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Search: MSC category 34C10 ( Oscillation theory, zeros, disconjugacy and comparison theory )

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1. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 724)

Cao, Xifang; Kong, Qingkai; Wu, Hongyou; Zettl, Anton
Sturm-Liouville Problems Whose Leading Coefficient Function Changes Sign
For a given Sturm-Liouville equation whose leading coefficient function changes sign, we establish inequalities among the eigenvalues for any coupled self-adjoint boundary condition and those for two corresponding separated self-adjoint boundary conditions. By a recent result of Binding and Volkmer, the eigenvalues (unbounded from both below and above) for a separated self-adjoint boundary condition can be numbered in terms of the Pr\"ufer angle; and our inequalities can then be used to index the eigenvalues for any coupled self-adjoint boundary condition. Under this indexing scheme, we determine the discontinuities of each eigenvalue as a function on the space of such Sturm-Liouville problems, and its range as a function on the space of self-adjoint boundary conditions. We also relate this indexing scheme to the number of zeros of eigenfunctions. In addition, we characterize the discontinuities of each eigenvalue under a different indexing scheme.

Categories:34B24, 34C10, 34L05, 34L15, 34L20

2. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1038)

Gavrilov, Lubomir; Iliev, Iliya D.
Bifurcations of Limit Cycles From Infinity in Quadratic Systems
We investigate the bifurcation of limit cycles in one-parameter unfoldings of quadractic differential systems in the plane having a degenerate critical point at infinity. It is shown that there are three types of quadratic systems possessing an elliptic critical point which bifurcates from infinity together with eventual limit cycles around it. We establish that these limit cycles can be studied by performing a degenerate transformation which brings the system to a small perturbation of certain well-known reversible systems having a center. The corresponding displacement function is then expanded in a Puiseux series with respect to the small parameter and its coefficients are expressed in terms of Abelian integrals. Finally, we investigate in more detail four of the cases, among them the elliptic case (Bogdanov-Takens system) and the isochronous center $\mathcal{S}_3$. We show that in each of these cases the corresponding vector space of bifurcation functions has the Chebishev property: the number of the zeros of each function is less than the dimension of the vector space. To prove this we construct the bifurcation diagram of zeros of certain Abelian integrals in a complex domain.

Categories:34C07, 34C05, 34C10

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