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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword orthogonal

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1. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 600)

Kroó, A.; Lubinsky, D. S.
Christoffel Functions and Universality in the Bulk for Multivariate Orthogonal Polynomials
We establish asymptotics for Christoffel functions associated with multivariate orthogonal polynomials. The underlying measures are assumed to be regular on a suitable domain - in particular this is true if they are positive a.e. on a compact set that admits analytic parametrization. As a consequence, we obtain asymptotics for Christoffel functions for measures on the ball and simplex, under far more general conditions than previously known. As another consequence, we establish universality type limits in the bulk in a variety of settings.

Keywords:orthogonal polynomials, random matrices, unitary ensembles, correlation functions, Christoffel functions
Categories:42C05, 42C99, 42B05, 60B20

2. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1155)

Đoković, Dragomir Ž.; Litvinov, Michael
The Closure Ordering of Nilpotent Orbits of the Complex Symmetric Pair $(\SO_{p+q},\SO_p\times\SO_q)$
The main problem that is solved in this paper has the following simple formulation (which is not used in its solution). The group $K = \mathrm{O}_p ({\bf C}) \times \mathrm{O}_q ({\bf C})$ acts on the space $M_{p,q}$ of $p\times q$ complex matrices by $(a,b) \cdot x = axb^{-1}$, and so does its identity component $K^0 = \SO_p ({\bf C}) \times \SO_q ({\bf C})$. A $K$-orbit (or $K^0$-orbit) in $M_{p,q}$ is said to be nilpotent if its closure contains the zero matrix. The closure, $\overline{\mathcal{O}}$, of a nilpotent $K$-orbit (resp.\ $K^0$-orbit) ${\mathcal{O}}$ in $M_{p,q}$ is a union of ${\mathcal{O}}$ and some nilpotent $K$-orbits (resp.\ $K^0$-orbits) of smaller dimensions. The description of the closure of nilpotent $K$-orbits has been known for some time, but not so for the nilpotent $K^0$-orbits. A conjecture describing the closure of nilpotent $K^0$-orbits was proposed in \cite{DLS} and verified when $\min(p,q) \le 7$. In this paper we prove the conjecture. The proof is based on a study of two prehomogeneous vector spaces attached to $\mathcal{O}$ and determination of the basic relative invariants of these spaces. The above problem is equivalent to the problem of describing the closure of nilpotent orbits in the real Lie algebra $\mathfrak{so} (p,q)$ under the adjoint action of the identity component of the real orthogonal group $\mathrm{O}(p,q)$.

Keywords:orthogonal $ab$-diagrams, prehomogeneous vector spaces, relative invariants
Categories:17B20, 17B45, 22E47

3. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 709)

Ismail, Mourad E. H.; Stanton, Dennis
$q$-Integral and Moment Representations for $q$-Orthogonal Polynomials
We develop a method for deriving integral representations of certain orthogonal polynomials as moments. These moment representations are applied to find linear and multilinear generating functions for $q$-orthogonal polynomials. As a byproduct we establish new transformation formulas for combinations of basic hypergeometric functions, including a new representation of the $q$-exponential function $\mathcal{E}_q$.

Keywords:$q$-integral, $q$-orthogonal polynomials, associated polynomials, $q$-difference equations, generating functions, Al-Salam-Chihara polynomials, continuous $q$-ultraspherical polynomials
Categories:33D45, 33D20, 33C45, 30E05

4. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 571)

Li, Chi-Kwong; Poon, Yiu-Tung
Diagonals and Partial Diagonals of Sum of Matrices
Given a matrix $A$, let $\mathcal{O}(A)$ denote the orbit of $A$ under a certain group action such as \begin{enumerate}[(4)] \item[(1)] $U(m) \otimes U(n)$ acting on $m \times n$ complex matrices $A$ by $(U,V)*A = UAV^t$, \item[(2)] $O(m) \otimes O(n)$ or $\SO(m) \otimes \SO(n)$ acting on $m \times n$ real matrices $A$ by $(U,V)*A = UAV^t$, \item[(3)] $U(n)$ acting on $n \times n$ complex symmetric or skew-symmetric matrices $A$ by $U*A = UAU^t$, \item[(4)] $O(n)$ or $\SO(n)$ acting on $n \times n$ real symmetric or skew-symmetric matrices $A$ by $U*A = UAU^t$. \end{enumerate} Denote by $$ \mathcal{O}(A_1,\dots,A_k) = \{X_1 + \cdots + X_k : X_i \in \mathcal{O}(A_i), i = 1,\dots,k\} $$ the joint orbit of the matrices $A_1,\dots,A_k$. We study the set of diagonals or partial diagonals of matrices in $\mathcal{O}(A_1,\dots,A_k)$, {\it i.e.}, the set of vectors $(d_1,\dots,d_r)$ whose entries lie in the $(1,j_1),\dots,(r,j_r)$ positions of a matrix in $\mathcal{O}(A_1, \dots,A_k)$ for some distinct column indices $j_1,\dots,j_r$. In many cases, complete description of these sets is given in terms of the inequalities involving the singular values of $A_1,\dots,A_k$. We also characterize those extreme matrices for which the equality cases hold. Furthermore, some convexity properties of the joint orbits are considered. These extend many classical results on matrix inequalities, and answer some questions by Miranda. Related results on the joint orbit $\mathcal{O}(A_1,\dots,A_k)$ of complex Hermitian matrices under the action of unitary similarities are also discussed.

Keywords:orbit, group actions, unitary, orthogonal, Hermitian, (skew-)symmetric matrices, diagonal, singular values
Categories:15A42, 15A18

5. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 520)

Ismail, Mourad E. H.; Stanton, Dennis
Classical orthogonal polynomials as moments
We show that the Meixner, Pollaczek, Meixner-Pollaczek, the continuous $q$-ultraspherical polynomials and Al-Salam-Chihara polynomials, in certain normalization, are moments of probability measures. We use this fact to derive bilinear and multilinear generating functions for some of these polynomials. We also comment on the corresponding formulas for the Charlier, Hermite and Laguerre polynomials.

Keywords:Classical orthogonal polynomials, \ACP, continuous, $q$-ultraspherical polynomials, generating functions, multilinear, generating functions, transformation formulas, umbral calculus
Categories:33D45, 33D20, 33C45, 30E05

6. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 175)

Xu, Yuan
Orthogonal Polynomials for a Family of Product Weight Functions on the Spheres
Based on the theory of spherical harmonics for measures invariant under a finite reflection group developed by Dunkl recently, we study orthogonal polynomials with respect to the weight functions $|x_1|^{\alpha_1}\cdots |x_d|^{\alpha_d}$ on the unit sphere $S^{d-1}$ in $\RR^d$. The results include explicit formulae for orthonormal polynomials, reproducing and Poisson kernel, as well as intertwining operator.

Keywords:Orthogonal polynomials in several variables, sphere, h-harmonics
Categories:33C50, 33C45, 42C10

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