Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 25 of 42 |
1. CJM 2014 (vol 66 pp. 961)
Moduli Spaces of Vector Bundles over a Real Curve: $\mathbb Z/2$-Betti Numbers Moduli spaces of real bundles over a real curve arise naturally
as Lagrangian submanifolds of the moduli space of semi-stable
bundles over a complex curve. In this paper, we adapt the methods
of Atiyah-Bott's ``Yang-Mills over a Riemann Surface'' to compute
$\mathbb Z/2$-Betti numbers of these spaces.
Keywords:cohomology of moduli spaces, holomorphic vector bundles Categories:32L05, 14P25 |
2. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1320)
Orbital $L$-functions for the Space of Binary Cubic Forms We introduce the notion of orbital $L$-functions
for the space of binary cubic forms
and investigate their analytic properties.
We study their functional equations and residue formulas in some detail.
Aside from their intrinsic interest,
the results from this paper are used to
prove the existence of secondary terms in counting
functions for cubic fields.
This is worked out in a companion paper.
Keywords:binary cubic forms, prehomogeneous vector spaces, Shintani zeta functions, $L$-functions, cubic rings and fields Categories:11M41, 11E76 |
3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1143)
Maps Preserving Complementarity of Closed Subspaces of a Hilbert Space Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{K}$ be infinite-dimensional separable
Hilbert spaces and ${\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ the lattice of all closed subspaces oh $\mathcal{H}$.
We describe the general form of pairs of bijective maps $\phi , \psi :
{\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H} \to {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{K}$ having the property that for every pair
$U,V \in {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ we have $\mathcal{H} = U \oplus V \iff \mathcal{K} = \phi (U) \oplus \psi (V)$. Then we reformulate this theorem as a description
of bijective image equality and kernel equality preserving maps acting on bounded linear idempotent operators. Several known
structural results for maps on idempotents are easy consequences.
Keywords:Hilbert space, lattice of closed subspaces, complemented subspaces, adjacent subspaces, idempotents Categories:46B20, 47B49 |
4. CJM Online first
Weighted Carleson Measure Spaces Associated with Different Homogeneities In this paper, we introduce weighted Carleson measure spaces associated
with different homogeneities and prove that these spaces are the dual spaces
of weighted Hardy spaces studied in a forthcoming paper.
As an application, we establish
the boundedness of composition of two CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operators with
different homogeneities on the weighted Carleson measure spaces; this,
in particular, provides the weighted endpoint estimates for the operators
studied by Phong-Stein.
Keywords:composition of operators, weighted Carleson measure spaces, duality Categories:42B20, 42B35 |
5. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 400)
Umbilical Submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ We give a complete classification of umbilical submanifolds of arbitrary dimension and codimension of
$\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$, extending the classification of umbilical surfaces
in $\mathbb{S}^2\times \mathbb{R}$ by Souam and Toubiana as well as the local
description of umbilical hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ by Van der
Veken and Vrancken. We prove that, besides small spheres in a slice,
up to isometries of the ambient space they come in a two-parameter
family of rotational submanifolds
whose substantial codimension is either one or two and whose profile
is a curve in a totally geodesic $\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{S}^2\times
\mathbb{R}$, respectively, the former case arising in a one-parameter
family. All of them are diffeomorphic to a sphere, except for a single
element that is diffeomorphic to Euclidean space. We obtain explicit
parametrizations of all such submanifolds. We also study more general
classes of submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$. In
particular, we give a complete description of all submanifolds in
those product spaces
for which the tangent component of a unit vector field spanning the
factor $\mathbb{R}$ is an eigenvector of all shape operators. We show that
surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and
$\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ having this property are rotational surfaces, and use
this fact to improve some recent results by Alencar, do Carmo, and
Tribuzy.
We also obtain a Dajczer-type reduction of codimension theorem for
submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$.
Keywords:umbilical submanifolds, product spaces $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ Categories:53B25, 53C40 |
6. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 387)
Composition of Inner Functions We study the image of the model subspace $K_\theta$ under the
composition operator $C_\varphi$, where $\varphi$ and $\theta$ are
inner functions, and find the smallest model subspace which contains
the linear manifold $C_\varphi K_\theta$. Then we characterize the
case when $C_\varphi$ maps $K_\theta$ into itself. This case leads to
the study of the inner functions $\varphi$ and $\psi$ such that the
composition $\psi\circ\varphi$ is a divisor of $\psi$ in the family of
inner functions.
Keywords:composition operators, inner functions, Blaschke products, model subspaces Categories:30D55, 30D05, 47B33 |
7. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1217)
Beltrami Equation with Coefficient in Sobolev and Besov Spaces Our goal in this work is to present some function spaces on the
complex plane $\mathbb C$, $X(\mathbb C)$, for which the quasiregular solutions of
the Beltrami equation, $\overline\partial f (z) = \mu(z) \partial f
(z)$, have first derivatives locally in $X(\mathbb C)$, provided that the
Beltrami coefficient $\mu$ belongs to $X(\mathbb C)$.
Keywords:quasiregular mappings, Beltrami equation, Sobolev spaces, CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operators Categories:30C62, 35J99, 42B20 |
8. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 510)
Transference of vector-valued multipliers on weighted $L^p$-spaces We prove
restriction and extension of multipliers between
weighted Lebesgue spaces with
two different weights, which belong to a class more general than periodic weights, and two different exponents of integrability which can be
below one.
We also develop some ad-hoc methods which apply to weights
defined by the product of periodic weights with functions of power type.
Our vector-valued approach allow us to extend results
to transference of maximal multipliers and provide transference of Littlewood-Paley inequalities.
Keywords:Fourier multipliers, restriction theorems, weighted spaces Categories:42B15, 42B35 |
9. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 299)
On Multilinear Fourier Multipliers of Limited Smoothness In this paper,
we prove certain $L^2$-estimate
for multilinear Fourier multiplier operators
with multipliers of limited smoothness.
As a result,
we extend the result of CalderÃ³n and Torchinsky
in the linear theory to the multilinear case.
The sharpness of our results and some
related estimates in Hardy spaces
are also discussed.
Keywords:multilinear Fourier multipliers, HÃ¶rmander multiplier theorem, Hardy spaces Categories:42B15, 42B20 |
10. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 757)
Positively Curved Riemannian Locally Symmetric Spaces are Positively Squared Distance Curved The squared distance curvature is a kind of two-point curvature the
sign of which turned out crucial for the smoothness of optimal
transportation maps on Riemannian manifolds. Positivity properties of
that new curvature have been established recently for all the simply
connected compact rank one symmetric spaces, except the Cayley
plane. Direct proofs were given for the sphere, an indirect one
via the Hopf fibrations) for the complex and quaternionic
projective spaces. Here, we present a direct proof of a property
implying all the preceding ones, valid on every positively curved
Riemannian locally symmetric space.
Keywords:symmetric spaces, rank one, positive curvature, almost-positive $c$-curvature Categories:53C35, 53C21, 53C26, 49N60 |
11. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 222)
Distance Sets of Urysohn Metric Spaces A metric space $\mathrm{M}=(M;\operatorname{d})$ is {\em homogeneous} if for every
isometry $f$ of a finite subspace of $\mathrm{M}$ to a subspace of
$\mathrm{M}$ there exists an isometry of $\mathrm{M}$ onto
$\mathrm{M}$ extending $f$. The space $\mathrm{M}$ is {\em universal}
if it isometrically embeds every finite metric space $\mathrm{F}$ with
$\operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{F})\subseteq \operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{M})$. (With
$\operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{M})$ being the set of distances between points in
$\mathrm{M}$.)
A metric space $\boldsymbol{U}$ is an {\em Urysohn} metric space if
it is homogeneous, universal, separable and complete. (It is not
difficult to deduce
that an Urysohn metric space $\boldsymbol{U}$ isometrically embeds
every separable metric space $\mathrm{M}$ with
$\operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{M})\subseteq \operatorname{dist}(\boldsymbol{U})$.)
The main results are: (1) A characterization of the sets
$\operatorname{dist}(\boldsymbol{U})$ for Urysohn metric spaces $\boldsymbol{U}$.
(2) If $R$ is the distance set of an Urysohn metric space and
$\mathrm{M}$ and $\mathrm{N}$ are two metric spaces, of any
cardinality with distances in $R$, then they amalgamate disjointly to
a metric space with distances in $R$. (3) The completion of every
homogeneous, universal, separable metric space $\mathrm{M}$ is
homogeneous.
Keywords:partitions of metric spaces, Ramsey theory, metric geometry, Urysohn metric space, oscillation stability Categories:03E02, 22F05, 05C55, 05D10, 22A05, 51F99 |
12. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 66)
On Flag Curvature of Homogeneous Randers Spaces In this paper we give an explicit formula for the flag curvature of
homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type and apply this formula to
obtain some interesting results. We first deduce an explicit formula
for the flag curvature of an arbitrary left invariant Randers metric
on a two-step nilpotent Lie group. Then we obtain a classification of
negatively curved homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type. This
results, in particular, in many examples of homogeneous non-Riemannian
Finsler spaces with negative flag curvature. Finally, we prove a
rigidity result that a homogeneous Randers space of Berwald type whose
flag curvature is everywhere nonzero must be Riemannian.
Keywords:homogeneous Randers manifolds, flag curvature, Douglas spaces, two-step nilpotent Lie groups Categories:22E46, 53C30 |
13. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 755)
Homotopy Classification of Projections in the Corona Algebra of a Non-simple $C^*$-algebra We study projections in the corona algebra of $C(X)\otimes K$, where K
is the $C^*$-algebra of compact operators on a separable infinite
dimensional Hilbert space and $X=[0,1],[0,\infty),(-\infty,\infty)$,
or $[0,1]/\{ 0,1 \}$. Using BDF's essential codimension, we determine
conditions for a projection in the corona algebra to be liftable to a
projection in the multiplier algebra. We also determine the
conditions for two projections to be equal in $K_0$, Murray-von
Neumann equivalent, unitarily equivalent, or homotopic. In light of
these characterizations, we construct examples showing that the
equivalence notions above are all distinct.
Keywords:essential codimension, continuous field of Hilbert spaces, Corona algebra Categories:46L05, 46L80 |
14. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 778)
Ricci Solitons and Geometry of Four-dimensional Non-reductive Homogeneous Spaces We study the geometry of non-reductive $4$-dimensional homogeneous
spaces. In particular, after describing their Levi-Civita connection
and curvature properties, we classify homogeneous Ricci solitons on
these spaces, proving the existence of shrinking, expanding and steady
examples. For all the non-trivial examples we find, the Ricci operator
is diagonalizable.
Keywords:non-reductive homogeneous spaces, pseudo-Riemannian metrics, Ricci solitons, Einstein-like metrics Categories:53C21, 53C50, 53C25 |
15. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1329)
Composition Operators Induced by Analytic Maps to the Polydisk We study properties of composition operators
induced by symbols acting from the unit disk to the polydisk.
This result will be involved in the investigation
of weighted composition operators on the Hardy space on the unit disk
and moreover be concerned with composition operators acting
from the Bergman space to the Hardy space on the unit disk.
Keywords:composition operators, Hardy spaces, polydisk Categories:47B33, 32A35, 30H10 |
16. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 44)
Surfaces of Rotation with Constant Mean Curvature in the Direction of a Unitary Normal Vector Field in a Randers Space |
Surfaces of Rotation with Constant Mean Curvature in the Direction of a Unitary Normal Vector Field in a Randers Space We consider the Randers space $(V^n,F_b)$ obtained by perturbing the Euclidean metric by a translation, $F_b=\alpha+\beta$, where $\alpha$ is the Euclidean metric and $\beta$ is a $1$-form with norm $b$, $0\leq b\lt 1$. We introduce the concept of a hypersurface with constant mean curvature in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. We obtain the ordinary differential equation that characterizes the rotational surfaces $(V^3,F_b)$ of constant mean curvature (cmc) in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. These equations reduce to the classical equation of the rotational cmc surfaces in Euclidean space, when $b=0$. It also reduces to the equation that characterizes the minimal rotational surfaces in $(V^3,F_b)$ when $H=0$, obtained by M. Souza and K. Tenenblat. Although the differential equation depends on the choice of the normal direction, we show that both equations determine the same rotational surface, up to a reflection. We also show that the round cylinders are cmc surfaces in the direction of the unitary normal field. They are generated by the constant solution of the differential equation. By considering the equation as a nonlinear dynamical system, we provide a qualitative analysis, for $0\lt b\lt \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$. Using the concept of stability and considering the linearization around the single equilibrium point (the constant solution), we verify that the solutions are locally asymptotically stable spirals. This is proved by constructing a Lyapunov function for the dynamical system and by determining the basin of stability of the equilibrium point. The surfaces of rotation generated by such solutions tend asymptotically to one end of the cylinder.
Keywords:Finsler spaces, Randers spaces, mean curvature, Liapunov functions Category:53C20 |
17. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1182)
A Fractal Function Related to the John-Nirenberg Inequality for $Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$
A borderline case function $f$ for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$ spaces
is defined as a Haar wavelet decomposition, with the coefficients
depending on a fixed parameter $\beta>0$. On its support $I_0=[0,
1]^n$, $f(x)$ can be expressed by the binary expansions of the
coordinates of $x$. In particular, $f=f_{\beta}\in Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb
R^n})$ if and only if $\alpha<\beta<\frac{n}{2}$, while for
$\beta=\alpha$, it was shown by Yue and Dafni that $f$ satisfies a
John--Nirenberg inequality for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$. When
$\beta\neq 1$, $f$ is a self-affine function. It is continuous almost
everywhere and discontinuous at all dyadic points inside $I_0$. In
addition, it is not monotone along any coordinate direction in any
small cube. When the parameter $\beta\in (0, 1)$, $f$ is onto from
$I_0$ to $[-\frac{1}{1-2^{-\beta}}, \frac{1}{1-2^{-\beta}}]$, and the
graph of $f$ has a non-integer fractal dimension $n+1-\beta$.
Keywords:Haar wavelets, Q spaces, John-Nirenberg inequality, Greedy expansion, self-affine, fractal, Box dimension Categories:42B35, 42C10, 30D50, 28A80 |
18. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 961)
Multiplicative Isometries and Isometric Zero-Divisors
For some Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disk
(weighted Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet-type spaces), the
isometric pointwise multipliers are found to be unimodular constants.
As a consequence, it is shown that none of those spaces have isometric
zero-divisors. Isometric coefficient multipliers are also
investigated.
Keywords:Banach spaces of analytic functions, Hardy spaces, Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet space, Dirichlet-type spaces, pointwise multipliers, coefficient multipliers, isometries, isometric zero-divisors Categories:30H05, 46E15 |
19. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1246)
Quantum Cohomology of Minuscule Homogeneous Spaces III. Semi-Simplicity and Consequences
We prove that the quantum cohomology ring of any minuscule or
cominuscule homogeneous space, specialized at $q=1$, is semisimple.
This implies that complex conjugation defines an algebra automorphism
of the quantum cohomology ring localized at the quantum
parameter. We check that this involution coincides with the strange
duality defined in our previous article. We deduce Vafa--Intriligator type
formulas for the Gromov--Witten invariants.
Keywords:quantum cohomology, minuscule homogeneous spaces, Schubert calculus, quantum Euler class Categories:14M15, 14N35 |
20. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)
BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces This paper studies the relationship between vector-valued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1-|z|)^{q-1}\|\nabla f(z)\|^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\|f(z)-f(z_0)\|^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$-uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1-|z_0|^2}{|1-\bar{z_0}z|^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$-uniformly smooth norm.
Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spaces Categories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20 |
21. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 439)
On Hankel Forms of Higher Weights: The Case of Hardy Spaces In this paper we study bilinear Hankel forms of higher weights on Hardy spaces in several dimensions. (The Schatten class Hankel forms of higher weights on weighted Bergman spaces have already been studied by Janson and Peetre for one dimension and by SundhÃ¤ll for several dimensions). We get a full characterization of Schatten class Hankel forms in terms of conditions for the symbols to be in certain Besov spaces. Also, the Hankel forms are bounded and compact if and only if the symbols satisfy certain Carleson measure criteria and vanishing Carleson measure criteria, respectively.
Keywords:Hankel forms, Schattenâvon Neumann classes, Bergman spaces, Hardy spaces, Besov spaces, transvectant, unitary representations, MÃ¶bius group Categories:32A25, 32A35, 32A37, 47B35 |
22. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 52)
An Algebraic Approach to Weakly Symmetric Finsler Spaces In this paper, we introduce a new algebraic notion, weakly symmetric
Lie algebras, to give an algebraic description of an
interesting class of homogeneous Riemann--Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric
Finsler spaces. Using this new definition, we are able to give a
classification of weakly symmetric Finsler spaces with dimensions $2$
and $3$. Finally, we show that all the non-Riemannian reversible weakly
symmetric Finsler spaces we find are non-Berwaldian and with vanishing
S-curvature. This means that reversible non-Berwaldian Finsler spaces
with vanishing S-curvature may exist at large. Hence the generalized
volume comparison theorems due to Z. Shen are valid for a rather large
class of Finsler spaces.
Keywords:weakly symmetric Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric Lie algebras, Berwald spaces, S-curvature Categories:53C60, 58B20, 22E46, 22E60 |
23. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1201)
Invariant Einstein Metrics on Some Homogeneous Spaces of Classical Lie Groups A Riemannian manifold $(M,\rho)$ is called Einstein if the metric
$\rho$ satisfies the condition \linebreak$\Ric (\rho)=c\cdot \rho$ for some
constant $c$. This paper is devoted to the investigation of
$G$-invariant Einstein metrics, with additional symmetries,
on some homogeneous spaces $G/H$ of classical groups.
As a consequence, we obtain new invariant Einstein metrics on some
Stiefel manifolds $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$.
Furthermore, we show that for any positive integer $p$ there exists a
Stiefel manifold $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$
that admits at least $p$
$\SO(n)$-invariant Einstein metrics.
Keywords:Riemannian manifolds, homogeneous spaces, Einstein metrics, Stiefel manifolds Categories:53C25, 53C30 |
24. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 351)
Multiplication of Polynomials on Hermitian Symmetric spaces and Littlewood--Richardson Coefficients Let $K$ be a complex reductive algebraic group and $V$ a
representation of $K$. Let $S$ denote the ring of polynomials on
$V$. Assume that the action of $K$ on $S$ is multiplicity-free. If
$\lambda$ denotes the isomorphism class of an irreducible
representation of $K$, let $\rho_\lambda\from K \rightarrow
GL(V_{\lambda})$ denote the corresponding irreducible representation
and $S_\lambda$ the $\lambda$-isotypic component of $S$. Write
$S_\lambda \cdot S_\mu$ for the subspace of $S$ spanned by products of
$S_\lambda$ and $S_\mu$. If $V_\nu$ occurs as an irreducible
constituent of $V_\lambda\otimes V_\mu$, is it true that
$S_\nu\subseteq S_\lambda\cdot S_\mu$? In this paper, the authors
investigate this question for representations arising in the context
of Hermitian symmetric pairs. It is shown that the answer is yes in
some cases and, using an earlier result of Ruitenburg, that in the
remaining classical cases, the answer is yes provided that a
conjecture of Stanley on the multiplication of Jack polynomials is
true. It is also shown how the conjecture connects multiplication in
the ring $S$ to the usual Littlewood--Richardson rule.
Keywords:Hermitian symmetric spaces, multiplicity free actions, Littlewood--Richardson coefficients, Jack polynomials Categories:14L30, 22E46 |
25. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 124)
Characterizing Complete Erd\H os Space The space now known as {\em complete Erd\H os
space\/} $\cerdos$ was introduced by Paul Erd\H os in 1940 as the
closed subspace of the Hilbert space $\ell^2$ consisting of all
vectors such that every coordinate is in the convergent sequence
$\{0\}\cup\{1/n:n\in\N\}$. In a solution to a problem posed by Lex G.
Oversteegen we present simple and useful topological
characterizations of $\cerdos$.
As an application we determine the class
of factors of $\cerdos$. In another application we determine
precisely which of the spaces that can be constructed in the Banach
spaces $\ell^p$ according to the `Erd\H os method' are homeomorphic
to $\cerdos$. A novel application states that if $I$ is a
Polishable $F_\sigma$-ideal on $\omega$, then $I$ with the Polish
topology is homeomorphic to either $\Z$, the Cantor set $2^\omega$,
$\Z\times2^\omega$, or $\cerdos$. This last result answers a
question that was asked
by Stevo Todor{\v{c}}evi{\'c}.
Keywords:Complete Erd\H os space, Lelek fan, almost zero-dimensional, nowhere zero-dimensional, Polishable ideals, submeasures on $\omega$, $\R$-trees, line-free groups in Banach spaces Categories:28C10, 46B20, 54F65 |