1. CJM Online first
 Cojocaru, Alina Carmen; Shulman, Andrew Michael

The Distribution of the First Elementary Divisor of the Reductions of a Generic Drinfeld Module of Arbitrary Rank
Let $\psi$ be a generic Drinfeld module of rank $r \geq 2$. We study
the first elementary divisor
$d_{1, \wp}(\psi)$ of the reduction of $\psi$ modulo a prime $\wp$, as $\wp$ varies.
In particular, we prove the existence of the density of the primes $\wp$ for which $d_{1, \wp} (\psi)$ is fixed. For $r = 2$, we also study the second elementary divisor (the exponent) of the reduction of $\psi$ modulo $\wp$
and prove that, on average, it has a large norm. Our work is motivated by the study of J.P. Serre of an elliptic curve analogue of Artin's Primitive Root Conjecture, and, moreover, by refinements to Serre's study developed by the first author and M.R. Murty.
Keywords:Drinfeld modules, density theorems Categories:11R45, 11G09, 11R58 

2. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1155)
 Cojocaru, Alina Carmen; Fouvry, Etienne; Murty, M. Ram

The Square Sieve and the LangTrotter Conjecture
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\Q$ and without
complex multiplication. Let $K$ be a fixed imaginary quadratic field.
We find nontrivial upper bounds for the number of ordinary primes $p \leq x$
for which $\Q(\pi_p) = K$, where $\pi_p$ denotes the Frobenius endomorphism
of $E$ at $p$. More precisely, under a generalized Riemann hypothesis
we show that this number is $O_{E}(x^{\slfrac{17}{18}}\log x)$, and unconditionally
we show that this number is $O_{E, K}\bigl(\frac{x(\log \log x)^{\slfrac{13}{12}}}
{(\log x)^{\slfrac{25}{24}}}\bigr)$. We also prove that the number of imaginary quadratic
fields $K$, with $\disc K \leq x$ and of the form $K = \Q(\pi_p)$, is
$\gg_E\log\log\log x$ for $x\geq x_0(E)$. These results represent progress towards
a 1976 LangTrotter conjecture.
Keywords:Elliptic curves modulo $p$; LangTrotter conjecture;, applications of sieve methods Categories:11G05, 11N36, 11R45 
