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Search: MSC category 18D10 ( Monoidal categories (= multiplicative categories), symmetric monoidal categories, braided categories [See also 19D23] )

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1. CJM Online first

Ovchinnikov, Alexey; Wibmer, Michael
 Tannakian categories with semigroup actions Ostrowski's theorem implies that $\log(x),\log(x+1),\dots$ are algebraically independent over $\mathbb{C}(x)$. More generally, for a linear differential or difference equation, it is an important problem to find all algebraic dependencies among a non-zero solution $y$ and particular transformations of $y$, such as derivatives of $y$ with respect to parameters, shifts of the arguments, rescaling, etc. In the present paper, we develop a theory of Tannakian categories with semigroup actions, which will be used to attack such questions in full generality, as each linear differential equation gives rise to a Tannakian category. Deligne studied actions of braid groups on categories and obtained a finite collection of axioms that characterizes such actions to apply it to various geometric constructions. In this paper, we find a finite set of axioms that characterizes actions of semigroups that are finite free products of semigroups of the form $\mathbb{N}^n\times \mathbb{Z}/{n_1}\mathbb{Z}\times\cdots\times\mathbb{Z}/{n_r}\mathbb{Z}$ on Tannakian categories. This is the class of semigroups that appear in many applications. Keywords:semigroup actions on categories, Tannakian categories, difference algebraic groups, differential and difference equations with parametersCategories:18D10, 12H10, 20G05, 33C05, 33C80, 34K06

2. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 481)

Aguiar, Marcelo; Mahajan, Swapneel
 On the Hadamard Product of Hopf Monoids Combinatorial structures that compose and decompose give rise to Hopf monoids in Joyal's category of species. The Hadamard product of two Hopf monoids is another Hopf monoid. We prove two main results regarding freeness of Hadamard products. The first one states that if one factor is connected and the other is free as a monoid, their Hadamard product is free (and connected). The second provides an explicit basis for the Hadamard product when both factors are free. The first main result is obtained by showing the existence of a one-parameter deformation of the comonoid structure and appealing to a rigidity result of Loday and Ronco that applies when the parameter is set to zero. To obtain the second result, we introduce an operation on species that is intertwined by the free monoid functor with the Hadamard product. As an application of the first result, we deduce that the Boolean transform of the dimension sequence of a connected Hopf monoid is nonnegative. Keywords:species, Hopf monoid, Hadamard product, generating function, Boolean transformCategories:16T30, 18D35, 20B30, 18D10, 20F55

3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 205)

Iovanov, Miodrag Cristian
 Generalized Frobenius Algebras and Hopf Algebras "Co-Frobenius" coalgebras were introduced as dualizations of Frobenius algebras. We previously showed that they admit left-right symmetric characterizations analogue to those of Frobenius algebras. We consider the more general quasi-co-Frobenius (QcF) coalgebras; the first main result in this paper is that these also admit symmetric characterizations: a coalgebra is QcF if it is weakly isomorphic to its (left, or right) rational dual $Rat(C^*)$, in the sense that certain coproduct or product powers of these objects are isomorphic. Fundamental results of Hopf algebras, such as the equivalent characterizations of Hopf algebras with nonzero integrals as left (or right) co-Frobenius, QcF, semiperfect or with nonzero rational dual, as well as the uniqueness of integrals and a short proof of the bijectivity of the antipode for such Hopf algebras all follow as a consequence of these results. This gives a purely representation theoretic approach to many of the basic fundamental results in the theory of Hopf algebras. Furthermore, we introduce a general concept of Frobenius algebra, which makes sense for infinite dimensional and for topological algebras, and specializes to the classical notion in the finite case. This will be a topological algebra $A$ that is isomorphic to its complete topological dual $A^\vee$. We show that $A$ is a (quasi)Frobenius algebra if and only if $A$ is the dual $C^*$ of a (quasi)co-Frobenius coalgebra $C$. We give many examples of co-Frobenius coalgebras and Hopf algebras connected to category theory, homological algebra and the newer q-homological algebra, topology or graph theory, showing the importance of the concept. Keywords:coalgebra, Hopf algebra, integral, Frobenius, QcF, co-FrobeniusCategories:16T15, 18G35, 16T05, 20N99, 18D10, 05E10

4. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 241)

Aguiar, Marcelo; Lauve, Aaron
 Lagrange's Theorem for Hopf Monoids in Species Following Radford's proof of Lagrange's theorem for pointed Hopf algebras, we prove Lagrange's theorem for Hopf monoids in the category of connected species. As a corollary, we obtain necessary conditions for a given subspecies $\mathbf k$ of a Hopf monoid $\mathbf h$ to be a Hopf submonoid: the quotient of any one of the generating series of $\mathbf h$ by the corresponding generating series of $\mathbf k$ must have nonnegative coefficients. Other corollaries include a necessary condition for a sequence of nonnegative integers to be the dimension sequence of a Hopf monoid in the form of certain polynomial inequalities, and of a set-theoretic Hopf monoid in the form of certain linear inequalities. The latter express that the binomial transform of the sequence must be nonnegative. Keywords:Hopf monoids, species, graded Hopf algebras, Lagrange's theorem, generating series, PoincarÃ©-Birkhoff-Witt theorem, Hopf kernel, Lie kernel, primitive element, partition, composition, linear order, cyclic order, derangementCategories:05A15, 05A20, 05E99, 16T05, 16T30, 18D10, 18D35

5. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 970)

Cegarra, A. M.; García-Calcines, J. M.; Ortega, J. A.
 On Graded Categorical Groups and Equivariant Group Extensions In this article we state and prove precise theorems on the homotopy classification of graded categorical groups and their homomorphisms. The results use equivariant group cohomology, and they are applied to show a treatment of the general equivariant group extension problem. Categories:18D10, 18D30, 20E22, 20F29
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