Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 15 of 15 |
1. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 905)
Explicit Models for Threefolds Fibred by K3 Surfaces of Degree Two We consider threefolds that admit a fibration by K3 surfaces over a nonsingular curve, equipped with a divisorial sheaf that defines a polarisation of degree two on the general fibre. Under certain assumptions on the threefold we show that its relative log canonical model exists and can be explicitly reconstructed from a small set of data determined by the original fibration. Finally we prove a converse to the above statement: under certain assumptions, any such set of data determines a threefold that arises as the relative log canonical model of a threefold admitting a fibration by K3 surfaces of degree two.
Keywords:threefold, fibration, K3 surface Categories:14J30, 14D06, 14E30, 14J28 |
2. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 120)
Universal Families of Rational Tropical Curves We introduce the notion of families of $n$-marked
smooth rational tropical curves over smooth tropical varieties and
establish a one-to-one correspondence between (equivalence classes of)
these families and morphisms
from smooth tropical varieties into the moduli space of $n$-marked
abstract rational tropical curves $\mathcal{M}_{n}$.
Keywords:tropical geometry, universal family, rational curves, moduli space Categories:14T05, 14D22 |
3. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 845)
Monodromy Filtrations and the Topology of Tropical Varieties We study the topology of tropical varieties that arise from a certain
natural class of varieties. We use the theory of tropical
degenerations to construct a natural, ``multiplicity-free''
parameterization of $\operatorname{Trop}(X)$ by a topological space
$\Gamma_X$ and give a geometric interpretation of the cohomology of
$\Gamma_X$ in terms of the action of a monodromy operator on the
cohomology of $X$. This gives bounds on the Betti numbers of
$\Gamma_X$ in terms of the Betti numbers of $X$ which constrain the
topology of $\operatorname{Trop}(X)$. We also obtain a description of
the top power of the monodromy operator acting on middle cohomology of
$X$ in terms of the volume pairing on $\Gamma_X$.
Categories:14T05, 14D06 |
4. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 755)
On the Geometry of the Moduli Space of Real Binary Octics The moduli space of smooth real binary octics has five connected
components. They parametrize the real binary octics whose defining
equations have $0,\dots,4$ complex-conjugate pairs of roots
respectively. We show that each of these five components has a real
hyperbolic structure in the sense that each is isomorphic as a
real-analytic manifold to the quotient of an open dense subset of
$5$-dimensional real hyperbolic space $\mathbb{RH}^5$ by the action of an
arithmetic subgroup of $\operatorname{Isom}(\mathbb{RH}^5)$. These subgroups are
commensurable to discrete hyperbolic reflection groups, and the
Vinberg diagrams of the latter are computed.
Keywords:real binary octics, moduli space, complex hyperbolic geometry, Vinberg algorithm Categories:32G13, 32G20, 14D05, 14D20 |
5. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 109)
The Ample Cone of the Kontsevich Moduli Space We produce ample (resp.\ NEF, eventually free) divisors in the
Kontsevich space $\Kgnb{0,n} (\mathbb P^r, d)$ of $n$-pointed,
genus $0$, stable maps to $\mathbb P^r$, given such divisors in
$\Kgnb{0,n+d}$. We prove that this produces all ample (resp.\ NEF,
eventually free) divisors in $\Kgnb{0,n}(\mathbb P^r,d)$.
As a consequence, we construct a contraction of the boundary
$\bigcup_{k=1}^{\lfloor d/2 \rfloor} \Delta_{k,d-k}$ in
$\Kgnb{0,0}(\mathbb P^r,d)$, analogous to a contraction of
the boundary $\bigcup_{k=3}^{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor}
\tilde{\Delta}_{k,n-k}$ in $\kgnb{0,n}$ first constructed by Keel
and McKernan.
Categories:14D20, 14E99, 14H10 |
6. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 3)
Connected Components of Moduli Stacks of Torsors via Tamagawa Numbers Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over
a finite field with function field $K$. Let $\G$ be a connected semisimple group
scheme over $X$. Under certain hypotheses we prove the equality of
two numbers associated with $\G$.
The first is an arithmetic invariant, its Tamagawa number. The second
is a geometric invariant, the number of connected components of the moduli
stack of $\G$-torsors on $X$. Our results are most useful for studying
connected components as much is known about Tamagawa numbers.
Categories:11E, 11R, 14D, 14H |
7. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1308)
Variations of Mixed Hodge Structures of Multiple Polylogarithms It is well known that multiple polylogarithms give rise to
good unipotent variations of mixed Hodge-Tate structures.
In this paper we shall {\em explicitly} determine these structures
related to multiple logarithms and some other multiple polylogarithms
of lower weights. The purpose of this explicit construction
is to give some important applications: First we study the limit of
mixed Hodge-Tate structures and make a conjecture relating the variations
of mixed Hodge-Tate structures of multiple logarithms to those of
general multiple {\em poly}\/logarithms. Then following
Deligne and Beilinson we describe an
approach to defining the single-valued
real analytic version of the multiple polylogarithms which
generalizes the well-known result of Zagier on
classical polylogarithms. In the process we find some interesting
identities relating single-valued multiple polylogarithms of the
same weight $k$ when $k=2$ and 3. At the end of this paper,
motivated by Zagier's conjecture we pose
a problem which relates the special values of multiple
Dedekind zeta functions of a number field to the single-valued
version of multiple polylogarithms.
Categories:14D07, 14D05, 33B30 |
8. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 310)
The Geometry of Quadratic Differential Systems with a Weak Focus of Third Order In this article we determine the global geometry of the planar
quadratic differential systems with a weak focus of third order. This
class plays a significant role in the context of Hilbert's 16-th
problem. Indeed, all examples of quadratic differential systems with
at least four limit cycles, were obtained by perturbing a system in
this family. We use the algebro-geometric concepts of divisor and
zero-cycle to encode global properties of the systems and to give
structure to this class. We give a theorem of topological
classification of such systems in terms of integer-valued affine
invariants. According to the possible values taken by them in this
family we obtain a total of $18$ topologically distinct phase
portraits. We show that inside the class of all quadratic systems
with the topology of the coefficients, there exists a neighborhood of
the family of quadratic systems with a weak focus of third order and
which may have graphics but no polycycle in the sense of \cite{DRR}
and no limit cycle, such that any quadratic system in this
neighborhood has at most four limit cycles.
Categories:34C40, 51F14, 14D05, 14D25 |
9. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 766)
Homology TQFT's and the Alexander--Reidemeister Invariant of 3-Manifolds via Hopf Algebras and Skein Theory |
Homology TQFT's and the Alexander--Reidemeister Invariant of 3-Manifolds via Hopf Algebras and Skein Theory We develop an explicit skein-theoretical algorithm to compute the
Alexander polynomial of a 3-manifold from a surgery presentation
employing the methods used in the construction of quantum invariants
of 3-manifolds. As a prerequisite we establish and prove a rather
unexpected equivalence between the topological quantum field theory
constructed by Frohman and Nicas using the homology of
$U(1)$-representation varieties on the one side and the
combinatorially constructed Hennings TQFT based on the quasitriangular
Hopf algebra $\mathcal{N} = \mathbb{Z}/2 \ltimes \bigwedge^*
\mathbb{R}^2$ on the other side. We find that both TQFT's are $\SL
(2,\mathbb{R})$-equivariant functors and, as such, are isomorphic.
The $\SL (2,\mathbb{R})$-action in the Hennings construction comes
from the natural action on $\mathcal{N}$ and in the case of the
Frohman--Nicas theory from the Hard--Lefschetz decomposition of the
$U(1)$-moduli spaces given that they are naturally K\"ahler. The
irreducible components of this TQFT, corresponding to simple
representations of $\SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ and $\Sp(2g,\mathbb{Z})$, thus
yield a large family of homological TQFT's by taking sums and products.
We give several examples of TQFT's and invariants that appear to fit
into this family, such as Milnor and Reidemeister Torsion,
Seiberg--Witten theories, Casson type theories for homology circles
{\it \`a la} Donaldson, higher rank gauge theories following Frohman
and Nicas, and the $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$ reductions of
Reshetikhin--Turaev theories over the cyclotomic integers $\mathbb{Z}
[\zeta_p]$. We also conjecture that the Hennings TQFT for
quantum-$\mathfrak{sl}_2$ is the product of the Reshetikhin--Turaev
TQFT and such a homological TQFT.
Categories:57R56, 14D20, 16W30, 17B37, 18D35, 57M27 |
10. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 839)
Cohomology of Complex Torus Bundles Associated to Cocycles Equivariant holomorphic maps of Hermitian symmetric domains into
Siegel upper half spaces can be used to construct families of
abelian varieties parametrized by locally symmetric spaces, which
can be regarded as complex torus bundles over the parameter spaces.
We extend the construction of such torus bundles using 2-cocycles of
discrete subgroups of the semisimple Lie groups associated to the
given symmetric domains and investigate some of their properties.
In particular, we determine their cohomology along the fibers.
Categories:14K10, 14D06, 14F99 |
11. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 649)
Surfaces with $p_{g}=q=2$ and an Irrational Pencil We describe the irrational pencils on surfaces of general type with
$p_{g}=q=2$.
Categories:14J29, 14J25, 14D06, 14D99 |
12. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 609)
Integrable Systems Associated to a Hopf Surface A Hopf surface is the quotient of the complex surface $\mathbb{C}^2
\setminus \{0\}$ by an infinite cyclic group of dilations of
$\mathbb{C}^2$. In this paper, we study the moduli spaces
$\mathcal{M}^n$ of stable $\SL (2,\mathbb{C})$-bundles on a Hopf
surface $\mathcal{H}$, from the point of view of symplectic geometry.
An important point is that the surface $\mathcal{H}$ is an elliptic
fibration, which implies that a vector bundle on $\mathcal{H}$ can be
considered as a family of vector bundles over an elliptic curve. We
define a map $G \colon \mathcal{M}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^{2n+1}$
that associates to every bundle on $\mathcal{H}$ a divisor, called the
graph of the bundle, which encodes the isomorphism class of the bundle
over each elliptic curve. We then prove that the map $G$ is an
algebraically completely integrable Hamiltonian system, with respect
to a given Poisson structure on $\mathcal{M}^n$. We also give an
explicit description of the fibres of the integrable system. This
example is interesting for several reasons; in particular, since the
Hopf surface is not K\"ahler, it is an elliptic fibration that does
not admit a section.
Categories:14J60, 14D21, 14H70, 14J27 |
13. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1235)
Representations with Weighted Frames and Framed Parabolic Bundles There is a well-known correspondence (due to Mehta and Seshadri in
the unitary case, and extended by Bhosle and Ramanathan to other
groups), between the symplectic variety $M_h$ of representations of
the fundamental group of a punctured Riemann surface into a compact
connected Lie group~$G$, with fixed conjugacy classes $h$ at the
punctures, and a complex variety ${\cal M}_h$ of holomorphic bundles
on the unpunctured surface with a parabolic structure at the puncture
points. For $G = \SU(2)$, we build a symplectic variety $P$ of pairs
(representations of the fundamental group into $G$, ``weighted frame''
at the puncture points), and a corresponding complex variety ${\cal
P}$ of moduli of ``framed parabolic bundles'', which encompass
respectively all of the spaces $M_h$, ${\cal M}_h$, in the sense that
one can obtain $M_h$ from $P$ by symplectic reduction, and ${\cal
M}_h$ from ${\cal P}$ by a complex quotient. This allows us to
explain certain features of the toric geometry of the $\SU(2)$ moduli
spaces discussed by Jeffrey and Weitsman, by giving the actual toric
variety associated with their integrable system.
Categories:58F05, 14D20 |
14. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1089)
The Characteristic Numbers of Quartic Plane Curves The characteristic numbers of smooth plane quartics are computed
using intersection theory on a component of the moduli space of
stable maps. This completes the verification of Zeuthen's
prediction of characteristic numbers of smooth plane curves. A
short sketch of a computation of the characteristic numbers of
plane cubics is also given as an illustration.
Categories:14N10, 14D22 |
15. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 581)
The homology of singular polygon spaces Let $M_n$ be the variety of spatial polygons $P= (a_1, a_2, \dots,
a_n)$ whose sides are vectors $a_i \in \text{\bf R}^3$ of length
$\vert a_i \vert=1 \; (1 \leq i \leq n),$ up to motion in
$\text{\bf R}^3.$ It is known that for odd $n$, $M_n$ is a
smooth manifold, while for even $n$, $M_n$ has cone-like singular
points. For odd $n$, the rational homology of $M_n$ was determined
by Kirwan and Klyachko [6], [9]. The purpose of this paper is to
determine the rational homology of $M_n$ for even $n$. For even
$n$, let ${\tilde M}_n$ be the manifold obtained from $M_n$ by the
resolution of the singularities. Then we also determine the
integral homology of ${\tilde M}_n$.
Keywords:singular polygon space, homology Categories:14D20, 57N65 |