Expand all Collapse all | Results 126 - 150 of 155 |
126. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 923)
Decompositions of the Hilbert Function of a Set of Points in $\P^n$ Let $\H$ be the Hilbert function of some set of distinct points
in $\P^n$ and let $\alpha = \alpha (\H)$ be the least degree
of a hypersurface of $\P^n$ containing these points. Write $\alpha
= d_s + d_{s-1} + \cdots + d_1$ (where $d_i > 0$). We canonically
decompose $\H$ into $s$ other Hilbert functions $\H
\leftrightarrow (\H_s^\prime, \dots, \H_1^\prime)$ and show
how to find sets of distinct points $\Y_s, \dots, \Y_1$,
lying on reduced hypersurfaces of degrees $d_s, \dots, d_1$
(respectively) such that the Hilbert function of $\Y_i$ is
$\H_i^\prime$ and the Hilbert function of $\Y = \bigcup_{i=1}^s
\Y_i$ is $\H$. Some extremal properties of this canonical
decomposition are also explored.
Categories:13D40, 14M10 |
127. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 834)
Zeta Functions and `Kontsevich Invariants' on Singular Varieties Let $X$ be a nonsingular algebraic variety in characteristic zero. To
an effective divisor on $X$ Kontsevich has associated a certain
motivic integral, living in a completion of the Grothendieck ring of
algebraic varieties. He used this invariant to show that birational
(smooth, projective) Calabi-Yau varieties have the same Hodge
numbers. Then Denef and Loeser introduced the invariant {\it motivic
(Igusa) zeta function}, associated to a regular function on $X$, which
specializes to both the classical $p$-adic Igusa zeta function and the
topological zeta function, and also to Kontsevich's invariant.
This paper treats a generalization to singular varieties. Batyrev
already considered such a `Kontsevich invariant' for log terminal
varieties (on the level of Hodge polynomials of varieties instead of
in the Grothendieck ring), and previously we introduced a motivic zeta
function on normal surface germs. Here on any $\bbQ$-Gorenstein
variety $X$ we associate a motivic zeta function and a `Kontsevich
invariant' to effective $\bbQ$-Cartier divisors on $X$ whose support
contains the singular locus of~$X$.
Keywords:singularity invariant, topological zeta function, motivic zeta function Categories:14B05, 14E15, 32S50, 32S45 |
128. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 73)
Stratification Theory from the Weighted Point of View In this paper, we investigate stratification theory in terms of the
defining equations of strata and maps (without tube systems), offering
a concrete approach to show that some given family is topologically
trivial. In this approach, we consider a weighted version of
$(w)$-regularity condition and Kuo's ratio test condition.
Categories:32B99, 14P25, 32Cxx, 58A35 |
129. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 3)
The Equivariant Grothendieck Groups of the Russell-Koras Threefolds The Russell-Koras contractible threefolds are the smooth affine threefolds
having a hyperbolic $\mathbb{C}^*$-action with quotient isomorphic to the
corresponding quotient of the linear action on the tangent space at the
unique fixed point. Koras and Russell gave a concrete description of all such
threefolds and determined many interesting properties they possess.
We use this description and these properties to compute the equivariant
Grothendieck groups of these threefolds. In addition, we give certain
equivariant invariants of these rings.
Categories:14J30, 19L47 |
130. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1235)
Representations with Weighted Frames and Framed Parabolic Bundles There is a well-known correspondence (due to Mehta and Seshadri in
the unitary case, and extended by Bhosle and Ramanathan to other
groups), between the symplectic variety $M_h$ of representations of
the fundamental group of a punctured Riemann surface into a compact
connected Lie group~$G$, with fixed conjugacy classes $h$ at the
punctures, and a complex variety ${\cal M}_h$ of holomorphic bundles
on the unpunctured surface with a parabolic structure at the puncture
points. For $G = \SU(2)$, we build a symplectic variety $P$ of pairs
(representations of the fundamental group into $G$, ``weighted frame''
at the puncture points), and a corresponding complex variety ${\cal
P}$ of moduli of ``framed parabolic bundles'', which encompass
respectively all of the spaces $M_h$, ${\cal M}_h$, in the sense that
one can obtain $M_h$ from $P$ by symplectic reduction, and ${\cal
M}_h$ from ${\cal P}$ by a complex quotient. This allows us to
explain certain features of the toric geometry of the $\SU(2)$ moduli
spaces discussed by Jeffrey and Weitsman, by giving the actual toric
variety associated with their integrable system.
Categories:58F05, 14D20 |
131. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1149)
Canonical Resolution of a Quasi-ordinary Surface Singularity We describe the embedded resolution of an irreducible quasi-ordinary
surface singularity $(V,p)$ which results from applying the canonical
resolution of Bierstone-Milman to $(V,p)$. We show that this process
depends solely on the characteristic pairs of $(V,p)$, as predicted
by Lipman. We describe the process explicitly enough that a resolution
graph for $f$ could in principle be obtained by computer using only
the characteristic pairs.
Keywords:canonical resolution, quasi-ordinary singularity Categories:14B05, 14J17, 32S05, 32S25 |
132. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1018)
Essential Dimensions of Algebraic Groups and a Resolution Theorem for $G$-Varieties Let $G$ be an algebraic group and let $X$ be a generically free $G$-variety.
We show that $X$ can be transformed, by a sequence of blowups with smooth
$G$-equivariant centers, into a $G$-variety $X'$ with the following
property the stabilizer of every point of $X'$ is isomorphic to a
semidirect product $U \sdp A$ of a unipotent group $U$ and a
diagonalizable group $A$.
As an application of this result, we prove new lower bounds on essential
dimensions of some algebraic groups. We also show that certain
polynomials in one variable cannot be simplified by a Tschirnhaus
transformation.
Categories:14L30, 14E15, 14E05, 12E05, 20G10 |
133. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 982)
Holomorphic Functions of Slow Growth on Nested Covering Spaces of Compact Manifolds Let $Y$ be an infinite covering space of a projective manifold
$M$ in $\P^N$ of dimension $n\geq 2$. Let $C$ be the intersection with
$M$ of at most $n-1$ generic hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^N$.
The preimage $X$ of $C$ in $Y$ is a connected submanifold. Let $\phi$
be the smoothed distance from a fixed point in $Y$ in a metric pulled up
from $M$. Let $\O_\phi(X)$ be the Hilbert space of holomorphic
functions $f$ on $X$ such that $f^2 e^{-\phi}$ is integrable on $X$, and
define $\O_\phi(Y)$ similarly. Our main result is that (under more
general hypotheses than described here) the restriction $\O_\phi(Y)
\to \O_\phi(X)$ is an isomorphism for $d$ large enough.
This yields new examples of Riemann surfaces and domains of holomorphy
in $\C^n$ with corona. We consider the important special case when $Y$
is the unit ball $\B$ in $\C^n$, and show that for $d$ large enough,
every bounded holomorphic function on $X$ extends to a unique function
in the intersection of all the nontrivial weighted Bergman spaces on
$\B$. Finally, assuming that the covering group is arithmetic, we
establish three dichotomies concerning the extension of bounded
holomorphic and harmonic functions from $X$ to $\B$.
Categories:32A10, 14E20, 30F99, 32M15 |
134. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 265)
On Orbit Closures of Symmetric Subgroups in Flag Varieties We study $K$-orbits in $G/P$ where $G$ is a complex connected
reductive group, $P \subseteq G$ is a parabolic subgroup, and $K
\subseteq G$ is the fixed point subgroup of an involutive
automorphism $\theta$. Generalizing work of Springer, we
parametrize the (finite) orbit set $K \setminus G \slash P$ and we
determine the isotropy groups. As a consequence, we describe the
closed (resp. affine) orbits in terms of $\theta$-stable
(resp. $\theta$-split) parabolic subgroups. We also describe the
decomposition of any $(K,P)$-double coset in $G$ into
$(K,B)$-double cosets, where $B \subseteq P$ is a Borel subgroup.
Finally, for certain $K$-orbit closures $X \subseteq G/B$, and for
any homogeneous line bundle $\mathcal{L}$ on $G/B$ having nonzero
global sections, we show that the restriction map $\res_X \colon
H^0 (G/B, \mathcal{L}) \to H^0 (X, \mathcal{L})$ is surjective and
that $H^i (X, \mathcal{L}) = 0$ for $i \geq 1$. Moreover, we
describe the $K$-module $H^0 (X, \mathcal{L})$. This gives
information on the restriction to $K$ of the simple $G$-module $H^0
(G/B, \mathcal{L})$. Our construction is a geometric analogue of
Vogan and Sepanski's approach to extremal $K$-types.
Keywords:flag variety, symmetric subgroup Categories:14M15, 20G05 |
135. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 348)
SingularitÃ©s quasi-ordinaires toriques et polyÃ¨dre de Newton du discriminant Nous \'etudions les polyn\^omes $F \in \C \{S_\tau\} [Y] $ \`a
coefficients dans l'anneau de germes de fonctions holomorphes au
point sp\'ecial d'une vari\'et\'e torique affine. Nous
g\'en\'eralisons \`a ce cas la param\'etrisation classique des
singularit\'es quasi-ordinaires. Cela fait intervenir d'une part
une g\'en\'eralization de l'algorithme de Newton-Puiseux, et
d'autre part une relation entre le poly\`edre de Newton du
discriminant de $F$ par rapport \`a $Y$ et celui de $F$ au moyen du
polytope-fibre de Billera et Sturmfels~\cite{Sturmfels}. Cela nous
permet enfin de calculer, sous des hypoth\`eses de non
d\'eg\'en\'erescence, les sommets du poly\`edre de Newton du
discriminant a partir de celui de $F$, et les coefficients
correspondants \`a partir des coefficients des exposants de $F$ qui
sont dans les ar\^etes de son poly\`edre de Newton.
Categories:14M25, 32S25 |
136. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 123)
An Algorithm for Fat Points on $\mathbf{P}^2 Let $F$ be a divisor on the blow-up $X$ of $\pr^2$ at $r$ general
points $p_1, \dots, p_r$ and let $L$ be the total transform of a
line on $\pr^2$. An approach is presented for reducing the
computation of the dimension of the cokernel of the natural map
$\mu_F \colon \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \bigr) \otimes \Gamma \bigl(
\CO_X(L) \bigr) \to \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \otimes \CO_X(L) \bigr)$
to the case that $F$ is ample. As an application, a formula for
the dimension of the cokernel of $\mu_F$ is obtained when $r = 7$,
completely solving the problem of determining the modules in
minimal free resolutions of fat point subschemes\break
$m_1 p_1 + \cdots + m_7 p_7 \subset \pr^2$. All results hold for
an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field~$k$.
Keywords:Generators, syzygies, resolution, fat points, maximal rank, plane, Weyl group Categories:13P10, 14C99, 13D02, 13H15 |
137. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1175)
Reflection Subquotients of Unitary Reflection Groups Let $G$ be a finite group generated by (pseudo-) reflections in a
complex vector space and let $g$ be any linear transformation which
normalises $G$. In an earlier paper, the authors showed how to
associate with any maximal eigenspace of an element of the coset
$gG$, a subquotient of $G$ which acts as a reflection group on the
eigenspace. In this work, we address the questions of
irreducibility and the coexponents of this subquotient, as well as
centralisers in $G$ of certain elements of the coset. A criterion
is also given in terms of the invariant degrees of $G$ for an
integer to be regular for $G$. A key tool is the investigation of
extensions of invariant vector fields on the eigenspace, which
leads to some results and questions concerning the geometry of
intersections of invariant hypersurfaces.
Categories:51F15, 20H15, 20G40, 20F55, 14C17 |
138. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1226)
Semi-Affine Coxeter-Dynkin Graphs and $G \subseteq \SU_2(C)$ The semi-affine Coxeter-Dynkin graph is introduced, generalizing
both the affine and the finite types.
Categories:20C99, 05C25, 14B05 |
139. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1123)
First Steps of Local Contact Algebra We consider germs of mappings of a line to contact space and
classify the first simple singularities up to the action of
contactomorphisms in the target space and diffeomorphisms of the
line. Even in these first cases there arises a new interesting
interaction of local commutative algebra with contact structure.
Keywords:contact manifolds, local contact algebra, Diracian, contactian Categories:53D10, 14B05 |
140. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1089)
The Characteristic Numbers of Quartic Plane Curves The characteristic numbers of smooth plane quartics are computed
using intersection theory on a component of the moduli space of
stable maps. This completes the verification of Zeuthen's
prediction of characteristic numbers of smooth plane curves. A
short sketch of a computation of the characteristic numbers of
plane cubics is also given as an illustration.
Categories:14N10, 14D22 |
141. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 936)
Galois Representations with Non-Surjective Traces Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\q$, and let $r$ be an integer.
According to the Lang-Trotter conjecture, the number of primes $p$
such that $a_p(E) = r$ is either finite, or is asymptotic to
$C_{E,r} {\sqrt{x}} / {\log{x}}$ where $C_{E,r}$ is a non-zero
constant. A typical example of the former is the case of rational
$\ell$-torsion, where $a_p(E) = r$ is impossible if $r \equiv 1
\pmod{\ell}$. We prove in this paper that, when $E$ has a rational
$\ell$-isogeny and $\ell \neq 11$, the number of primes $p$ such
that $a_p(E) \equiv r \pmod{\ell}$ is finite (for some $r$ modulo
$\ell$) if and only if $E$ has rational $\ell$-torsion over the
cyclotomic field $\q(\zeta_\ell)$. The case $\ell=11$ is special,
and is also treated in the paper. We also classify all those
occurences.
Category:14H52 |
142. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 771)
Stable Bi-Period Summation Formula and Transfer Factors This paper starts by introducing a bi-periodic summation formula
for automorphic forms on a group $G(E)$, with periods by a subgroup
$G(F)$, where $E/F$ is a quadratic extension of number fields. The
split case, where $E = F \oplus F$, is that of the standard trace
formula. Then it introduces a notion of stable bi-conjugacy, and
stabilizes the geometric side of the bi-period summation formula.
Thus weighted sums in the stable bi-conjugacy class are expressed
in terms of stable bi-orbital integrals. These stable integrals
are on the same endoscopic groups $H$ which occur in the case of
standard conjugacy.
The spectral side of the bi-period summation formula involves
periods, namely integrals over the group of $F$-adele points of
$G$, of cusp forms on the group of $E$-adele points on the group
$G$. Our stabilization suggests that such cusp forms---with non
vanishing periods---and the resulting bi-period distributions
associated to ``periodic'' automorphic forms, are related to
analogous bi-period distributions associated to ``periodic''
automorphic forms on the endoscopic symmetric spaces $H(E)/H(F)$.
This offers a sharpening of the theory of liftings, where periods
play a key role.
The stabilization depends on the ``fundamental lemma'', which
conjectures that the unit elements of the Hecke algebras on $G$ and
$H$ have matching orbital integrals. Even in stating this
conjecture, one needs to introduce a ``transfer factor''. A
generalization of the standard transfer factor to the bi-periodic
case is introduced. The generalization depends on a new definition
of the factors even in the standard case.
Finally, the fundamental lemma is verified for $\SL(2)$.
Categories:11F72, 11F70, 14G27, 14L35 |
143. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 616)
Parabolic Subgroups with Abelian Unipotent Radical as a Testing Site for Invariant Theory Let $L$ be a simple algebraic group and $P$ a parabolic subgroup
with Abelian unipotent radical $P^u$. Many familiar varieties
(determinantal varieties, their symmetric and skew-symmetric
analogues) arise as closures of $P$-orbits in $P^u$. We give a
unified invariant-theoretic treatment of various properties of
these orbit closures. We also describe the closures of the
conormal bundles of these orbits as the irreducible components of
some commuting variety and show that the polynomial algebra
$k[P^u]$ is a free module over the algebra of covariants.
Categories:14L30, 13A50 |
144. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1209)
A lower bound for $K_X L$ of quasi-polarized surfaces $(X,L)$ with non-negative Kodaira dimension Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over the complex
number field and let $L$ be a nef-big divisor on $X$. Here we consider
the following conjecture; If the Kodaira dimension $\kappa(X)\geq 0$,
then $K_{X}L\geq 2q(X)-4$, where $q(X)$ is the irregularity of $X$. In
this paper, we prove that this conjecture is true if (1) the case in which
$\kappa(X)=0$ or $1$, (2) the case in which $\kappa(X)=2$ and $h^{0}(L)\geq
2$, or (3) the case in which $\kappa(X)=2$, $X$ is minimal, $h^{0}(L)=1$,
and $L$ satisfies some conditions.
Keywords:Quasi-polarized surface, sectional genus Category:14C20 |
145. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1253)
Integral representation of $p$-class groups in ${\Bbb Z}_p$-extensions and the Jacobian variety For an arbitrary finite Galois $p$-extension $L/K$ of
$\zp$-cyclotomic number fields of $\CM$-type with Galois group $G =
\Gal(L/K)$ such that the Iwasawa invariants $\mu_K^-$, $ \mu_L^-$
are zero, we obtain unconditionally and explicitly the Galois
module structure of $\clases$, the minus part of the $p$-subgroup
of the class group of $L$. For an arbitrary finite Galois
$p$-extension $L/K$ of algebraic function fields of one variable
over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$ as its
exact field of constants with Galois group $G = \Gal(L/K)$ we
obtain unconditionally and explicitly the Galois module structure
of the $p$-torsion part of the Jacobian variety $J_L(p)$ associated
to $L/k$.
Keywords:${\Bbb Z}_p$-extensions, Iwasawa's theory, class group, integral representation, fields of algebraic functions, Jacobian variety, Galois module structure Categories:11R33, 11R23, 11R58, 14H40 |
146. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 929)
Decomposition varieties in semisimple Lie algebras The notion of decompositon class in a semisimple Lie algebra is a
common generalization of nilpotent orbits and the set of
regular semisimple elements. We prove that the closure of a
decomposition class has many properties in common with nilpotent
varieties, \eg, its normalization has rational singularities.
The famous Grothendieck simultaneous resolution is related to the
decomposition class of regular semisimple elements. We study the
properties of the analogous commutative diagrams associated to
an arbitrary decomposition class.
Categories:14L30, 14M17, 15A30, 17B45 |
147. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 863)
Smooth formal embeddings and the residue complex Let $\pi\colon X \ar S$ be a finite type morphism of noetherian schemes.
A {\it smooth formal embedding\/} of $X$ (over $S$) is a bijective closed
immersion $X \subset \mfrak{X}$, where $\mfrak{X}$ is a noetherian
formal scheme, formally smooth over $S$. An example of such an embedding
is the formal completion $\mfrak{X} = Y_{/ X}$ where $X \subset Y$
is an algebraic embedding. Smooth formal embeddings can be used to
calculate algebraic De~Rham (co)homology.
Our main application is an explicit construction of the Grothendieck
residue complex when $S$ is a regular scheme. By definition the residue
complex is the Cousin complex of $\pi^{!} \mcal{O}_{S}$, as in \cite{RD}.
We start with I-C.~Huang's theory of pseudofunctors on modules with
$0$-dimensional support, which provides a graded sheaf $\bigoplus_{q}
\mcal{K}^{q}_{\,X / S}$. We then use smooth formal embeddings to obtain
the coboundary operator $\delta \colon\mcal{K}^{q}_{X / S} \ar
\mcal{K}^{q + 1}_{\,X / S}$. We exhibit a canonical isomorphism between
the complex $(\mcal{K}^{\bdot}_{\,X / S}, \delta)$ and the residue complex
of \cite{RD}. When $\pi$ is equidimensional of dimension $n$ and
generically smooth we show that $\mrm{H}^{-n} \mcal{K}^{\bdot}_{\,X/S}$
is canonically isomorphic to to the sheaf of regular differentials of
Kunz-Waldi \cite{KW}.
Another issue we discuss is Grothendieck Duality on a noetherian formal
scheme $\mfrak{X}$. Our results on duality are used in the construction
of $\mcal{K}^{\bdot}_{\,X / S}$.
Categories:14B20, 14F10, 14B15, 14F20 |
148. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 829)
Conjugacy classes and nilpotent variety of a reductive monoid We continue in this paper our study of conjugacy classes
of a reductive monoid $M$. The main theorems establish a strong connection
with the Bruhat-Renner decomposition of $M$. We use our results to decompose
the variety $M_{\nil}$ of nilpotent elements of $M$ into irreducible components.
We also identify a class of nilpotent elements that we call standard and prove
that the number of conjugacy classes of standard nilpotent elements is always
finite.
Categories:20G99, 20M10, 14M99, 20F55 |
149. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 581)
The homology of singular polygon spaces Let $M_n$ be the variety of spatial polygons $P= (a_1, a_2, \dots,
a_n)$ whose sides are vectors $a_i \in \text{\bf R}^3$ of length
$\vert a_i \vert=1 \; (1 \leq i \leq n),$ up to motion in
$\text{\bf R}^3.$ It is known that for odd $n$, $M_n$ is a
smooth manifold, while for even $n$, $M_n$ has cone-like singular
points. For odd $n$, the rational homology of $M_n$ was determined
by Kirwan and Klyachko [6], [9]. The purpose of this paper is to
determine the rational homology of $M_n$ for even $n$. For even
$n$, let ${\tilde M}_n$ be the manifold obtained from $M_n$ by the
resolution of the singularities. Then we also determine the
integral homology of ${\tilde M}_n$.
Keywords:singular polygon space, homology Categories:14D20, 57N65 |
150. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 525)
Nilpotent orbit varieties and the atomic decomposition of the $q$-Kostka polynomials We study the coordinate rings~$k[\Cmubar\cap\hbox{\Frakvii t}]$ of
scheme-theoretic
intersections of nilpotent orbit closures with the diagonal matrices.
Here $\mu'$ gives the Jordan block structure of the nilpotent matrix.
de Concini and Procesi~\cite{deConcini&Procesi} proved a conjecture of
Kraft~\cite{Kraft} that these rings are isomorphic to the cohomology
rings of the varieties constructed by
Springer~\cite{Springer76,Springer78}. The famous $q$-Kostka
polynomial~$\Klmt(q)$ is the Hilbert series for the
multiplicity of the irreducible symmetric group representation indexed
by~$\lambda$ in the ring $k[\Cmubar\cap\hbox{\Frakvii t}]$.
\LS~\cite{L&S:Plaxique,Lascoux} gave combinatorially a decomposition
of~$\Klmt(q)$ as a sum of ``atomic'' polynomials with
non-negative integer coefficients, and Lascoux proposed a
corresponding decomposition in the cohomology model.
Our work provides a geometric interpretation of the atomic
decomposition. The Frobenius-splitting results of Mehta and van der
Kallen~\cite{Mehta&vanderKallen} imply a direct-sum decomposition of
the ideals of nilpotent orbit closures, arising from the inclusions of
the corresponding sets. We carry out the restriction to the diagonal
using a recent theorem of Broer~\cite{Broer}. This gives a direct-sum
decomposition of the ideals yielding the $k[\Cmubar\cap
\hbox{\Frakvii t}]$, and a new proof of the atomic decomposition of
the $q$-Kostka polynomials.
Keywords:$q$-Kostka polynomials, atomic decomposition, nilpotent conjugacy classes, nilpotent orbit varieties Categories:05E10, 14M99, 20G05, 05E15 |