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Search: MSC category 34C ( Qualitative theory [See also 37-XX] )

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1. CJM Online first

Hakl, Robert; Zamora, Manuel
Periodic solutions of an indefinite singular equation arising from the Kepler problem on the sphere
We study a second-order ordinary differential equation coming from the Kepler problem on $\mathbb{S}^2$. The forcing term under consideration is a piecewise constant with singular nonlinearity which changes sign. We establish necessary and sufficient conditions to the existence and multiplicity of $T$-periodic solutions.

Keywords:singular differential equation, indefinite singularity, periodic solution, Kepler problem on $\mathbb{S}^1$, degree theory
Categories:34B16, 34C25, 70F05, 70F15

2. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1247)

Barros, Carlos Braga; Rocha, Victor; Souza, Josiney
Lyapunov Stability and Attraction Under Equivariant Maps
Let $M$ and $N$ be admissible Hausdorff topological spaces endowed with admissible families of open coverings. Assume that $\mathcal{S}$ is a semigroup acting on both $M$ and $N$. In this paper we study the behavior of limit sets, prolongations, prolongational limit sets, attracting sets, attractors and Lyapunov stable sets (all concepts defined for the action of the semigroup $\mathcal{S}$) under equivariant maps and semiconjugations from $M$ to $N$.

Keywords:Lyapunov stability, semigroup actions, generalized flows, equivariant maps, admissible topological spaces
Categories:37B25, 37C75, 34C27, 34D05

3. CJM 2013 (vol 67 pp. 450)

Santoprete, Manuele; Scheurle, Jürgen; Walcher, Sebastian
Motion in a Symmetric Potential on the Hyperbolic Plane
We study the motion of a particle in the hyperbolic plane (embedded in Minkowski space), under the action of a potential that depends only on one variable. This problem is the analogous to the spherical pendulum in a unidirectional force field. However, for the discussion of the hyperbolic plane one has to distinguish three inequivalent cases, depending on the direction of the force field. Symmetry reduction, with respect to groups that are not necessarily compact or even reductive, is carried out by way of Poisson varieties and Hilbert maps. For each case the dynamics is discussed, with special attention to linear potentials.

Keywords:Hamiltonian systems with symmetry, symmetries, non-compact symmetry groups, singular reduction
Categories:37J15, 70H33, 70F99, 37C80, 34C14, , 20G20

4. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 808)

Grandjean, Vincent
On Hessian Limit Directions along Gradient Trajectories
Given a non-oscillating gradient trajectory $|\gamma|$ of a real analytic function $f$, we show that the limit $\nu$ of the secants at the limit point $\mathbf{0}$ of $|\gamma|$ along the trajectory $|\gamma|$ is an eigen-vector of the limit of the direction of the Hessian matrix $\operatorname{Hess} (f)$ at $\mathbf{0}$ along $|\gamma|$. The same holds true at infinity if the function is globally sub-analytic. We also deduce some interesting estimates along the trajectory. Away from the ends of the ambient space, this property is of metric nature and still holds in a general Riemannian analytic setting.

Keywords:gradient trajectories, non-oscillation, limit of Hessian directions, limit of secants, trajectories at infinity
Categories:34A26, 34C08, 32Bxx, 32Sxx

5. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 310)

Llibre, Jaume; Schlomiuk, Dana
The Geometry of Quadratic Differential Systems with a Weak Focus of Third Order
In this article we determine the global geometry of the planar quadratic differential systems with a weak focus of third order. This class plays a significant role in the context of Hilbert's 16-th problem. Indeed, all examples of quadratic differential systems with at least four limit cycles, were obtained by perturbing a system in this family. We use the algebro-geometric concepts of divisor and zero-cycle to encode global properties of the systems and to give structure to this class. We give a theorem of topological classification of such systems in terms of integer-valued affine invariants. According to the possible values taken by them in this family we obtain a total of $18$ topologically distinct phase portraits. We show that inside the class of all quadratic systems with the topology of the coefficients, there exists a neighborhood of the family of quadratic systems with a weak focus of third order and which may have graphics but no polycycle in the sense of \cite{DRR} and no limit cycle, such that any quadratic system in this neighborhood has at most four limit cycles.

Categories:34C40, 51F14, 14D05, 14D25

6. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 724)

Cao, Xifang; Kong, Qingkai; Wu, Hongyou; Zettl, Anton
Sturm-Liouville Problems Whose Leading Coefficient Function Changes Sign
For a given Sturm-Liouville equation whose leading coefficient function changes sign, we establish inequalities among the eigenvalues for any coupled self-adjoint boundary condition and those for two corresponding separated self-adjoint boundary conditions. By a recent result of Binding and Volkmer, the eigenvalues (unbounded from both below and above) for a separated self-adjoint boundary condition can be numbered in terms of the Pr\"ufer angle; and our inequalities can then be used to index the eigenvalues for any coupled self-adjoint boundary condition. Under this indexing scheme, we determine the discontinuities of each eigenvalue as a function on the space of such Sturm-Liouville problems, and its range as a function on the space of self-adjoint boundary conditions. We also relate this indexing scheme to the number of zeros of eigenfunctions. In addition, we characterize the discontinuities of each eigenvalue under a different indexing scheme.

Categories:34B24, 34C10, 34L05, 34L15, 34L20

7. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1038)

Gavrilov, Lubomir; Iliev, Iliya D.
Bifurcations of Limit Cycles From Infinity in Quadratic Systems
We investigate the bifurcation of limit cycles in one-parameter unfoldings of quadractic differential systems in the plane having a degenerate critical point at infinity. It is shown that there are three types of quadratic systems possessing an elliptic critical point which bifurcates from infinity together with eventual limit cycles around it. We establish that these limit cycles can be studied by performing a degenerate transformation which brings the system to a small perturbation of certain well-known reversible systems having a center. The corresponding displacement function is then expanded in a Puiseux series with respect to the small parameter and its coefficients are expressed in terms of Abelian integrals. Finally, we investigate in more detail four of the cases, among them the elliptic case (Bogdanov-Takens system) and the isochronous center $\mathcal{S}_3$. We show that in each of these cases the corresponding vector space of bifurcation functions has the Chebishev property: the number of the zeros of each function is less than the dimension of the vector space. To prove this we construct the bifurcation diagram of zeros of certain Abelian integrals in a complex domain.

Categories:34C07, 34C05, 34C10

8. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 248)

Binding, Paul A.; Browne, Patrick J.; Watson, Bruce A.
Spectral Problems for Non-Linear Sturm-Liouville Equations with Eigenparameter Dependent Boundary Conditions
The nonlinear Sturm-Liouville equation $$ -(py')' + qy = \lambda(1 - f)ry \text{ on } [0,1] $$ is considered subject to the boundary conditions $$ (a_j\lambda + b_j) y(j) = (c_j\lambda + d_j) (py') (j), \quad j = 0,1. $$ Here $a_0 = 0 = c_0$ and $p,r > 0$ and $q$ are functions depending on the independent variable $x$ alone, while $f$ depends on $x$, $y$ and $y'$. Results are given on existence and location of sets of $(\lambda,y)$ bifurcating from the linearized eigenvalues, and for which $y$ has prescribed oscillation count, and on completeness of the $y$ in an appropriate sense.

Categories:34B24, 34C23, 34L30

9. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 497)

Bolle, Philippe
Morse index of approximating periodic solutions for the billiard problem. Application to existence results
This paper deals with periodic solutions for the billiard problem in a bounded open set of $\hbox{\Bbbvii R}^N$ which are limits of regular solutions of Lagrangian systems with a potential well. We give a precise link between the Morse index of approximate solutions (regarded as critical points of Lagrangian functionals) and the properties of the bounce trajectory to which they converge.

Categories:34C25, 58E50

10. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 583)

Pal, Janos; Schlomiuk, Dana
Summing up the dynamics of quadratic Hamiltonian systems with a center
In this work we study the global geometry of planar quadratic Hamiltonian systems with a center and we sum up the dynamics of these systems in geometrical terms. For this we use the algebro-geometric concept of multiplicity of intersection $I_p(P,Q)$ of two complex projective curves $P(x,y,z) = 0$, $Q(x,y,z) = 0$ at a point $p$ of the plane. This is a convenient concept when studying polynomial systems and it could be applied for the analysis of other classes of nonlinear systems.

Categories:34C, 58F

11. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 212)

Coll, B.; Gasull, A.; Prohens, R.
Differential equations defined by the sum of two quasi-homogeneous vector fields
In this paper we prove, that under certain hypotheses, the planar differential equation: $\dot x=X_1(x,y)+X_2(x,y)$, $\dot y=Y_1(x,y)+Y_2(x,y)$, where $(X_i,Y_i)$, $i=1$, $2$, are quasi-homogeneous vector fields, has at most two limit cycles. The main tools used in the proof are the generalized polar coordinates, introduced by Lyapunov to study the stability of degenerate critical points, and the analysis of the derivatives of the Poincar\'e return map. Our results generalize those obtained for polynomial systems with homogeneous non-linearities.

Categories:34C05, 58F21

12. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 338)

Rousseau, C.; Toni, B.
Local bifurcations of critical periods in the reduced Kukles system
In this paper, we study the local bifurcations of critical periods in the neighborhood of a nondegenerate centre of the reduced Kukles system. We find at the same time the isochronous systems. We show that at most three local critical periods bifurcate from the Christopher-Lloyd centres of finite order, at most two from the linear isochrone and at most one critical period from the nonlinear isochrone. Moreover, in all cases, there exist perturbations which lead to the maximum number of critical periods. We determine the isochrones, using the method of Darboux: the linearizing transformation of an isochrone is derived from the expression of the first integral. Our approach is a combination of computational algebraic techniques (Gr\"obner bases, theory of the resultant, Sturm's algorithm), the theory of ideals of noetherian rings and the transversality theory of algebraic curves.

Categories:34C25, 58F14

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