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1. CJM Online first

Bellaïche, Joël
 Unitary Eigenvarieties at Isobaric Points In this article we study the geometry of the eigenvarieties of unitary groups at points corresponding to tempered non-stable representations with an anti-ordinary (a.k.a evil) refinement. We prove that, except in the case the Galois representation attached to the automorphic form is a sum of characters, the eigenvariety is non-smooth at such a point, and that (under some additional hypotheses) its tangent space is big enough to account for all the relevant Selmer group. We also study the local reducibility locus at those points, proving that in general, in contrast with the case of the eigencurve, it is a proper subscheme of the fiber of the eigenvariety over the weight space. Keywords:eigenvarieties, Galois representations, Selmer groups

2. CJM Online first

Ashraf, Samia; Azam, Haniya; Berceanu, Barbu
 Representation stability of power sets and square free polynomials The symmetric group $\mathcal{S}_n$ acts on the power set $\mathcal{P}(n)$ and also on the set of square free polynomials in $n$ variables. These two related representations are analyzed from the stability point of view. An application is given for the action of the symmetric group on the cohomology of the pure braid group. Keywords:symmetric group modules, square free polynomials, representation stability, Arnold algebraCategories:20C30, 13A50, 20F36, 55R80

3. CJM 2014 (vol 66 pp. 1201)

Adler, Jeffrey D.; Lansky, Joshua M.
 Lifting Representations of Finite Reductive Groups I: Semisimple Conjugacy Classes Suppose that $\tilde{G}$ is a connected reductive group defined over a field $k$, and $\Gamma$ is a finite group acting via $k$-automorphisms of $\tilde{G}$ satisfying a certain quasi-semisimplicity condition. Then the identity component of the group of $\Gamma$-fixed points in $\tilde{G}$ is reductive. We axiomatize the main features of the relationship between this fixed-point group and the pair $(\tilde{G},\Gamma)$, and consider any group $G$ satisfying the axioms. If both $\tilde{G}$ and $G$ are $k$-quasisplit, then we can consider their duals $\tilde{G}^*$ and $G^*$. We show the existence of and give an explicit formula for a natural map from the set of semisimple stable conjugacy classes in $G^*(k)$ to the analogous set for $\tilde{G}^*(k)$. If $k$ is finite, then our groups are automatically quasisplit, and our result specializes to give a map of semisimple conjugacy classes. Since such classes parametrize packets of irreducible representations of $G(k)$ and $\tilde{G}(k)$, one obtains a mapping of such packets. Keywords:reductive group, lifting, conjugacy class, representation, Lusztig seriesCategories:20G15, 20G40, 20C33, 22E35

4. CJM Online first

 Bounded Derived Categories of Infinite Quivers: Grothendieck Duality, Reflection Functor We study bounded derived categories of the category of representations of infinite quivers over a ring $R$. In case $R$ is a commutative noetherian ring with a dualising complex, we investigate an equivalence similar to Grothendieck duality for these categories, while a notion of dualising complex does not apply to them. The quivers we consider are left, resp. right, rooted quivers that are either noetherian or their opposite are noetherian. We also consider reflection functor and generalize a result of Happel to noetherian rings of finite global dimension, instead of fields. Keywords:derived category, Grothendieck duality, representation of quivers, reflection functorCategories:18E30, 16G20, 18E40, 16D90, 18A40

5. CJM Online first

Chen, Fulin; Gao, Yun; Jing, Naihuan; Tan, Shaobin
 Twisted Vertex Operators and Unitary Lie Algebras A representation of the central extension of the unitary Lie algebra coordinated with a skew Laurent polynomial ring is constructed using vertex operators over an integral $\mathbb Z_2$-lattice. The irreducible decomposition of the representation is explicitly computed and described. As a by-product, some fundamental representations of affine Kac-Moody Lie algebra of type $A_n^{(2)}$ are recovered by the new method. Keywords:Lie algebra, vertex operator, representation theoryCategories:17B60, 17B69

6. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1250)

Feigin, Evgeny; Finkelberg, Michael; Littelmann, Peter
 Symplectic Degenerate Flag Varieties A simple finite dimensional module $V_\lambda$ of a simple complex algebraic group $G$ is naturally endowed with a filtration induced by the PBW-filtration of $U(\mathrm{Lie}\, G)$. The associated graded space $V_\lambda^a$ is a module for the group $G^a$, which can be roughly described as a semi-direct product of a Borel subgroup of $G$ and a large commutative unipotent group $\mathbb{G}_a^M$. In analogy to the flag variety $\mathcal{F}_\lambda=G.[v_\lambda]\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda)$, we call the closure $\overline{G^a.[v_\lambda]}\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda^a)$ of the $G^a$-orbit through the highest weight line the degenerate flag variety $\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$. In general this is a singular variety, but we conjecture that it has many nice properties similar to that of Schubert varieties. In this paper we consider the case of $G$ being the symplectic group. The symplectic case is important for the conjecture because it is the first known case where even for fundamental weights $\omega$ the varieties $\mathcal{F}^a_\omega$ differ from $\mathcal{F}_\omega$. We give an explicit construction of the varieties $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ and construct desingularizations, similar to the Bott-Samelson resolutions in the classical case. We prove that $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ are normal locally complete intersections with terminal and rational singularities. We also show that these varieties are Frobenius split. Using the above mentioned results, we prove an analogue of the Borel-Weil theorem and obtain a $q$-character formula for the characters of irreducible $Sp_{2n}$-modules via the Atiyah-Bott-Lefschetz fixed points formula. Keywords:Lie algebras, flag varieties, symplectic groups, representationsCategories:14M15, 22E46

7. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1287)

Henniart, Guy; Sécherre, Vincent
 Types et contragrÃ©dientes Soit $\mathrm{G}$ un groupe rÃ©ductif $p$-adique, et soit $\mathrm{R}$ un corps algÃ©briquement clos. Soit $\pi$ une reprÃ©sentation lisse de $\mathrm{G}$ dans un espace vectoriel $\mathrm{V}$ sur $\mathrm{R}$. Fixons un sous-groupe ouvert et compact $\mathrm{K}$ de $\mathrm{G}$ et une reprÃ©sentation lisse irrÃ©ductible $\tau$ de $\mathrm{K}$ dans un espace vectoriel $\mathrm{W}$ de dimension finie sur $\mathrm{R}$. Sur l'espace $\mathrm{Hom}_{\mathrm{K}(\mathrm{W},\mathrm{V})}$ agit l'algÃ¨bre d'entrelacement $\mathscr{H}(\mathrm{G},\mathrm{K},\mathrm{W})$. Nous examinons la compatibilitÃ© de ces constructions avec le passage aux reprÃ©sentations contragrÃ©dientes $\mathrm{V}^Äe$ et $\mathrm{W}^Äe$, et donnons en particulier des conditions sur $\mathrm{W}$ ou sur la caractÃ©ristique de $\mathrm{R}$ pour que le comportement soit semblable au cas des reprÃ©sentations complexes. Nous prenons un point de vue abstrait, n'utilisant que des propriÃ©tÃ©s gÃ©nÃ©rales de $\mathrm{G}$. Nous terminons par une application Ã  la thÃ©orie des types pour le groupe $\mathrm{GL}_n$ et ses formes intÃ©rieures sur un corps local non archimÃ©dien. Keywords:modular representations of p-adic reductive groups, types, contragredient, intertwiningCategory:22E50

8. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1167)

Rotger, Victor; de Vera-Piquero, Carlos
 Galois Representations Over Fields of Moduli and Rational Points on Shimura Curves The purpose of this note is introducing a method for proving the existence of no rational points on a coarse moduli space $X$ of abelian varieties over a given number field $K$, in cases where the moduli problem is not fine and points in $X(K)$ may not be represented by an abelian variety (with additional structure) admitting a model over the field $K$. This is typically the case when the abelian varieties that are being classified have even dimension. The main idea, inspired on the work of Ellenberg and Skinner on the modularity of $\mathbb{Q}$-curves, is that to a point $P=[A]\in X(K)$ represented by an abelian variety $A/\bar K$ one may still attach a Galois representation of $\operatorname{Gal}(\bar K/K)$ with values in the quotient group $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))/\operatorname{Aut}(A)$, provided $\operatorname{Aut}(A)$ lies in the centre of $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))$. We exemplify our method in the cases where $X$ is a Shimura curve over an imaginary quadratic field or an Atkin-Lehner quotient over $\mathbb{Q}$. Keywords:Shimura curves, rational points, Galois representations, Hasse principle, Brauer-Manin obstructionCategories:11G18, 14G35, 14G05

9. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 566)

Choiy, Kwangho
 Transfer of Plancherel Measures for Unitary Supercuspidal Representations between $p$-adic Inner Forms Let $F$ be a $p$-adic field of characteristic $0$, and let $M$ be an $F$-Levi subgroup of a connected reductive $F$-split group such that $\Pi_{i=1}^{r} SL_{n_i} \subseteq M \subseteq \Pi_{i=1}^{r} GL_{n_i}$ for positive integers $r$ and $n_i$. We prove that the Plancherel measure for any unitary supercuspidal representation of $M(F)$ is identically transferred under the local Jacquet-Langlands type correspondence between $M$ and its $F$-inner forms, assuming a working hypothesis that Plancherel measures are invariant on a certain set. This work extends the result of MuiÄ and Savin (2000) for Siegel Levi subgroups of the groups $SO_{4n}$ and $Sp_{4n}$ under the local Jacquet-Langlands correspondence. It can be applied to a simply connected simple $F$-group of type $E_6$ or $E_7$, and a connected reductive $F$-group of type $A_{n}$, $B_{n}$, $C_n$ or $D_n$. Keywords:Plancherel measure, inner form, local to global global argument, cuspidal automorphic representation, Jacquet-Langlands correspondenceCategories:22E50, 11F70, 22E55, 22E35

10. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 700)

He, Jianxun; Xiao, Jinsen
 Inversion of the Radon Transform on the Free Nilpotent Lie Group of Step Two Let $F_{2n,2}$ be the free nilpotent Lie group of step two on $2n$ generators, and let $\mathbf P$ denote the affine automorphism group of $F_{2n,2}$. In this article the theory of continuous wavelet transform on $F_{2n,2}$ associated with $\mathbf P$ is developed, and then a type of radial wavelets is constructed. Secondly, the Radon transform on $F_{2n,2}$ is studied and two equivalent characterizations of the range for Radon transform are given. Several kinds of inversion Radon transform formulae are established. One is obtained from the Euclidean Fourier transform, the others are from group Fourier transform. By using wavelet transform we deduce an inversion formula of the Radon transform, which does not require the smoothness of functions if the wavelet satisfies the differentiability property. Specially, if $n=1$, $F_{2,2}$ is the $3$-dimensional Heisenberg group $H^1$, the inversion formula of the Radon transform is valid which is associated with the sub-Laplacian on $F_{2,2}$. This result cannot be extended to the case $n\geq 2$. Keywords:Radon transform, wavelet transform, free nilpotent Lie group, unitary representation, inversion formula, sub-LaplacianCategories:43A85, 44A12, 52A38

11. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 3)

Abdesselam, Abdelmalek; Chipalkatti, Jaydeep
 On Hilbert Covariants Let $F$ denote a binary form of order $d$ over the complex numbers. If $r$ is a divisor of $d$, then the Hilbert covariant $\mathcal{H}_{r,d}(F)$ vanishes exactly when $F$ is the perfect power of an order $r$ form. In geometric terms, the coefficients of $\mathcal{H}$ give defining equations for the image variety $X$ of an embedding $\mathbf{P}^r \hookrightarrow \mathbf{P}^d$. In this paper we describe a new construction of the Hilbert covariant; and simultaneously situate it into a wider class of covariants called the GÃ¶ttingen covariants, all of which vanish on $X$. We prove that the ideal generated by the coefficients of $\mathcal{H}$ defines $X$ as a scheme. Finally, we exhibit a generalisation of the GÃ¶ttingen covariants to $n$-ary forms using the classical Clebsch transfer principle. Keywords:binary forms, covariants, $SL_2$-representationsCategories:14L30, 13A50

12. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 721)

Achab, Dehbia; Faraut, Jacques
 Analysis of the Brylinski-Kostant Model for Spherical Minimal Representations We revisit with another view point the construction by R. Brylinski and B. Kostant of minimal representations of simple Lie groups. We start from a pair $(V,Q)$, where $V$ is a complex vector space and $Q$ a homogeneous polynomial of degree 4 on $V$. The manifold $\Xi$ is an orbit of a covering of ${\rm Conf}(V,Q)$, the conformal group of the pair $(V,Q)$, in a finite dimensional representation space. By a generalized Kantor-Koecher-Tits construction we obtain a complex simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, and furthermore a real form ${\mathfrak g}_{\mathbb R}$. The connected and simply connected Lie group $G_{\mathbb R}$ with ${\rm Lie}(G_{\mathbb R})={\mathfrak g}_{\mathbb R}$ acts unitarily on a Hilbert space of holomorphic functions defined on the manifold $\Xi$. Keywords:minimal representation, Kantor-Koecher-Tits construction, Jordan algebra, Bernstein identity, Meijer $G$-functionCategories:17C36, 22E46, 32M15, 33C80

13. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 669)

Pantano, Alessandra; Paul, Annegret; Salamanca-Riba, Susana A.
 The Genuine Omega-regular Unitary Dual of the Metaplectic Group We classify all genuine unitary representations of the metaplectic group whose infinitesimal character is real and at least as regular as that of the oscillator representation. In a previous paper we exhibited a certain family of representations satisfying these conditions, obtained by cohomological induction from the tensor product of a one-dimensional representation and an oscillator representation. Our main theorem asserts that this family exhausts the genuine omega-regular unitary dual of the metaplectic group. Keywords:Metaplectic group, oscillator representation, bottom layer map, cohomological induction, Parthasarathy's Dirac Operator Inequality, pseudospherical principal seriesCategory:22E46

14. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 455)

Sherman, David
 On Cardinal Invariants and Generators for von Neumann Algebras We demonstrate how most common cardinal invariants associated with a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ can be computed from the decomposability number, $\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M)$, and the minimal cardinality of a generating set, $\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)$. Applications include the equivalence of the well-known generator problem, Is every separably-acting von Neumann algebra singly-generated?", with the formally stronger questions, Is every countably-generated von Neumann algebra singly-generated?" and Is the $\operatorname{gen}$ invariant monotone?" Modulo the generator problem, we determine the range of the invariant $\bigl( \operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M), \operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \bigr)$, which is mostly governed by the inequality $\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \leq \mathfrak C^{\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)}$. Keywords:von Neumann algebra, cardinal invariant, generator problem, decomposability number, representation densityCategory:46L10

15. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 409)

Rainer, Armin
 Lifting Quasianalytic Mappings over Invariants Let $\rho \colon G \to \operatorname{GL}(V)$ be a rational finite dimensional complex representation of a reductive linear algebraic group $G$, and let $\sigma_1,\dots,\sigma_n$ be a system of generators of the algebra of invariant polynomials $\mathbb C[V]^G$. We study the problem of lifting mappings $f\colon \mathbb R^q \supseteq U \to \sigma(V) \subseteq \mathbb C^n$ over the mapping of invariants $\sigma=(\sigma_1,\dots,\sigma_n) \colon V \to \sigma(V)$. Note that $\sigma(V)$ can be identified with the categorical quotient $V /\!\!/ G$ and its points correspond bijectively to the closed orbits in $V$. We prove that if $f$ belongs to a quasianalytic subclass $\mathcal C \subseteq C^\infty$ satisfying some mild closedness properties that guarantee resolution of singularities in $\mathcal C$, e.g., the real analytic class, then $f$ admits a lift of the same class $\mathcal C$ after desingularization by local blow-ups and local power substitutions. As a consequence we show that $f$ itself allows for a lift that belongs to $\operatorname{SBV}_{\operatorname{loc}}$, i.e., special functions of bounded variation. If $\rho$ is a real representation of a compact Lie group, we obtain stronger versions. Keywords:lifting over invariants, reductive group representation, quasianalytic mappings, desingularization, bounded variationCategories:14L24, 14L30, 20G20, 22E45

16. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1107)

Liu, Baiying
 Genericity of Representations of p-Adic $Sp_{2n}$ and Local Langlands Parameters Let $G$ be the $F$-rational points of the symplectic group $Sp_{2n}$, where $F$ is a non-Archimedean local field of characteristic $0$. Cogdell, Kim, Piatetski-Shapiro, and Shahidi constructed local Langlands functorial lifting from irreducible generic representations of $G$ to irreducible representations of $GL_{2n+1}(F)$. Jiang and Soudry constructed the descent map from irreducible supercuspidal representations of $GL_{2n+1}(F)$ to those of $G$, showing that the local Langlands functorial lifting from the irreducible supercuspidal generic representations is surjective. In this paper, based on above results, using the same descent method of studying $SO_{2n+1}$ as Jiang and Soudry, we will show the rest of local Langlands functorial lifting is also surjective, and for any local Langlands parameter $\phi \in \Phi(G)$, we construct a representation $\sigma$ such that $\phi$ and $\sigma$ have the same twisted local factors. As one application, we prove the $G$-case of a conjecture of Gross-Prasad and Rallis, that is, a local Langlands parameter $\phi \in \Phi(G)$ is generic, i.e., the representation attached to $\phi$ is generic, if and only if the adjoint $L$-function of $\phi$ is holomorphic at $s=1$. As another application, we prove for each Arthur parameter $\psi$, and the corresponding local Langlands parameter $\phi_{\psi}$, the representation attached to $\phi_{\psi}$ is generic if and only if $\phi_{\psi}$ is tempered. Keywords:generic representations, local Langlands parametersCategories:22E50, 11S37

17. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 616)

Lee, Edward
 A Modular Quintic Calabi-Yau Threefold of Level 55 In this note we search the parameter space of Horrocks-Mumford quintic threefolds and locate a Calabi-Yau threefold that is modular, in the sense that the $L$-function of its middle-dimensional cohomology is associated with a classical modular form of weight 4 and level 55. Keywords: Calabi-Yau threefold, non-rigid Calabi-Yau threefold, two-dimensional Galois representation, modular variety, Horrocks-Mumford vector bundleCategories:14J15, 11F23, 14J32, 11G40

18. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 34)

Campbell, Peter S.; Nevins, Monica
 Branching Rules for Ramified Principal Series Representations of $\mathrm{GL}(3)$ over a $p$-adic Field We decompose the restriction of ramified principal series representations of the $p$-adic group $\mathrm{GL}(3,\mathrm{k})$ to its maximal compact subgroup $K=\mathrm{GL}(3,R)$. Its decomposition is dependent on the degree of ramification of the inducing characters and can be characterized in terms of filtrations of the Iwahori subgroup in $K$. We establish several irreducibility results and illustrate the decomposition with some examples. Keywords:principal series representations, branching rules, maximal compact subgroups, representations of $p$-adic groupsCategories:20G25, 20G05

19. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 439)

Sundhäll, Marcus; Tchoundja, Edgar
 On Hankel Forms of Higher Weights: The Case of Hardy Spaces In this paper we study bilinear Hankel forms of higher weights on Hardy spaces in several dimensions. (The Schatten class Hankel forms of higher weights on weighted Bergman spaces have already been studied by Janson and Peetre for one dimension and by SundhÃ¤ll for several dimensions). We get a full characterization of Schatten class Hankel forms in terms of conditions for the symbols to be in certain Besov spaces. Also, the Hankel forms are bounded and compact if and only if the symbols satisfy certain Carleson measure criteria and vanishing Carleson measure criteria, respectively. Keywords:Hankel forms, Schattenâvon Neumann classes, Bergman spaces, Hardy spaces, Besov spaces, transvectant, unitary representations, MÃ¶bius groupCategories:32A25, 32A35, 32A37, 47B35

20. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1067)

Kariyama, Kazutoshi
 On Types for Unramified $p$-Adic Unitary Groups Let $F$ be a non-archimedean local field of residue characteristic neither 2 nor 3 equipped with a galois involution with fixed field $F_0$, and let $G$ be a symplectic group over $F$ or an unramified unitary group over $F_0$. Following the methods of Bushnell--Kutzko for $\GL(N,F)$, we define an analogue of a simple type attached to a certain skew simple stratum, and realize a type in $G$. In particular, we obtain an irreducible supercuspidal representation of $G$ like $\GL(N,F)$. Keywords:$p$-adic unitary group, type, supercuspidal representation, Hecke algebraCategories:22E50, 22D99

21. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 208)

Ramakrishna, Ravi
 Constructing Galois Representations with Very Large Image Starting with a 2-dimensional mod $p$ Galois representation, we construct a deformation to a power series ring in infinitely many variables over the $p$-adics. The image of this representation is full in the sense that it contains $\SL_2$ of this power series ring. Furthermore, all ${\mathbb Z}_p$ specializations of this deformation are potentially semistable at $p$. Keywords:Galois representation, deformationCategory:11f80

22. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 332)

Leuschke, Graham J.
 Endomorphism Rings of Finite Global Dimension For a commutative local ring $R$, consider (noncommutative) $R$-algebras $\Lambda$ of the form $\Lambda = \operatorname{End}_R(M)$ where $M$ is a reflexive $R$-module with nonzero free direct summand. Such algebras $\Lambda$ of finite global dimension can be viewed as potential substitutes for, or analogues of, a resolution of singularities of $\operatorname{Spec} R$. For example, Van den Bergh has shown that a three-dimensional Gorenstein normal $\mathbb{C}$-algebra with isolated terminal singularities has a crepant resolution of singularities if and only if it has such an algebra $\Lambda$ with finite global dimension and which is maximal Cohen--Macaulay over $R$ (a noncommutative crepant resolution of singularities''). We produce algebras $\Lambda=\operatorname{End}_R(M)$ having finite global dimension in two contexts: when $R$ is a reduced one-dimensional complete local ring, or when $R$ is a Cohen--Macaulay local ring of finite Cohen--Macaulay type. If in the latter case $R$ is Gorenstein, then the construction gives a noncommutative crepant resolution of singularities in the sense of Van den Bergh. Keywords:representation dimension, noncommutative crepant resolution, maximal Cohen--Macaulay modulesCategories:16G50, 16G60, 16E99

23. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 23)

Dabbaghian-Abdoly, Vahid
 Constructing Representations of Finite Simple Groups and Covers Let $G$ be a finite group and $\chi$ be an irreducible character of $G$. An efficient and simple method to construct representations of finite groups is applicable whenever $G$ has a subgroup $H$ such that $\chi_H$ has a linear constituent with multiplicity $1$. In this paper we show (with a few exceptions) that if $G$ is a simple group or a covering group of a simple group and $\chi$ is an irreducible character of $G$ of degree less than 32, then there exists a subgroup $H$ (often a Sylow subgroup) of $G$ such that $\chi_H$ has a linear constituent with multiplicity $1$. Keywords:group representations, simple groups, central covers, irreducible representationsCategories:20C40, 20C15

24. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 897)

Berezhnoĭ, Evgenii I.; Maligranda, Lech
 Representation of Banach Ideal Spaces and Factorization of Operators Representation theorems are proved for Banach ideal spaces with the Fatou property which are built by the Calder{\'o}n--Lozanovski\u\i\ construction. Factorization theorems for operators in spaces more general than the Lebesgue $L^{p}$ spaces are investigated. It is natural to extend the Gagliardo theorem on the Schur test and the Rubio de~Francia theorem on factorization of the Muckenhoupt $A_{p}$ weights to reflexive Orlicz spaces. However, it turns out that for the scales far from $L^{p}$-spaces this is impossible. For the concrete integral operators it is shown that factorization theorems and the Schur test in some reflexive Orlicz spaces are not valid. Representation theorems for the Calder{\'o}n--Lozanovski\u\i\ construction are involved in the proofs. Keywords:Banach ideal spaces, weighted spaces, weight functions,, CalderÃ³n--Lozanovski\u\i\ spaces, Orlicz spaces, representation of, spaces, uniqueness problem, positive linear operators, positive sublinear, operators, Schur test, factorization of operators, fCategories:46E30, 46B42, 46B70

25. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 598)

Kornelson, Keri A.
 Local Solvability of Laplacian Difference Operators Arising from the Discrete Heisenberg Group Differential operators $D_x$, $D_y$, and $D_z$ are formed using the action of the $3$-dimensional discrete Heisenberg group $G$ on a set $S$, and the operators will act on functions on $S$. The Laplacian operator $L=D_x^2 + D_y^2 + D_z^2$ is a difference operator with variable differences which can be associated to a unitary representation of $G$ on the Hilbert space $L^2(S)$. Using techniques from harmonic analysis and representation theory, we show that the Laplacian operator is locally solvable. Keywords:discrete Heisenberg group,, unitary representation,, local solvability,, difference operatorCategories:43A85, 22D10, 39A70
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