1. CJM Online first
 Choi, Suyoung; Park, Hanchul

Wedge operations and torus symmetries II
A fundamental idea in toric topology is that classes of manifolds
with wellbehaved torus actions (simply, toric spaces) are classified
by pairs of simplicial complexes and (nonsingular) characteristic
maps. The authors in their previous paper provided a new way
to find all characteristic maps on a simplicial complex $K(J)$
obtainable by a sequence of wedgings from $K$. The main idea
was that characteristic maps on $K$ theoretically determine all
possible characteristic maps on a wedge of $K$.
In this work, we further develop our previous work for classification
of toric spaces. For a starshaped simplicial sphere $K$ of dimension
$n1$ with $m$ vertices, the Picard number $\operatorname{Pic}(K)$ of $K$ is
$mn$. We refer to $K$ as a seed if $K$ cannot be obtained
by wedgings. First, we show that, for a fixed positive integer
$\ell$, there are at most finitely many seeds of Picard number
$\ell$ supporting characteristic maps. As a corollary, the conjecture
proposed by V.V. Batyrev in 1991 is solved affirmatively.
Second, we investigate a systematic method to find all characteristic
maps on $K(J)$ using combinatorial objects called (realizable)
puzzles that only depend on a seed $K$.
These two facts lead to a practical way to classify the toric
spaces of fixed Picard number.
Keywords:puzzle, toric variety, simplicial wedge, characteristic map Categories:57S25, 14M25, 52B11, 13F55, 18A10 

2. CJM Online first
 Favacchio, Giuseppe; Guardo, Elena

The minimal free resolution of fat almost complete intersections in $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$
A current research theme is to compare symbolic powers of an
ideal
$I$ with the regular powers of $I$. In this paper, we focus on
the
case that $I=I_X$ is an ideal defining an almost complete
intersection (ACI) set of points $X$ in
$\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$.
In particular,
we describe a minimal free bigraded resolution of a non
arithmetically CohenMacaulay (also non homogeneous) set $\mathcal
Z$ of fat
points whose support is an ACI, generalizing
a result of S. Cooper et al.
for homogeneous sets of triple points. We call
$\mathcal Z$ a fat ACI. We also show that its symbolic and ordinary
powers are equal, i.e,
$I_{\mathcal Z}^{(m)}=I_{\mathcal Z}^{m}$ for any $m\geq 1.$
Keywords:points in $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$, symbolic powers, resolution, arithmetically CohenMacaulay Categories:13C40, 13F20, 13A15, 14C20, 14M05 

3. CJM Online first
 Adamus, Janusz; Seyedinejad, Hadi

Finite determinacy and stability of flatness of analytic mappings
It is proved that flatness of an analytic mapping germ from a
complete intersection is determined by its sufficiently high
jet. As a consequence, one obtains finite determinacy of complete
intersections. It is also shown that flatness and openness are
stable under deformations.
Keywords:finite determinacy, stability, flatness, openness, complete intersection Categories:58K40, 58K25, 32S05, 58K20, 32S30, 32B99, 32C05, 13B40 

4. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 923)
 Pan, Ivan Edgardo; Simis, Aron

Cremona Maps of de JonquiÃ¨res Type
This paper is concerned with suitable generalizations of a plane de
JonquiÃ¨res map to higher dimensional space
$\mathbb{P}^n$ with $n\geq 3$.
For each given point of $\mathbb{P}^n$ there is a subgroup of the entire
Cremona group of dimension $n$
consisting of such maps.
One studies both geometric and grouptheoretical properties of this notion.
In the case where $n=3$ one describes an explicit set of generators of
the group and gives a homological characterization
of a basic subgroup thereof.
Keywords:Cremona map, de JonquiÃ¨res map, Cremona group, minimal free resolution Categories:14E05, 13D02, 13H10, 14E07, 14M05, 14M25 

5. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 1024)
 Ashraf, Samia; Azam, Haniya; Berceanu, Barbu

Representation Stability of Power Sets and Square Free Polynomials
The symmetric group $\mathcal{S}_n$ acts on the power
set $\mathcal{P}(n)$ and also on the set of
square free polynomials in $n$ variables. These
two related representations are analyzed from the stability point
of view. An application is given for the action of the symmetric
group on the cohomology of the pure braid group.
Keywords:symmetric group modules, square free polynomials, representation stability, Arnold algebra Categories:20C30, 13A50, 20F36, 55R80 

6. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1225)
7. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 3)
 Abdesselam, Abdelmalek; Chipalkatti, Jaydeep

On Hilbert Covariants
Let $F$ denote a binary form of order $d$ over the
complex numbers. If $r$ is a divisor of $d$, then the Hilbert covariant
$\mathcal{H}_{r,d}(F)$ vanishes exactly when $F$ is the perfect power of an
order $r$ form. In geometric terms, the coefficients of $\mathcal{H}$ give
defining equations for the image variety $X$ of an embedding $\mathbf{P}^r
\hookrightarrow \mathbf{P}^d$. In this paper we describe a new construction of
the Hilbert covariant; and simultaneously situate it into a wider class of
covariants called the GÃ¶ttingen covariants, all of which vanish on
$X$. We prove that the ideal generated by the coefficients of $\mathcal{H}$
defines $X$ as a scheme. Finally, we exhibit a generalisation of the
GÃ¶ttingen covariants to $n$ary forms using the classical Clebsch transfer principle.
Keywords:binary forms, covariants, $SL_2$representations Categories:14L30, 13A50 

8. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 823)
 Guardo, Elena; Harbourne, Brian; Van Tuyl, Adam

Symbolic Powers Versus Regular Powers of Ideals of General Points in $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$
Recent work of EinLazarsfeldSmith and HochsterHuneke
raised the problem of which symbolic powers of an ideal
are contained in a given ordinary power of the ideal.
BocciHarbourne developed methods to address this problem,
which involve asymptotic numerical characters of
symbolic powers of the ideals. Most of the work
done up to now has been done for ideals defining 0dimensional
subschemes of projective space.
Here we focus on certain subschemes given by
a union of lines in $\mathbb{P}^3$ which can also be viewed
as points in $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$.
We also obtain results on the
closely related problem, studied by Hochster and by LiSwanson, of
determining situations for which
each symbolic power of an ideal is an ordinary power.
Keywords:symbolic powers, multigraded, points Categories:13F20, 13A15, 14C20 

9. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 634)
 Mezzetti, Emilia; MiróRoig, Rosa M.; Ottaviani, Giorgio

Laplace Equations and the Weak Lefschetz Property
We prove that $r$ independent homogeneous polynomials of the same degree $d$
become dependent when restricted to any hyperplane if and only if their inverse system parameterizes a variety
whose $(d1)$osculating spaces have dimension smaller than expected. This gives an equivalence
between an algebraic notion (called Weak Lefschetz Property)
and a differential geometric notion, concerning varieties which satisfy certain Laplace equations. In the toric case,
some relevant examples are classified and as byproduct we provide counterexamples to Ilardi's conjecture.
Keywords:osculating space, weak Lefschetz property, Laplace equations, toric threefold Categories:13E10, 14M25, 14N05, 14N15, 53A20 

10. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1131)
 Kleppe, Jan O.

Moduli Spaces of Reflexive Sheaves of Rank 2
Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent rank $2$ sheaf on a scheme $Y \subset \mathbb{P}^{n}$ of
dimension at least two and let $X \subset Y$ be the zero set of a section
$\sigma \in H^0(\mathcal{F})$. In this paper, we study the relationship between the
functor that deforms the pair $(\mathcal{F},\sigma)$ and the two functors that deform
$\mathcal{F}$ on $Y$, and $X$ in $Y$, respectively. By imposing some conditions on two
forgetful maps between the functors, we prove that the scheme structure of
\emph{e.g.,} the moduli scheme ${\rm M_Y}(P)$ of stable sheaves on a threefold $Y$
at $(\mathcal{F})$, and the scheme structure at $(X)$ of the Hilbert scheme of curves
on $Y$ become closely related. Using this relationship, we get criteria for the
dimension and smoothness of $ {\rm M_{Y}}(P)$ at $(\mathcal{F})$, without assuming $
{\textrm{Ext}^2}(\mathcal{F} ,\mathcal{F} ) = 0$. For reflexive sheaves on $Y=\mathbb{P}^{3}$ whose
deficiency module $M = H_{*}^1(\mathcal{F})$ satisfies $ {_{0}\! \textrm{Ext}^2}(M ,M ) = 0 $
(\emph{e.g.,} of diameter at most 2),
we get necessary and sufficient conditions of unobstructedness that coincide
in the diameter one case. The conditions are further equivalent to the
vanishing of certain graded Betti numbers of the free graded minimal
resolution of $H_{*}^0(\mathcal{F})$. Moreover, we show that every irreducible
component of ${\rm M}_{\mathbb{P}^{3}}(P)$ containing a reflexive sheaf of diameter
one is reduced (generically smooth) and we compute its dimension. We also
determine a good lower bound for the dimension of any component of ${\rm
M}_{\mathbb{P}^{3}}(P)$ that contains a reflexive stable sheaf with ``small''
deficiency module $M$.
Keywords:moduli space, reflexive sheaf, Hilbert scheme, space curve, Buchsbaum sheaf, unobstructedness, cup product, graded Betti numbers.xdvi Categories:14C05, qqqqq14D22, 14F05, 14J10, 14H50, 14B10, 13D02, 13D07 

11. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 721)
 Boocher, Adam; Daub, Michael; Johnson, Ryan K.; Lindo, H.; Loepp, S.; Woodard, Paul A.

Formal Fibers of Unique Factorization Domains
Let $(T,M)$ be a complete local (Noetherian) ring such that $\dim T\geq 2$ and
$T=T/M$ and let $\{p_i\} _{i \in \mathcal I}$ be a collection of
elements of T indexed by a set $\mathcal I$ so that $\mathcal I  < T$.
For each $i \in \mathcal{I}$, let $C_i$:={$Q_{i1}$,$\dots$,$Q_{in_i}$}
be a set of nonmaximal prime ideals containing $p_i$ such that the $Q_{ij}$
are incomparable and $p_i\in Q_{jk}$ if and only if $i=j$. We provide necessary
and sufficient conditions so that T is the ${\bf m}$adic completion of a local unique
factorization domain $(A, {\bf m})$, and for each $i \in \mathcal I$, there exists a unit
$t_i$ of T so that $p_{i}t_i \in A$ and $C_i$
is the set of prime ideals $Q$ of $T$ that are maximal with respect to the condition
that $Q \cap A = p_{i}t_{i}A$.
We then use this result to construct a
(nonexcellent) unique factorization domain containing many ideals for which tight closure and
completion do not commute. As another application, we construct a unique factorization
domain A most of whose formal fibers are geometrically regular.
Categories:13J10, 13J05 

12. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 888)
 Novik, Isabella; Swartz, Ed

Face Ring Multiplicity via CMConnectivity Sequences
The multiplicity conjecture of Herzog, Huneke, and Srinivasan
is verified for the face rings of the following classes of
simplicial complexes: matroid complexes, complexes of dimension
one and two,
and Gorenstein complexes of dimension at most four.
The lower bound part of this conjecture is also established for the
face rings of all doubly CohenMacaulay complexes whose 1skeleton's
connectivity does not exceed the codimension plus one as well as for
all $(d1)$dimensional $d$CohenMacaulay complexes.
The main ingredient of the proofs is a new interpretation
of the minimal shifts in the resolution of the face ring
$\field[\Delta]$ via the CohenMacaulay connectivity of the
skeletons of $\Delta$.
Categories:13F55, 52B05;, 13H15;, 13D02;, 05B35 

13. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 950)
 Tange, Rudolf

Infinitesimal Invariants in a Function Algebra
Let $G$ be a reductive connected linear algebraic group
over an algebraically closed field of positive
characteristic and let $\g$ be its Lie algebra.
First we extend a wellknown result about the Picard group of a
semisimple group to reductive groups.
Then we prove that if the derived group is simply connected
and $\g$ satisfies a
mild condition, the algebra $K[G]^\g$ of regular functions
on $G$ that are invariant under the action of $\g$ derived
from the conjugation action is a unique factorisation domain.
Categories:20G15, 13F15 

14. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 930)
 Sidman, Jessica; Sullivant, Seth

Prolongations and Computational Algebra
We explore the geometric notion of prolongations in the setting of
computational algebra, extending results of Landsberg and Manivel
which relate prolongations to equations for secant varieties. We also
develop methods for computing prolongations that are combinatorial in
nature. As an application, we use prolongations to derive a new
family of secant equations for the binary symmetric model in
phylogenetics.
Categories:13P10, 14M99 

15. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 762)
16. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 29)
 Casanellas, M.

The Minimal Resolution Conjecture for Points on the Cubic Surface
In this paper we prove that a generalized version of the Minimal
Resolution Conjecture given by Musta\c{t}\v{a} holds for certain
general sets of points on a smooth cubic surface $X \subset
\PP^3$. The main tool used is Gorenstein liaison theory and, more
precisely, the relationship between the free resolutions of two linked schemes.
Categories:13D02, 13C40, 14M05, 14M07 

17. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 205)
 Marshall, M.

Representations of NonNegative Polynomials, Degree Bounds and Applications to Optimization
Natural sufficient conditions for a polynomial to have a local minimum
at a point are considered. These conditions tend to hold with
probability $1$. It is shown that polynomials satisfying these
conditions at each minimum point have nice presentations in terms of
sums of squares. Applications are given to optimization on a compact
set and also to global optimization. In many cases, there are degree
bounds for such presentations. These bounds are of theoretical
interest, but they appear to be too large to be of much practical use
at present. In the final section, other more concrete degree bounds
are obtained which ensure at least that the feasible set of solutions
is not empty.
Categories:13J30, 12Y05, 13P99, 14P10, 90C22 

18. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 76)
 Christensen, Lars Winther; Holm, Henrik

Ascent Properties of Auslander Categories
Let $R$ be a homomorphic image of a Gorenstein local ring. Recent
work has shown that there is a bridge between Auslander categories
and modules of finite Gorenstein homological dimensions over $R$.
We use Gorenstein dimensions to prove new results about Auslander
categories and vice versa. For example, we establish base change
relations between the Auslander categories of the source and target
rings of a homomorphism $\varphi \colon R \to S$ of finite flat dimension.
Keywords:Auslander categories, Gorenstein dimensions, ascent properties, AuslanderBuchsbaum formulas Categories:13D05, 13D07, 13D25 

19. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 721)
 Adamus, J.; Bierstone, E.; Milman, P. D.

Uniform Linear Bound in Chevalley's Lemma
We obtain a uniform linear bound for the Chevalley function at a point in
the source of an analytic mapping that is regular in the sense of
Gabrielov. There is a version of
Chevalley's lemma also along a fibre, or at a point of the image of a proper
analytic mapping. We get a uniform linear bound for the Chevalley
function of a closed Nash (or formally Nash) subanalytic set.
Keywords:Chevalley function, regular mapping, Nash subanalytic set Categories:13J07, 32B20, 13J10, 32S10 

20. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 556)
 Draisma, Jan; Kemper, Gregor; Wehlau, David

Polarization of Separating Invariants
We prove a characteristic free version of Weyl's theorem on
polarization. Our result is an exact analogue of Weyl's theorem, the
difference being that our statement is about separating invariants
rather than generating invariants. For the special case of finite
group actions we introduce the concept of \emph{cheap polarization},
and show that it is enough to take cheap polarizations of invariants
of just one copy of a representation to obtain separating vector
invariants for any number of copies. This leads to upper bounds on
the number and degrees of separating vector invariants of finite
groups.
Keywords:Jan Draisma, Gregor Kemper, David Wehlau Categories:13A50, 14L24 

21. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 391)
 Migliore, Juan C.

The Geometry of the Weak Lefschetz Property and Level Sets of Points
In a recent paper, F. Zanello showed that level Artinian algebras in 3
variables can fail to have the Weak Lefschetz Property (WLP), and can
even fail to have unimodal Hilbert function. We show that the same is
true for the Artinian reduction of reduced, level sets of points in
projective 3space. Our main goal is to begin an understanding of how
the geometry of a set of points can prevent its Artinian reduction
from having WLP, which in itself is a very algebraic notion. More
precisely, we produce level sets of points whose Artinian reductions
have socle types 3 and 4 and arbitrary socle degree $\geq 12$ (in the
worst case), but fail to have WLP. We also produce a level set of
points whose Artinian reduction fails to have unimodal Hilbert
function; our example is based on Zanello's example. Finally, we show
that a level set of points can have Artinian reduction that has WLP
but fails to have the Strong Lefschetz Property. While our
constructions are all based on basic double Glinkage, the
implementations use very different methods.
Keywords:Weak Lefschetz Property, Strong Lefschetz Property, basic double Glinkage, level, arithmetically Gorenstein, arithmetically CohenMacaulay, socle type, socle degree, Artinian reduction Categories:13D40, 13D02, 14C20, 13C40, 13C13, 14M05 

22. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 880)
 van, John E.

Radical Ideals in Valuation Domains
An ideal $I$ of a ring $R$ is called a radical ideal if
$I={\mathcalR}(R)$ where ${\mathcal R}$ is a radical in the sense of
KuroshAmitsur. The main theorem of this paper asserts that if $R$
is a valuation domain, then a proper ideal $I$ of $R$ is a radical
ideal if and only if $I$ is a distinguished ideal of $R$ (the
latter property means that if $J$ and $K$ are ideals of $R$ such
that $J\subset I\subset K$ then we cannot have $I/J\cong K/I$ as
rings) and that such an ideal is necessarily prime. Examples are
exhibited which show that, unlike prime ideals, distinguished
ideals are not characterizable in terms of a property of the
underlying value group of the valuation domain.
Categories:16N80, 13A18 

23. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 109)
 Jayanthan, A. V.; Puthenpurakal, Tony J.; Verma, J. K.

On Fiber Cones of $\m$Primary Ideals
Two formulas for the multiplicity of the fiber cone
$F(I)=\bigoplus_{n=0}^{\infty} I^n/\m I^n$ of an $\m$primary ideal of
a $d$dimensional CohenMacaulay local ring $(R,\m)$ are derived in
terms of the mixed multiplicity $e_{d1}(\m  I)$, the multiplicity
$e(I)$, and superficial elements. As a consequence, the
CohenMacaulay property of $F(I)$ when $I$ has minimal mixed
multiplicity or almost minimal mixed multiplicity is characterized
in terms of the reduction number of $I$ and lengths of certain ideals.
We also characterize the CohenMacaulay and Gorenstein properties of
fiber cones of $\m$primary ideals with a $d$generated minimal
reduction $J$ satisfying $\ell(I^2/JI)=1$ or
$\ell(I\m/J\m)=1.$
Keywords:fiber cones, mixed multiplicities, joint reductions, CohenMacaulay fiber cones, Gorenstein fiber cones, ideals having minimal and almost minimal mixed multiplicities Categories:13H10, 13H15, 13A30, 13C15, 13A02 

24. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1178)
 Cutkosky, Steven Dale; Hà, Huy Tài; Srinivasan, Hema; Theodorescu, Emanoil

Asymptotic Behavior of the Length of Local Cohomology
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0, $R=k[x_1, \ldots, x_d]$ be a polynomial ring,
and $\mm$ its maximal homogeneous ideal. Let $I \subset R$ be a homogeneous ideal in
$R$. Let $\lambda(M)$ denote the length of an $R$module $M$. In this paper, we show
that
$$
\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{\l\bigl(H^0_{\mathfrak{m}}(R/I^n)\bigr)}{n^d}
=\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{\l\bigl(\Ext^d_R\bigl(R/I^n,R(d)\bigr)\bigr)}{n^d}
$$
always exists. This limit has been shown to be ${e(I)}/{d!}$ for $m$primary ideals
$I$ in a local CohenMacaulay ring, where $e(I)$ denotes the multiplicity
of $I$. But we find that this limit may not be rational in general. We give an example
for which the limit is an irrational number thereby showing that the lengths of these
extention modules may not have polynomial growth.
Keywords:powers of ideals, local cohomology, Hilbert function, linear growth Categories:13D40, 14B15, 13D45 

25. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 724)
 Purnaprajna, B. P.

Some Results on Surfaces of General Type
In this article we prove some new results on projective normality, normal
presentation and higher syzygies for surfaces of general type, not
necessarily smooth, embedded by adjoint linear series. Some of the
corollaries of more general results include: results on property $N_p$
associated to $K_S \otimes B^{\otimes n}$ where $B$ is basepoint free and
ample divisor with $B\otimes K^*$ {\it nef}, results for pluricanonical
linear systems and results giving effective bounds for adjoint linear series
associated to ample bundles. Examples in the last section show that the results
are optimal.
Categories:13D02, 14C20, 14J29 
