1. CJM Online first
 Brandes, Julia; Parsell, Scott T.

Simultaneous additive equations: Repeated and differing degrees
We obtain bounds for the number of variables required to establish
Hasse principles, both for existence of solutions and for asymptotic
formulÃ¦, for systems of additive equations containing forms
of differing degree but also multiple forms of like degree.
Apart from the very general estimates of Schmidt and BrowningHeathBrown,
which give weak results when specialized to the diagonal situation,
this is the first result on such "hybrid" systems. We also obtain
specialised results for systems of quadratic and cubic forms,
where we are able to take advantage of some of the stronger methods
available in that setting. In particular, we achieve essentially
square root cancellation for systems consisting of one cubic
and $r$ quadratic equations.
Keywords:equations in many variables, counting solutions of Diophantine equations, applications of the HardyLittlewood method Categories:11D72, 11D45, 11P55 

2. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 286)
 Bell, Jason P.; Lagarias, Jeffrey C.

A SkolemMahlerLech Theorem for Iterated Automorphisms of $K$algebras
This paper proves a commutative algebraic extension
of a generalized SkolemMahlerLech theorem due to the first
author.
Let $A$ be a finitely generated commutative $K$algebra
over a field of characteristic $0$, and let $\sigma$ be
a $K$algebra automorphism of $A$.
Given ideals $I$ and $J$ of $A$, we show that
the set $S$ of integers $m$ such that
$\sigma^m(I) \supseteq J$ is a finite union of
complete doubly infinite arithmetic progressions in $m$, up to
the addition of a finite set.
Alternatively, this result states that for an affine scheme
$X$ of finite type over $K$,
an automorphism $\sigma \in \operatorname{Aut}_K(X)$, and $Y$ and $Z$
any two closed subschemes of $X$, the set
of integers $m$ with $\sigma^m(Z ) \subseteq Y$ is as above.
The paper presents examples
showing that this result may fail to hold if the affine scheme
$X$ is
not of finite type, or if $X$ is of finite type but the field
$K$ has positive characteristic.
Keywords:automorphisms, endomorphisms, affine space, commutative algebras, SkolemMahlerLech theorem Categories:11D45, 14R10, 11Y55, 11D88 

3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 844)
 Kuo, Wentang; Liu, YuRu; Zhao, Xiaomei

Multidimensional Vinogradovtype Estimates in Function Fields
Let $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$ denote the polynomial ring over the finite
field $\mathbb{F}_q$.
We employ Wooley's new efficient congruencing method to prove
certain multidimensional Vinogradovtype estimates in $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$.
These results allow us to apply a variant of the circle method
to obtain asymptotic formulas for a system connected to the problem
about linear spaces lying on hypersurfaces defined over $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$.
Keywords:Vinogradov's mean value theorem, function fields, circle method Categories:11D45, 11P55, 11T55 

4. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 897)
 Bennett, Michael A.

On Some Exponential Equations of S.~S.~Pillai
In this paper, we establish a number of theorems on the classic
Diophantine equation of S.~S.~Pillai, $a^xb^y=c$, where $a$, $b$ and
$c$ are given nonzero integers with $a,b \geq 2$. In particular, we
obtain the sharp result that there are at most two solutions in
positive integers $x$ and $y$ and deduce a variety of explicit
conditions under which there exists at most a single such solution.
These improve or generalize prior work of Le, Leveque, Pillai, Scott
and Terai. The main tools used include lower bounds for linear forms
in the logarithms of (two) algebraic numbers and various elementary
arguments.
Categories:11D61, 11D45, 11J86 
