ and normalized with the value $1$ at the origin? From this, Arestov, Berdysheva and Berens arrived at the analogous pointwise extremal problem for intervals in $\RR$. That is, under the same conditions and normalizations, the supremum of possible function values at $z$ is to be found for any given point $z\in\Omega$. However, it turns out that the problem for the real line has already been solved by Boas and Kac, who gave several proofs and also mentioned possible extensions to $\RR^d$ and to non-convex domains as well. Here we present another approach to the problem, giving the solution in $\RR^d$ and for several cases in~$\TT^d$. Actually, we elaborate on the fact that the problem is essentially one-dimensional and investigate non-convex open domains as well. We show that the extremal problems are equivalent to some more familiar ones concerning trigonometric polynomials, and thus find the extremal values for a few cases. An analysis of the relationship between the problem for $\RR^d$ and that for $\TT^d$ is given, showing that the former case is just the limiting case of the latter. Thus the hierarchy of difficulty is established, so that extremal problems for trigonometric polynomials gain renewed recognition. Keywords:Fourier transform, positive definite functions and measures, TurÃ¡n's extremal problem, convex symmetric domains, positive trigonometric polynomials, dual extremal problemsCategories:42B10, 26D15, 42A82, 42A05

25. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 154)

Prestini, Elena
 Singular Integrals on Product Spaces Related to the Carleson Operator We prove $L^p(\mathbb T^2)$ boundedness, \$1 Categories:42B20, 42B08
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