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1. CJM Online first

Kohen, Daniel; Pacetti, Ariel
Heegner points on Cartan non-split curves
Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of conductor $N$, and let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field such that the root number of $E/K$ is $-1$. Let $\mathscr{O}$ be an order in $K$ and assume that there exists an odd prime $p$, such that $p^2 \mid\mid N$, and $p$ is inert in $\mathscr{O}$. Although there are no Heegner points on $X_0(N)$ attached to $\mathscr{O}$, in this article we construct such points on Cartan non-split curves. In order to do that we give a method to compute Fourier expansions for forms on Cartan non-split curves, and prove that the constructed points form a Heegner system as in the classical case.

Keywords:Cartan curves, Heegner points
Categories:11G05, 11F30

2. CJM Online first

Levin, Aaron; Wang, Julie Tzu-Yueh
On non-Archimedean curves omitting few components and their arithmetic analogues
Let $\mathbf{k}$ be an algebraically closed field complete with respect to a non-Archimedean absolute value of arbitrary characteristic. Let $D_1,\dots, D_n$ be effective nef divisors intersecting transversally in an $n$-dimensional nonsingular projective variety $X$. We study the degeneracy of non-Archimedean analytic maps from $\mathbf{k}$ into $X\setminus \cup_{i=1}^nD_i$ under various geometric conditions. When $X$ is a rational ruled surface and $D_1$ and $D_2$ are ample, we obtain a necessary and sufficient condition such that there is no non-Archimedean analytic map from $\mathbf{k}$ into $X\setminus D_1 \cup D_2$. Using the dictionary between non-Archimedean Nevanlinna theory and Diophantine approximation that originated in earlier work with T. T. H. An, % we also study arithmetic analogues of these problems, establishing results on integral points on these varieties over $\mathbb{Z}$ or the ring of integers of an imaginary quadratic field.

Keywords:non-Archimedean Picard theorem, non-Archimedean analytic curves, integral points
Categories:11J97, 32P05, 32H25

3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1167)

Rotger, Victor; de Vera-Piquero, Carlos
Galois Representations Over Fields of Moduli and Rational Points on Shimura Curves
The purpose of this note is introducing a method for proving the existence of no rational points on a coarse moduli space $X$ of abelian varieties over a given number field $K$, in cases where the moduli problem is not fine and points in $X(K)$ may not be represented by an abelian variety (with additional structure) admitting a model over the field $K$. This is typically the case when the abelian varieties that are being classified have even dimension. The main idea, inspired on the work of Ellenberg and Skinner on the modularity of $\mathbb{Q}$-curves, is that to a point $P=[A]\in X(K)$ represented by an abelian variety $A/\bar K$ one may still attach a Galois representation of $\operatorname{Gal}(\bar K/K)$ with values in the quotient group $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))/\operatorname{Aut}(A)$, provided $\operatorname{Aut}(A)$ lies in the centre of $\operatorname{GL}(T_\ell(A))$. We exemplify our method in the cases where $X$ is a Shimura curve over an imaginary quadratic field or an Atkin-Lehner quotient over $\mathbb{Q}$.

Keywords:Shimura curves, rational points, Galois representations, Hasse principle, Brauer-Manin obstruction
Categories:11G18, 14G35, 14G05

4. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 823)

Guardo, Elena; Harbourne, Brian; Van Tuyl, Adam
Symbolic Powers Versus Regular Powers of Ideals of General Points in $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$
Recent work of Ein-Lazarsfeld-Smith and Hochster-Huneke raised the problem of which symbolic powers of an ideal are contained in a given ordinary power of the ideal. Bocci-Harbourne developed methods to address this problem, which involve asymptotic numerical characters of symbolic powers of the ideals. Most of the work done up to now has been done for ideals defining 0-dimensional subschemes of projective space. Here we focus on certain subschemes given by a union of lines in $\mathbb{P}^3$ which can also be viewed as points in $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$. We also obtain results on the closely related problem, studied by Hochster and by Li-Swanson, of determining situations for which each symbolic power of an ideal is an ordinary power.

Keywords:symbolic powers, multigraded, points
Categories:13F20, 13A15, 14C20

5. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 318)

Ingram, Patrick
Cubic Polynomials with Periodic Cycles of a Specified Multiplier
We consider cubic polynomials $f(z)=z^3+az+b$ defined over $\mathbb{C}(\lambda)$, with a marked point of period $N$ and multiplier $\lambda$. In the case $N=1$, there are infinitely many such objects, and in the case $N\geq 3$, only finitely many (subject to a mild assumption). The case $N=2$ has particularly rich structure, and we are able to describe all such cubic polynomials defined over the field $\bigcup_{n\geq 1}\mathbb{C}(\lambda^{1/n})$.

Keywords:cubic polynomials, periodic points, holomorphic dynamics

6. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1248)

Gärtner, Jérôme
Darmon's Points and Quaternionic Shimura Varieties
In this paper, we generalize a conjecture due to Darmon and Logan in an adelic setting. We study the relation between our construction and Kudla's works on cycles on orthogonal Shimura varieties. This relation allows us to conjecture a Gross-Kohnen-Zagier theorem for Darmon's points.

Keywords:elliptic curves, Stark-Heegner points, quaternionic Shimura varieties
Categories:11G05, 14G35, 11F67, 11G40

7. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 3)

Boissière, Samuel
Automorphismes naturels de l'espace de Douady de points sur une surface
On établit quelques résultats généraux relatifs à la taille du groupe d'automorphismes de l'espace de Douady de points sur une surface, puis on étudie quelques propriétés des automorphismes provenant d'un automorphisme de la surface, en particulier leur action sur la cohomologie et la classification de leurs points fixes.

Keywords:Schéma de Hilbert, automorphismes, points fixes

8. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1118)

Pontreau, Corentin
Petits points d'une surface
Pour toute sous-vari\'et\'e g\'eom\'etriquement irr\'eductible $V$ du grou\-pe multiplicatif $\mathbb{G}_m^n$, on sait qu'en dehors d'un nombre fini de translat\'es de tores exceptionnels inclus dans $V$, tous les points sont de hauteur minor\'ee par une certaine quantit\'e $q(V)^{-1}>0$. On conna\^it de plus une borne sup\'erieure pour la somme des degr\'es de ces translat\'es de tores pour des valeurs de $q(V)$ polynomiales en le degr\'e de $V$. Ceci n'est pas le cas si l'on exige une minoration quasi-optimale pour la hauteur des points de $V$, essentiellement lin\'eaire en l'inverse du degr\'e. Nous apportons ici une r\'eponse partielle \`a ce probl\`eme\,: nous donnons une majoration de la somme des degr\'es de ces translat\'es de sous-tores de codimension $1$ d'une hypersurface $V$. Les r\'esultats, obtenus dans le cas de $\mathbb{G}_m^3$, mais compl\`etement explicites, peuvent toutefois s'\'etendre \`a $\mathbb{G}_m^n$, moyennant quelques petites complications inh\'erentes \`a la dimension $n$.

Keywords:Hauteur normalisée, groupe multiplicatif, problème de Lehmer, petits points
Categories:11G50, 11J81, 14G40

9. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 716)

Guardo, Elena; Van Tuyl, Adam
Fat Points in $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$ and Their Hilbert Functions
We study the Hilbert functions of fat points in $\popo$. If $Z \subseteq \popo$ is an arbitrary fat point scheme, then it can be shown that for every $i$ and $j$ the values of the Hilbert function $_{Z}(l,j)$ and $H_{Z}(i,l)$ eventually become constant for $l \gg 0$. We show how to determine these eventual values by using only the multiplicities of the points, and the relative positions of the points in $\popo$. This enables us to compute all but a finite number values of $H_{Z}$ without using the coordinates of points. We also characterize the ACM fat point schemes sing our description of the eventual behaviour. In fact, n the case that $Z \subseteq \popo$ is ACM, then the entire Hilbert function and its minimal free resolution depend solely on knowing the eventual values of the Hilbert function.

Keywords:Hilbert function, points, fat points, Cohen-Macaulay, multi-projective space
Categories:13D40, 13D02, 13H10, 14A15

10. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 123)

Harbourne, Brian
An Algorithm for Fat Points on $\mathbf{P}^2
Let $F$ be a divisor on the blow-up $X$ of $\pr^2$ at $r$ general points $p_1, \dots, p_r$ and let $L$ be the total transform of a line on $\pr^2$. An approach is presented for reducing the computation of the dimension of the cokernel of the natural map $\mu_F \colon \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \bigr) \otimes \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(L) \bigr) \to \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \otimes \CO_X(L) \bigr)$ to the case that $F$ is ample. As an application, a formula for the dimension of the cokernel of $\mu_F$ is obtained when $r = 7$, completely solving the problem of determining the modules in minimal free resolutions of fat point subschemes\break $m_1 p_1 + \cdots + m_7 p_7 \subset \pr^2$. All results hold for an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field~$k$.

Keywords:Generators, syzygies, resolution, fat points, maximal rank, plane, Weyl group
Categories:13P10, 14C99, 13D02, 13H15

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