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Search: MSC category 11M26 ( Nonreal zeros of $\zeta (s)$ and $L(s, \chi)$; Riemann and other hypotheses )

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1. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1155)

Young, Matthew P.
Moments of the Critical Values of Families of Elliptic Curves, with Applications
We make conjectures on the moments of the central values of the family of all elliptic curves and on the moments of the first derivative of the central values of a large family of positive rank curves. In both cases the order of magnitude is the same as that of the moments of the central values of an orthogonal family of $L$-functions. Notably, we predict that the critical values of all rank $1$ elliptic curves is logarithmically larger than the rank $1$ curves in the positive rank family. Furthermore, as arithmetical applications, we make a conjecture on the distribution of $a_p$'s amongst all rank $2$ elliptic curves and show how the Riemann hypothesis can be deduced from sufficient knowledge of the first moment of the positive rank family (based on an idea of Iwaniec)

Categories:11M41, 11G40, 11M26

2. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 843)

Õzlük, A. E.; Snyder, C.
On the One-Level Density Conjecture for Quadratic Dirichlet L-Functions
In a previous article, we studied the distribution of ``low-lying" zeros of the family of quad\-ratic Dirichlet $L$-functions assuming the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis for all Dirichlet $L$-functions. Even with this very strong assumption, we were limited to using weight functions whose Fourier transforms are supported in the interval $(-2,2)$. However, it is widely believed that this restriction may be removed, and this leads to what has become known as the One-Level Density Conjecture for the zeros of this family of quadratic $L$-functions. In this note, we make use of Weil's explicit formula as modified by Besenfelder to prove an analogue of this conjecture.


3. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 866)

Yang, Yifan
Inverse Problems for Partition Functions
Let $p_w(n)$ be the weighted partition function defined by the generating function $\sum^\infty_{n=0}p_w(n)x^n=\prod^\infty_{m=1} (1-x^m)^{-w(m)}$, where $w(m)$ is a non-negative arithmetic function. Let $P_w(u)=\sum_{n\le u}p_w(n)$ and $N_w(u)=\sum_{n\le u}w(n)$ be the summatory functions for $p_w(n)$ and $w(n)$, respectively. Generalizing results of G.~A.~Freiman and E.~E.~Kohlbecker, we show that, for a large class of functions $\Phi(u)$ and $\lambda(u)$, an estimate for $P_w(u)$ of the form $\log P_w(u)=\Phi(u)\bigl\{1+O(1/\lambda(u)\bigr)\bigr\}$ $(u\to\infty)$ implies an estimate for $N_w(u)$ of the form $N_w(u)=\Phi^\ast(u)\bigl\{1+O\bigl(1/\log\lambda(u)\bigr)\bigr\}$ $(u\to\infty)$ with a suitable function $\Phi^\ast(u)$ defined in terms of $\Phi(u)$. We apply this result and related results to obtain characterizations of the Riemann Hypothesis and the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis in terms of the asymptotic behavior of certain weighted partition functions.

Categories:11P82, 11M26, 40E05

4. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 563)

Goldston, D. A.; Yildirim, C. Y.
Primes in short segments of arithmetic progressions
Consider the variance for the number of primes that are both in the interval $[y,y+h]$ for $y \in [x,2x]$ and in an arithmetic progression of modulus $q$. We study the total variance obtained by adding these variances over all the reduced residue classes modulo $q$. Assuming a strong form of the twin prime conjecture and the Riemann Hypothesis one can obtain an asymptotic formula for the total variance in the range when $1 \leq h/q \leq x^{1/2-\epsilon}$, for any $\epsilon >0$. We show that one can still obtain some weaker asymptotic results assuming the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis (GRH) in place of the twin prime conjecture. In their simplest form, our results are that on GRH the same asymptotic formula obtained with the twin prime conjecture is true for ``almost all'' $q$ in the range $1 \leq h/q \leq h^{1/4-\epsilon}$, that on averaging over $q$ one obtains an asymptotic formula in the extended range $1 \leq h/q \leq h^{1/2-\epsilon}$, and that there are lower bounds with the correct order of magnitude for all $q$ in the range $1 \leq h/q \leq x^{1/3-\epsilon}$.


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