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Search: MSC category 05E99 ( None of the above, but in this section )

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1. CJM Online first

Levinson, Jake
One-dimensional Schubert problems with respect to osculating flags
We consider Schubert problems with respect to flags osculating the rational normal curve. These problems are of special interest when the osculation points are all real -- in this case, for zero-dimensional Schubert problems, the solutions are "as real as possible". Recent work by Speyer has extended the theory to the moduli space $ \overline{\mathcal{M}_{0,r}} $, allowing the points to collide. These give rise to smooth covers of $ \overline{\mathcal{M}_{0,r}} (\mathbb{R}) $, with structure and monodromy described by Young tableaux and jeu de taquin. In this paper, we give analogous results on one-dimensional Schubert problems over $ \overline{\mathcal{M}_{0,r}} $. Their (real) geometry turns out to be described by orbits of Schützenberger promotion and a related operation involving tableau evacuation. Over $\mathcal{M}_{0,r}$, our results show that the real points of the solution curves are smooth. We also find a new identity involving "first-order" K-theoretic Littlewood-Richardson coefficients, for which there does not appear to be a known combinatorial proof.

Keywords:Schubert calculus, stable curves, Shapiro-Shapiro Conjecture, jeu de taquin, growth diagram, promotion
Categories:14N15, 05E99

2. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 241)

Aguiar, Marcelo; Lauve, Aaron
Lagrange's Theorem for Hopf Monoids in Species
Following Radford's proof of Lagrange's theorem for pointed Hopf algebras, we prove Lagrange's theorem for Hopf monoids in the category of connected species. As a corollary, we obtain necessary conditions for a given subspecies $\mathbf k$ of a Hopf monoid $\mathbf h$ to be a Hopf submonoid: the quotient of any one of the generating series of $\mathbf h$ by the corresponding generating series of $\mathbf k$ must have nonnegative coefficients. Other corollaries include a necessary condition for a sequence of nonnegative integers to be the dimension sequence of a Hopf monoid in the form of certain polynomial inequalities, and of a set-theoretic Hopf monoid in the form of certain linear inequalities. The latter express that the binomial transform of the sequence must be nonnegative.

Keywords:Hopf monoids, species, graded Hopf algebras, Lagrange's theorem, generating series, Poincaré-Birkhoff-Witt theorem, Hopf kernel, Lie kernel, primitive element, partition, composition, linear order, cyclic order, derangement
Categories:05A15, 05A20, 05E99, 16T05, 16T30, 18D10, 18D35

3. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1359)

Nozaki, Hiroshi; Sawa, Masanori
Note on Cubature Formulae and Designs Obtained from Group Orbits
In 1960, Sobolev proved that for a finite reflection group $G$, a $G$-invariant cubature formula is of degree $t$ if and only if it is exact for all $G$-invariant polynomials of degree at most $t$. In this paper, we find some observations on invariant cubature formulas and Euclidean designs in connection with the Sobolev theorem. First, we give an alternative proof of theorems by Xu (1998) on necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of cubature formulas with some strong symmetry. The new proof is shorter and simpler compared to the original one by Xu, and moreover gives a general interpretation of the analytically-written conditions of Xu's theorems. Second, we extend a theorem by Neumaier and Seidel (1988) on Euclidean designs to invariant Euclidean designs, and thereby classify tight Euclidean designs obtained from unions of the orbits of the corner vectors. This result generalizes a theorem of Bajnok (2007) which classifies tight Euclidean designs invariant under the Weyl group of type $B$ to other finite reflection groups.

Keywords:cubature formula, Euclidean design, radially symmetric integral, reflection group, Sobolev theorem
Categories:65D32, 05E99, 51M99

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