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1. CJM Online first

Pan, Ivan Edgardo; Simis, Aron
 Cremona Maps of de JonquiÃ¨res Type This paper is concerned with suitable generalizations of a plane de JonquiÃ¨res map to higher dimensional space $\mathbb{P}^n$ with $n\geq 3$. For each given point of $\mathbb{P}^n$ there is a subgroup of the entire Cremona group of dimension $n$ consisting of such maps. One studies both geometric and group-theoretical properties of this notion. In the case where $n=3$ one describes an explicit set of generators of the group and gives a homological characterization of a basic subgroup thereof. Keywords:Cremona map, de JonquiÃ¨res map, Cremona group, minimal free resolutionCategories:14E05, 13D02, 13H10, 14E07, 14M05, 14M25

2. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1131)

Kleppe, Jan O.
 Moduli Spaces of Reflexive Sheaves of Rank 2 Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent rank $2$ sheaf on a scheme $Y \subset \mathbb{P}^{n}$ of dimension at least two and let $X \subset Y$ be the zero set of a section $\sigma \in H^0(\mathcal{F})$. In this paper, we study the relationship between the functor that deforms the pair $(\mathcal{F},\sigma)$ and the two functors that deform $\mathcal{F}$ on $Y$, and $X$ in $Y$, respectively. By imposing some conditions on two forgetful maps between the functors, we prove that the scheme structure of \emph{e.g.,} the moduli scheme ${\rm M_Y}(P)$ of stable sheaves on a threefold $Y$ at $(\mathcal{F})$, and the scheme structure at $(X)$ of the Hilbert scheme of curves on $Y$ become closely related. Using this relationship, we get criteria for the dimension and smoothness of ${\rm M_{Y}}(P)$ at $(\mathcal{F})$, without assuming ${\textrm{Ext}^2}(\mathcal{F} ,\mathcal{F} ) = 0$. For reflexive sheaves on $Y=\mathbb{P}^{3}$ whose deficiency module $M = H_{*}^1(\mathcal{F})$ satisfies ${_{0}\! \textrm{Ext}^2}(M ,M ) = 0$ (\emph{e.g.,} of diameter at most 2), we get necessary and sufficient conditions of unobstructedness that coincide in the diameter one case. The conditions are further equivalent to the vanishing of certain graded Betti numbers of the free graded minimal resolution of $H_{*}^0(\mathcal{F})$. Moreover, we show that every irreducible component of ${\rm M}_{\mathbb{P}^{3}}(P)$ containing a reflexive sheaf of diameter one is reduced (generically smooth) and we compute its dimension. We also determine a good lower bound for the dimension of any component of ${\rm M}_{\mathbb{P}^{3}}(P)$ that contains a reflexive stable sheaf with small'' deficiency module $M$. Keywords:moduli space, reflexive sheaf, Hilbert scheme, space curve, Buchsbaum sheaf, unobstructedness, cup product, graded Betti numbers.xdviCategories:14C05, qqqqq14D22, 14F05, 14J10, 14H50, 14B10, 13D02, 13D07

3. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 888)

Novik, Isabella; Swartz, Ed
 Face Ring Multiplicity via CM-Connectivity Sequences The multiplicity conjecture of Herzog, Huneke, and Srinivasan is verified for the face rings of the following classes of simplicial complexes: matroid complexes, complexes of dimension one and two, and Gorenstein complexes of dimension at most four. The lower bound part of this conjecture is also established for the face rings of all doubly Cohen--Macaulay complexes whose 1-skeleton's connectivity does not exceed the codimension plus one as well as for all $(d-1)$-dimensional $d$-Cohen--Macaulay complexes. The main ingredient of the proofs is a new interpretation of the minimal shifts in the resolution of the face ring $\field[\Delta]$ via the Cohen--Macaulay connectivity of the skeletons of $\Delta$. Categories:13F55, 52B05;, 13H15;, 13D02;, 05B35

4. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 29)

Casanellas, M.
 The Minimal Resolution Conjecture for Points on the Cubic Surface In this paper we prove that a generalized version of the Minimal Resolution Conjecture given by Musta\c{t}\v{a} holds for certain general sets of points on a smooth cubic surface $X \subset \PP^3$. The main tool used is Gorenstein liaison theory and, more precisely, the relationship between the free resolutions of two linked schemes. Categories:13D02, 13C40, 14M05, 14M07

5. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 391)

Migliore, Juan C.
 The Geometry of the Weak Lefschetz Property and Level Sets of Points In a recent paper, F. Zanello showed that level Artinian algebras in 3 variables can fail to have the Weak Lefschetz Property (WLP), and can even fail to have unimodal Hilbert function. We show that the same is true for the Artinian reduction of reduced, level sets of points in projective 3-space. Our main goal is to begin an understanding of how the geometry of a set of points can prevent its Artinian reduction from having WLP, which in itself is a very algebraic notion. More precisely, we produce level sets of points whose Artinian reductions have socle types 3 and 4 and arbitrary socle degree $\geq 12$ (in the worst case), but fail to have WLP. We also produce a level set of points whose Artinian reduction fails to have unimodal Hilbert function; our example is based on Zanello's example. Finally, we show that a level set of points can have Artinian reduction that has WLP but fails to have the Strong Lefschetz Property. While our constructions are all based on basic double G-linkage, the implementations use very different methods. Keywords:Weak Lefschetz Property, Strong Lefschetz Property, basic double G-linkage, level, arithmetically Gorenstein, arithmetically Cohen--Macaulay, socle type, socle degree, Artinian reductionCategories:13D40, 13D02, 14C20, 13C40, 13C13, 14M05

6. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 724)

Purnaprajna, B. P.
 Some Results on Surfaces of General Type In this article we prove some new results on projective normality, normal presentation and higher syzygies for surfaces of general type, not necessarily smooth, embedded by adjoint linear series. Some of the corollaries of more general results include: results on property $N_p$ associated to $K_S \otimes B^{\otimes n}$ where $B$ is base-point free and ample divisor with $B\otimes K^*$ {\it nef}, results for pluricanonical linear systems and results giving effective bounds for adjoint linear series associated to ample bundles. Examples in the last section show that the results are optimal. Categories:13D02, 14C20, 14J29

7. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 716)

 Fat Points in $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$ and Their Hilbert Functions We study the Hilbert functions of fat points in $\popo$. If $Z \subseteq \popo$ is an arbitrary fat point scheme, then it can be shown that for every $i$ and $j$ the values of the Hilbert function $_{Z}(l,j)$ and $H_{Z}(i,l)$ eventually become constant for $l \gg 0$. We show how to determine these eventual values by using only the multiplicities of the points, and the relative positions of the points in $\popo$. This enables us to compute all but a finite number values of $H_{Z}$ without using the coordinates of points. We also characterize the ACM fat point schemes sing our description of the eventual behaviour. In fact, n the case that $Z \subseteq \popo$ is ACM, then the entire Hilbert function and its minimal free resolution depend solely on knowing the eventual values of the Hilbert function. Keywords:Hilbert function, points, fat points, Cohen-Macaulay, multi-projective spaceCategories:13D40, 13D02, 13H10, 14A15
 An Algorithm for Fat Points on $\mathbf{P}^2 Let$F$be a divisor on the blow-up$X$of$\pr^2$at$r$general points$p_1, \dots, p_r$and let$L$be the total transform of a line on$\pr^2$. An approach is presented for reducing the computation of the dimension of the cokernel of the natural map$\mu_F \colon \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \bigr) \otimes \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(L) \bigr) \to \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \otimes \CO_X(L) \bigr)$to the case that$F$is ample. As an application, a formula for the dimension of the cokernel of$\mu_F$is obtained when$r = 7$, completely solving the problem of determining the modules in minimal free resolutions of fat point subschemes\break$m_1 p_1 + \cdots + m_7 p_7 \subset \pr^2$. All results hold for an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field~$k\$. Keywords:Generators, syzygies, resolution, fat points, maximal rank, plane, Weyl groupCategories:13P10, 14C99, 13D02, 13H15