1. CJM 2015 (vol 68 pp. 109)
 Kopotun, Kirill; Leviatan, Dany; Shevchuk, Igor

Constrained Approximation with Jacobi Weights
In this paper, we prove that, for $\ell=1$ or $2$, the rate of
best $\ell$monotone polynomial approximation in the $L_p$
norm ($1\leq p \leq \infty$) weighted by the Jacobi weight
$w_{\alpha,\beta}(x)
:=(1+x)^\alpha(1x)^\beta$ with $\alpha,\beta\gt 1/p$
if $p\lt \infty$, or $\alpha,\beta\geq
0$ if $p=\infty$,
is bounded by an appropriate $(\ell+1)$st modulus of smoothness
with the same weight, and that this rate cannot be bounded by
the $(\ell+2)$nd modulus. Related results on constrained weighted
spline approximation and applications of our estimates are also
given.
Keywords:constrained approximation, Jacobi weights, weighted moduli of smoothness, exact estimates, exact orders Categories:41A29, 41A10, 41A15, 41A17, 41A25 

2. CJM Online first
 Chandee, Vorrapan; David, Chantal; Koukoulopoulos, Dimitris; Smith, Ethan

The frequency of elliptic curve groups over prime finite fields
Letting $p$ vary over all primes and $E$ vary over all elliptic
curves over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$, we study the frequency to
which a given group $G$ arises as a group of points $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$.
It is wellknown that the only permissible groups are of the
form $G_{m,k}:=\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z}/mk\mathbb{Z}$.
Given such a candidate group, we let $M(G_{m,k})$ be the frequency
to which the group $G_{m,k}$ arises in this way.
Previously, the second and fourth named authors determined an
asymptotic formula for $M(G_{m,k})$ assuming a conjecture about primes
in short arithmetic progressions. In this paper, we prove several
unconditional bounds for $M(G_{m,k})$, pointwise and on average. In
particular, we show that $M(G_{m,k})$ is bounded above by a constant
multiple of the expected quantity when $m\le k^A$ and that the
conjectured asymptotic for $M(G_{m,k})$ holds for almost all groups
$G_{m,k}$ when $m\le k^{1/4\epsilon}$.
We also apply our methods to study the frequency to which a given
integer $N$ arises as the group order $\#E(\mathbb{F}_p)$.
Keywords:average order, elliptic curves, primes in short intervals Categories:11G07, 11N45, 11N13, 11N36 

3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 429)
 RiveraNoriega, Jorge

Perturbation and Solvability of Initial $L^p$ Dirichlet Problems for Parabolic Equations over Noncylindrical Domains
For parabolic linear operators $L$ of second order in divergence form,
we prove that the solvability of initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problems for
the whole range $1\lt p\lt \infty$ is preserved under appropriate small
perturbations of the coefficients of the operators involved.
We also prove that if the coefficients of $L$ satisfy a suitable
controlled oscillation in the form of Carleson measure conditions,
then for certain values of $p\gt 1$, the initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problem
associated to $Lu=0$ over noncylindrical domains is solvable.
The results are adequate adaptations of the corresponding results for
elliptic equations.
Keywords:initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problem, second order parabolic equations in divergence form, noncylindrical domains, reverse HÃ¶lder inequalities Category:35K20 

4. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 544)
 Deitmar, Anton; Horozov, Ivan

Iterated Integrals and Higher Order Invariants
We show that higher order invariants of smooth functions can be
written as linear combinations of full invariants times iterated
integrals.
The nonuniqueness of such a presentation is captured in the kernel of
the ensuing map from the tensor product. This kernel is computed
explicitly.
As a consequence, it turns out that higher order invariants are a free
module of the algebra of full invariants.
Keywords:higher order forms, iterated integrals Categories:14F35, 11F12, 55D35, 58A10 

5. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 241)
 Aguiar, Marcelo; Lauve, Aaron

Lagrange's Theorem for Hopf Monoids in Species
Following Radford's proof of Lagrange's theorem for pointed Hopf algebras,
we prove Lagrange's theorem for Hopf monoids in the category of
connected species.
As a corollary, we obtain necessary conditions for a given subspecies
$\mathbf k$ of a Hopf monoid $\mathbf h$ to be a Hopf submonoid: the quotient of
any one of the generating series of $\mathbf h$ by the corresponding
generating series of $\mathbf k$ must have nonnegative coefficients. Other
corollaries include a necessary condition for a sequence of
nonnegative integers to be the
dimension sequence of a Hopf monoid
in the form of certain polynomial inequalities, and of
a settheoretic Hopf monoid in the form of certain linear inequalities.
The latter express that the binomial transform of the sequence must be nonnegative.
Keywords:Hopf monoids, species, graded Hopf algebras, Lagrange's theorem, generating series, PoincarÃ©BirkhoffWitt theorem, Hopf kernel, Lie kernel, primitive element, partition, composition, linear order, cyclic order, derangement Categories:05A15, 05A20, 05E99, 16T05, 16T30, 18D10, 18D35 

6. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 24)
 Borodachov, S. V.

Lower Order Terms of the Discrete Minimal Riesz Energy on Smooth Closed Curves
We consider the problem of minimizing the energy of $N$ points
repelling each other on curves in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with the potential
$xy^{s}$, $s\geq 1$, where $\, \cdot\, $ is
the Euclidean norm. For a sufficiently smooth, simple, closed,
regular curve, we find the next order term in the asymptotics of the
minimal $s$energy. On our way, we also prove that at
least for $s\geq 2$, the minimal pairwise distance in optimal configurations
asymptotically equals $L/N$, $N\to\infty$, where $L$ is the length
of the curve.
Keywords:minimal discrete Riesz energy, lower order term, power law potential, separation radius Categories:31C20, 65D17 

7. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 81)
 David, C.; Wu, J.

Pseudoprime Reductions of Elliptic Curves
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb Q$ without complex multiplication,
and for each prime
$p$ of good reduction, let $n_E(p) =  E(\mathbb F_p) $. For any integer
$b$, we consider elliptic pseudoprimes to the base
$b$. More precisely, let $Q_{E,b}(x)$ be the number of primes $p \leq
x$ such that $b^{n_E(p)} \equiv b\,({\rm mod}\,n_E(p))$, and let $\pi_{E,
b}^{\operatorname{pseu}}(x)$ be the number of compositive $n_E(p)$ such
that $b^{n_E(p)} \equiv b\,({\rm mod}\,n_E(p))$ (also called
elliptic curve pseudoprimes). Motivated by cryptography applications,
we address the problem of finding upper bounds for
$Q_{E,b}(x)$ and $\pi_{E, b}^{\operatorname{pseu}}(x)$,
generalising some of the literature for the classical pseudoprimes
to this new setting.
Keywords:RosserIwaniec sieve, group order of elliptic curves over finite fields, pseudoprimes Categories:11N36, 14H52 

8. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1238)
 Bump, Daniel; Nakasuji, Maki

Casselman's Basis of Iwahori Vectors and the Bruhat Order
W. Casselman defined a basis $f_u$ of Iwahori fixed vectors of a spherical
representation $(\pi, V)$ of a split semisimple $p$adic group $G$ over a
nonarchimedean local field $F$ by the condition that it be dual to the
intertwining operators, indexed by elements $u$ of the Weyl group $W$. On
the other hand, there is a natural basis $\psi_u$, and one seeks to find the
transition matrices between the two bases. Thus, let $f_u = \sum_v \tilde{m}
(u, v) \psi_v$ and $\psi_u = \sum_v m (u, v) f_v$. Using the IwahoriHecke
algebra we prove that if a combinatorial condition is satisfied, then $m (u,
v) = \prod_{\alpha} \frac{1  q^{ 1} \mathbf{z}^{\alpha}}{1
\mathbf{z}^{\alpha}}$, where $\mathbf z$ are the Langlands parameters
for the representation and $\alpha$ runs through the set $S (u, v)$ of
positive coroots $\alpha \in \hat{\Phi}$ (the dual root system of $G$) such
that $u \leqslant v r_{\alpha} < v$ with $r_{\alpha}$ the reflection
corresponding to $\alpha$. The condition is conjecturally always satisfied
if $G$ is simplylaced and the KazhdanLusztig polynomial $P_{w_0 v, w_0 u}
= 1$ with $w_0$ the long Weyl group element. There is a similar formula for
$\tilde{m}$ conjecturally satisfied if $P_{u, v} = 1$.
This leads to various combinatorial conjectures.
Keywords:Iwahori fixed vector, Iwahori Hecke algebra, Bruhat order, intertwining integrals Categories:20C08, 20F55, 22E50 

9. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 648)
 Ngai, SzeMan

Spectral Asymptotics of Laplacians Associated with Onedimensional Iterated Function Systems with Overlaps
We set up a framework for computing the spectral dimension of a class of onedimensional
selfsimilar measures that are defined by iterated function systems
with overlaps and satisfy a family of secondorder selfsimilar
identities. As applications of our result we obtain the spectral dimension
of important measures such as the infinite Bernoulli convolution
associated with the golden ratio and convolutions of Cantortype measures.
The main novelty of our result is that the iterated function systems
we consider are not postcritically finite and do not satisfy the
wellknown open set condition.
Keywords:spectral dimension, fractal, Laplacian, selfsimilar measure, iterated function system with overlaps, secondorder selfsimilar identities Categories:28A80, , , , 35P20, 35J05, 43A05, 47A75 

10. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 961)
 Ismail, Mourad E. H.; Pitman, Jim

Algebraic Evaluations of Some Euler Integrals, Duplication Formulae for Appell's Hypergeometric Function $F_1$, and Brownian Variations
Explicit evaluations of the symmetric Euler integral $\int_0^1
u^{\alpha} (1u)^{\alpha} f(u) \,du$ are obtained for some particular
functions $f$. These evaluations are related to duplication formulae
for Appell's hypergeometric function $F_1$ which give reductions of
$F_1 (\alpha, \beta, \beta, 2 \alpha, y, z)$ in terms of more
elementary functions for arbitrary $\beta$ with $z = y/(y1)$ and for
$\beta = \alpha + \half$ with arbitrary $y$, $z$. These duplication
formulae generalize the evaluations of some symmetric Euler integrals
implied by the following result: if a standard Brownian bridge is
sampled at time $0$, time $1$, and at $n$ independent random times
with uniform distribution on $[0,1]$, then the broken line
approximation to the bridge obtained from these $n+2$ values has a
total variation whose mean square is $n(n+1)/(2n+1)$.
Keywords:Brownian bridge, Gauss's hypergeometric function, Lauricella's multiple hypergeometric series, uniform order statistics, Appell functions Categories:33C65, 60J65 

11. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 944)
 Jia, R. Q.; Riemenschneider, S. D.; Zhou, D. X.

Approximation by multiple refinable functions
We consider the shiftinvariant space,
$\bbbs(\Phi)$, generated by a set $\Phi=\{\phi_1,\ldots,\phi_r\}$
of compactly supported distributions on $\RR$ when the vector of
distributions $\phi:=(\phi_1,\ldots,\phi_r)^T$ satisfies a system
of refinement equations expressed in matrix form as
$$
\phi=\sum_{\alpha\in\ZZ}a(\alpha)\phi(2\,\cdot  \,\alpha)
$$
where $a$ is a finitely supported sequence of $r\times r$ matrices
of complex numbers. Such {\it multiple refinable functions} occur
naturally in the study of multiple wavelets.
The purpose of the present paper is to characterize the {\it accuracy}
of $\Phi$, the order of the polynomial space contained in
$\bbbs(\Phi)$, strictly in terms of the refinement mask $a$. The
accuracy determines the $L_p$approximation order of $\bbbs(\Phi)$ when
the functions in $\Phi$ belong to $L_p(\RR)$ (see Jia~[10]).
The characterization is achieved in terms of the eigenvalues and
eigenvectors of the subdivision operator associated with the mask $a$.
In particular, they extend and improve the results of Heil, Strang
and Strela~[7], and of Plonka~[16]. In addition, a
counterexample is given to the statement of Strang and Strela~[20]
that the eigenvalues of the subdivision operator determine the
accuracy. The results do not require the linear independence of
the shifts of $\phi$.
Keywords:Refinement equations, refinable functions, approximation, order, accuracy, shiftinvariant spaces, subdivision Categories:39B12, 41A25, 65F15 

12. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 468)
 Burris, Stanley; Sárközy, András

Fine spectra and limit laws I. Firstorder laws
Using FefermanVaught techniques we show a certain property of the fine
spectrum of an admissible class of structures leads to a firstorder law.
The condition presented is best possible in the sense that if it is
violated then one can find an admissible class with the same fine
spectrum which does not have a firstorder law. We present three
conditions for verifying that the above property actually holds.
The first condition is that the count function of an admissible class
has regular variation with a certain uniformity of convergence. This
applies to a wide range of admissible classes, including those
satisfying Knopfmacher's Axiom A, and those satisfying Bateman
and Diamond's condition.
The second condition is similar to the first condition, but designed
to handle the discrete case, {\it i.e.}, when the sizes of the structures
in an admissible class $K$ are all powers of a single integer. It applies
when either the class of indecomposables or the whole class satisfies
Knopfmacher's Axiom A$^\#$.
The third condition is also for the discrete case, when there is a
uniform bound on the number of $K$indecomposables of any given size.
Keywords:First order limit laws, generalized number theory Categories:O3C13, 11N45, 11N80, 05A15, 05A16, 11M41, 11P81 
