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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword mean curvature

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1. CJM Online first

Kawakami, Yu
Function-theoretic Properties for the Gauss Maps of Various Classes of Surfaces
We elucidate the geometric background of function-theoretic properties for the Gauss maps of several classes of immersed surfaces in three-dimensional space forms, for example, minimal surfaces in Euclidean three-space, improper affine spheres in the affine three-space, and constant mean curvature one surfaces and flat surfaces in hyperbolic three-space. To achieve this purpose, we prove an optimal curvature bound for a specified conformal metric on an open Riemann surface and give some applications. We also provide unicity theorems for the Gauss maps of these classes of surfaces.

Keywords:Gauss map, minimal surface, constant mean curvature surface, front, ramification, omitted value, the Ahlfors island theorem, unicity theorem.
Categories:53C42, 30D35, 30F45, 53A10, 53A15

2. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 927)

Wang, Liping; Zhao, Chunyi
Infinitely Many Solutions for the Prescribed Boundary Mean Curvature Problem in $\mathbb B^N$
We consider the following prescribed boundary mean curvature problem in $ \mathbb B^N$ with the Euclidean metric: \[ \begin{cases} \displaystyle -\Delta u =0,\quad u\gt 0 &\text{in }\mathbb B^N, \\[2ex] \displaystyle \frac{\partial u}{\partial\nu} + \frac{N-2}{2} u =\frac{N-2}{2} \widetilde K(x) u^{2^\#-1} \quad & \text{on }\mathbb S^{N-1}, \end{cases} \] where $\widetilde K(x)$ is positive and rotationally symmetric on $\mathbb S^{N-1}, 2^\#=\frac{2(N-1)}{N-2}$. We show that if $\widetilde K(x)$ has a local maximum point, then the above problem has infinitely many positive solutions that are not rotationally symmetric on $\mathbb S^{N-1}$.

Keywords:infinitely many solutions, prescribed boundary mean curvature, variational reduction
Categories:35J25, 35J65, 35J67

3. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 44)

Carvalho, T. M. M.; Moreira, H. N.; Tenenblat, K.
Surfaces of Rotation with Constant Mean Curvature in the Direction of a Unitary Normal Vector Field in a Randers Space
We consider the Randers space $(V^n,F_b)$ obtained by perturbing the Euclidean metric by a translation, $F_b=\alpha+\beta$, where $\alpha$ is the Euclidean metric and $\beta$ is a $1$-form with norm $b$, $0\leq b\lt 1$. We introduce the concept of a hypersurface with constant mean curvature in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. We obtain the ordinary differential equation that characterizes the rotational surfaces $(V^3,F_b)$ of constant mean curvature (cmc) in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. These equations reduce to the classical equation of the rotational cmc surfaces in Euclidean space, when $b=0$. It also reduces to the equation that characterizes the minimal rotational surfaces in $(V^3,F_b)$ when $H=0$, obtained by M. Souza and K. Tenenblat. Although the differential equation depends on the choice of the normal direction, we show that both equations determine the same rotational surface, up to a reflection. We also show that the round cylinders are cmc surfaces in the direction of the unitary normal field. They are generated by the constant solution of the differential equation. By considering the equation as a nonlinear dynamical system, we provide a qualitative analysis, for $0\lt b\lt \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$. Using the concept of stability and considering the linearization around the single equilibrium point (the constant solution), we verify that the solutions are locally asymptotically stable spirals. This is proved by constructing a Lyapunov function for the dynamical system and by determining the basin of stability of the equilibrium point. The surfaces of rotation generated by such solutions tend asymptotically to one end of the cylinder.

Keywords:Finsler spaces, Randers spaces, mean curvature, Liapunov functions
Category:53C20

4. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 641)

Maeda, Sadahiro; Udagawa, Seiichi
Characterization of Parallel Isometric Immersions of Space Forms into Space Forms in the Class of Isotropic Immersions
For an isotropic submanifold $M^n\,(n\geqq3)$ of a space form $\widetilde{M}^{n+p}(c)$ of constant sectional curvature $c$, we show that if the mean curvature vector of $M^n$ is parallel and the sectional curvature $K$ of $M^n$ satisfies some inequality, then the second fundamental form of $M^n$ in $\widetilde{M}^{n+p}$ is parallel and our manifold $M^n$ is a space form.

Keywords:space forms, parallel isometric immersions, isotropic immersions, totally umbilic, Veronese manifolds, sectional curvatures, parallel mean curvature vector
Categories:53C40, 53C42

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