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Search: MSC category 11P55 ( Applications of the Hardy-Littlewood method [See also 11D85] )

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1. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 844)

Kuo, Wentang; Liu, Yu-Ru; Zhao, Xiaomei
Multidimensional Vinogradov-type Estimates in Function Fields
Let $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$ denote the polynomial ring over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. We employ Wooley's new efficient congruencing method to prove certain multidimensional Vinogradov-type estimates in $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$. These results allow us to apply a variant of the circle method to obtain asymptotic formulas for a system connected to the problem about linear spaces lying on hypersurfaces defined over $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$.

Keywords:Vinogradov's mean value theorem, function fields, circle method
Categories:11D45, 11P55, 11T55

2. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 38)

Brüdern, Jörg; Wooley, Trevor D.
Asymptotic Formulae for Pairs of Diagonal Cubic Equations
We investigate the number of integral solutions possessed by a pair of diagonal cubic equations in a large box. Provided that the number of variables in the system is at least fourteen, and in addition the number of variables in any non-trivial linear combination of the underlying forms is at least eight, we obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of integral solutions consistent with the product of local densities associated with the system.

Keywords:exponential sums, Diophantine equations
Categories:11D72, 11P55

3. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 298)

Kumchev, Angel V.
On the Waring--Goldbach Problem: Exceptional Sets for Sums of Cubes and Higher Powers
We investigate exceptional sets in the Waring--Goldbach problem. For example, in the cubic case, we show that all but $O(N^{79/84+\epsilon})$ integers subject to the necessary local conditions can be represented as the sum of five cubes of primes. Furthermore, we develop a new device that leads easily to similar estimates for exceptional sets for sums of fourth and higher powers of primes.

Categories:11P32, 11L15, 11L20, 11N36, 11P55

4. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 417)

Wooley, Trevor D.
Slim Exceptional Sets for Sums of Cubes
We investigate exceptional sets associated with various additive problems involving sums of cubes. By developing a method wherein an exponential sum over the set of exceptions is employed explicitly within the Hardy-Littlewood method, we are better able to exploit excess variables. By way of illustration, we show that the number of odd integers not divisible by $9$, and not exceeding $X$, that fail to have a representation as the sum of $7$ cubes of prime numbers, is $O(X^{23/36+\eps})$. For sums of eight cubes of prime numbers, the corresponding number of exceptional integers is $O(X^{11/36+\eps})$.

Keywords:Waring's problem, exceptional sets
Categories:11P32, 11P05, 11P55

5. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 71)

Choi, Kwok-Kwong Stephen; Liu, Jianya
Small Prime Solutions of Quadratic Equations
Let $b_1,\dots,b_5$ be non-zero integers and $n$ any integer. Suppose that $b_1 + \cdots + b_5 \equiv n \pmod{24}$ and $(b_i,b_j) = 1$ for $1 \leq i < j \leq 5$. In this paper we prove that \begin{enumerate}[(ii)] \item[(i)] if $b_j$ are not all of the same sign, then the above quadratic equation has prime solutions satisfying $p_j \ll \sqrt{|n|} + \max \{|b_j|\}^{20+\ve}$; and \item[(ii)] if all $b_j$ are positive and $n \gg \max \{|b_j|\}^{41+ \ve}$, then the quadratic equation $b_1 p_1^2 + \cdots + b_5 p_5^2 = n$ is soluble in primes $p_j$. \end{enumerate}

Categories:11P32, 11P05, 11P55

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