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1. CJM Online first

Boden, Hans Ulysses; Curtis, Cynthia L
The SL$(2, C)$ Casson invariant for knots and the $\hat{A}$-polynomial
In this paper, we extend the definition of the ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson invariant to arbitrary knots $K$ in integral homology 3-spheres and relate it to the $m$-degree of the $\widehat{A}$-polynomial of $K$. We prove a product formula for the $\widehat{A}$-polynomial of the connected sum $K_1 \# K_2$ of two knots in $S^3$ and deduce additivity of ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant under connected sum for a large class of knots in $S^3$. We also present an example of a nontrivial knot $K$ in $S^3$ with trivial $\widehat{A}$-polynomial and trivial ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant, showing that neither of these invariants detect the unknot.

Keywords:Knots, 3-manifolds, character variety, Casson invariant, $A$-polynomial
Categories:57M27, 57M25, 57M05

2. CJM Online first

da Silva, Genival; Kerr, Matt; Pearlstein, Gregory
Arithmetic of degenerating principal variations of Hodge structure: examples arising from mirror symmetry and middle convolution
We collect evidence in support of a conjecture of Griffiths, Green and Kerr on the arithmetic of extension classes of limiting mixed Hodge structures arising from semistable degenerations over a number field. After briefly summarizing how a result of Iritani implies this conjecture for a collection of hypergeometric Calabi-Yau threefold examples studied by Doran and Morgan, the authors investigate a sequence of (non-hypergeometric) examples in dimensions $1\leq d\leq6$ arising from Katz's theory of the middle convolution. A crucial role is played by the Mumford-Tate group (which is $G_{2}$) of the family of 6-folds, and the theory of boundary components of Mumford-Tate domains.

Keywords:variation of Hodge structure, limiting mixed Hodge structure, Calabi-Yau variety, middle convolution, Mumford-Tate group
Categories:14D07, 14M17, 17B45, 20G99, 32M10, 32G20

3. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 654)

Lim, Meng Fai; Murty, V. Kumar
Growth of Selmer groups of CM Abelian varieties
Let $p$ be an odd prime. We study the variation of the $p$-rank of the Selmer group of Abelian varieties with complex multiplication in certain towers of number fields.

Keywords:Selmer group, Abelian variety with complex multiplication, $\mathbb{Z}_p$-extension, $p$-Hilbert class tower
Categories:11G15, 11G10, 11R23, 11R34

4. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 696)

Zhang, Tong
Geography of Irregular Gorenstein 3-folds
In this paper, we study the explicit geography problem of irregular Gorenstein minimal 3-folds of general type. We generalize the classical Noether-Castelnuovo type inequalities for irregular surfaces to irregular 3-folds according to the Albanese dimension.

Keywords:3-fold, geography, irregular variety

5. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 1222)

Bobiński, Grzegorz
Normality of Maximal Orbit Closures for Euclidean Quivers
Let $\Delta$ be an Euclidean quiver. We prove that the closures of the maximal orbits in the varieties of representations of $\Delta$ are normal and Cohen--Macaulay (even complete intersections). Moreover, we give a generalization of this result for the tame concealed-canonical algebras.

Keywords:normal variety, complete intersection, Euclidean quiver, concealed-canonical algebra
Categories:16G20, 14L30

6. CJM 2011 (vol 65 pp. 3)

Barto, Libor
Finitely Related Algebras in Congruence Distributive Varieties Have Near Unanimity Terms
We show that every finite, finitely related algebra in a congruence distributive variety has a near unanimity term operation. As a consequence we solve the near unanimity problem for relational structures: it is decidable whether a given finite set of relations on a finite set admits a compatible near unanimity operation. This consequence also implies that it is decidable whether a given finite constraint language defines a constraint satisfaction problem of bounded strict width.

Keywords:congruence distributive variety, Jónsson operations, near unanimity operation, finitely related algebra, constraint satisfaction problem
Categories:08B05, 08B10

7. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 616)

Lee, Edward
A Modular Quintic Calabi-Yau Threefold of Level 55
In this note we search the parameter space of Horrocks-Mumford quintic threefolds and locate a Calabi-Yau threefold that is modular, in the sense that the $L$-function of its middle-dimensional cohomology is associated with a classical modular form of weight 4 and level 55.

Keywords: Calabi-Yau threefold, non-rigid Calabi-Yau threefold, two-dimensional Galois representation, modular variety, Horrocks-Mumford vector bundle
Categories:14J15, 11F23, 14J32, 11G40

8. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 961)

Abrescia, Silvia
About the Defectivity of Certain Segre--Veronese Varieties
We study the regularity of the higher secant varieties of $\PP^1\times \PP^n$, embedded with divisors of type $(d,2)$ and $(d,3)$. We produce, for the highest defective cases, a ``determinantal'' equation of the secant variety. As a corollary, we prove that the Veronese triple embedding of $\PP^n$ is not Grassmann defective.

Keywords:Waring problem, Segre--Veronese embedding, secant variety, Grassmann defectivity
Categories:14N15, 14N05, 14M12

9. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 36)

Develin, Mike; Martin, Jeremy L.; Reiner, Victor
Classification of Ding's Schubert Varieties: Finer Rook Equivalence
K.~Ding studied a class of Schubert varieties $X_\lambda$ in type A partial flag manifolds, indexed by integer partitions $\lambda$ and in bijection with dominant permutations. He observed that the Schubert cell structure of $X_\lambda$ is indexed by maximal rook placements on the Ferrers board $B_\lambda$, and that the integral cohomology groups $H^*(X_\lambda;\:\Zz)$, $H^*(X_\mu;\:\Zz)$ are additively isomorphic exactly when the Ferrers boards $B_\lambda, B_\mu$ satisfy the combinatorial condition of \emph{rook-equivalence}. We classify the varieties $X_\lambda$ up to isomorphism, distinguishing them by their graded cohomology rings with integer coefficients. The crux of our approach is studying the nilpotence orders of linear forms in the cohomology ring.

Keywords:Schubert variety, rook placement, Ferrers board, flag manifold, cohomology ring, nilpotence
Categories:14M15, 05E05

10. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 265)

Brion, Michel; Helminck, Aloysius G.
On Orbit Closures of Symmetric Subgroups in Flag Varieties
We study $K$-orbits in $G/P$ where $G$ is a complex connected reductive group, $P \subseteq G$ is a parabolic subgroup, and $K \subseteq G$ is the fixed point subgroup of an involutive automorphism $\theta$. Generalizing work of Springer, we parametrize the (finite) orbit set $K \setminus G \slash P$ and we determine the isotropy groups. As a consequence, we describe the closed (resp. affine) orbits in terms of $\theta$-stable (resp. $\theta$-split) parabolic subgroups. We also describe the decomposition of any $(K,P)$-double coset in $G$ into $(K,B)$-double cosets, where $B \subseteq P$ is a Borel subgroup. Finally, for certain $K$-orbit closures $X \subseteq G/B$, and for any homogeneous line bundle $\mathcal{L}$ on $G/B$ having nonzero global sections, we show that the restriction map $\res_X \colon H^0 (G/B, \mathcal{L}) \to H^0 (X, \mathcal{L})$ is surjective and that $H^i (X, \mathcal{L}) = 0$ for $i \geq 1$. Moreover, we describe the $K$-module $H^0 (X, \mathcal{L})$. This gives information on the restriction to $K$ of the simple $G$-module $H^0 (G/B, \mathcal{L})$. Our construction is a geometric analogue of Vogan and Sepanski's approach to extremal $K$-types.

Keywords:flag variety, symmetric subgroup
Categories:14M15, 20G05

11. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1253)

López-Bautista, Pedro Ricardo; Villa-Salvador, Gabriel Daniel
Integral representation of $p$-class groups in ${\Bbb Z}_p$-extensions and the Jacobian variety
For an arbitrary finite Galois $p$-extension $L/K$ of $\zp$-cyclotomic number fields of $\CM$-type with Galois group $G = \Gal(L/K)$ such that the Iwasawa invariants $\mu_K^-$, $ \mu_L^-$ are zero, we obtain unconditionally and explicitly the Galois module structure of $\clases$, the minus part of the $p$-subgroup of the class group of $L$. For an arbitrary finite Galois $p$-extension $L/K$ of algebraic function fields of one variable over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$ as its exact field of constants with Galois group $G = \Gal(L/K)$ we obtain unconditionally and explicitly the Galois module structure of the $p$-torsion part of the Jacobian variety $J_L(p)$ associated to $L/k$.

Keywords:${\Bbb Z}_p$-extensions, Iwasawa's theory, class group, integral representation, fields of algebraic functions, Jacobian variety, Galois module structure
Categories:11R33, 11R23, 11R58, 14H40

12. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 675)

de Cataldo, Mark Andrea A.
Some adjunction-theoretic properties of codimension two non-singular subvarities of quadrics
We make precise the structure of the first two reduction morphisms associated with codimension two non-singular subvarieties of non-singular quadrics $\Q^n$, $n\geq 5$. We give a coarse classification of the same class of subvarieties when they are assumed not to be of log-general-type.}

Keywords:Adjunction Theory, classification, codimension two, conic bundles,, low codimension, non log-general-type, quadric, reduction, special, variety.
Categories:14C05, 14E05, 14E25, 14E30, 14E35, 14J10

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