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1. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1073)
From Quantum Groups to Groups In this paper we use the recent developments in the
representation theory of locally compact quantum groups,
to assign, to each locally compact
quantum group $\mathbb{G}$, a locally compact group $\tilde {\mathbb{G}}$ which
is the quantum version of point-masses, and is an
invariant for the latter. We show that ``quantum point-masses"
can be identified with several other locally compact groups that can be
naturally assigned to the quantum group $\mathbb{G}$.
This assignment preserves compactness as well as
discreteness (hence also finiteness), and for large classes of quantum
groups, amenability. We calculate this invariant for some of the most
well-known examples of
non-classical quantum groups.
Also, we show that several structural properties of $\mathbb{G}$ are encoded
by $\tilde {\mathbb{G}}$: the latter, despite being a simpler object, can carry very
important information about $\mathbb{G}$.
Keywords:locally compact quantum group, locally compact group, von Neumann algebra Category:46L89 |
2. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 455)
On Cardinal Invariants and Generators for von Neumann Algebras We demonstrate how most common cardinal invariants associated with a von
Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ can be computed from the decomposability number,
$\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M)$, and the minimal cardinality of a generating
set, $\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)$.
Applications include the equivalence of the well-known generator
problem, ``Is every separably-acting von Neumann algebra
singly-generated?", with the formally stronger questions, ``Is every
countably-generated von Neumann algebra singly-generated?" and ``Is
the $\operatorname{gen}$ invariant monotone?" Modulo the generator problem, we
determine the range of the invariant $\bigl( \operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M),
\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \bigr)$,
which is mostly governed by the inequality $\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \leq
\mathfrak C^{\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)}$.
Keywords:von Neumann algebra, cardinal invariant, generator problem, decomposability number, representation density Category:46L10 |
3. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 133)
Some Applications of the Perturbation Determinant in Finite von Neumann Algebras In the finite von Neumann algebra setting, we introduce the concept
of a perturbation determinant associated with a pair of self-adjoint
elements $H_0$ and $H$ in the algebra and relate it to the concept of
the de la Harpe--Skandalis homotopy invariant determinant associated
with piecewise $C^1$-paths of operators joining $H_0$ and $H$. We
obtain an analog of Krein's formula that relates the perturbation
determinant and the spectral shift function and, based on this
relation, we derive subsequently (i) the Birman--Solomyak formula for
a general non-linear perturbation, (ii) a universality of a spectral
averaging, and (iii) a generalization of the
Dixmier--Fuglede--Kadison differentiation formula.
Keywords:perturbation determinant, trace formulae, von Neumann algebras Categories:47A55, 47C15, 47A53 |
4. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 768)
Decomposability of von Neumann Algebras and the Mazur Property of Higher Level The decomposability
number of a von Neumann algebra $\m$ (denoted by $\dec(\m)$) is the
greatest cardinality of a family of pairwise orthogonal non-zero
projections in $\m$. In this paper, we explore the close
connection between $\dec(\m)$ and the cardinal level of the Mazur
property for the predual $\m_*$ of $\m$, the study of which was
initiated by the second author. Here, our main focus is on
those von Neumann algebras whose preduals constitute such
important Banach algebras on a locally compact group $G$ as the
group algebra $\lone$, the Fourier algebra $A(G)$, the measure
algebra $M(G)$, the algebra $\luc^*$, etc. We show that for
any of these von Neumann algebras, say $\m$, the cardinal number
$\dec(\m)$ and a certain cardinal level of the Mazur property of $\m_*$
are completely encoded in the underlying group structure. In fact,
they can be expressed precisely by two dual cardinal
invariants of $G$: the compact covering number $\kg$ of $G$ and
the least cardinality $\bg$ of an open basis at the identity of
$G$. We also present an application of the Mazur property of higher
level to the topological centre problem for the Banach algebra
$\ag^{**}$.
Keywords:Mazur property, predual of a von Neumann algebra, locally compact group and its cardinal invariants, group algebra, Fourier algebra, topological centre Categories:22D05, 43A20, 43A30, 03E55, 46L10 |