1. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 481)
 Bacher, Roland; Reutenauer, Christophe

Number of Right Ideals and a $q$analogue of Indecomposable Permutations
We prove that the number of right ideals of codimension $n$ in
the algebra of noncommutative Laurent polynomials in two variables over the finite field $\mathbb F_q$ is equal to
$(q1)^{n+1} q^{\frac{(n+1)(n2)}{2}}\sum_\theta q^{inv(\theta)}$,
where the
sum is over all indecomposable permutations in $S_{n+1}$ and
where $inv(\theta)$
stands for the number of inversions of $\theta$.
Keywords:permutation, indecomposable permutation, subgroups of free groups Categories:05A15, 05A19 

2. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1287)
 Reihani, Kamran

$K$theory of Furstenberg Transformation Group $C^*$algebras
The paper studies the $K$theoretic invariants of the crossed product
$C^{*}$algebras associated with an important family of homeomorphisms
of the tori $\mathbb{T}^{n}$ called Furstenberg transformations.
Using the PimsnerVoiculescu theorem, we prove that given $n$, the
$K$groups of those crossed products, whose corresponding $n\times n$
integer matrices are unipotent of maximal degree, always have the same
rank $a_{n}$. We show using the theory developed here that a claim
made in the literature about the torsion subgroups of these $K$groups
is false. Using the representation theory of the simple Lie algebra
$\frak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$, we show that, remarkably, $a_{n}$ has a
combinatorial significance. For example, every $a_{2n+1}$ is just the
number of ways that $0$ can be represented as a sum of integers
between $n$ and $n$ (with no repetitions). By adapting an argument
of van Lint (in which he answered a question of ErdÅs), a simple,
explicit formula for the asymptotic behavior of the sequence
$\{a_{n}\}$ is given. Finally, we describe the order structure of the
$K_{0}$groups of an important class of Furstenberg crossed products,
obtaining their complete Elliott invariant using classification
results of H. Lin and N. C. Phillips.
Keywords:$K$theory, transformation group $C^*$algebra, Furstenberg transformation, Anzai transformation, minimal homeomorphism, positive cone, minimal homeomorphism Categories:19K14, 19K99, 46L35, 46L80, , 05A15, 05A16, 05A17, 15A36, 17B10, 17B20, 37B05, 54H20 

3. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1020)
 Goulden, I. P.; GuayPaquet, Mathieu; Novak, Jonathan

Monotone Hurwitz Numbers in Genus Zero
Hurwitz numbers count branched covers of the Riemann sphere with specified ramification data, or equivalently, transitive permutation factorizations in the symmetric group with specified cycle types. Monotone Hurwitz numbers count a restricted subset of these branched covers related to the expansion of complete symmetric functions in the JucysMurphy elements, and have arisen in recent work on the the asymptotic expansion of the HarishChandraItzyksonZuber integral. In this paper we begin a detailed study of monotone Hurwitz numbers. We prove two results that are reminiscent of those for classical Hurwitz numbers. The first is the monotone joincut equation, a partial differential equation with initial conditions that characterizes the generating function for monotone Hurwitz numbers in arbitrary genus. The second is our main result, in which we give an explicit formula for monotone Hurwitz numbers in genus zero.
Keywords:Hurwitz numbers, matrix models, enumerative geometry Categories:05A15, 14E20, 15B52 

4. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 241)
 Aguiar, Marcelo; Lauve, Aaron

Lagrange's Theorem for Hopf Monoids in Species
Following Radford's proof of Lagrange's theorem for pointed Hopf algebras,
we prove Lagrange's theorem for Hopf monoids in the category of
connected species.
As a corollary, we obtain necessary conditions for a given subspecies
$\mathbf k$ of a Hopf monoid $\mathbf h$ to be a Hopf submonoid: the quotient of
any one of the generating series of $\mathbf h$ by the corresponding
generating series of $\mathbf k$ must have nonnegative coefficients. Other
corollaries include a necessary condition for a sequence of
nonnegative integers to be the
dimension sequence of a Hopf monoid
in the form of certain polynomial inequalities, and of
a settheoretic Hopf monoid in the form of certain linear inequalities.
The latter express that the binomial transform of the sequence must be nonnegative.
Keywords:Hopf monoids, species, graded Hopf algebras, Lagrange's theorem, generating series, PoincarÃ©BirkhoffWitt theorem, Hopf kernel, Lie kernel, primitive element, partition, composition, linear order, cyclic order, derangement Categories:05A15, 05A20, 05E99, 16T05, 16T30, 18D10, 18D35 

5. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1092)
 Irving, John

Minimal Transitive Factorizations of Permutations into Cycles
We introduce a new approach to an enumerative problem
closely linked with the geometry of branched coverings,
that is, we study the number $H_{\alpha}(i_2,i_3,\dots)$ of ways a
given permutation (with cycles described by the partition $\a$) can be
decomposed into a product of exactly $i_2$ 2cycles, $i_3$ 3cycles,
\emph{etc.}, with certain minimality and transitivity conditions imposed on the factors. The method is to
encode such factorizations as planar maps with certain \emph{descent structure} and apply a new combinatorial
decomposition to make their enumeration more manageable. We apply our technique to determine
$H_{\alpha}(i_2,i_3,\dots)$ when $\a$ has one or two parts, extending earlier work of Goulden and Jackson.
We also show how these methods are readily modified to count \emph{inequivalent} factorizations, where
equivalence is defined by permitting commutations of adjacent disjoint factors. Our technique permits us to
generalize recent work of Goulden, Jackson, and Latour, while allowing for a considerable simplification of
their analysis.
Categories:05A15, 05E10 

6. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 958)
 Chen, Yichao

A Note on a Conjecture of S. Stahl
S. Stahl (Canad. J. Math. \textbf{49}(1997), no. 3, 617640)
conjectured that the zeros of genus polynomial are real.
L. Liu and Y. Wang disproved this conjecture on the basis
of Example 6.7. In this note, it is pointed out
that there is an error in this example and a new generating matrix
and initial vector are provided.
Keywords:genus polynomial, zeros, real Categories:05C10, 05A15, 30C15, 26C10 

7. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 960)
8. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 297)
 Bini, G.; Goulden, I. P.; Jackson, D. M.

Transitive Factorizations in the Hyperoctahedral Group
The classical Hurwitz enumeration problem has a presentation in terms of
transitive factorizations in the symmetric group. This presentation suggests
a generalization from type~$A$ to other
finite reflection groups and, in particular, to type~$B$.
We study this generalization both from a combinatorial and a geometric
point of view, with the prospect of providing a means of understanding more
of the structure of the moduli spaces of maps with an $\gS_2$symmetry.
The type~$A$ case has been well studied and connects Hurwitz numbers
to the moduli space of curves. We conjecture an analogous setting for the
type~$B$ case that is studied here.
Categories:05A15, 14H10, 58D29 

9. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 758)
 Goulden, I. P.; Jackson, D. M.; Latour, F. G.

Inequivalent Transitive Factorizations into Transpositions
The question of counting minimal factorizations of permutations into
transpositions that act transitively on a set has been studied extensively
in the geometrical setting of ramified coverings of the sphere and in the
algebraic setting of symmetric functions.
It is natural, however, from a combinatorial point of view to ask how such
results are affected by counting up to equivalence of factorizations, where
two factorizations are equivalent if they differ only by the interchange of
adjacent factors that commute. We obtain an explicit and elegant result for
the number of such factorizations of permutations with precisely two
factors. The approach used is a combinatorial one that rests on two
constructions.
We believe that this approach, and the combinatorial primitives that have
been developed for the ``cut and join'' analysis, will also assist with the
general case.
Keywords:transitive, transposition, factorization, commutation, cutandjoin Categories:05C38, 15A15, 05A15, 15A18 

10. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 865)
 Goulden, I. P.; Jackson, D. M.

Maps in locally orientable surfaces and integrals over real symmetric surfaces
The genus series for maps is the generating series for the
number of rooted maps with a given number of vertices and
faces of each degree, and a given number of edges. It captures
topological information about surfaces, and appears in questions
arising in statistical mechanics, topology, group rings,
and certain aspects of free probability theory. An expression
has been given previously for the genus series for maps in
locally orientable surfaces in terms of zonal polynomials. The
purpose of this paper is to derive an integral representation
for the genus series. We then show how this can be used in
conjunction with integration techniques to determine the genus
series for monopoles in locally orientable surfaces. This
complements the analogous result for monopoles in orientable
surfaces previously obtained by Harer and Zagier. A conjecture,
subsequently proved by Okounkov, is given for the evaluation
of an expectation operator acting on the Jack symmetric function.
It specialises to known results for Schur functions and zonal
polynomials.
Categories:05C30, 05A15, 05E05, 15A52 

11. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 641)
 Burris, Stanley; Compton, Kevin; Odlyzko, Andrew; Richmond, Bruce

Fine spectra and limit laws II Firstorder 01 laws.
Using FefermanVaught techniques a condition on the fine
spectrum of an admissible class of structures is found
which leads to a firstorder 01 law.
The condition presented is best possible in the
sense that if it is violated then one can find an admissible
class with the same fine spectrum which does not have
a firstorder 01 law.
If the condition is satisfied (and hence we have a firstorder %% 01 law)
Categories:03N45, 11N45, 11N80, 05A15, 05A16, 11M41, 11P81 

12. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 617)
 Stahl, Saul

On the zeros of some genus polynomials
In the genus polynomial of the graph $G$, the coefficient of $x^k$
is the number of distinct embeddings of the graph $G$ on the
oriented surface of genus $k$. It is shown that for several
infinite families of graphs all the zeros of the genus polynomial
are real and negative. This implies that their coefficients, which
constitute the genus distribution of the graph, are log concave and
therefore also unimodal. The geometric distribution of the zeros
of some of these polynomials is also investigated and some new
genus polynomials are presented.
Categories:05C10, 05A15, 30C15, 26C10 

13. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 468)
 Burris, Stanley; Sárközy, András

Fine spectra and limit laws I. Firstorder laws
Using FefermanVaught techniques we show a certain property of the fine
spectrum of an admissible class of structures leads to a firstorder law.
The condition presented is best possible in the sense that if it is
violated then one can find an admissible class with the same fine
spectrum which does not have a firstorder law. We present three
conditions for verifying that the above property actually holds.
The first condition is that the count function of an admissible class
has regular variation with a certain uniformity of convergence. This
applies to a wide range of admissible classes, including those
satisfying Knopfmacher's Axiom A, and those satisfying Bateman
and Diamond's condition.
The second condition is similar to the first condition, but designed
to handle the discrete case, {\it i.e.}, when the sizes of the structures
in an admissible class $K$ are all powers of a single integer. It applies
when either the class of indecomposables or the whole class satisfies
Knopfmacher's Axiom A$^\#$.
The third condition is also for the discrete case, when there is a
uniform bound on the number of $K$indecomposables of any given size.
Keywords:First order limit laws, generalized number theory Categories:O3C13, 11N45, 11N80, 05A15, 05A16, 11M41, 11P81 

14. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 301)
 Merlini, Donatella; Rogers, Douglas G.; Sprugnoli, Renzo; Verri, M. Cecilia

On some alternative characterizations of Riordan arrays
We give several new characterizations of Riordan Arrays, the most
important of which is: if $\{d_{n,k}\}_{n,k \in {\bf N}}$ is a lower
triangular array whose generic element $d_{n,k}$ linearly depends on
the elements in a welldefined though large area of the array, then
$\{d_{n,k}\}_{n,k \in {\bf N}}$ is Riordan. We also provide some
applications of these characterizations to the lattice path theory.
Categories:05A15, 05C38 
