Canadian Mathematical Society
Canadian Mathematical Society
  location:  Publicationsjournals
Search results

Search: MSC category 17 ( Nonassociative rings and algebras )

  Expand all        Collapse all Results 26 - 50 of 51

26. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 3)

Ben Saïd, Salem
The Functional Equation of Zeta Distributions Associated With Non-Euclidean Jordan Algebras
This paper is devoted to the study of certain zeta distributions associated with simple non-Euclidean Jordan algebras. An explicit form of the corresponding functional equation and Bernstein-type identities is obtained.

Keywords:Zeta distributions, functional equations, Bernstein polynomials, non-Euclidean Jordan algebras
Categories:11M41, 17C20, 11S90

27. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 871)

Schocker, Manfred
Lie Elements and Knuth Relations
A coplactic class in the symmetric group $\Sym_n$ consists of all permutations in $\Sym_n$ with a given Schensted $Q$-symbol, and may be described in terms of local relations introduced by Knuth. Any Lie element in the group algebra of $\Sym_n$ which is constant on coplactic classes is already constant on descent classes. As a consequence, the intersection of the Lie convolution algebra introduced by Patras and Reutenauer and the coplactic algebra introduced by Poirier and Reutenauer is the direct sum of all Solomon descent algebras.

Keywords:symmetric group, descent set, coplactic relation, Hopf algebra,, convolution product
Categories:17B01, 05E10, 20C30, 16W30

28. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 293)

Khomenko, Oleksandr; Mazorchuk, Volodymyr
Structure of modules induced from simple modules with minimal annihilator
We study the structure of generalized Verma modules over a semi-simple complex finite-dimensional Lie algebra, which are induced from simple modules over a parabolic subalgebra. We consider the case when the annihilator of the starting simple module is a minimal primitive ideal if we restrict this module to the Levi factor of the parabolic subalgebra. We show that these modules correspond to proper standard modules in some parabolic generalization of the Bernstein-Gelfand-Gelfand category $\Oo$ and prove that the blocks of this parabolic category are equivalent to certain blocks of the category of Harish-Chandra bimodules. From this we derive, in particular, an irreducibility criterion for generalized Verma modules. We also compute the composition multiplicities of those simple subquotients, which correspond to the induction from simple modules whose annihilators are minimal primitive ideals.

Keywords:parabolic induction, generalized Verma module, simple module, Ha\-rish-\-Chand\-ra bimodule, equivalent categories
Categories:17B10, 22E47

29. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1155)

Đoković, Dragomir Ž.; Litvinov, Michael
The Closure Ordering of Nilpotent Orbits of the Complex Symmetric Pair $(\SO_{p+q},\SO_p\times\SO_q)$
The main problem that is solved in this paper has the following simple formulation (which is not used in its solution). The group $K = \mathrm{O}_p ({\bf C}) \times \mathrm{O}_q ({\bf C})$ acts on the space $M_{p,q}$ of $p\times q$ complex matrices by $(a,b) \cdot x = axb^{-1}$, and so does its identity component $K^0 = \SO_p ({\bf C}) \times \SO_q ({\bf C})$. A $K$-orbit (or $K^0$-orbit) in $M_{p,q}$ is said to be nilpotent if its closure contains the zero matrix. The closure, $\overline{\mathcal{O}}$, of a nilpotent $K$-orbit (resp.\ $K^0$-orbit) ${\mathcal{O}}$ in $M_{p,q}$ is a union of ${\mathcal{O}}$ and some nilpotent $K$-orbits (resp.\ $K^0$-orbits) of smaller dimensions. The description of the closure of nilpotent $K$-orbits has been known for some time, but not so for the nilpotent $K^0$-orbits. A conjecture describing the closure of nilpotent $K^0$-orbits was proposed in \cite{DLS} and verified when $\min(p,q) \le 7$. In this paper we prove the conjecture. The proof is based on a study of two prehomogeneous vector spaces attached to $\mathcal{O}$ and determination of the basic relative invariants of these spaces. The above problem is equivalent to the problem of describing the closure of nilpotent orbits in the real Lie algebra $\mathfrak{so} (p,q)$ under the adjoint action of the identity component of the real orthogonal group $\mathrm{O}(p,q)$.

Keywords:orthogonal $ab$-diagrams, prehomogeneous vector spaces, relative invariants
Categories:17B20, 17B45, 22E47

30. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 856)

Su, Yucai
Poisson Brackets and Structure of Nongraded Hamiltonian Lie Algebras Related to Locally-Finite Derivations
Xu introduced a class of nongraded Hamiltonian Lie algebras. These Lie algebras have a Poisson bracket structure. In this paper, the isomorphism classes of these Lie algebras are determined by employing a ``sandwich'' method and by studying some features of these Lie algebras. It is obtained that two Hamiltonian Lie algebras are isomorphic if and only if their corresponding Poisson algebras are isomorphic. Furthermore, the derivation algebras and the second cohomology groups are determined.

Categories:17B40, 17B65

31. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 766)

Kerler, Thomas
Homology TQFT's and the Alexander--Reidemeister Invariant of 3-Manifolds via Hopf Algebras and Skein Theory
We develop an explicit skein-theoretical algorithm to compute the Alexander polynomial of a 3-manifold from a surgery presentation employing the methods used in the construction of quantum invariants of 3-manifolds. As a prerequisite we establish and prove a rather unexpected equivalence between the topological quantum field theory constructed by Frohman and Nicas using the homology of $U(1)$-representation varieties on the one side and the combinatorially constructed Hennings TQFT based on the quasitriangular Hopf algebra $\mathcal{N} = \mathbb{Z}/2 \ltimes \bigwedge^* \mathbb{R}^2$ on the other side. We find that both TQFT's are $\SL (2,\mathbb{R})$-equivariant functors and, as such, are isomorphic. The $\SL (2,\mathbb{R})$-action in the Hennings construction comes from the natural action on $\mathcal{N}$ and in the case of the Frohman--Nicas theory from the Hard--Lefschetz decomposition of the $U(1)$-moduli spaces given that they are naturally K\"ahler. The irreducible components of this TQFT, corresponding to simple representations of $\SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ and $\Sp(2g,\mathbb{Z})$, thus yield a large family of homological TQFT's by taking sums and products. We give several examples of TQFT's and invariants that appear to fit into this family, such as Milnor and Reidemeister Torsion, Seiberg--Witten theories, Casson type theories for homology circles {\it \`a la} Donaldson, higher rank gauge theories following Frohman and Nicas, and the $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ reductions of Reshetikhin--Turaev theories over the cyclotomic integers $\mathbb{Z} [\zeta_p]$. We also conjecture that the Hennings TQFT for quantum-$\mathfrak{sl}_2$ is the product of the Reshetikhin--Turaev TQFT and such a homological TQFT.

Categories:57R56, 14D20, 16W30, 17B37, 18D35, 57M27

32. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 595)

Nahlus, Nazih
Lie Algebras of Pro-Affine Algebraic Groups
We extend the basic theory of Lie algebras of affine algebraic groups to the case of pro-affine algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic 0. However, some modifications are needed in some extensions. So we introduce the pro-discrete topology on the Lie algebra $\mathcal{L}(G)$ of the pro-affine algebraic group $G$ over $K$, which is discrete in the finite-dimensional case and linearly compact in general. As an example, if $L$ is any sub Lie algebra of $\mathcal{L}(G)$, we show that the closure of $[L,L]$ in $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is algebraic in $\mathcal{L}(G)$. We also discuss the Hopf algebra of representative functions $H(L)$ of a residually finite dimensional Lie algebra $L$. As an example, we show that if $L$ is a sub Lie algebra of $\mathcal{L}(G)$ and $G$ is connected, then the canonical Hopf algebra morphism from $K[G]$ into $H(L)$ is injective if and only if $L$ is algebraically dense in $\mathcal{L}(G)$.

Categories:14L, 16W, 17B45

33. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 225)

Britten, D. J.; Lemire, F. W.
Tensor Product Realizations of Simple Torsion Free Modules
Let $\calG$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over the complex numbers $C$. Fernando reduced the classification of infinite dimensional simple $\calG$-modules with a finite dimensional weight space to determining the simple torsion free $\calG$-modules for $\calG$ of type $A$ or $C$. These modules were determined by Mathieu and using his work we provide a more elementary construction realizing each one as a submodule of an easily constructed tensor product module.


34. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 195)

Mokler, Claus
On the Steinberg Map and Steinberg Cross-Section for a Symmetrizable Indefinite Kac-Moody Group
Let $G$ be a symmetrizable indefinite Kac-Moody group over $\C$. Let $\Tr_{\La_1},\dots,\Tr_{\La_{2n-l}}$ be the characters of the fundamental irreducible representations of $G$, defined as convergent series on a certain part $G^{\tralg} \subseteq G$. Following Steinberg in the classical case and Br\"uchert in the affine case, we define the Steinberg map $\chi := (\Tr_{\La_1},\dots, \Tr_{\La_{2n-l}})$ as well as the Steinberg cross section $C$, together with a natural parametrisation $\omega \colon \C^{n} \times (\C^\times)^{\,n-l} \to C$. We investigate the local behaviour of $\chi$ on $C$ near $\omega \bigl( (0,\dots,0) \times (1,\dots,1) \bigr)$, and we show that there exists a neighborhood of $(0,\dots,0) \times (1,\dots,1)$, on which $\chi \circ \omega$ is a regular analytical map, satisfying a certain functional identity. This identity has its origin in an action of the center of $G$ on~$C$.

Categories:22E65, 17B65

35. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 503)

Gannon, Terry
The Level 2 and 3 Modular Invariants for the Orthogonal Algebras
The `1-loop partition function' of a rational conformal field theory is a sesquilinear combination of characters, invariant under a natural action of $\SL_2(\bbZ)$, and obeying an integrality condition. Classifying these is a clearly defined mathematical problem, and at least for the affine Kac-Moody algebras tends to have interesting solutions. This paper finds for each affine algebra $B_r^{(1)}$ and $D_r^{(1)}$ all of these at level $k\le 3$. Previously, only those at level 1 were classified. An extraordinary number of exceptionals appear at level 2---the $B_r^{(1)}$, $D_r^{(1)}$ level 2 classification is easily the most anomalous one known and this uniqueness is the primary motivation for this paper. The only level 3 exceptionals occur for $B_2^{(1)} \cong C_2^{(1)}$ and $D_7^{(1)}$. The $B_{2,3}$ and $D_{7,3}$ exceptionals are cousins of the ${\cal E}_6$-exceptional and $\E_8$-exceptional, respectively, in the A-D-E classification for $A_1^{(1)}$, while the level 2 exceptionals are related to the lattice invariants of affine~$u(1)$.

Keywords:Kac-Moody algebra, conformal field theory, modular invariants
Categories:17B67, 81T40

36. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 141)

Li, Chi-Kwong; Tam, Tin-Yau
Numerical Ranges Arising from Simple Lie Algebras
A unified formulation is given to various generalizations of the classical numerical range including the $c$-numerical range, congruence numerical range, $q$-numerical range and von Neumann range. Attention is given to those cases having connections with classical simple real Lie algebras. Convexity and inclusion relation involving those generalized numerical ranges are investigated. The underlying geometry is emphasized.

Keywords:numerical range, convexity, inclusion relation
Categories:15A60, 17B20

37. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 506)

Elduque, A.; Iltyakov, A. V.
On Polynomial Invariants of Exceptional Simple Algebraic Groups
We study polynomial invariants of systems of vectors with respect to exceptional simple algebraic groups in their minimal linear representations. For each type we prove that the algebra of invariants is integral over the subalgebra of trace polynomials for a suitable algebraic system (\cf\ \cite{Schw1}, \cite{Schw2}, \cite{Ilt}).

Categories:15A72, 17C20

38. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 658)

Shumyatsky, Pavel
Nilpotency of Some Lie Algebras Associated with $p$-Groups
Let $ L=L_0+L_1$ be a $\mathbb{Z}_2$-graded Lie algebra over a commutative ring with unity in which $2$ is invertible. Suppose that $L_0$ is abelian and $L$ is generated by finitely many homogeneous elements $a_1,\dots,a_k$ such that every commutator in $a_1,\dots,a_k$ is ad-nilpotent. We prove that $L$ is nilpotent. This implies that any periodic residually finite $2'$-group $G$ admitting an involutory automorphism $\phi$ with $C_G(\phi)$ abelian is locally finite.

Categories:17B70, 20F50

39. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 523)

Fabbri, Marc A.; Okoh, Frank
Representations of Virasoro-Heisenberg Algebras and Virasoro-Toroidal Algebras
Virasoro-toroidal algebras, $\tilde\mathcal{T}_{[n]}$, are semi-direct products of toroidal algebras $\mathcal{T}_{[n]}$ and the Virasoro algebra. The toroidal algebras are, in turn, multi-loop versions of affine Kac-Moody algebras. Let $\Gamma$ be an extension of a simply laced lattice $\dot{Q}$ by a hyperbolic lattice of rank two. There is a Fock space $V(\Gamma)$ corresponding to $\Gamma$ with a decomposition as a complex vector space: $V(\Gamma) = \coprod_{m \in \mathbf{Z}}K(m)$. Fabbri and Moody have shown that when $m \neq 0$, $K(m)$ is an irreducible representation of $\tilde\mathcal{T}_{[2]}$. In this paper we produce a filtration of $\tilde\mathcal{T}_{[2]}$-submodules of $K(0)$. When $L$ is an arbitrary geometric lattice and $n$ is a positive integer, we construct a Virasoro-Heisenberg algebra $\tilde\mathcal{H}(L,n)$. Let $Q$ be an extension of $\dot{Q}$ by a degenerate rank one lattice. We determine the components of $V(\Gamma)$ that are irreducible $\tilde\mathcal{H}(Q,1)$-modules and we show that the reducible components have a filtration of $\tilde\mathcal{H}(Q,1)$-submodules with completely reducible quotients. Analogous results are obtained for $\tilde\mathcal{H} (\dot{Q},2)$. These results complement and extend results of Fabbri and Moody.

Categories:17B65, 17B68

40. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1323)

Morales, Jorge
L'invariant de Hasse-Witt de la forme de Killing
Nous montrons que l'invariant de Hasse-Witt de la forme de Killing d'une alg{\`e}bre de Lie semi-simple $L$ s'exprime {\`a} l'aide de l'invariant de Tits de la repr{\'e}sentation irr{\'e}ductible de $L$ de poids dominant $\rho=\frac{1}{2}$ (somme des racines positives), et des invariants associ{\'e}s au groupe des sym{\'e}tries du diagramme de Dynkin de $L$.

Categories:11E04, 11E72, 17B10, 17B20, 11E88, 15A66

41. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 929)

Broer, Abraham
Decomposition varieties in semisimple Lie algebras
The notion of decompositon class in a semisimple Lie algebra is a common generalization of nilpotent orbits and the set of regular semisimple elements. We prove that the closure of a decomposition class has many properties in common with nilpotent varieties, \eg, its normalization has rational singularities. The famous Grothendieck simultaneous resolution is related to the decomposition class of regular semisimple elements. We study the properties of the analogous commutative diagrams associated to an arbitrary decomposition class.

Categories:14L30, 14M17, 15A30, 17B45

42. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 972)

Brüchert, Gerd
Trace class elements and cross-sections in Kac-Moody groups
Let $G$ be an affine Kac-Moody group, $\pi_0,\dots,\pi_r,\pi_{\delta}$ its fundamental irreducible representations and $\chi_0, \dots, \chi_r, \chi_{\delta}$ their characters. We determine the set of all group elements $x$ such that all $\pi_i(x)$ act as trace class operators, \ie, such that $\chi_i(x)$ exists, then prove that the $\chi_i$ are class functions. Thus, $\chi:=(\chi_0, \dots, \chi_r, \chi_{\delta})$ factors to an adjoint quotient $\bar{\chi}$ for $G$. In a second part, following Steinberg, we define a cross-section $C$ for the potential regular classes in $G$. We prove that the restriction $\chi|_C$ behaves well algebraically. Moreover, we obtain an action of $\hbox{\Bbbvii C}^{\times}$ on $C$, which leads to a functional identity for $\chi|_C$ which shows that $\chi|_C$ is quasi-homogeneous.

Categories:22E65, 17B67

43. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 816)

Mazorchuk, Volodymyr
Tableaux realization of generalized Verma modules
We construct the tableaux realization of generalized Verma modules over the Lie algebra $\sl(3,{\bbd C})$. By the same procedure we construct and investigate the structure of a new family of generalized Verma modules over $\sl(n,{\bbd C})$.

Categories:17B35, 17B10

44. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 266)

Britten, D. J.; Lemire, F. W.
The torsion free Pieri formula
Central to the study of simple infinite dimensional $g\ell(n, \Bbb C)$-modules having finite dimensional weight spaces are the torsion free modules. All degree $1$ torsion free modules are known. Torsion free modules of arbitrary degree can be constructed by tensoring torsion free modules of degree $1$ with finite dimensional simple modules. In this paper, the central characters of such a tensor product module are shown to be given by a Pieri-like formula, complete reducibility is established when these central characters are distinct and an example is presented illustrating the existence of a nonsimple indecomposable submodule when these characters are not distinct.


45. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 356)

Gross, Leonard
Some norms on universal enveloping algebras
The universal enveloping algebra, $U(\frak g)$, of a Lie algebra $\frak g$ supports some norms and seminorms that have arisen naturally in the context of heat kernel analysis on Lie groups. These norms and seminorms are investigated here from an algebraic viewpoint. It is shown that the norms corresponding to heat kernels on the associated Lie groups decompose as product norms under the natural isomorphism $U(\frak g_1 \oplus \frak g_2) \cong U(\frak g_1) \otimes U(\frak g_2)$. The seminorms corresponding to Green's functions are examined at a purely Lie algebra level for $\rmsl(2,\Bbb C)$. It is also shown that the algebraic dual space $U'$ is spanned by its finite rank elements if and only if $\frak g$ is nilpotent.

Categories:17B35, 16S30, 22E30

46. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 225)

Benkart, Georgia
Derivations and invariant forms of Lie algebras graded by finite root systems
Lie algebras graded by finite reduced root systems have been classified up to isomorphism. In this paper we describe the derivation algebras of these Lie algebras and determine when they possess invariant bilinear forms. The results which we develop to do this are much more general and apply to Lie algebras that are completely reducible with respect to the adjoint action of a finite-dimensional subalgebra.

Categories:17B20, 17B70, 17B25

47. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 210)

Zhao, Kaiming
Isomorphisms between generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras in characteristic $0$
In this paper, we determine when two simple generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras $W_d (A, T, \varphi)$ are isomorphic, and discuss the relationship between the Jacobian conjecture and the generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras.

Keywords:Simple Lie algebras, the general Lie algebra, generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras, isomorphism, Jacobian conjecture
Categories:17B40, 17B65, 17B56, 17B68

48. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1206)

Letzter, Gail
Subalgebras which appear in quantum Iwasawa decompositions
Let $g$ be a semisimple Lie algebra. Quantum analogs of the enveloping algebra of the fixed Lie subalgebra are introduced for involutions corresponding to the negative of a diagram automorphism. These subalgebras of the quantized enveloping algebra specialize to their classical counterparts. They are used to form an Iwasawa type decompostition and begin a study of quantum Harish-Chandra modules.


49. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 772)

Jie, Xiao
Finite dimensional representations of $U_t\bigl(\rmsl (2)\bigr)$ at roots of unity
All finite dimensional indecomposable representations of $U_t (\rmsl (2))$ at roots of $1$ are determined.

Categories:16G10, 16G70, 17B37

50. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 820)

Robart, Thierry
Sur l'intégrabilité des sous-algèbres de Lie en dimension infinie
Une des questions fondamentales de la th\'eorie des groupes de Lie de dimension infinie concerne l'int\'egrabilit\'e des sous-alg\`ebres de Lie topologiques $\cal H$ de l'alg\`ebre de Lie $\cal G$ d'un groupe de Lie $G$ de dimension infinie au sens de Milnor. Par contraste avec ce qui se passe en th\'eorie classique il peut exister des sous-alg\`ebres de Lie ferm\'ees $\cal H$ de $\cal G$ non-int\'egrables en un sous-groupe de Lie. C'est le cas des alg\`ebres de Lie de champs de vecteurs $C^{\infty}$ d'une vari\'et\'e compacte qui ne d\'efinissent pas un feuilletage de Stefan. Heureusement cette ``imperfection" de la th\'eorie n'est pas partag\'ee par tous les groupes de Lie int\'eressants. C'est ce que montre cet article en exhibant une tr\`es large classe de groupes de Lie de dimension infinie exempte de cette imperfection. Cela permet de traiter compl\`etement le second probl\`eme fondamental de Sophus Lie pour les groupes de jauge de la physique-math\'ematique et les groupes formels de diff\'eomorphismes lisses de $\R^n$ qui fixent l'origine.

Categories:22E65, 58h05, 17B65
   1 2 3    

© Canadian Mathematical Society, 2017 :