1. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 1144)
 Hamana, Masamichi

Partial $*$Automorphisms, Normalizers, and Submodules in Monotone Complete $C^*$Algebras
For monotone complete $C^*$algebras
$A\subset B$ with $A$ contained in $B$ as a monotone closed
$C^*$subalgebra, the relation $X = AsA$
gives a bijection between the set of all
monotone closed linear subspaces $X$ of $B$ such that
$AX + XA \subset X$
and
$XX^* + X^*X \subset A$
and a set of certain partial
isometries $s$ in the ``normalizer" of $A$ in $B$,
and similarly for the map $s \mapsto \Ad s$
between the latter set and a set of certain ``partial $*$automorphisms"
of $A$.
We introduce natural inverse semigroup
structures in the set of such $X$'s and the set of
partial $*$automorphisms of $A$, modulo a certain relation, so that
the composition of these maps induces an inverse semigroup
homomorphism between them.
For a large enough $B$ the homomorphism becomes surjective and
all the partial $*$automorphisms of
$A$ are realized via partial isometries in $B$.
In particular, the inverse semigroup associated with
a type ${\rm II}_1$ von Neumann factor,
modulo the outer automorphism group,
can be viewed as the fundamental group of the factor.
We also consider the $C^*$algebra version of these results.
Categories:46L05, 46L08, 46L40, 20M18 
