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26. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 548)

Girouard, Alexandre
Fundamental Tone, Concentration of Density, and Conformal Degeneration on Surfaces
We study the effect of two types of degeneration of a Riemannian metric on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace operator on surfaces. In both cases we prove that the first eigenvalue of the round sphere is an optimal asymptotic upper bound. The first type of degeneration is concentration of the density to a point within a conformal class. The second is degeneration of the conformal class to the boundary of the moduli space on the torus and on the Klein bottle. In the latter, we follow the outline proposed by N. Nadirashvili in 1996.

Categories:35P, 58J

27. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1168)

Taylor, Michael
Short Time Behavior of Solutions to Linear and Nonlinear Schr{ödinger Equations
We examine the fine structure of the short time behavior of solutions to various linear and nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equations $u_t=i\Delta u+q(u)$ on $I\times\RR^n$, with initial data $u(0,x)=f(x)$. Particular attention is paid to cases where $f$ is piecewise smooth, with jump across an $(n-1)$-dimensional surface. We give detailed analyses of Gibbs-like phenomena and also focusing effects, including analogues of the Pinsky phenomenon. We give results for general $n$ in the linear case. We also have detailed analyses for a broad class of nonlinear equations when $n=1$ and $2$, with emphasis on the analysis of the first order correction to the solution of the corresponding linear equation. This work complements estimates on the error in this approximation.

Categories:35Q55, 35Q40

28. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 822)

Kuwae, Kazuhiro
Maximum Principles for Subharmonic Functions Via Local Semi-Dirichlet Forms
Maximum principles for subharmonic functions in the framework of quasi-regular local semi-Dirichlet forms admitting lower bounds are presented. As applications, we give weak and strong maximum principles for (local) subsolutions of a second order elliptic differential operator on the domain of Euclidean space under conditions on coefficients, which partially generalize the results by Stampacchia.

Keywords:positivity preserving form, semi-Dirichlet form, Dirichlet form, subharmonic functions, superharmonic functions, harmonic functions, weak maximum principle, strong maximum principle, irreducibility, absolute continuity condition
Categories:31C25, 35B50, 60J45, 35J, 53C, 58

29. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 572)

Hitrik, Michael; Sj{östrand, Johannes
Non-Selfadjoint Perturbations of Selfadjoint Operators in Two Dimensions IIIa. One Branching Point
This is the third in a series of works devoted to spectral asymptotics for non-selfadjoint perturbations of selfadjoint $h$-pseudodifferential operators in dimension 2, having a periodic classical flow. Assuming that the strength $\epsilon$ of the perturbation is in the range $h^2\ll \epsilon \ll h^{1/2}$ (and may sometimes reach even smaller values), we get an asymptotic description of the eigenvalues in rectangles $[-1/C,1/C]+i\epsilon [F_0-1/C,F_0+1/C]$, $C\gg 1$, when $\epsilon F_0$ is a saddle point value of the flow average of the leading perturbation.

Keywords:non-selfadjoint, eigenvalue, periodic flow, branching singularity
Categories:31C10, 35P20, 35Q40, 37J35, 37J45, 53D22, 58J40

30. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 241)

Alexandrova, Ivana
Semi-Classical Wavefront Set and Fourier Integral Operators
Here we define and prove some properties of the semi-classical wavefront set. We also define and study semi-classical Fourier integral operators and prove a generalization of Egorov's theorem to manifolds of different dimensions.

Keywords:wavefront set, Fourier integral operators, Egorov theorem, semi-classical analysis
Categories:35S30, 35A27, 58J40, 81Q20

31. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1301)

Furioli, Giulia; Melzi, Camillo; Veneruso, Alessandro
Strichartz Inequalities for the Wave Equation with the Full Laplacian on the Heisenberg Group
We prove dispersive and Strichartz inequalities for the solution of the wave equation related to the full Laplacian on the Heisenberg group, by means of Besov spaces defined by a Littlewood--Paley decomposition related to the spectral resolution of the full Laplacian. This requires a careful analysis due also to the non-homogeneous nature of the full Laplacian. This result has to be compared to a previous one by Bahouri, G\'erard and Xu concerning the solution of the wave equation related to the Kohn Laplacian.

Keywords:nilpotent and solvable Lie groups, smoothness and regularity of solutions of PDEs
Categories:22E25, 35B65

32. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 943)

Finster, Felix; Kraus, Margarita
A Weighted $L^2$-Estimate of the Witten Spinor in Asymptotically Schwarzschild Manifolds
We derive a weighted $L^2$-estimate of the Witten spinor in a complete Riemannian spin manifold~$(M^n, g)$ of non-negative scalar curvature which is asymptotically Schwarzschild. The interior geometry of~$M$ enters this estimate only via the lowest eigenvalue of the square of the Dirac operator on a conformal compactification of $M$.

Categories:83C60, 35Q75, 35J45, 58J05

33. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 742)

Gil, Juan B.; Krainer, Thomas; Mendoza, Gerardo A.
Geometry and Spectra of Closed Extensions of Elliptic Cone Operators
We study the geometry of the set of closed extensions of index $0$ of an elliptic differential cone operator and its model operator in connection with the spectra of the extensions, and we give a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of rays of minimal growth for such operators.

Keywords:resolvents, manifolds with conical singularities, spectral theor, boundary value problems, Grassmannians
Categories:58J50, 35J70, 14M15

34. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 393)

Servat, E.
Le splitting pour l'opérateur de Klein--Gordon: une approche heuristique et numérique
Dans cet article on \'etudie la diff\'erence entre les deux premi\`eres valeurs propres, le splitting, d'un op\'erateur de Klein--Gordon semi-classique unidimensionnel, dans le cas d'un potentiel sym\'etrique pr\'esentant un double puits. Dans le cas d'une petite barri\`ere de potentiel, B. Helffer et B. Parisse ont obtenu des r\'esultats analogues \`a ceux existant pour l'op\'erateur de Schr\"odinger. Dans le cas d'une grande barri\`ere de potentiel, on obtient ici des estimations des tranform\'ees de Fourier des fonctions propres qui conduisent \`a une conjecture du splitting. Des calculs num\'eriques viennent appuyer cette conjecture.

Categories:35P05, 34L16, 34E05, 47A10, 47A70

35. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 691)

Bendikov, A.; Saloff-Coste, L.
Hypoelliptic Bi-Invariant Laplacians on Infinite Dimensional Compact Groups
On a compact connected group $G$, consider the infinitesimal generator $-L$ of a central symmetric Gaussian convolution semigroup $(\mu_t)_{t>0}$. Using appropriate notions of distribution and smooth function spaces, we prove that $L$ is hypoelliptic if and only if $(\mu_t)_{t>0} $ is absolutely continuous with respect to Haar measure and admits a continuous density $x\mapsto \mu_t(x)$, $t>0$, such that $\lim_{t\ra 0} t\log \mu_t(e)=0$. In particular, this condition holds if and only if any Borel measure $u$ which is solution of $Lu=0$ in an open set $\Omega$ can be represented by a continuous function in $\Omega$. Examples are discussed.

Categories:60B15, 43A77, 35H10, 46F25, 60J45, 60J60

36. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 64)

Filippakis, Michael; Gasiński, Leszek; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
Multiplicity Results for Nonlinear Neumann Problems
In this paper we study nonlinear elliptic problems of Neumann type driven by the $p$-Laplac\-ian differential operator. We look for situations guaranteeing the existence of multiple solutions. First we study problems which are strongly resonant at infinity at the first (zero) eigenvalue. We prove five multiplicity results, four for problems with nonsmooth potential and one for problems with a $C^1$-potential. In the last part, for nonsmooth problems in which the potential eventually exhibits a strict super-$p$-growth under a symmetry condition, we prove the existence of infinitely many pairs of nontrivial solutions. Our approach is variational based on the critical point theory for nonsmooth functionals. Also we present some results concerning the first two elements of the spectrum of the negative $p$-Laplacian with Neumann boundary condition.

Keywords:Nonsmooth critical point theory, locally Lipschitz function,, Clarke subdifferential, Neumann problem, strong resonance,, second deformation theorem, nonsmooth symmetric mountain pass theorem,, $p$-Laplacian
Categories:35J20, 35J60, 35J85

37. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1193)

Dungey, Nick
Some Conditions for Decay of Convolution Powers and Heat Kernels on Groups
Let $K$ be a function on a unimodular locally compact group $G$, and denote by $K_n = K*K* \cdots * K$ the $n$-th convolution power of $K$. Assuming that $K$ satisfies certain operator estimates in $L^2(G)$, we give estimates of the norms $\|K_n\|_2$ and $\|K_n\|_\infty$ for large $n$. In contrast to previous methods for estimating $\|K_n\|_\infty$, we do not need to assume that the function $K$ is a probability density or non-negative. Our results also adapt for continuous time semigroups on $G$. Various applications are given, for example, to estimates of the behaviour of heat kernels on Lie groups.

Categories:22E30, 35B40, 43A99

38. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1291)

Riveros, Carlos M. C.; Tenenblat, Keti
Dupin Hypersurfaces in $\mathbb R^5$
We study Dupin hypersurfaces in $\mathbb R^5$ parametrized by lines of curvature, with four distinct principal curvatures. We characterize locally a generic family of such hypersurfaces in terms of the principal curvatures and four vector valued functions of one variable. We show that these vector valued functions are invariant by inversions and homotheties.

Categories:53B25, 53C42, 35N10, 37K10

39. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 771)

Schrohe, E.; Seiler, J.
The Resolvent of Closed Extensions of Cone Differential Operators
We study closed extensions $\underline A$ of an elliptic differential operator $A$ on a manifold with conical singularities, acting as an unbounded operator on a weighted $L_p$-space. Under suitable conditions we show that the resolvent $(\lambda-\underline A)^{-1}$ exists in a sector of the complex plane and decays like $1/|\lambda|$ as $|\lambda|\to\infty$. Moreover, we determine the structure of the resolvent with enough precision to guarantee existence and boundedness of imaginary powers of $\underline A$. As an application we treat the Laplace--Beltrami operator for a metric with straight conical degeneracy and describe domains yielding maximal regularity for the Cauchy problem $\dot{u}-\Delta u=f$, $u(0)=0$.

Keywords:Manifolds with conical singularities, resolvent, maximal regularity
Categories:35J70, 47A10, 58J40

40. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 794)

Michel, Laurent
Semi-Classical Behavior of the Scattering Amplitude for Trapping Perturbations at Fixed Energy
We study the semi-classical behavior as $h\rightarrow 0$ of the scattering amplitude $f(\theta,\omega,\lambda,h)$ associated to a Schr\"odinger operator $P(h)=-\frac 1 2 h^2\Delta +V(x)$ with short-range trapping perturbations. First we realize a spatial localization in the general case and we deduce a bound of the scattering amplitude on the real line. Under an additional assumption on the resonances, we show that if we modify the potential $V(x)$ in a domain lying behind the barrier $\{x:V(x)>\lambda\}$, the scattering amplitude $f(\theta,\omega,\lambda,h)$ changes by a term of order $\O(h^{\infty})$. Under an escape assumption on the classical trajectories incoming with fixed direction $\omega$, we obtain an asymptotic development of $f(\theta,\omega,\lambda,h)$ similar to the one established in thenon-trapping case.

Categories:35P25, 35B34, 35B40

41. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 638)

Śniatycki, Jędrzej
Multisymplectic Reduction for Proper Actions
We consider symmetries of the Dedonder equation arising from variational problems with partial derivatives. Assuming a proper action of the symmetry group, we identify a set of reduced equations on an open dense subset of the domain of definition of the fields under consideration. By continuity, the Dedonder equation is satisfied whenever the reduced equations are satisfied.

Keywords:Dedonder equation, multisymplectic structure, reduction,, symmetries, variational problems
Categories:58J70, 35A30

42. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 655)

Tao, Xiangxing; Wang, Henggeng
On the Neumann Problem for the Schrödinger Equations with Singular Potentials in Lipschitz Domains
We consider the Neumann problem for the Schr\"odinger equations $-\Delta u+Vu=0$, with singular nonnegative potentials $V$ belonging to the reverse H\"older class $\B_n$, in a connected Lipschitz domain $\Omega\subset\mathbf{R}^n$. Given boundary data $g$ in $H^p$ or $L^p$ for $1-\epsilon
Keywords:Neumann problem, Schrödinger equation, Lipschitz, domain, reverse Hölder class, $H^p$ space
Categories:42B20, 35J10

43. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 590)

Ni, Yilong
The Heat Kernel and Green's Function on a Manifold with Heisenberg Group as Boundary
We study the Riemannian Laplace-Beltrami operator $L$ on a Riemannian manifold with Heisenberg group $H_1$ as boundary. We calculate the heat kernel and Green's function for $L$, and give global and small time estimates of the heat kernel. A class of hypersurfaces in this manifold can be regarded as approximations of $H_1$. We also restrict $L$ to each hypersurface and calculate the corresponding heat kernel and Green's function. We will see that the heat kernel and Green's function converge to the heat kernel and Green's function on the boundary.

Categories:35H20, 58J99, 53C17

44. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 401)

Varopoulos, N. Th.
Gaussian Estimates in Lipschitz Domains
We give upper and lower Gaussian estimates for the diffusion kernel of a divergence and nondivergence form elliptic operator in a Lipschitz domain. On donne des estimations Gaussiennes pour le noyau d'une diffusion, r\'eversible ou pas, dans un domaine Lipschitzien.

Categories:39A70, 35-02, 65M06

45. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1121)

Bao, Jiguang
Fully Nonlinear Elliptic Equations on General Domains
By means of the Pucci operator, we construct a function $u_0$, which plays an essential role in our considerations, and give the existence and regularity theorems for the bounded viscosity solutions of the generalized Dirichlet problems of second order fully nonlinear elliptic equations on the general bounded domains, which may be irregular. The approximation method, the accretive operator technique and the Caffarelli's perturbation theory are used.

Keywords:Pucci operator, viscosity solution, existence, $C^{2,\psi}$ regularity, Dini condition, fully nonlinear equation, general domain, accretive operator, approximation lemma
Categories:35D05, 35D10, 35J60, 35J67

46. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 945)

Boivin, André; Gauthier, Paul M.; Paramonov, Petr V.
Approximation on Closed Sets by Analytic or Meromorphic Solutions of Elliptic Equations and Applications
Given a homogeneous elliptic partial differential operator $L$ with constant complex coefficients and a class of functions (jet-distributions) which are defined on a (relatively) closed subset of a domain $\Omega$ in $\mathbf{R}^n$ and which belong locally to a Banach space $V$, we consider the problem of approximating in the norm of $V$ the functions in this class by ``analytic'' and ``meromorphic'' solutions of the equation $Lu=0$. We establish new Roth, Arakelyan (including tangential) and Carleman type theorems for a large class of Banach spaces $V$ and operators $L$. Important applications to boundary value problems of solutions of homogeneous elliptic partial differential equations are obtained, including the solution of a generalized Dirichlet problem.

Keywords:approximation on closed sets, elliptic operator, strongly elliptic operator, $L$-meromorphic and $L$-analytic functions, localization operator, Banach space of distributions, Dirichlet problem
Categories:30D40, 30E10, 31B35, 35Jxx, 35J67, 41A30

47. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1065)

Hayashi, Nakao; Naumkin, Pavel I.
Large Time Behavior for the Cubic Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation
We consider the Cauchy problem for the cubic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in one space dimension \begin{equation} \begin{cases} iu_t + \frac12 u_{xx} + \bar{u}^3 = 0, & \text{$t \in \mathbf{R}$, $x \in \mathbf{R}$,} \\ u(0,x) = u_0(x), & \text{$x \in \mathbf{R}$.} \end{cases} \label{A} \end{equation} Cubic type nonlinearities in one space dimension heuristically appear to be critical for large time. We study the global existence and large time asymptotic behavior of solutions to the Cauchy problem (\ref{A}). We prove that if the initial data $u_0 \in \mathbf{H}^{1,0} \cap \mathbf{H}^{0,1}$ are small and such that $\sup_{|\xi|\leq 1} |\arg \mathcal{F} u_0 (\xi) - \frac{\pi n}{2}| < \frac{\pi}{8}$ for some $n \in \mathbf{Z}$, and $\inf_{|\xi|\leq 1} |\mathcal{F} u_0 (\xi)| >0$, then the solution has an additional logarithmic time-decay in the short range region $|x| \leq \sqrt{t}$. In the far region $|x| > \sqrt{t}$ the asymptotics have a quasi-linear character.

Category:35Q55

48. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 998)

Dimassi, Mouez
Resonances for Slowly Varying Perturbations of a Periodic Schrödinger Operator
We study the resonances of the operator $P(h) = -\Delta_x + V(x) + \varphi(hx)$. Here $V$ is a periodic potential, $\varphi$ a decreasing perturbation and $h$ a small positive constant. We prove the existence of shape resonances near the edges of the spectral bands of $P_0 = -\Delta_x + V(x)$, and we give its asymptotic expansions in powers of $h^{\frac12}$.

Categories:35P99, 47A60, 47A40

49. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 493)

Braden, Tom
Perverse Sheaves on Grassmannians
We compute the category of perverse sheaves on Hermitian symmetric spaces in types~A and D, constructible with respect to the Schubert stratification. The calculation is microlocal, and uses the action of the Borel group to study the geometry of the conormal variety $\Lambda$.

Keywords:perverse sheaves, microlocal geometry
Categories:32S60, 32C38, 35A27

50. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 1057)

Varopoulos, N. Th.
Potential Theory in Lipschitz Domains
We prove comparison theorems for the probability of life in a Lipschitz domain between Brownian motion and random walks. On donne des th\'eor\`emes de comparaison pour la probabilit\'e de vie dans un domain Lipschitzien entre le Brownien et de marches al\'eatoires.

Categories:39A70, 35-02, 65M06
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