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1. CJM Online first

Kamgarpour, Masoud
 On the notion of conductor in the local geometric Langlands correspondence Under the local Langlands correspondence, the conductor of an irreducible representation of $\operatorname{Gl}_n(F)$ is greater than the Swan conductor of the corresponding Galois representation. In this paper, we establish the geometric analogue of this statement by showing that the conductor of a categorical representation of the loop group is greater than the irregularity of the corresponding meromorphic connection. Keywords:local geometric Langlands, connections, cyclic vectors, opers, conductors, Segal-Sugawara operators, Chervov-Molev operators, critical level, smooth representations, affine Kac-Moody algebra, categorical representationsCategories:17B67, 17B69, 22E50, 20G25

2. CJM Online first

De Bernardi, Carlo Alberto; Veselý, Libor
 Tilings of normed spaces By a tiling of a topological linear space $X$ we mean a covering of $X$ by at least two closed convex sets, called tiles, whose nonempty interiors are pairwise disjoint. Study of tilings of infinite-dimensional spaces initiated in the 1980's with pioneer papers by V. Klee. We prove some general properties of tilings of locally convex spaces, and then apply these results to study existence of tilings of normed and Banach spaces by tiles possessing certain smoothness or rotundity properties. For a Banach space $X$, our main results are the following. 1. $X$ admits no tiling by FrÃ©chet smooth bounded tiles. 2. If $X$ is locally uniformly rotund (LUR), it does not admit any tiling by balls. 3. On the other hand, some $\ell_1(\Gamma)$ spaces, $\Gamma$ uncountable, do admit a tiling by pairwise disjoint LUR bounded tiles. Keywords:tiling of normed space, FrÃ©chet smooth body, locally uniformly rotund body, $\ell_1(\Gamma)$-spaceCategories:46B20, 52A99, 46A45

3. CJM 2015 (vol 68 pp. 109)

Kopotun, Kirill; Leviatan, Dany; Shevchuk, Igor
 Constrained Approximation with Jacobi Weights In this paper, we prove that, for $\ell=1$ or $2$, the rate of best $\ell$-monotone polynomial approximation in the $L_p$ norm ($1\leq p \leq \infty$) weighted by the Jacobi weight $w_{\alpha,\beta}(x) :=(1+x)^\alpha(1-x)^\beta$ with $\alpha,\beta\gt -1/p$ if $p\lt \infty$, or $\alpha,\beta\geq 0$ if $p=\infty$, is bounded by an appropriate $(\ell+1)$st modulus of smoothness with the same weight, and that this rate cannot be bounded by the $(\ell+2)$nd modulus. Related results on constrained weighted spline approximation and applications of our estimates are also given. Keywords:constrained approximation, Jacobi weights, weighted moduli of smoothness, exact estimates, exact ordersCategories:41A29, 41A10, 41A15, 41A17, 41A25

4. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 102)

Birth, Lidia; Glöckner, Helge
 Continuity of convolution of test functions on Lie groups For a Lie group $G$, we show that the map $C^\infty_c(G)\times C^\infty_c(G)\to C^\infty_c(G)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma*\eta$ taking a pair of test functions to their convolution is continuous if and only if $G$ is $\sigma$-compact. More generally, consider $r,s,t \in \mathbb{N}_0\cup\{\infty\}$ with $t\leq r+s$, locally convex spaces $E_1$, $E_2$ and a continuous bilinear map $b\colon E_1\times E_2\to F$ to a complete locally convex space $F$. Let $\beta\colon C^r_c(G,E_1)\times C^s_c(G,E_2)\to C^t_c(G,F)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma *_b\eta$ be the associated convolution map. The main result is a characterization of those $(G,r,s,t,b)$ for which $\beta$ is continuous. Convolution of compactly supported continuous functions on a locally compact group is also discussed, as well as convolution of compactly supported $L^1$-functions and convolution of compactly supported Radon measures. Keywords:Lie group, locally compact group, smooth function, compact support, test function, second countability, countable basis, sigma-compactness, convolution, continuity, seminorm, product estimatesCategories:22E30, 46F05, 22D15, 42A85, 43A10, 43A15, 46A03, 46A13, 46E25

5. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)

Ouyang, Caiheng; Xu, Quanhua
 BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces This paper studies the relationship between vector-valued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1-|z|)^{q-1}\|\nabla f(z)\|^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\|f(z)-f(z_0)\|^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$-uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1-|z_0|^2}{|1-\bar{z_0}z|^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$-uniformly smooth norm. Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spacesCategories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20

6. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 242)

Azagra, Daniel; Fry, Robb
 A Second Order Smooth Variational Principle on Riemannian Manifolds We establish a second order smooth variational principle valid for functions defined on (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifolds which are uniformly locally convex and have a strictly positive injectivity radius and bounded sectional curvature. Keywords:smooth variational principle, Riemannian manifoldCategories:58E30, 49J52, 46T05, 47J30, 58B20

7. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1301)

Furioli, Giulia; Melzi, Camillo; Veneruso, Alessandro
 Strichartz Inequalities for the Wave Equation with the Full Laplacian on the Heisenberg Group We prove dispersive and Strichartz inequalities for the solution of the wave equation related to the full Laplacian on the Heisenberg group, by means of Besov spaces defined by a Littlewood--Paley decomposition related to the spectral resolution of the full Laplacian. This requires a careful analysis due also to the non-homogeneous nature of the full Laplacian. This result has to be compared to a previous one by Bahouri, G\'erard and Xu concerning the solution of the wave equation related to the Kohn Laplacian. Keywords:nilpotent and solvable Lie groups, smoothness and regularity of solutions of PDEsCategories:22E25, 35B65

8. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 64)

Filippakis, Michael; Gasiński, Leszek; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
 Multiplicity Results for Nonlinear Neumann Problems In this paper we study nonlinear elliptic problems of Neumann type driven by the $p$-Laplac\-ian differential operator. We look for situations guaranteeing the existence of multiple solutions. First we study problems which are strongly resonant at infinity at the first (zero) eigenvalue. We prove five multiplicity results, four for problems with nonsmooth potential and one for problems with a $C^1$-potential. In the last part, for nonsmooth problems in which the potential eventually exhibits a strict super-$p$-growth under a symmetry condition, we prove the existence of infinitely many pairs of nontrivial solutions. Our approach is variational based on the critical point theory for nonsmooth functionals. Also we present some results concerning the first two elements of the spectrum of the negative $p$-Laplacian with Neumann boundary condition. Keywords:Nonsmooth critical point theory, locally Lipschitz function,, Clarke subdifferential, Neumann problem, strong resonance,, second deformation theorem, nonsmooth symmetric mountain pass theorem,, $p$-LaplacianCategories:35J20, 35J60, 35J85

9. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 471)

Ciesielski, Krzysztof; Pawlikowski, Janusz
 Small Coverings with Smooth Functions under the Covering Property Axiom In the paper we formulate a Covering Property Axiom, \psmP, which holds in the iterated perfect set model, and show that it implies the following facts, of which (a) and (b) are the generalizations of results of J. Stepr\={a}ns. \begin{compactenum}[\rm(a)~~] \item There exists a family $\F$ of less than continuum many $\C^1$ functions from $\real$ to $\real$ such that $\real^2$ is covered by functions from $\F$, in the sense that for every $\la x,y\ra\in\real^2$ there exists an $f\in\F$ such that either $f(x)=y$ or $f(y)=x$. \item For every Borel function $f\colon\real\to\real$ there exists a family $\F$ of less than continuum many $\C^1$'' functions ({\em i.e.,} differentiable functions with continuous derivatives, where derivative can be infinite) whose graphs cover the graph of $f$. \item For every $n>0$ and a $D^n$ function $f\colon\real\to\real$ there exists a family $\F$ of less than continuum many $\C^n$ functions whose graphs cover the graph of $f$. \end{compactenum} We also provide the examples showing that in the above properties the smoothness conditions are the best possible. Parts (b), (c), and the examples are closely related to work of A. Olevski\v{\i}. Keywords:continuous, smooth, coveringCategories:26A24, 03E35

10. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 673)

Balog, Antal; Wooley, Trevor D.
 Sums of Two Squares in Short Intervals Let $\calS$ denote the set of integers representable as a sum of two squares. Since $\calS$ can be described as the unsifted elements of a sieving process of positive dimension, it is to be expected that $\calS$ has many properties in common with the set of prime numbers. In this paper we exhibit unexpected irregularities'' in the distribution of sums of two squares in short intervals, a phenomenon analogous to that discovered by Maier, over a decade ago, in the distribution of prime numbers. To be precise, we show that there are infinitely many short intervals containing considerably more elements of $\calS$ than expected, and infinitely many intervals containing considerably fewer than expected. Keywords:sums of two squares, sieves, short intervals, smooth numbersCategories:11N36, 11N37, 11N25

11. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 26)

Fabian, Marián; Mordukhovich, Boris S.
 Separable Reduction and Supporting Properties of FrÃ©chet-Like Normals in Banach Spaces We develop a method of separable reduction for Fr\'{e}chet-like normals and $\epsilon$-normals to arbitrary sets in general Banach spaces. This method allows us to reduce certain problems involving such normals in nonseparable spaces to the separable case. It is particularly helpful in Asplund spaces where every separable subspace admits a Fr\'{e}chet smooth renorm. As an applicaton of the separable reduction method in Asplund spaces, we provide a new direct proof of a nonconvex extension of the celebrated Bishop-Phelps density theorem. Moreover, in this way we establish new characterizations of Asplund spaces in terms of $\epsilon$-normals. Keywords:nonsmooth analysis, Banach spaces, separable reduction, FrÃ©chet-like normals and subdifferentials, supporting properties, Asplund spacesCategories:49J52, 58C20, 46B20
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