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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword model

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1. CJM Online first

Clouâtre, Raphaël
Unitary Equivalence and Similarity to Jordan Models for Weak Contractions of Class $C_0$
We obtain results on the unitary equivalence of weak contractions of class $C_0$ to their Jordan models under an assumption on their commutants. In particular, our work addresses the case of arbitrary finite multiplicity. The main tool is the theory of boundary representations due to Arveson. We also generalize and improve previously known results concerning unitary equivalence and similarity to Jordan models when the minimal function is a Blaschke product.

Keywords:weak contractions, operators of class $C_0$, Jordan model, unitary equivalence
Categories:47A45, 47L55

2. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 903)

Sargsyan, Grigor; Trang, Nam
Non-tame Mice from Tame Failures of the Unique Branch Hypothesis
In this paper, we show that the failure of the unique branch hypothesis (UBH) for tame trees implies that in some homogenous generic extension of $V$ there is a transitive model $M$ containing $Ord \cup \mathbb{R}$ such that $M\vDash \mathsf{AD}^+ + \Theta \gt \theta_0$. In particular, this implies the existence (in $V$) of a non-tame mouse. The results of this paper significantly extend J. R. Steel's earlier results for tame trees.

Keywords:mouse, inner model theory, descriptive set theory, hod mouse, core model induction, UBH
Categories:03E15, 03E45, 03E60

3. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1125)

Vandenbergen, Nicolas
On the Global Structure of Special Cycles on Unitary Shimura Varieties
In this paper, we study the reduced loci of special cycles on local models of the Shimura variety for $\operatorname{GU}(1,n-1)$. Those special cycles are defined by Kudla and Rapoport. We explicitly compute the irreducible components of the reduced locus of a single special cycle, as well as of an arbitrary intersection of special cycles, and their intersection behaviour in terms of Bruhat-Tits theory. Furthermore, as an application of our results, we prove the connectedness of arbitrary intersections of special cycles, as conjectured by Kudla and Rapoport.

Keywords:Shimura varieties, local models, special cycles
Category:14G35

4. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 387)

Mashreghi, J.; Shabankhah, M.
Composition of Inner Functions
We study the image of the model subspace $K_\theta$ under the composition operator $C_\varphi$, where $\varphi$ and $\theta$ are inner functions, and find the smallest model subspace which contains the linear manifold $C_\varphi K_\theta$. Then we characterize the case when $C_\varphi$ maps $K_\theta$ into itself. This case leads to the study of the inner functions $\varphi$ and $\psi$ such that the composition $\psi\circ\varphi$ is a divisor of $\psi$ in the family of inner functions.

Keywords:composition operators, inner functions, Blaschke products, model subspaces
Categories:30D55, 30D05, 47B33

5. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1020)

Goulden, I. P.; Guay-Paquet, Mathieu; Novak, Jonathan
Monotone Hurwitz Numbers in Genus Zero
Hurwitz numbers count branched covers of the Riemann sphere with specified ramification data, or equivalently, transitive permutation factorizations in the symmetric group with specified cycle types. Monotone Hurwitz numbers count a restricted subset of these branched covers related to the expansion of complete symmetric functions in the Jucys-Murphy elements, and have arisen in recent work on the the asymptotic expansion of the Harish-Chandra-Itzykson-Zuber integral. In this paper we begin a detailed study of monotone Hurwitz numbers. We prove two results that are reminiscent of those for classical Hurwitz numbers. The first is the monotone join-cut equation, a partial differential equation with initial conditions that characterizes the generating function for monotone Hurwitz numbers in arbitrary genus. The second is our main result, in which we give an explicit formula for monotone Hurwitz numbers in genus zero.

Keywords:Hurwitz numbers, matrix models, enumerative geometry
Categories:05A15, 14E20, 15B52

6. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1325)

Nien, Chufeng
Uniqueness of Shalika Models
Let $\BF_q$ be a finite field of $q$ elements, $\CF$ a $p$-adic field, and $D$ a quaternion division algebra over $\CF$. This paper proves uniqueness of Shalika models for $\GL_{2n}(\BF_q) $ and $\GL_{2n}(D)$, and re-obtains uniqueness of Shalika models for $\GL_{2n}(\CF)$ for any $n\in \BN$.

Keywords:Shalika models, linear models, uniqueness, multiplicity free
Category:22E50

7. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 222)

Nien, Chufeng
Klyachko Models for General Linear Groups of Rank 5 over a $p$-Adic Field
This paper shows the existence and uniqueness of Klyachko models for irreducible unitary representations of $\GL_5(\CF)$, where $\CF$ is a $p$-adic field. It is an extension of the work of Heumos and Rallis on $\GL_4(\CF)$.

Keywords:Klyachko models, Whittaker-symplectic model
Category:22E50

8. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 734)

Baba, Srinath; Granath, H\aa kan
Genus 2 Curves with Quaternionic Multiplication
We explicitly construct the canonical rational models of Shimura curves, both analytically in terms of modular forms and algebraically in terms of coefficients of genus 2 curves, in the cases of quaternion algebras of discriminant 6 and 10. This emulates the classical construction in the elliptic curve case. We also give families of genus 2 QM curves, whose Jacobians are the corresponding abelian surfaces on the Shimura curve, and with coefficients that are modular forms of weight 12. We apply these results to show that our $j$-functions are supported exactly at those primes where the genus 2 curve does not admit potentially good reduction, and construct fields where this potentially good reduction is attained. Finally, using $j$, we construct the fields of moduli and definition for some moduli problems associated to the Atkin--Lehner group actions.

Keywords:Shimura curve, canonical model, quaternionic multiplication, modular form, field of moduli
Categories:11G18, 14G35

9. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 1095)

Sakellaridis, Yiannis
A Casselman--Shalika Formula for the Shalika Model of $\operatorname{GL}_n$
The Casselman--Shalika method is a way to compute explicit formulas for periods of irreducible unramified representations of $p$-adic groups that are associated to unique models (i.e., multiplicity-free induced representations). We apply this method to the case of the Shalika model of $GL_n$, which is known to distinguish lifts from odd orthogonal groups. In the course of our proof, we further develop a variant of the method, that was introduced by Y. Hironaka, and in effect reduce many such problems to straightforward calculations on the group.

Keywords:Casselman--Shalika, periods, Shalika model, spherical functions, Gelfand pairs
Categories:22E50, 11F70, 11F85

10. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1290)

Scull, Laura
Equivariant Formality for Actions of Torus Groups
This paper contains a comparison of several definitions of equivariant formality for actions of torus groups. We develop and prove some relations between the definitions. Focusing on the case of the circle group, we use $S^1$-equivariant minimal models to give a number of examples of $S^1$-spaces illustrating the properties of the various definitions.

Keywords:Equivariant homotopy, circle action, minimal model,, rationalization, formality
Categories:55P91, 55P62, 55R35, 55S45

11. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1264)

Havin, Victor; Mashreghi, Javad
Admissible Majorants for Model Subspaces of $H^2$, Part II: Fast Winding of the Generating Inner Function
This paper is a continuation of Part I [6]. We consider the model subspaces $K_\Theta=H^2\ominus\Theta H^2$ of the Hardy space $H^2$ generated by an inner function $\Theta$ in the upper half plane. Our main object is the class of admissible majorants for $K_\Theta$, denoted by Adm $\Theta$ and consisting of all functions $\omega$ defined on $\mathbb{R}$ such that there exists an $f \ne 0$, $f \in K_\Theta$ satisfying $|f(x)|\leq\omega(x)$ almost everywhere on $\mathbb{R}$. Firstly, using some simple Hilbert transform techniques, we obtain a general multiplier theorem applicable to any $K_\Theta$ generated by a meromorphic inner function. In contrast with [6], we consider the generating functions $\Theta$ such that the unit vector $\Theta(x)$ winds up fast as $x$ grows from $-\infty$ to $\infty$. In particular, we consider $\Theta=B$ where $B$ is a Blaschke product with ``horizontal'' zeros, i.e., almost uniformly distributed in a strip parallel to and separated from $\mathbb{R}$. It is shown, among other things, that for any such $B$, any even $\omega$ decreasing on $(0,\infty)$ with a finite logarithmic integral is in Adm $B$ (unlike the ``vertical'' case treated in [6]), thus generalizing (with a new proof) a classical result related to Adm $\exp(i\sigma z)$, $\sigma>0$. Some oscillating $\omega$'s in Adm $B$ are also described. Our theme is related to the Beurling-Malliavin multiplier theorem devoted to Adm $\exp(i\sigma z)$, $\sigma>0$, and to de Branges' space $\mathcal{H}(E)$.

Keywords:Hardy space, inner function, shift operator, model, subspace, Hilbert transform, admissible majorant
Categories:30D55, 47A15

12. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1231)

Havin, Victor; Mashreghi, Javad
Admissible Majorants for Model Subspaces of $H^2$, Part I: Slow Winding of the Generating Inner Function
A model subspace $K_\Theta$ of the Hardy space $H^2 = H^2 (\mathbb{C}_+)$ for the upper half plane $\mathbb{C}_+$ is $H^2(\mathbb{C}_+) \ominus \Theta H^2(\mathbb{C}_+)$ where $\Theta$ is an inner function in $\mathbb{C}_+$. A function $\omega \colon \mathbb{R}\mapsto[0,\infty)$ is called an admissible majorant for $K_\Theta$ if there exists an $f \in K_\Theta$, $f \not\equiv 0$, $|f(x)|\leq \omega(x)$ almost everywhere on $\mathbb{R}$. For some (mainly meromorphic) $\Theta$'s some parts of Adm $\Theta$ (the set of all admissible majorants for $K_\Theta$) are explicitly described. These descriptions depend on the rate of growth of $\arg \Theta$ along $\mathbb{R}$. This paper is about slowly growing arguments (slower than $x$). Our results exhibit the dependence of Adm $B$ on the geometry of the zeros of the Blaschke product $B$. A complete description of Adm $B$ is obtained for $B$'s with purely imaginary (``vertical'') zeros. We show that in this case a unique minimal admissible majorant exists.

Keywords:Hardy space, inner function, shift operator, model, subspace, Hilbert transform, admissible majorant
Categories:30D55, 47A15

13. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 3)

Allday, C.; Puppe, V.
On a Conjecture of Goresky, Kottwitz and MacPherson
We settle a conjecture of Goresky, Kottwitz and MacPherson related to Koszul duality, \ie, to the correspondence between differential graded modules over the exterior algebra and those over the symmetric algebra.

Keywords:Koszul duality, Hirsch-Brown model
Categories:13D25, 18E30, 18G35, 55U15

14. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1119)

Anand, Christopher Kumar
Ward's solitons II: exact solutions
In a previous paper, we gave a correspondence between certain exact solutions to a \((2+1)\)-dimensional integrable Chiral Model and holomorphic bundles on a compact surface. In this paper, we use algebraic geometry to derive a closed-form expression for those solutions and show by way of examples how the algebraic data which parametrise the solution space dictates the behaviour of the solutions. Dans un article pr\'{e}c\'{e}dent, nous avons d\'{e}montr\'{e} que les solutions d'un mod\`{e}le chiral int\'{e}grable en dimension \( (2+1) \) correspondent aux fibr\'{e}s vectoriels holomorphes sur une surface compacte. Ici, nous employons la g\'{e}om\'{e}trie alg\'{e}brique dans une construction explicite des solutions. Nous donnons une formule matricielle et illustrons avec trois exemples la signification des invariants alg\'{e}briques pour le comportement physique des solutions.

Keywords:integrable system, chiral field, sigma model, soliton, monad, uniton, harmonic map
Category:35Q51

15. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 855)

Smith, Samuel Bruce
Rational Classification of simple function space components for flag manifolds.
Let $M(X,Y)$ denote the space of all continous functions between $X$ and $Y$ and $M_f(X,Y)$ the path component corresponding to a given map $f: X\rightarrow Y.$ When $X$ and $Y$ are classical flag manifolds, we prove the components of $M(X,Y)$ corresponding to ``simple'' maps $f$ are classified up to rational homotopy type by the dimension of the kernel of $f$ in degree two cohomology. In fact, these components are themselves all products of flag manifolds and odd spheres.

Keywords:Rational homotopy theory, Sullivan-Haefliger model.
Categories:55P62, 55P15, 58D99.

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