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Search: MSC category 11P32 ( Goldbach-type theorems; other additive questions involving primes )

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1. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 298)

Kumchev, Angel V.
On the Waring--Goldbach Problem: Exceptional Sets for Sums of Cubes and Higher Powers
We investigate exceptional sets in the Waring--Goldbach problem. For example, in the cubic case, we show that all but $O(N^{79/84+\epsilon})$ integers subject to the necessary local conditions can be represented as the sum of five cubes of primes. Furthermore, we develop a new device that leads easily to similar estimates for exceptional sets for sums of fourth and higher powers of primes.

Categories:11P32, 11L15, 11L20, 11N36, 11P55

2. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 417)

Wooley, Trevor D.
Slim Exceptional Sets for Sums of Cubes
We investigate exceptional sets associated with various additive problems involving sums of cubes. By developing a method wherein an exponential sum over the set of exceptions is employed explicitly within the Hardy-Littlewood method, we are better able to exploit excess variables. By way of illustration, we show that the number of odd integers not divisible by $9$, and not exceeding $X$, that fail to have a representation as the sum of $7$ cubes of prime numbers, is $O(X^{23/36+\eps})$. For sums of eight cubes of prime numbers, the corresponding number of exceptional integers is $O(X^{11/36+\eps})$.

Keywords:Waring's problem, exceptional sets
Categories:11P32, 11P05, 11P55

3. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 71)

Choi, Kwok-Kwong Stephen; Liu, Jianya
Small Prime Solutions of Quadratic Equations
Let $b_1,\dots,b_5$ be non-zero integers and $n$ any integer. Suppose that $b_1 + \cdots + b_5 \equiv n \pmod{24}$ and $(b_i,b_j) = 1$ for $1 \leq i < j \leq 5$. In this paper we prove that \begin{enumerate}[(ii)] \item[(i)] if $b_j$ are not all of the same sign, then the above quadratic equation has prime solutions satisfying $p_j \ll \sqrt{|n|} + \max \{|b_j|\}^{20+\ve}$; and \item[(ii)] if all $b_j$ are positive and $n \gg \max \{|b_j|\}^{41+ \ve}$, then the quadratic equation $b_1 p_1^2 + \cdots + b_5 p_5^2 = n$ is soluble in primes $p_j$. \end{enumerate}

Categories:11P32, 11P05, 11P55

4. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 465)

Balog, Antal
Six primes and an almost prime in four linear equations
There are infinitely many triplets of primes $p,q,r$ such that the arithmetic means of any two of them, ${p+q\over2}$, ${p+r\over2}$, ${q+r\over2}$ are also primes. We give an asymptotic formula for the number of such triplets up to a limit. The more involved problem of asking that in addition to the above the arithmetic mean of all three of them, ${p+q+r\over3}$ is also prime seems to be out of reach. We show by combining the Hardy-Littlewood method with the sieve method that there are quite a few triplets for which six of the seven entries are primes and the last is almost prime.}

Categories:11P32, 11N36

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