Expand all Collapse all | Results 51 - 75 of 147 |
51. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 473)
GoreskyâMacPherson Calculus for the Affine Flag Varieties We use the fixed point arrangement technique developed by
Goresky and MacPherson to calculate the part of the
equivariant cohomology of the affine flag variety $\mathcal{F}\ell_G$ generated
by degree 2. We use this result to show that the vertices of the
moment map image of $\mathcal{F}\ell_G$ lie on a paraboloid.
Categories:14L30, 55N91 |
52. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 456)
The ChowlaâSelberg Formula and The Colmez Conjecture In this paper, we reinterpret the Colmez conjecture on the Faltings height of CM abelian varieties in terms of Hilbert (and Siegel) modular forms. We construct an elliptic modular form involving the Faltings height of a CM abelian surface and arithmetic intersection numbers, and prove that the Colmez conjecture for CM abelian surfaces is equivalent to the cuspidality of this modular form.
Categories:11G15, 11F41, 14K22 |
53. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1407)
Traces, Cross-Ratios and 2-Generator Subgroups of $\SU(2,1)$ In this work, we investigate how to decompose a pair $(A,B)$ of
loxodromic isometries of the complex hyperbolic plane $\mathbf H^{2}_{\mathbb C}$ under
the form $A=I_1I_2$ and $B=I_3I_2$, where the $I_k$'s are
involutions. The main result is a decomposability criterion, which
is expressed in terms of traces of elements of the group $\langle
A,B\rangle$.
Categories:14L24, 22E40, 32M15, 51M10 |
54. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1118)
Petits points d'une surface Pour toute sous-vari\'et\'e g\'eom\'etriquement irr\'eductible $V$
du grou\-pe multiplicatif
$\mathbb{G}_m^n$, on sait qu'en dehors d'un nombre fini de
translat\'es de tores exceptionnels
inclus dans $V$, tous les points sont de hauteur minor\'ee par une
certaine quantit\'e $q(V)^{-1}>0$. On conna\^it de plus une borne
sup\'erieure pour la somme des degr\'es de ces translat\'es de
tores pour des valeurs de $q(V)$ polynomiales en le degr\'e de $V$.
Ceci n'est pas le cas si l'on exige une minoration quasi-optimale
pour la hauteur des points de $V$, essentiellement lin\'eaire en l'inverse du degr\'e.
Nous apportons ici une r\'eponse partielle \`a ce probl\`eme\,: nous
donnons une majoration de la somme des degr\'es de ces translat\'es de
sous-tores de codimension $1$ d'une hypersurface $V$. Les r\'esultats,
obtenus dans le cas de $\mathbb{G}_m^3$, mais compl\`etement
explicites, peuvent toutefois s'\'etendre \`a $\mathbb{G}_m^n$,
moyennant quelques petites complications inh\'erentes \`a la dimension
$n$.
Keywords:Hauteur normalisÃ©e, groupe multiplicatif, problÃ¨me de Lehmer, petits points Categories:11G50, 11J81, 14G40 |
55. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1050)
Examples of Calabi--Yau 3-Folds of $\mathbb{P}^{7}$ with $\rho=1$ We give some examples of Calabi--Yau $3$-folds with $\rho=1$ and
$\rho=2$, defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ and constructed as
$4$-codimensional subvarieties of $\mathbb{P}^7$ via commutative
algebra methods. We explain how to deduce their Hodge diamond and
top Chern classes from computer based computations over some
finite field $\mathbb{F}_{p}$. Three of our examples (of degree
$17$ and $20$) are new. The two others (degree $15$ and $18$) are
known, and we recover their well-known invariants with our
method. These examples are built out of Gulliksen--Neg{\aa}rd and
Kustin--Miller complexes of locally free sheaves.
Finally, we give two new examples of Calabi--Yau $3$-folds of
$\mathbb{P}^6$ of degree $14$ and $15$ (defined over
$\mathbb{Q}$). We show that they are not deformation equivalent to
Tonoli's examples of the same degree, despite the fact that they
have the same invariants $(H^3,c_2\cdot H, c_3)$ and $\rho=1$.
Categories:14J32, 14Q15 |
56. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 930)
Prolongations and Computational Algebra We explore the geometric notion of prolongations in the setting of
computational algebra, extending results of Landsberg and Manivel
which relate prolongations to equations for secant varieties. We also
develop methods for computing prolongations that are combinatorial in
nature. As an application, we use prolongations to derive a new
family of secant equations for the binary symmetric model in
phylogenetics.
Categories:13P10, 14M99 |
57. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 828)
Twisted Gross--Zagier Theorems The theorems of Gross--Zagier and Zhang relate the N\'eron--Tate
heights of complex multiplication points on the modular curve $X_0(N)$
(and on Shimura curve analogues) with the central derivatives of
automorphic $L$-function. We extend these results to include certain
CM points on modular curves of the form
$X(\Gamma_0(M)\cap\Gamma_1(S))$ (and on Shimura curve analogues).
These results are motivated by applications to Hida theory
that can be found in the companion article
"Central derivatives of $L$-functions in Hida families", Math.\ Ann.\
\textbf{399}(2007), 803--818.
Categories:11G18, 14G35 |
58. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 351)
Multiplication of Polynomials on Hermitian Symmetric spaces and Littlewood--Richardson Coefficients Let $K$ be a complex reductive algebraic group and $V$ a
representation of $K$. Let $S$ denote the ring of polynomials on
$V$. Assume that the action of $K$ on $S$ is multiplicity-free. If
$\lambda$ denotes the isomorphism class of an irreducible
representation of $K$, let $\rho_\lambda\from K \rightarrow
GL(V_{\lambda})$ denote the corresponding irreducible representation
and $S_\lambda$ the $\lambda$-isotypic component of $S$. Write
$S_\lambda \cdot S_\mu$ for the subspace of $S$ spanned by products of
$S_\lambda$ and $S_\mu$. If $V_\nu$ occurs as an irreducible
constituent of $V_\lambda\otimes V_\mu$, is it true that
$S_\nu\subseteq S_\lambda\cdot S_\mu$? In this paper, the authors
investigate this question for representations arising in the context
of Hermitian symmetric pairs. It is shown that the answer is yes in
some cases and, using an earlier result of Ruitenburg, that in the
remaining classical cases, the answer is yes provided that a
conjecture of Stanley on the multiplication of Jack polynomials is
true. It is also shown how the conjecture connects multiplication in
the ring $S$ to the usual Littlewood--Richardson rule.
Keywords:Hermitian symmetric spaces, multiplicity free actions, Littlewood--Richardson coefficients, Jack polynomials Categories:14L30, 22E46 |
59. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 29)
The Minimal Resolution Conjecture for Points on the Cubic Surface In this paper we prove that a generalized version of the Minimal
Resolution Conjecture given by Musta\c{t}\v{a} holds for certain
general sets of points on a smooth cubic surface $X \subset
\PP^3$. The main tool used is Gorenstein liaison theory and, more
precisely, the relationship between the free resolutions of two linked schemes.
Categories:13D02, 13C40, 14M05, 14M07 |
60. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 3)
Connected Components of Moduli Stacks of Torsors via Tamagawa Numbers Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over
a finite field with function field $K$. Let $\G$ be a connected semisimple group
scheme over $X$. Under certain hypotheses we prove the equality of
two numbers associated with $\G$.
The first is an arithmetic invariant, its Tamagawa number. The second
is a geometric invariant, the number of connected components of the moduli
stack of $\G$-torsors on $X$. Our results are most useful for studying
connected components as much is known about Tamagawa numbers.
Categories:11E, 11R, 14D, 14H |
61. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 109)
The Ample Cone of the Kontsevich Moduli Space We produce ample (resp.\ NEF, eventually free) divisors in the
Kontsevich space $\Kgnb{0,n} (\mathbb P^r, d)$ of $n$-pointed,
genus $0$, stable maps to $\mathbb P^r$, given such divisors in
$\Kgnb{0,n+d}$. We prove that this produces all ample (resp.\ NEF,
eventually free) divisors in $\Kgnb{0,n}(\mathbb P^r,d)$.
As a consequence, we construct a contraction of the boundary
$\bigcup_{k=1}^{\lfloor d/2 \rfloor} \Delta_{k,d-k}$ in
$\Kgnb{0,0}(\mathbb P^r,d)$, analogous to a contraction of
the boundary $\bigcup_{k=3}^{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor}
\tilde{\Delta}_{k,n-k}$ in $\kgnb{0,n}$ first constructed by Keel
and McKernan.
Categories:14D20, 14E99, 14H10 |
62. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 205)
Representations of Non-Negative Polynomials, Degree Bounds and Applications to Optimization Natural sufficient conditions for a polynomial to have a local minimum
at a point are considered. These conditions tend to hold with
probability $1$. It is shown that polynomials satisfying these
conditions at each minimum point have nice presentations in terms of
sums of squares. Applications are given to optimization on a compact
set and also to global optimization. In many cases, there are degree
bounds for such presentations. These bounds are of theoretical
interest, but they appear to be too large to be of much practical use
at present. In the final section, other more concrete degree bounds
are obtained which ensure at least that the feasible set of solutions
is not empty.
Categories:13J30, 12Y05, 13P99, 14P10, 90C22 |
63. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1267)
Nonadjacent Radix-$\tau$ Expansions of Integers in Euclidean Imaginary Quadratic Number Fields In his seminal papers, Koblitz proposed curves
for cryptographic use. For fast operations on these curves,
these papers also
initiated a study of the radix-$\tau$ expansion of integers in the number
fields $\Q(\sqrt{-3})$ and $\Q(\sqrt{-7})$. The (window)
nonadjacent form of $\tau$-expansion of integers in
$\Q(\sqrt{-7})$ was first investigated by Solinas.
For integers in $\Q(\sqrt{-3})$, the nonadjacent form
and the window nonadjacent form of the $\tau$-expansion were
studied. These are used for efficient
point multiplications on Koblitz curves.
In this paper, we complete
the picture by producing the (window)
nonadjacent radix-$\tau$ expansions
for integers in all Euclidean imaginary quadratic number fields.
Keywords:algebraic integer, radix expression, window nonadjacent expansion, algorithm, point multiplication of elliptic curves, cryptography Categories:11A63, 11R04, 11Y16, 11Y40, 14G50 |
64. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 961)
About the Defectivity of Certain Segre--Veronese Varieties We study the regularity of the higher secant varieties of $\PP^1\times
\PP^n$, embedded with divisors of type $(d,2)$ and $(d,3)$. We
produce, for the highest defective cases, a ``determinantal'' equation
of the secant variety. As a corollary, we prove that the Veronese
triple embedding of $\PP^n$ is not Grassmann defective.
Keywords:Waring problem, Segre--Veronese embedding, secant variety, Grassmann defectivity Categories:14N15, 14N05, 14M12 |
65. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 875)
A Characterization of the Quantum Cohomology Ring of $G/B$ and Applications We observe that the small quantum product of the
generalized flag manifold $G/B$ is a product operation $\star$ on
$H^*(G/B)\otimes \bR[q_1,\dots, q_l]$ uniquely determined by the
facts
that: it is a deformation of the cup product on $H^*(G/B)$; it is
commutative, associative, and graded with respect to $\deg(q_i)=4$; it
satisfies a certain relation (of degree two); and the corresponding
Dubrovin connection is flat. Previously, we proved that these
properties alone imply the presentation of the ring $(H^*(G/B)\otimes
\bR[q_1,\dots, q_l],\star)$ in terms of generators and relations. In
this paper we use the above observations to give conceptually new
proofs of other fundamental results of the quantum Schubert calculus
for $G/B$: the quantum Chevalley formula of D. Peterson (see also
Fulton and Woodward ) and the ``quantization by standard
monomials" formula of Fomin, Gelfand, and Postnikov for
$G=\SL(n,\bC)$. The main idea of the proofs is the same as in
Amarzaya--Guest: from the quantum $\D$-module of $G/B$ one can
decode all information about the quantum cohomology of this space.
Categories:14M15, 14N35 |
66. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 734)
Genus 2 Curves with Quaternionic Multiplication We explicitly construct the canonical rational models of Shimura
curves, both analytically in terms of modular forms and
algebraically in terms of coefficients of genus 2 curves, in the
cases of quaternion algebras of discriminant 6 and 10. This emulates
the classical construction in the elliptic curve case. We also give
families of genus 2 QM curves, whose Jacobians are the corresponding
abelian surfaces on the Shimura curve, and with coefficients that
are modular forms of weight 12. We apply these results to show
that our $j$-functions are supported exactly at those primes where
the genus 2 curve does not admit potentially good reduction, and
construct fields where this potentially good reduction is attained.
Finally, using $j$, we construct the fields of moduli and definition
for some moduli problems associated to the Atkin--Lehner group
actions.
Keywords:Shimura curve, canonical model, quaternionic multiplication, modular form, field of moduli Categories:11G18, 14G35 |
67. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 532)
Local Bounds for Torsion Points on Abelian Varieties We say that an abelian variety over a $p$-adic field $K$ has
anisotropic reduction (AR) if the special fiber of its N\'eron minimal
model does not contain a nontrivial split torus. This includes all
abelian varieties with potentially good reduction and, in particular,
those with complex or quaternionic multiplication. We give a bound for
the size of the $K$-rational torsion subgroup of a $g$-dimensional AR
variety depending only on $g$ and the numerical invariants of $K$ (the
absolute ramification index and the cardinality of the residue
field). Applying these bounds to abelian varieties over a number field
with everywhere locally anisotropic reduction, we get bounds which, as
a function of $g$, are close to optimal. In particular, we determine
the possible cardinalities of the torsion subgroup of an AR abelian
surface over the rational numbers, up to a set of 11 values which are
not known to occur. The largest such value is 72.
Categories:11G10, 14K15 |
68. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 556)
Polarization of Separating Invariants We prove a characteristic free version of Weyl's theorem on
polarization. Our result is an exact analogue of Weyl's theorem, the
difference being that our statement is about separating invariants
rather than generating invariants. For the special case of finite
group actions we introduce the concept of \emph{cheap polarization},
and show that it is enough to take cheap polarizations of invariants
of just one copy of a representation to obtain separating vector
invariants for any number of copies. This leads to upper bounds on
the number and degrees of separating vector invariants of finite
groups.
Keywords:Jan Draisma, Gregor Kemper, David Wehlau Categories:13A50, 14L24 |
69. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 391)
The Geometry of the Weak Lefschetz Property and Level Sets of Points In a recent paper, F. Zanello showed that level Artinian algebras in 3
variables can fail to have the Weak Lefschetz Property (WLP), and can
even fail to have unimodal Hilbert function. We show that the same is
true for the Artinian reduction of reduced, level sets of points in
projective 3-space. Our main goal is to begin an understanding of how
the geometry of a set of points can prevent its Artinian reduction
from having WLP, which in itself is a very algebraic notion. More
precisely, we produce level sets of points whose Artinian reductions
have socle types 3 and 4 and arbitrary socle degree $\geq 12$ (in the
worst case), but fail to have WLP. We also produce a level set of
points whose Artinian reduction fails to have unimodal Hilbert
function; our example is based on Zanello's example. Finally, we show
that a level set of points can have Artinian reduction that has WLP
but fails to have the Strong Lefschetz Property. While our
constructions are all based on basic double G-linkage, the
implementations use very different methods.
Keywords:Weak Lefschetz Property, Strong Lefschetz Property, basic double G-linkage, level, arithmetically Gorenstein, arithmetically Cohen--Macaulay, socle type, socle degree, Artinian reduction Categories:13D40, 13D02, 14C20, 13C40, 13C13, 14M05 |
70. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 379)
Finite Cohen--Macaulay Type and Smooth Non-Commutative Schemes A commutative local Cohen--Macaulay ring $R$ of finite Cohen--Macaulay type is known to be an isolated
singularity; that is, $\Spec(R) \setminus \{ \mathfrak {m} \}$ is smooth.
This paper proves a non-commutative analogue. Namely, if $A$ is a
(non-commutative) graded Artin--Schelter \CM\ algebra which is fully
bounded Noetherian and
has finite Cohen--Macaulay type, then the non-commutative projective scheme determined by
$A$ is smooth.
Keywords:Artin--Schelter Cohen--Macaulay algebra, Artin--Schelter Gorenstein algebra, Auslander's theorem on finite Cohen--Macaulay type, Cohen--Macaulay ring, fully bounded Noetherian algebra, isolated singularity, maximal Cohen--Macaulay module, non-commutative Categories:14A22, 16E65, 16W50 |
71. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 297)
Transitive Factorizations in the Hyperoctahedral Group The classical Hurwitz enumeration problem has a presentation in terms of
transitive factorizations in the symmetric group. This presentation suggests
a generalization from type~$A$ to other
finite reflection groups and, in particular, to type~$B$.
We study this generalization both from a combinatorial and a geometric
point of view, with the prospect of providing a means of understanding more
of the structure of the moduli spaces of maps with an $\gS_2$-symmetry.
The type~$A$ case has been well studied and connects Hurwitz numbers
to the moduli space of curves. We conjecture an analogous setting for the
type~$B$ case that is studied here.
Categories:05A15, 14H10, 58D29 |
72. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 109)
Affine Lines on Affine Surfaces and the Makar--Limanov Invariant A smooth affine surface $X$ defined over the complex field $\C$ is an $\ML_0$ surface if the
Makar--Limanov invariant $\ML(X)$ is trivial. In this paper we study the topology and geometry of
$\ML_0$ surfaces. Of particular interest is the question: Is every curve $C$ in $X$ which is isomorphic
to
the affine line a fiber component of an $\A^1$-fibration
on $X$? We shall show that the answer is affirmative if the Picard number
$\rho(X)=0$, but negative in case $\rho(X) \ge 1$. We shall also study the ascent and descent of
the $\ML_0$ property under proper maps.
Categories:14R20, 14L30 |
73. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 140)
On the Geometry of $p$-Typical Covers in Characteristic $p$ For $p$ a prime, a $p$-typical cover of a connected scheme on which $p=0$ is a finite
\'etale cover whose monodromy group (\emph{i.e.,} the Galois group of its
normal closure) is a $p$-group.
The geometry of such covers exhibits some unexpectedly pleasant
behaviors; building on work of Katz, we demonstrate some of these.
These include a criterion for when a morphism induces an isomorphism of
the $p$\nobreakdash-typi\-cal quotients of the \'etale fundamental groups,
and a decomposition theorem for $p$-typical covers of polynomial rings
over an algebraically closed field.
Category:14F35 |
74. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 64)
Classification of Linear Weighted Graphs Up to Blowing-Up and Blowing-Down We classify linear weighted graphs up to the
blowing-up and blowing-down operations which are relevant for the
study of algebraic surfaces.
Keywords:weighted graph, dual graph, blowing-up, algebraic surface Categories:14J26, 14E07, 14R05, 05C99 |
75. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 981)
The Chen--Ruan Cohomology of Weighted Projective Spaces In this paper we study the Chen--Ruan cohomology ring of weighted
projective spaces. Given a weighted projective space ${\bf
P}^{n}_{q_{0}, \dots, q_{n}}$, we determine all of its twisted
sectors and the corresponding degree shifting numbers. The main
result of this paper is that the obstruction bundle over any
3\nobreakdash-multi\-sector is a direct sum of line bundles which we use to
compute the orbifold cup product. Finally we compute the
Chen--Ruan cohomology ring of weighted projective space ${\bf
P}^{5}_{1,2,2,3,3,3}$.
Keywords:Chen--Ruan cohomology, twisted sectors, toric varieties, weighted projective space, localization Categories:14N35, 53D45 |