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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword projection

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1. CJM Online first

Giannopoulos, Apostolos; Koldobsky, Alexander; Valettas, Petros
Inequalities for the surface area of projections of convex bodies
We provide general inequalities that compare the surface area $S(K)$ of a convex body $K$ in ${\mathbb R}^n$ to the minimal, average or maximal surface area of its hyperplane or lower dimensional projections. We discuss the same questions for all the quermassintegrals of $K$. We examine separately the dependence of the constants on the dimension in the case where $K$ is in some of the classical positions or $K$ is a projection body. Our results are in the spirit of the hyperplane problem, with sections replaced by projections and volume by surface area.

Keywords:surface area, convex body, projection
Categories:52A20, 46B05

2. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 762)

Colesanti, Andrea; Gómez, Eugenia Saorín; Nicolás, Jesus Yepes
On a Linear Refinement of the Prékopa-Leindler Inequality
If $f,g:\mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}_{\geq0}$ are non-negative measurable functions, then the Prékopa-Leindler inequality asserts that the integral of the Asplund sum (provided that it is measurable) is greater or equal than the $0$-mean of the integrals of $f$ and $g$. In this paper we prove that under the sole assumption that $f$ and $g$ have a common projection onto a hyperplane, the Prékopa-Leindler inequality admits a linear refinement. Moreover, the same inequality can be obtained when assuming that both projections (not necessarily equal as functions) have the same integral. An analogous approach may be also carried out for the so-called Borell-Brascamp-Lieb inequality.

Keywords:Prékopa-Leindler inequality, linearity, Asplund sum, projections, Borell-Brascamp-Lieb inequality
Categories:52A40, 26D15, 26B25

3. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 573)

Nawata, Norio
Fundamental Group of Simple $C^*$-algebras with Unique Trace III
We introduce the fundamental group ${\mathcal F}(A)$ of a simple $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ with unique (up to scalar multiple) densely defined lower semicontinuous trace. This is a generalization of ``Fundamental Group of Simple $C^*$-algebras with Unique Trace I and II'' by Nawata and Watatani. Our definition in this paper makes sense for stably projectionless $C^*$-algebras. We show that there exist separable stably projectionless $C^*$-algebras such that their fundamental groups are equal to $\mathbb{R}_+^\times$ by using the classification theorem of Razak and Tsang. This is a contrast to the unital case in Nawata and Watatani. This study is motivated by the work of Kishimoto and Kumjian.

Keywords:fundamental group, Picard group, Hilbert module, countable basis, stably projectionless algebra, dimension function
Categories:46L05, 46L08, 46L35

4. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1161)

Neuwirth, Stefan; Ricard, Éric
Transfer of Fourier Multipliers into Schur Multipliers and Sumsets in a Discrete Group
We inspect the relationship between relative Fourier multipliers on noncommutative Lebesgue-Orlicz spaces of a discrete group $\varGamma$ and relative Toeplitz-Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann-Orlicz classes. Four applications are given: lacunary sets, unconditional Schauder bases for the subspace of a Lebesgue space determined by a given spectrum $\varLambda\subseteq\varGamma$, the norm of the Hilbert transform and the Riesz projection on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent a power of 2, and the norm of Toeplitz Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent less than 1.

Keywords:Fourier multiplier, Toeplitz Schur multiplier, lacunary set, unconditional approximation property, Hilbert transform, Riesz projection
Categories:47B49, 43A22, 43A46, 46B28

5. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 638)

MacDonald, Gordon W.
Distance from Idempotents to Nilpotents
We give bounds on the distance from a non-zero idempotent to the set of nilpotents in the set of $n\times n$ matrices in terms of the norm of the idempotent. We construct explicit idempotents and nilpotents which achieve these distances, and determine exact distances in some special cases.

Keywords:operator, matrix, nilpotent, idempotent, projection
Categories:47A15, 47D03, 15A30

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