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1. CJM Online first

Köck, Bernhard; Tait, Joseph
 Faithfulness of Actions on Riemann-Roch Spaces Given a faithful action of a finite group $G$ on an algebraic curve~$X$ of genus $g_X\geq 2$, we give explicit criteria for the induced action of~$G$ on the Riemann-Roch space~$H^0(X,\mathcal{O}_X(D))$ to be faithful, where $D$ is a $G$-invariant divisor on $X$ of degree at least~$2g_X-2$. This leads to a concise answer to the question when the action of~$G$ on the space~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes m})$ of global holomorphic polydifferentials of order $m$ is faithful. If $X$ is hyperelliptic, we furthermore provide an explicit basis of~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes m})$. Finally, we give applications in deformation theory and in coding theory and we discuss the analogous problem for the action of~$G$ on the first homology $H_1(X, \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z})$ if $X$ is a Riemann surface. Keywords:faithful action, Riemann-Roch space, polydifferential, hyperelliptic curve, equivariant deformation theory, Goppa code, homologyCategories:14H30, 30F30, 14L30, 14D15, 11R32

2. CJM Online first

Beuzart-Plessis, Raphaël
 Expression d'un facteur epsilon de paire par une formule intÃ©grale Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of $p$-adic fields and let $d$, $m$ be nonnegative integers of distinct parities. Fix admissible irreducible tempered representations $\pi$ and $\sigma$ of $GL_d(E)$ and $GL_m(E)$ respectively. We assume that $\pi$ and $\sigma$ are conjugate-dual. That is to say $\pi\simeq \pi^{\vee,c}$ and $\sigma\simeq \sigma^{\vee,c}$ where $c$ is the non trivial $F$-automorphism of $E$. This implies, we can extend $\pi$ to an unitary representation $\tilde{\pi}$ of a nonconnected group $GL_d(E)\rtimes \{1,\theta\}$. Define $\tilde{\sigma}$ the same way. We state and prove an integral formula for $\epsilon(1/2,\pi\times \sigma,\psi_E)$ involving the characters of $\tilde{\pi}$ and $\tilde{\sigma}$. This formula is related to the local Gan-Gross-Prasad conjecture for unitary groups. Keywords:epsilon factor, twisted groupsCategories:22E50, 11F85

3. CJM Online first

Di Nasso, Mauro; Goldbring, Isaac; Jin, Renling; Leth, Steven; Lupini, Martino; Mahlburg, Karl
 On a sumset conjecture of ErdÅs ErdÅs conjectured that for any set $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ with positive lower asymptotic density, there are infinite sets $B,C\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ such that $B+C\subseteq A$. We verify ErdÅs' conjecture in the case that $A$ has Banach density exceeding $\frac{1}{2}$. As a consequence, we prove that, for $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ with positive Banach density (a much weaker assumption than positive lower density), we can find infinite $B,C\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ such that $B+C$ is contained in the union of $A$ and a translate of $A$. Both of the aforementioned results are generalized to arbitrary countable amenable groups. We also provide a positive solution to ErdÅs' conjecture for subsets of the natural numbers that are pseudorandom. Keywords:sumsets of integers, asymptotic density, amenable groups, nonstandard analysisCategories:11B05, 11B13, 11P70, 28D15, 37A45

4. CJM Online first

Samart, Detchat
 Mahler Measures as Linear Combinations of $L$-values of Multiple Modular Forms We study the Mahler measures of certain families of Laurent polynomials in two and three variables. Each of the known Mahler measure formulas for these families involves $L$-values of at most one newform and/or at most one quadratic character. In this paper, we show, either rigorously or numerically, that the Mahler measures of some polynomials are related to $L$-values of multiple newforms and quadratic characters simultaneously. The results suggest that the number of modular $L$-values appearing in the formulas significantly depends on the shape of the algebraic value of the parameter chosen for each polynomial. As a consequence, we also obtain new formulas relating special values of hypergeometric series evaluated at algebraic numbers to special values of $L$-functions. Keywords:Mahler measures, Eisenstein-Kronecker series, $L$-functions, hypergeometric seriesCategories:11F67, 33C20

5. CJM Online first

Mok, Chung Pang; Tan, Fucheng
 Overconvergent Families of Siegel-Hilbert Modular Forms We construct one-parameter families of overconvergent Siegel-Hilbert modular forms. This result has applications to construction of Galois representations for automorphic forms of non-cohomological weights. Keywords:p-adic automorphic form, rigid analytic geometryCategories:11F46, 14G22

6. CJM Online first

Borwein, Peter; Choi, Stephen; Ferguson, Ron; Jankauskas, Jonas
 On Littlewood Polynomials with Prescribed Number of Zeros Inside the Unit Disk We investigate the numbers of complex zeros of Littlewood polynomials $p(z)$ (polynomials with coefficients $\{-1, 1\}$) inside or on the unit circle $|z|=1$, denoted by $N(p)$ and $U(p)$, respectively. Two types of Littlewood polynomials are considered: Littlewood polynomials with one sign change in the sequence of coefficients and Littlewood polynomials with one negative coefficient. We obtain explicit formulas for $N(p)$, $U(p)$ for polynomials $p(z)$ of these types. We show that, if $n+1$ is a prime number, then for each integer $k$, $0 \leq k \leq n-1$, there exists a Littlewood polynomial $p(z)$ of degree $n$ with $N(p)=k$ and $U(p)=0$. Furthermore, we describe some cases when the ratios $N(p)/n$ and $U(p)/n$ have limits as $n \to \infty$ and find the corresponding limit values. Keywords:Littlewood polynomials, zeros, complex rootsCategories:11R06, 11R09, 11C08

7. CJM Online first

Murty, V. Kumar; Patankar, Vijay M.
 Tate Cycles on Abelian Varieties with Complex Multiplication We consider Tate cycles on an Abelian variety $A$ defined over a sufficiently large number field $K$ and having complex multiplication. We show that there is an effective bound $C = C(A,K)$ so that to check whether a given cohomology class is a Tate class on $A$, it suffices to check the action of Frobenius elements at primes $v$ of norm $\leq C$. We also show that for a set of primes $v$ of $K$ of density $1$, the space of Tate cycles on the special fibre $A_v$ of the NÃ©ron model of $A$ is isomorphic to the space of Tate cycles on $A$ itself. Keywords:Abelian varieties, complex multiplication, Tate cyclesCategories:11G10, 14K22

8. CJM Online first

Lanphier, Dominic; Skogman, Howard
 Values of Twisted Tensor $L$-functions of Automorphic Forms Over Imaginary Fields Let $K$ be a complex quadratic extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ and let $\mathbb{A}_K$ denote the adeles of $K$. We find special values at all of the critical points of twisted tensor $L$-functions attached to cohomological cuspforms on $GL_2(\mathbb{A}_K)$, and establish Galois equivariance of the values. To investigate the values, we determine the archimedean factors of a class of integral representations of these $L$-functions, thus proving a conjecture due to Ghate. We also investigate analytic properties of these $L$-functions, such as their functional equations. Keywords:twisted tensor $L$-function, cuspform, hypergeometric seriesCategories:11F67, 11F37

9. CJM Online first

Bell, Jason P.; Lagarias, Jeffrey C.
 A Skolem-Mahler-Lech Theorem for Iterated Automorphisms of $K$-algebras This paper proves a commutative algebraic extension of a generalized Skolem-Mahler-Lech theorem due to the first author. Let $A$ be a finitely generated commutative $K$-algebra over a field of characteristic $0$, and let $\sigma$ be a $K$-algebra automorphism of $A$. Given ideals $I$ and $J$ of $A$, we show that the set $S$ of integers $m$ such that $\sigma^m(I) \supseteq J$ is a finite union of complete doubly infinite arithmetic progressions in $m$, up to the addition of a finite set. Alternatively, this result states that for an affine scheme $X$ of finite type over $K$, an automorphism $\sigma \in \operatorname{Aut}_K(X)$, and $Y$ and $Z$ any two closed subschemes of $X$, the set of integers $m$ with $\sigma^m(Z ) \subseteq Y$ is as above. The paper presents examples showing that this result may fail to hold if the affine scheme $X$ is not of finite type, or if $X$ is of finite type but the field $K$ has positive characteristic. Keywords:automorphisms, endomorphisms, affine space, commutative algebras, Skolem-Mahler-Lech theoremCategories:11D45, 14R10, 11Y55, 11D88

10. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 826)

Kim, Byoung Du
 Signed-Selmer Groups over the $\mathbb{Z}_p^2$-extension of an Imaginary Quadratic Field Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb Q$ which has good supersingular reduction at $p\gt 3$. We construct what we call the $\pm/\pm$-Selmer groups of $E$ over the $\mathbb Z_p^2$-extension of an imaginary quadratic field $K$ when the prime $p$ splits completely over $K/\mathbb Q$, and prove they enjoy a property analogous to Mazur's control theorem. Furthermore, we propose a conjectural connection between the $\pm/\pm$-Selmer groups and Loeffler's two-variable $\pm/\pm$-$p$-adic $L$-functions of elliptic curves. Keywords:elliptic curves, Iwasawa theoryCategory:11Gxx

11. CJM Online first

Koskivirta, Jean-Stefan
 Congruence Relations for Shimura Varieties Associated with $GU(n-1,1)$ We prove the congruence relation for the mod-$p$ reduction of Shimura varieties associated to a unitary similitude group $GU(n-1,1)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, when $p$ is inert and $n$ odd. The case when $n$ is even was obtained by T. Wedhorn and O. B?ltel, as a special case of a result of B. Moonen, when the $\mu$-ordinary locus of the $p$-isogeny space is dense. This condition fails in our case. We show that every supersingular irreducible component of the special fiber of $p\textrm{-}\mathscr{I}sog$ is annihilated by a degree one polynomial in the Frobenius element $F$, which implies the congruence relation. Keywords:Shimura varieties, congruence relationCategories:11G18, 14G35, 14K10

12. CJM Online first

Szpruch, Dani
 Symmetric Genuine Spherical Whittaker Functions on $\overline{GSp_{2n}(F)}$ Let $F$ be a p-adic field of odd residual characteristic. Let $\overline{GSp_{2n}(F)}$ and $\overline{Sp_{2n}(F)}$ be the metaplectic double covers of the general symplectic group and the symplectic group attached to the $2n$ dimensional symplectic space over $F$. Let $\sigma$ be a genuine, possibly reducible, unramified principal series representation of $\overline{GSp_{2n}(F)}$. In these notes we give an explicit formulas for a spanning set for the space of Spherical Whittaker functions attached to $\sigma$. For odd $n$, and generically for even $n$, this spanning set is a basis. The significant property of this set is that each of its elements is unchanged under the action of the Weyl group of $\overline{Sp_{2n}(F)}$. If $n$ is odd then each element in the set has an equivariant property that generalizes a uniqueness result of Gelbart, Howe and Piatetski-Shapiro. Using this symmetric set, we construct a family of reducible genuine unramified principal series representations which have more then one generic constituent. This family contains all the reducible genuine unramified principal series representations induced from a unitary data and exists only for $n$ even. Keywords:metaplectic group, Casselman Shalika FormulaCategory:11F85

13. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1320)

Taniguchi, Takashi; Thorne, Frank
 Orbital $L$-functions for the Space of Binary Cubic Forms We introduce the notion of orbital $L$-functions for the space of binary cubic forms and investigate their analytic properties. We study their functional equations and residue formulas in some detail. Aside from their intrinsic interest, the results from this paper are used to prove the existence of secondary terms in counting functions for cubic fields. This is worked out in a companion paper. Keywords:binary cubic forms, prehomogeneous vector spaces, Shintani zeta functions, $L$-functions, cubic rings and fieldsCategories:11M41, 11E76

14. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 924)

Stankewicz, James
 Twists of Shimura Curves Consider a Shimura curve $X^D_0(N)$ over the rational numbers. We determine criteria for the twist by an Atkin-Lehner involution to have points over a local field. As a corollary we give a new proof of the theorem of Jordan-LivnÃ© on $\mathbf{Q}_p$ points when $p\mid D$ and for the first time give criteria for $\mathbf{Q}_p$ points when $p\mid N$. We also give congruence conditions for roots modulo $p$ of Hilbert class polynomials. Keywords:Shimura curves, complex multiplication, modular curves, elliptic curvesCategories:11G18, 14G35, 11G15, 11G10

15. CJM Online first

Rotger, Victor; de Vera-Piquero, Carlos
 Galois Representations Over Fields of Moduli and Rational Points on Shimura Curves The purpose of this note is introducing a method for proving the existence of no rational points on a coarse moduli space $X$ of abelian varieties over a given number field $K$, in cases where the moduli problem is not fine and points in $X(K)$ may not be represented by an abelian variety (with additional structure) admitting a model over the field $K$. This is typically the case when the abelian varieties that are being classified have even dimension. The main idea, inspired on the work of Ellenberg and Skinner on the modularity of $\mathbb{Q}$-curves, is that to a point $P=[A]\in X(K)$ represented by an abelian variety $A/\bar K$ one may still attach a Galois representation of $\operatorname{Gal}(\bar K/K)$ with values in the quotient group $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))/\operatorname{Aut}(A)$, provided $\operatorname{Aut}(A)$ lies in the centre of $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))$. We exemplify our method in the cases where $X$ is a Shimura curve over an imaginary quadratic field or an Atkin-Lehner quotient over $\mathbb{Q}$. Keywords:Shimura curves, rational points, Galois representations, Hasse principle, Brauer-Manin obstructionCategories:11G18, 14G35, 14G05

16. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 844)

Kuo, Wentang; Liu, Yu-Ru; Zhao, Xiaomei
 Multidimensional Vinogradov-type Estimates in Function Fields Let $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$ denote the polynomial ring over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. We employ Wooley's new efficient congruencing method to prove certain multidimensional Vinogradov-type estimates in $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$. These results allow us to apply a variant of the circle method to obtain asymptotic formulas for a system connected to the problem about linear spaces lying on hypersurfaces defined over $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$. Keywords:Vinogradov's mean value theorem, function fields, circle methodCategories:11D45, 11P55, 11T55

17. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 566)

Choiy, Kwangho
 Transfer of Plancherel Measures for Unitary Supercuspidal Representations between $p$-adic Inner Forms Let $F$ be a $p$-adic field of characteristic $0$, and let $M$ be an $F$-Levi subgroup of a connected reductive $F$-split group such that $\Pi_{i=1}^{r} SL_{n_i} \subseteq M \subseteq \Pi_{i=1}^{r} GL_{n_i}$ for positive integers $r$ and $n_i$. We prove that the Plancherel measure for any unitary supercuspidal representation of $M(F)$ is identically transferred under the local Jacquet-Langlands type correspondence between $M$ and its $F$-inner forms, assuming a working hypothesis that Plancherel measures are invariant on a certain set. This work extends the result of MuiÄ and Savin (2000) for Siegel Levi subgroups of the groups $SO_{4n}$ and $Sp_{4n}$ under the local Jacquet-Langlands correspondence. It can be applied to a simply connected simple $F$-group of type $E_6$ or $E_7$, and a connected reductive $F$-group of type $A_{n}$, $B_{n}$, $C_n$ or $D_n$. Keywords:Plancherel measure, inner form, local to global global argument, cuspidal automorphic representation, Jacquet-Langlands correspondenceCategories:22E50, 11F70, 22E55, 22E35

18. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 170)

Guitart, Xavier; Quer, Jordi
 Modular Abelian Varieties Over Number Fields The main result of this paper is a characterization of the abelian varieties $B/K$ defined over Galois number fields with the property that the $L$-function $L(B/K;s)$ is a product of $L$-functions of non-CM newforms over $\mathbb Q$ for congruence subgroups of the form $\Gamma_1(N)$. The characterization involves the structure of $\operatorname{End}(B)$, isogenies between the Galois conjugates of $B$, and a Galois cohomology class attached to $B/K$. We call the varieties having this property strongly modular. The last section is devoted to the study of a family of abelian surfaces with quaternionic multiplication. As an illustration of the ways in which the general results of the paper can be applied we prove the strong modularity of some particular abelian surfaces belonging to that family, and we show how to find nontrivial examples of strongly modular varieties by twisting. Keywords:Modular abelian varieties, $GL_2$-type varieties, modular formsCategories:11G10, 11G18, 11F11

19. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1201)

Cho, Peter J.; Kim, Henry H.
 Application of the Strong Artin Conjecture to the Class Number Problem We construct unconditionally several families of number fields with the largest possible class numbers. They are number fields of degree 4 and 5 whose Galois closures have the Galois group $A_4, S_4$ and $S_5$. We first construct families of number fields with smallest regulators, and by using the strong Artin conjecture and applying zero density result of Kowalski-Michel, we choose subfamilies of $L$-functions which are zero free close to 1. For these subfamilies, the $L$-functions have the extremal value at $s=1$, and by the class number formula, we obtain the extreme class numbers. Keywords:class number, strong Artin conjectureCategories:11R29, 11M41

20. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 544)

Deitmar, Anton; Horozov, Ivan
 Iterated Integrals and Higher Order Invariants We show that higher order invariants of smooth functions can be written as linear combinations of full invariants times iterated integrals. The non-uniqueness of such a presentation is captured in the kernel of the ensuing map from the tensor product. This kernel is computed explicitly. As a consequence, it turns out that higher order invariants are a free module of the algebra of full invariants. Keywords:higher order forms, iterated integralsCategories:14F35, 11F12, 55D35, 58A10

21. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 403)

Van Order, Jeanine
 On the Dihedral Main Conjectures of Iwasawa Theory for Hilbert Modular Eigenforms We construct a bipartite Euler system in the sense of Howard for Hilbert modular eigenforms of parallel weight two over totally real fields, generalizing works of Bertolini-Darmon, Longo, Nekovar, Pollack-Weston and others. The construction has direct applications to Iwasawa main conjectures. For instance, it implies in many cases one divisibility of the associated dihedral or anticyclotomic main conjecture, at the same time reducing the other divisibility to a certain nonvanishing criterion for the associated $p$-adic $L$-functions. It also has applications to cyclotomic main conjectures for Hilbert modular forms over CM fields via the technique of Skinner and Urban. Keywords:Iwasawa theory, Hilbert modular forms, abelian varietiesCategories:11G10, 11G18, 11G40

22. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 171)

Lyall, Neil; Magyar, Ákos
 Optimal Polynomial Recurrence Let $P\in\mathbb Z[n]$ with $P(0)=0$ and $\varepsilon\gt 0$. We show, using Fourier analytic techniques, that if $N\geq \exp\exp(C\varepsilon^{-1}\log\varepsilon^{-1})$ and $A\subseteq\{1,\dots,N\}$, then there must exist $n\in\mathbb N$ such that $\frac{|A\cap (A+P(n))|}{N}\gt \left(\frac{|A|}{N}\right)^2-\varepsilon.$ In addition to this we also show, using the same Fourier analytic methods, that if $A\subseteq\mathbb N$, then the set of $\varepsilon$-optimal return times $R(A,P,\varepsilon)=\left\{n\in \mathbb N \,:\,\delta(A\cap(A+P(n)))\gt \delta(A)^2-\varepsilon\right\}$ is syndetic for every $\varepsilon\gt 0$. Moreover, we show that $R(A,P,\varepsilon)$ is dense in every sufficiently long interval, in particular we show that there exists an $L=L(\varepsilon,P,A)$ such that $\left|R(A,P,\varepsilon)\cap I\right| \geq c(\varepsilon,P)|I|$ for all intervals $I$ of natural numbers with $|I|\geq L$ and $c(\varepsilon,P)=\exp\exp(-C\,\varepsilon^{-1}\log\varepsilon^{-1})$. Keywords:Sarkozy, syndetic, polynomial return timesCategory:11B30

23. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 1019)

Fiorilli, Daniel
 On a Theorem of Bombieri, Friedlander, and Iwaniec In this article, we show to which extent one can improve a theorem of Bombieri, Friedlander and Iwaniec by using Hooley's variant of the divisor switching technique. We also give an application of the theorem in question, which is a Bombieri-Vinogradov type theorem for the Tichmarsh divisor problem in arithmetic progressions. Keywords:primes in arithmetic progressions, Titchmarsh divisor problemCategory:11N13

24. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 254)

Bell, Jason P.; Hare, Kevin G.
 Corrigendum to On $\mathbb{Z}$-modules of Algebraic Integers'' We fix a mistake in the proof of Theorem 1.6 in the paper in the title. Keywords:Pisot numbers, algebraic integers, number rings, Schmidt subspace theoremCategories:11R04, 11R06

25. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 497)

Li, Wen-Wei
 Le lemme fondamental pondÃ©rÃ© pour le groupe mÃ©taplectique Dans cet article, on Ã©nonce une variante du lemme fondamental pondÃ©rÃ© d'Arthur pour le groupe mÃ©taplectique de Weil, qui sera un ingrÃ©dient indispensable de la stabilisation de la formule des traces. Pour un corps de caractÃ©ristique rÃ©siduelle suffisamment grande, on en donne une dÃ©monstration Ã  l'aide de la mÃ©thode de descente, qui est conditionnelle: on admet le lemme fondamental pondÃ©rÃ© non standard sur les algÃ¨bres de Lie. Vu les travaux de Chaudouard et Laumon, on s'attend Ã  ce que cette condition soit ultÃ©rieurement vÃ©rifiÃ©e. Keywords:fundamental lemma, metaplectic group, endoscopy, trace formulaCategories:11F70, 11F27, 22E50
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