1. CJM Online first
 Günther, Christian; Schmidt, KaiUwe

$L^q$ norms of Fekete and related polynomials
A Littlewood polynomial is a polynomial in $\mathbb{C}[z]$ having all
of its coefficients in $\{1,1\}$. There are various old unsolved
problems, mostly due to Littlewood and ErdÅs, that ask for
Littlewood polynomials that provide a good approximation to a
function that is constant on the complex unit circle, and in
particular have small $L^q$ norm on the complex unit circle.
We consider the Fekete polynomials
\[
f_p(z)=\sum_{j=1}^{p1}(j\,\,p)\,z^j,
\]
where $p$ is an odd prime and $(\,\cdot\,\,p)$ is the Legendre
symbol (so that $z^{1}f_p(z)$ is a Littlewood polynomial). We
give explicit and recursive formulas for the limit of the ratio
of $L^q$ and $L^2$ norm of $f_p$ when $q$ is an even positive
integer and $p\to\infty$. To our knowledge, these are the first
results that give these limiting values for specific sequences
of nontrivial Littlewood polynomials and infinitely many $q$.
Similar results are given for polynomials obtained by cyclically
permuting the coefficients of Fekete polynomials and for Littlewood
polynomials whose coefficients are obtained from additive characters
of finite fields. These results vastly generalise earlier results
on the $L^4$ norm of these polynomials.
Keywords:character polynomial, Fekete polynomial, $L^q$ norm, Littlewood polynomial Categories:11B83, 42A05, 30C10 

2. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 876)
 Ostrovskii, Mikhail; Randrianantoanina, Beata

Metric Spaces Admitting Lowdistortion Embeddings into All $n$dimensional Banach Spaces
For a fixed $K\gg 1$ and
$n\in\mathbb{N}$, $n\gg 1$, we study metric
spaces which admit embeddings with distortion $\le K$ into each
$n$dimensional Banach space. Classical examples include spaces
embeddable
into $\log n$dimensional Euclidean spaces, and equilateral spaces.
We prove that good embeddability properties are preserved under
the operation of metric composition of metric spaces. In
particular, we prove that $n$point ultrametrics can be
embedded with uniformly bounded distortions into arbitrary Banach
spaces of dimension $\log n$.
The main result of the paper is a new example of a family of
finite metric spaces which are not metric compositions of
classical examples and which do embed with uniformly bounded
distortion into any Banach space of dimension $n$. This partially
answers a question of G. Schechtman.
Keywords:basis constant, bilipschitz embedding, diamond graph, distortion, equilateral set, ultrametric Categories:46B85, 05C12, 30L05, 46B15, 52A21 

3. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1411)
 Kawakami, Yu

Functiontheoretic Properties for the Gauss Maps of Various Classes of Surfaces
We elucidate the geometric background of functiontheoretic properties
for the Gauss maps of
several classes of immersed surfaces in threedimensional space
forms, for example, minimal surfaces in Euclidean threespace, improper affine spheres in the affine threespace, and constant
mean curvature one surfaces and flat surfaces in hyperbolic threespace. To achieve this purpose, we prove an optimal curvature bound
for a specified conformal metric on an open Riemann surface and give some applications. We also provide unicity theorems for
the Gauss maps of these classes of surfaces.
Keywords:Gauss map, minimal surface, constant mean curvature surface, front, ramification, omitted value, the Ahlfors island theorem, unicity theorem. Categories:53C42, 30D35, 30F45, 53A10, 53A15 

4. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 942)
 Roth, Oliver

Pontryagin's Maximum Principle for the Loewner Equation in Higher Dimensions
In this paper we develop a variational method for the Loewner
equation in higher dimensions. As a result we obtain a version of Pontryagin's
maximum principle from optimal control theory for the Loewner equation in
several complex variables. Based on recent work of Arosio, Bracci and
Wold,
we then apply our version of the Pontryagin maximum
principle to obtain firstorder necessary conditions for the extremal
mappings for a wide class
of extremal problems over the set of normalized biholomorphic
mappings on the unit ball in $\mathbb{C}^n$.
Keywords:univalent function, Loewner's equation Categories:32H02, 30C55, 49K15 

5. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 848)
 Köck, Bernhard; Tait, Joseph

Faithfulness of Actions on RiemannRoch Spaces
Given a faithful action of a finite group $G$ on an algebraic
curve~$X$ of genus $g_X\geq 2$, we give explicit criteria for
the induced action of~$G$ on the RiemannRoch space~$H^0(X,\mathcal{O}_X(D))$
to be faithful, where $D$ is a $G$invariant divisor on $X$ of
degree at least~$2g_X2$. This leads to a concise answer to the
question when the action of~$G$ on the space~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes
m})$ of global holomorphic polydifferentials of order $m$ is
faithful. If $X$ is hyperelliptic, we furthermore provide an
explicit basis of~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes m})$. Finally, we
give applications in deformation theory and in coding theory
and we discuss the analogous problem for the action of~$G$ on
the first homology $H_1(X, \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z})$ if $X$ is a Riemann surface.
Keywords:faithful action, RiemannRoch space, polydifferential, hyperelliptic curve, equivariant deformation theory, Goppa code, homology Categories:14H30, 30F30, 14L30, 14D15, 11R32 

6. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 284)
 Eikrem, Kjersti Solberg

Random Harmonic Functions in Growth Spaces and Blochtype Spaces
Let $h^\infty_v(\mathbf D)$ and $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ be the spaces
of harmonic functions in the unit disk and multidimensional unit
ball
which admit a twosided radial majorant $v(r)$.
We consider functions $v $ that fulfill a doubling condition. In the
twodimensional case let $u (re^{i\theta},\xi) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty
(a_{j0} \xi_{j0} r^j \cos j\theta +a_{j1} \xi_{j1} r^j \sin j\theta)$
where $\xi =\{\xi_{ji}\}$ is a sequence of random
subnormal variables and $a_{ji}$ are
real; in higher dimensions we consider series of spherical harmonics.
We will obtain conditions on the coefficients $a_{ji} $ which imply
that $u$ is in $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ almost surely.
Our estimate improves previous results by Bennett, Stegenga and
Timoney, and we prove that the estimate is sharp.
The results for growth spaces can easily be applied to Blochtype
spaces, and we obtain a similar characterization for these spaces,
which generalizes results by Anderson, Clunie and Pommerenke and by
Guo and Liu.
Keywords:harmonic functions, random series, growth space, Blochtype space Categories:30B20, 31B05, 30H30, 42B05 

7. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 387)
 Mashreghi, J.; Shabankhah, M.

Composition of Inner Functions
We study the image of the model subspace $K_\theta$ under the
composition operator $C_\varphi$, where $\varphi$ and $\theta$ are
inner functions, and find the smallest model subspace which contains
the linear manifold $C_\varphi K_\theta$. Then we characterize the
case when $C_\varphi$ maps $K_\theta$ into itself. This case leads to
the study of the inner functions $\varphi$ and $\psi$ such that the
composition $\psi\circ\varphi$ is a divisor of $\psi$ in the family of
inner functions.
Keywords:composition operators, inner functions, Blaschke products, model subspaces Categories:30D55, 30D05, 47B33 

8. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1217)
 Cruz, Victor; Mateu, Joan; Orobitg, Joan

Beltrami Equation with Coefficient in Sobolev and Besov Spaces
Our goal in this work is to present some function spaces on the
complex plane $\mathbb C$, $X(\mathbb C)$, for which the quasiregular solutions of
the Beltrami equation, $\overline\partial f (z) = \mu(z) \partial f
(z)$, have first derivatives locally in $X(\mathbb C)$, provided that the
Beltrami coefficient $\mu$ belongs to $X(\mathbb C)$.
Keywords:quasiregular mappings, Beltrami equation, Sobolev spaces, CalderÃ³nZygmund operators Categories:30C62, 35J99, 42B20 

9. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1329)
10. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 892)
 Hytönen, Tuomas; Liu, Suile; Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong

Boundedness of CalderÃ³nZygmund Operators on Nonhomogeneous Metric Measure Spaces
Let $({\mathcal X}, d, \mu)$ be a
separable metric measure space satisfying the known upper
doubling condition, the geometrical doubling condition, and the
nonatomic condition that $\mu(\{x\})=0$ for all $x\in{\mathcal X}$.
In this paper, we show that the boundedness of a CalderÃ³nZygmund
operator $T$ on $L^2(\mu)$ is equivalent to that of $T$ on
$L^p(\mu)$ for some $p\in (1, \infty)$, and that of $T$ from $L^1(\mu)$
to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu).$ As an application, we prove that if $T$ is a
CalderÃ³nZygmund operator bounded on $L^2(\mu)$,
then its maximal operator is bounded on $L^p(\mu)$
for all $p\in (1, \infty)$ and from
the space of all complexvalued Borel measures on
${\mathcal X}$ to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu)$.
All these results generalize the corresponding results of Nazarov et al.
on metric spaces with
measures satisfying the socalled polynomial growth condition.
Keywords:upper doubling, geometrical doubling, dominating function, weak type $(1,1)$ estimate, CalderÃ³nZygmund operator, maximal operator Categories:42B20, 42B25, 30L99 

11. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1025)
 Clouâtre, Raphaël

Universal Series on a Riemann Surface
Every holomorphic function on a compact subset of a Riemann surface can
be uniformly approximated by partial sums of a given series of functions.
Those functions behave locally like the classical fundamental solutions
of the CauchyRiemann operator in the plane.
Categories:30B60, 30E10, 30F99 

12. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 862)
13. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1276)
 El Wassouli, Fouzia

A Generalized Poisson Transform of an $L^{p}$Function over the Shilov Boundary of the $n$Dimensional Lie Ball
Let $\mathcal{D}$ be the $n$dimensional Lie ball and let
$\mathbf{B}(S)$ be the space of hyperfunctions on the Shilov
boundary $S$ of $\mathcal{D}$.
The aim of this paper is to give a
necessary and sufficient condition on the generalized Poisson
transform $P_{l,\lambda}f$ of an element $f$ in the space
$\mathbf{B}(S)$ for $f$ to be in $ L^{p}(S)$, $1 > p > \infty.$
Namely, if $F$ is the Poisson transform of some $f\in
\mathbf{B}(S)$ (i.e., $F=P_{l,\lambda}f$), then for any
$l\in \mathbb{Z}$ and $\lambda\in \mathbb{C}$ such that
$\mathcal{R}e[i\lambda] > \frac{n}{2}1$, we show that $f\in L^{p}(S)$ if and
only if $f$ satisfies the growth condition
$$
\F\_{\lambda,p}=\sup_{0\leq r
< 1}(1r^{2})^{\mathcal{R}e[i\lambda]\frac{n}{2}+l}\Big[\int_{S}F(ru)^{p}du
\Big]^{\frac{1}{p}} < +\infty.
$$
Keywords:Lie ball, Shilov boundary, Fatou's theorem, hyperfuctions, parabolic subgroup, homogeneous line bundle Categories:32A45, 30E20, 33C67, 33C60, 33C55, 32A25, 33C75, 11K70 

14. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1182)
 Yue, Hong

A Fractal Function Related to the JohnNirenberg Inequality for $Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$
A borderline case function $f$ for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$ spaces
is defined as a Haar wavelet decomposition, with the coefficients
depending on a fixed parameter $\beta>0$. On its support $I_0=[0,
1]^n$, $f(x)$ can be expressed by the binary expansions of the
coordinates of $x$. In particular, $f=f_{\beta}\in Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb
R^n})$ if and only if $\alpha<\beta<\frac{n}{2}$, while for
$\beta=\alpha$, it was shown by Yue and Dafni that $f$ satisfies a
JohnNirenberg inequality for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$. When
$\beta\neq 1$, $f$ is a selfaffine function. It is continuous almost
everywhere and discontinuous at all dyadic points inside $I_0$. In
addition, it is not monotone along any coordinate direction in any
small cube. When the parameter $\beta\in (0, 1)$, $f$ is onto from
$I_0$ to $[\frac{1}{12^{\beta}}, \frac{1}{12^{\beta}}]$, and the
graph of $f$ has a noninteger fractal dimension $n+1\beta$.
Keywords:Haar wavelets, Q spaces, JohnNirenberg inequality, Greedy expansion, selfaffine, fractal, Box dimension Categories:42B35, 42C10, 30D50, 28A80 

15. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 961)
 Aleman, Alexandru; Duren, Peter; Martín, María J.; Vukotić, Dragan

Multiplicative Isometries and Isometric ZeroDivisors
For some Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disk
(weighted Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlettype spaces), the
isometric pointwise multipliers are found to be unimodular constants.
As a consequence, it is shown that none of those spaces have isometric
zerodivisors. Isometric coefficient multipliers are also
investigated.
Keywords:Banach spaces of analytic functions, Hardy spaces, Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet space, Dirichlettype spaces, pointwise multipliers, coefficient multipliers, isometries, isometric zerodivisors Categories:30H05, 46E15 

16. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 646)
 Rupp, R.; Sasane, A.

Reducibility in A_{R}(K), C_{R}(K), and A(K)
Let $K$ denote a compact real symmetric subset of $\mathbb{C}$ and let
$A_{\mathbb R}(K)$ denote the real Banach algebra of all real
symmetric continuous functions on $K$ that are analytic in the
interior $K^\circ$ of $K$, endowed with the supremum norm. We
characterize all unimodular pairs $(f,g)$ in $A_{\mathbb R}(K)^2$
which are reducible.
In addition, for an arbitrary compact $K$ in $\mathbb C$, we give a
new proof (not relying on Banach algebra theory or elementary stable
rank techniques) of the fact that the Bass stable rank of $A(K)$ is
$1$.
Finally, we also characterize all compact real symmetric sets $K$ such
that $A_{\mathbb R}(K)$, respectively $C_{\mathbb R}(K)$, has Bass
stable rank $1$.
Keywords:real Banach algebras, Bass stable rank, topological stable rank, reducibility Categories:46J15, 19B10, 30H05, 93D15 

17. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 503)
 Baranov, Anton; Woracek, Harald

Subspaces of de~Branges Spaces Generated by Majorants
For a given de~Branges space $\mc H(E)$ we investigate
de~Branges subspaces defined in terms of majorants
on the real axis. If $\omega$ is a nonnegative function on $\mathbb R$,
we consider the subspace
\[
\mc R_\omega(E)=\clos_{\mc H(E)} \big\{F\in\mc H(E):
\text{ there exists } C>0:
E^{1} F\leq C\omega \mbox{ on }{\mathbb R}\big\}
.
\]
We show that $\mc R_\omega(E)$ is a de~Branges subspace and
describe all subspaces of this form. Moreover,
we give a criterion for the existence of positive minimal majorants.
Keywords:de~Branges subspace, majorant, BeurlingMalliavin Theorem Categories:46E20, 30D15, 46E22 

18. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 566)
 Graham, Ian; Hamada, Hidetaka; Kohr, Gabriela; Pfaltzgraff, John A.

Convex Subordination Chains in Several Complex Variables
In this paper we study the notion of a convex subordination chain in several
complex variables. We obtain certain necessary and sufficient conditions for a
mapping to be a convex subordination chain, and we give various examples of
convex subordination chains on the Euclidean unit ball in $\mathbb{C}^n$. We
also obtain a sufficient condition for injectivity of $f(z/\z\,\z\)$
on $B^n\setminus\{0\}$, where $f(z,t)$ is a convex subordination chain
over $(0,1)$.
Keywords:biholomorphic mapping, convex mapping, convex subordination chain, Loewner chain, subordination Categories:32H02, 30C45 

19. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 373)
 McKee, Mark

An Infinite Order Whittaker Function
In this paper we construct a flat smooth section of an induced space
$I(s,\eta)$ of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ so that the attached Whittaker function
is not of finite order.
An asymptotic method of classical analysis is used.
Categories:11F70, 22E45, 41A60, 11M99, 30D15, 33C15 

20. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 282)
 Bouya, Brahim

Closed Ideals in Some Algebras of Analytic Functions
We obtain a complete description of closed ideals of the algebra
$\cD\cap \cL$, $0<\alpha\leq\frac{1}{2}$, where $\cD$ is the
Dirichlet space and $\cL$ is the algebra of analytic functions
satisfying the Lipschitz condition of order $\alpha$.
Categories:46E20, 30H05, 47A15 

21. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 960)
22. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 958)
 Chen, Yichao

A Note on a Conjecture of S. Stahl
S. Stahl (Canad. J. Math. \textbf{49}(1997), no. 3, 617640)
conjectured that the zeros of genus polynomial are real.
L. Liu and Y. Wang disproved this conjecture on the basis
of Example 6.7. In this note, it is pointed out
that there is an error in this example and a new generating matrix
and initial vector are provided.
Keywords:genus polynomial, zeros, real Categories:05C10, 05A15, 30C15, 26C10 

23. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 1026)
 Handelman, David

Karamata Renewed and Local Limit Results
Connections between behaviour of real analytic functions (with no
negative Maclaurin series coefficients and radius of convergence one)
on the open unit interval, and to a lesser extent on arcs of the unit
circle, are explored, beginning with Karamata's approach. We develop
conditions under which the asymptotics of the coefficients are related
to the values of the function near $1$; specifically, $a(n)\sim
f(11/n)/ \alpha n$ (for some positive constant $\alpha$), where
$f(t)=\sum a(n)t^n$. In particular, if $F=\sum c(n) t^n$ where $c(n)
\geq 0$ and $\sum c(n)=1$, then $f$ defined as $(1F)^{1}$ (the
renewal or Green's function for $F$) satisfies this condition if $F'$
does (and a minor additional condition is satisfied). In come cases,
we can show that the absolute sum of the differences of consecutive
Maclaurin coefficients converges. We also investigate situations in
which less precise asymptotics are available.
Categories:30B10, 30E15, 41A60, 60J35, 05A16 

24. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1190)
 Frank, Günter; Hua, Xinhou; Vaillancourt, Rémi

Meromorphic Functions Sharing the Same Zeros and Poles
In this paper, Hinkkanen's problem (1984) is completely solved,
{\em i.e.,} it is shown that any meromorphic function $f$ is determined
by its zeros and poles
and the zeros of $f^{(j)}$ for $j=1,2,3,4$
Keywords:Uniqueness, meromorphic functions, Nevanlinna theory Category:30D35 

25. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1264)
 Havin, Victor; Mashreghi, Javad

Admissible Majorants for Model Subspaces of $H^2$, Part II: Fast Winding of the Generating Inner Function
This paper is a continuation of Part I [6]. We consider the model
subspaces $K_\Theta=H^2\ominus\Theta H^2$ of the Hardy space $H^2$
generated by an inner function $\Theta$ in the upper half plane. Our
main object is the class of admissible majorants for $K_\Theta$,
denoted by Adm $\Theta$ and consisting of all functions $\omega$
defined on $\mathbb{R}$ such that there exists an $f \ne 0$, $f \in
K_\Theta$ satisfying $f(x)\leq\omega(x)$ almost everywhere on
$\mathbb{R}$. Firstly, using some simple Hilbert transform techniques,
we obtain a general multiplier theorem applicable to any $K_\Theta$
generated by a meromorphic inner function. In contrast with
[6], we consider the generating functions $\Theta$ such that
the unit vector $\Theta(x)$ winds up fast as $x$ grows from $\infty$
to $\infty$. In particular, we consider $\Theta=B$ where $B$ is a
Blaschke product with ``horizontal'' zeros, i.e., almost
uniformly distributed in a strip parallel to and separated from $\mathbb{R}$.
It is shown, among other things, that for any such $B$, any even
$\omega$ decreasing on $(0,\infty)$ with a finite logarithmic integral
is in Adm $B$ (unlike the ``vertical'' case treated in [6]),
thus generalizing (with a new proof) a classical result related to
Adm $\exp(i\sigma z)$, $\sigma>0$. Some oscillating $\omega$'s in
Adm $B$ are also described. Our theme is related to the
BeurlingMalliavin multiplier theorem devoted to Adm $\exp(i\sigma z)$,
$\sigma>0$, and to de Branges' space $\mathcal{H}(E)$.
Keywords:Hardy space, inner function, shift operator, model, subspace, Hilbert transform, admissible majorant Categories:30D55, 47A15 
