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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword maxima

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1. CJM Online first

Cao, Jun; Jiang, Renjin; Yang, Dachun; Zhang, Junqiang
Non-tangential Maximal Function Characterizations of Hardy Spaces Associated with Degenerate Elliptic Operators
Let $w$ be either in the Muckenhoupt class of $A_2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ weights or in the class of $QC(\mathbb{R}^n)$ weights, and $L_w:=-w^{-1}\mathop{\mathrm{div}}(A\nabla)$ the degenerate elliptic operator on the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\ge 2$. In this article, the authors establish the non-tangential maximal function characterization of the Hardy space $H_{L_w}^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ associated with $L_w$ for $p\in (0,1]$ and, when $p\in (\frac{n}{n+1},1]$ and $w\in A_{q_0}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with $q_0\in[1,\frac{p(n+1)}n)$, the authors prove that the associated Riesz transform $\nabla L_w^{-1/2}$ is bounded from $H_{L_w}^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ to the weighted classical Hardy space $H_w^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$.

Keywords:degenerate elliptic operator, Hardy space, square function, maximal function, molecule, Riesz transform
Categories:42B30, 42B35, 35J70

2. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 1378)

Raghavan, Dilip; Steprāns, Juris
On Weakly Tight Families
Using ideas from Shelah's recent proof that a completely separable maximal almost disjoint family exists when $\mathfrak{c} \lt {\aleph}_{\omega}$, we construct a weakly tight family under the hypothesis $\mathfrak{s} \leq \mathfrak{b} \lt {\aleph}_{\omega}$. The case when $\mathfrak{s} \lt \mathfrak{b}$ is handled in $\mathrm{ZFC}$ and does not require $\mathfrak{b} \lt {\aleph}_{\omega}$, while an additional PCF type hypothesis, which holds when $\mathfrak{b} \lt {\aleph}_{\omega}$ is used to treat the case $\mathfrak{s} = \mathfrak{b}$. The notion of a weakly tight family is a natural weakening of the well studied notion of a Cohen indestructible maximal almost disjoint family. It was introduced by Hrušák and García Ferreira, who applied it to the Katétov order on almost disjoint families.

Keywords:maximal almost disjoint family, cardinal invariants
Categories:03E17, 03E15, 03E35, 03E40, 03E05, 03E50, 03E65

3. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 892)

Hytönen, Tuomas; Liu, Suile; Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong
Boundedness of Calderón-Zygmund Operators on Non-homogeneous Metric Measure Spaces
Let $({\mathcal X}, d, \mu)$ be a separable metric measure space satisfying the known upper doubling condition, the geometrical doubling condition, and the non-atomic condition that $\mu(\{x\})=0$ for all $x\in{\mathcal X}$. In this paper, we show that the boundedness of a Calderón-Zygmund operator $T$ on $L^2(\mu)$ is equivalent to that of $T$ on $L^p(\mu)$ for some $p\in (1, \infty)$, and that of $T$ from $L^1(\mu)$ to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu).$ As an application, we prove that if $T$ is a Calderón-Zygmund operator bounded on $L^2(\mu)$, then its maximal operator is bounded on $L^p(\mu)$ for all $p\in (1, \infty)$ and from the space of all complex-valued Borel measures on ${\mathcal X}$ to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu)$. All these results generalize the corresponding results of Nazarov et al. on metric spaces with measures satisfying the so-called polynomial growth condition.

Keywords:upper doubling, geometrical doubling, dominating function, weak type $(1,1)$ estimate, Calderón-Zygmund operator, maximal operator
Categories:42B20, 42B25, 30L99

4. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1419)

Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong
BMO-Estimates for Maximal Operators via Approximations of the Identity with Non-Doubling Measures
Let $\mu$ be a nonnegative Radon measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ that satisfies the growth condition that there exist constants $C_0>0$ and $n\in(0,d]$ such that for all $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and $r>0$, ${\mu(B(x,\,r))\le C_0r^n}$, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball centered at $x$ and having radius $r$. In this paper, the authors prove that if $f$ belongs to the $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ of Tolsa, then the homogeneous maximal function $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is not an initial cube) and the inhomogeneous maximal function $\mathcal{M}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is an initial cube) associated with a given approximation of the identity $S$ of Tolsa are either infinite everywhere or finite almost everywhere, and in the latter case, $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S$ and $\mathcal{M}_S$ are bounded from $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ to the $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{RBLO}(\mu)$. The authors also prove that the inhomogeneous maximal operator $\mathcal{M}_S$ is bounded from the local $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{rbmo}(\mu)$ to the local $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{rblo}(\mu)$.

Keywords:Non-doubling measure, maximal operator, approximation of the identity, RBMO(mu), RBLO(mu), rbmo(mu), rblo(mu)
Categories:42B25, 42B30, 47A30, 43A99

5. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 34)

Campbell, Peter S.; Nevins, Monica
Branching Rules for Ramified Principal Series Representations of $\mathrm{GL}(3)$ over a $p$-adic Field
We decompose the restriction of ramified principal series representations of the $p$-adic group $\mathrm{GL}(3,\mathrm{k})$ to its maximal compact subgroup $K=\mathrm{GL}(3,R)$. Its decomposition is dependent on the degree of ramification of the inducing characters and can be characterized in terms of filtrations of the Iwahori subgroup in $K$. We establish several irreducibility results and illustrate the decomposition with some examples.

Keywords:principal series representations, branching rules, maximal compact subgroups, representations of $p$-adic groups
Categories:20G25, 20G05

6. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 379)

rgensen, Peter J\o
Finite Cohen--Macaulay Type and Smooth Non-Commutative Schemes
A commutative local Cohen--Macaulay ring $R$ of finite Cohen--Macaulay type is known to be an isolated singularity; that is, $\Spec(R) \setminus \{ \mathfrak {m} \}$ is smooth. This paper proves a non-commutative analogue. Namely, if $A$ is a (non-commutative) graded Artin--Schelter \CM\ algebra which is fully bounded Noetherian and has finite Cohen--Macaulay type, then the non-commutative projective scheme determined by $A$ is smooth.

Keywords:Artin--Schelter Cohen--Macaulay algebra, Artin--Schelter Gorenstein algebra, Auslander's theorem on finite Cohen--Macaulay type, Cohen--Macaulay ring, fully bounded Noetherian algebra, isolated singularity, maximal Cohen--Macaulay module, non-commutative
Categories:14A22, 16E65, 16W50

7. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1207)

Bu, Shangquan; Le, Christian
$H^p$-Maximal Regularity and Operator Valued Multipliers on Hardy Spaces
We consider maximal regularity in the $H^p$ sense for the Cauchy problem $u'(t) + Au(t) = f(t)\ (t\in \R)$, where $A$ is a closed operator on a Banach space $X$ and $f$ is an $X$-valued function defined on $\R$. We prove that if $X$ is an AUMD Banach space, then $A$ satisfies $H^p$-maximal regularity if and only if $A$ is Rademacher sectorial of type $<\frac{\pi}{2}$. Moreover we find an operator $A$ with $H^p$-maximal regularity that does not have the classical $L^p$-maximal regularity. We prove a related Mikhlin type theorem for operator valued Fourier multipliers on Hardy spaces $H^p(\R;X)$, in the case when $X$ is an AUMD Banach space.

Keywords:$L^p$-maximal regularity, $H^p$-maximal regularity, Rademacher boundedness
Categories:42B30, 47D06

8. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 332)

Leuschke, Graham J.
Endomorphism Rings of Finite Global Dimension
For a commutative local ring $R$, consider (noncommutative) $R$-algebras $\Lambda$ of the form $\Lambda = \operatorname{End}_R(M)$ where $M$ is a reflexive $R$-module with nonzero free direct summand. Such algebras $\Lambda$ of finite global dimension can be viewed as potential substitutes for, or analogues of, a resolution of singularities of $\operatorname{Spec} R$. For example, Van den Bergh has shown that a three-dimensional Gorenstein normal $\mathbb{C}$-algebra with isolated terminal singularities has a crepant resolution of singularities if and only if it has such an algebra $\Lambda$ with finite global dimension and which is maximal Cohen--Macaulay over $R$ (a ``noncommutative crepant resolution of singularities''). We produce algebras $\Lambda=\operatorname{End}_R(M)$ having finite global dimension in two contexts: when $R$ is a reduced one-dimensional complete local ring, or when $R$ is a Cohen--Macaulay local ring of finite Cohen--Macaulay type. If in the latter case $R$ is Gorenstein, then the construction gives a noncommutative crepant resolution of singularities in the sense of Van den Bergh.

Keywords:representation dimension, noncommutative crepant resolution, maximal Cohen--Macaulay modules
Categories:16G50, 16G60, 16E99

9. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 771)

Schrohe, E.; Seiler, J.
The Resolvent of Closed Extensions of Cone Differential Operators
We study closed extensions $\underline A$ of an elliptic differential operator $A$ on a manifold with conical singularities, acting as an unbounded operator on a weighted $L_p$-space. Under suitable conditions we show that the resolvent $(\lambda-\underline A)^{-1}$ exists in a sector of the complex plane and decays like $1/|\lambda|$ as $|\lambda|\to\infty$. Moreover, we determine the structure of the resolvent with enough precision to guarantee existence and boundedness of imaginary powers of $\underline A$. As an application we treat the Laplace--Beltrami operator for a metric with straight conical degeneracy and describe domains yielding maximal regularity for the Cauchy problem $\dot{u}-\Delta u=f$, $u(0)=0$.

Keywords:Manifolds with conical singularities, resolvent, maximal regularity
Categories:35J70, 47A10, 58J40

10. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1221)

Hopenwasser, Alan; Peters, Justin R.; Power, Stephen C.
Nest Representations of TAF Algebras
A nest representation of a strongly maximal TAF algebra $A$ with diagonal $D$ is a representation $\pi$ for which $\lat \pi(A)$ is totally ordered. We prove that $\ker \pi$ is a meet irreducible ideal if the spectrum of $A$ is totally ordered or if (after an appropriate similarity) the von Neumann algebra $\pi(D)''$ contains an atom.

Keywords:nest representation, meet irreducible ideal, strongly maximal TAF algebra
Categories:47L40, 47L35

11. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 123)

Harbourne, Brian
An Algorithm for Fat Points on $\mathbf{P}^2
Let $F$ be a divisor on the blow-up $X$ of $\pr^2$ at $r$ general points $p_1, \dots, p_r$ and let $L$ be the total transform of a line on $\pr^2$. An approach is presented for reducing the computation of the dimension of the cokernel of the natural map $\mu_F \colon \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \bigr) \otimes \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(L) \bigr) \to \Gamma \bigl( \CO_X(F) \otimes \CO_X(L) \bigr)$ to the case that $F$ is ample. As an application, a formula for the dimension of the cokernel of $\mu_F$ is obtained when $r = 7$, completely solving the problem of determining the modules in minimal free resolutions of fat point subschemes\break $m_1 p_1 + \cdots + m_7 p_7 \subset \pr^2$. All results hold for an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field~$k$.

Keywords:Generators, syzygies, resolution, fat points, maximal rank, plane, Weyl group
Categories:13P10, 14C99, 13D02, 13H15

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