Low Frequency Estimates for Long Range Perturbations in Divergence Form We prove a uniform control as $z \rightarrow 0$ for the resolvent $(P-z)^{-1}$ of long range perturbations $P$ of the Euclidean Laplacian in divergence form by combining positive commutator estimates and properties of Riesz transforms. These estimates hold in dimension $d \geq 3$ when $P$ is defined on $\mathbb{R}^d$ and in dimension $d \geq 2$ when $P$ is defined outside a compact obstacle with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Keywords:resolvent estimates, thresholds, scattering theory, Riesz transformCategory:35P25