1. CJM Online first
 Boden, Hans Ulysses; Curtis, Cynthia L

The SL$(2, C)$ Casson invariant for knots and the $\hat{A}$polynomial
In this paper, we extend the definition of the ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson
invariant
to arbitrary knots $K$ in integral homology 3spheres and relate
it to the $m$degree of the $\widehat{A}$polynomial of $K$. We
prove a product formula for the $\widehat{A}$polynomial of the connected
sum $K_1 \# K_2$ of two knots in $S^3$ and deduce additivity
of ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant under connected sum for a large
class of knots in $S^3$. We also present an example of a nontrivial
knot $K$ in $S^3$ with trivial $\widehat{A}$polynomial and trivial
${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant, showing that neither of these invariants
detect the unknot.
Keywords:Knots, 3manifolds, character variety, Casson invariant, $A$polynomial Categories:57M27, 57M25, 57M05 

2. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 184)
 McReynolds, D. B.

Geometric Spectra and Commensurability
The work of Reid, ChinburgHamiltonLongReid,
PrasadRapinchuk, and the author with Reid have demonstrated that
geodesics or totally geodesic submanifolds can sometimes be used to
determine the commensurability class of an arithmetic manifold. The
main results of this article show that generalizations of these
results to other arithmetic manifolds will require a wide range of
data. Specifically, we prove that certain incommensurable arithmetic
manifolds arising from the semisimple Lie groups of the form
$(\operatorname{SL}(d,\mathbf{R}))^r \times
(\operatorname{SL}(d,\mathbf{C}))^s$ have the same commensurability
classes of totally geodesic submanifolds coming from a fixed
field. This construction is algebraic and shows the failure of
determining, in general, a central simple algebra from subalgebras
over a fixed field. This, in turn, can be viewed in terms of forms of
$\operatorname{SL}_d$ and the failure of determining the form via certain classes of
algebraic subgroups.
Keywords:arithmetic groups, Brauer groups, arithmetic equivalence, locally symmetric manifolds Category:20G25 

3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 141)
 CaillatGibert, Shanti; Matignon, Daniel

Existence of Taut Foliations on Seifert Fibered Homology $3$spheres
This paper concerns the problem of existence of taut foliations among $3$manifolds.
Since the contribution of David Gabai,
we know that closed $3$manifolds with nontrivial second homology group
admit a taut foliation.
The essential part of this paper focuses on Seifert fibered homology $3$spheres.
The result is quite different if they are integral or rational but nonintegral homology $3$spheres.
Concerning integral homology $3$spheres, we can see that all but the $3$sphere and the PoincarÃ© $3$sphere admit a taut foliation.
Concerning nonintegral homology $3$spheres,
we prove there are infinitely many which admit a taut foliation, and infinitely many without taut foliation.
Moreover, we show that the geometries do not determine the existence of taut foliations
on nonintegral Seifert fibered homology $3$spheres.
Keywords:homology 3spheres, taut foliation, Seifertfibered 3manifolds Categories:57M25, 57M50, 57N10, 57M15 

4. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 400)
 Mendonça, Bruno; Tojeiro, Ruy

Umbilical Submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$
We give a complete classification of umbilical submanifolds of arbitrary dimension and codimension of
$\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$, extending the classification of umbilical surfaces
in $\mathbb{S}^2\times \mathbb{R}$ by Souam and Toubiana as well as the local
description of umbilical hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ by Van der
Veken and Vrancken. We prove that, besides small spheres in a slice,
up to isometries of the ambient space they come in a twoparameter
family of rotational submanifolds
whose substantial codimension is either one or two and whose profile
is a curve in a totally geodesic $\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{S}^2\times
\mathbb{R}$, respectively, the former case arising in a oneparameter
family. All of them are diffeomorphic to a sphere, except for a single
element that is diffeomorphic to Euclidean space. We obtain explicit
parametrizations of all such submanifolds. We also study more general
classes of submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$. In
particular, we give a complete description of all submanifolds in
those product spaces
for which the tangent component of a unit vector field spanning the
factor $\mathbb{R}$ is an eigenvector of all shape operators. We show that
surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and
$\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ having this property are rotational surfaces, and use
this fact to improve some recent results by Alencar, do Carmo, and
Tribuzy.
We also obtain a Dajczertype reduction of codimension theorem for
submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$.
Keywords:umbilical submanifolds, product spaces $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ Categories:53B25, 53C40 

5. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1401)
 Zhao, Wei; Shen, Yibing

A Universal Volume Comparison Theorem for Finsler Manifolds and Related Results
In this paper, we establish a universal volume comparison theorem
for Finsler manifolds and give the BergerKazdan inequality and
SantalÃ³'s formula in Finsler geometry. Being based on these, we
derive a BergerKazdan type comparison theorem and a Croke type
isoperimetric inequality for Finsler manifolds.
Keywords:Finsler manifold, BergerKazdan inequality, BergerKazdan comparison theorem, SantalÃ³'s formula, Croke's isoperimetric inequality Categories:53B40, 53C65, 52A38 

6. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 621)
 Lee, Paul W. Y.

On Surfaces in Three Dimensional Contact Manifolds
In this paper, we introduce two notions on a surface in a contact
manifold. The first one is called degree of transversality (DOT) which
measures the transversality between the tangent spaces of a surface
and the contact planes. The second quantity, called curvature of
transversality (COT), is designed to give a comparison principle for
DOT along characteristic curves under bounds on COT. In particular,
this gives estimates on lengths of characteristic curves assuming COT
is bounded below by a positive constant.
We show that surfaces with constant COT exist and we classify all
graphs in the Heisenberg group with vanishing COT. This is
accomplished by showing that the equation for graphs with zero COT can
be decomposed into two first order PDEs, one of which is the backward
invisicid Burgers' equation. Finally we show that the pminimal graph
equation in the Heisenberg group also has such a
decomposition. Moreover, we can use this decomposition to write down
an explicit formula of a solution near a regular point.
Keywords:contact manifolds, subriemannian manifolds, surfaces Category:35R03 

7. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 66)
 Deng, Shaoqiang; Hu, Zhiguang

On Flag Curvature of Homogeneous Randers Spaces
In this paper we give an explicit formula for the flag curvature of
homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type and apply this formula to
obtain some interesting results. We first deduce an explicit formula
for the flag curvature of an arbitrary left invariant Randers metric
on a twostep nilpotent Lie group. Then we obtain a classification of
negatively curved homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type. This
results, in particular, in many examples of homogeneous nonRiemannian
Finsler spaces with negative flag curvature. Finally, we prove a
rigidity result that a homogeneous Randers space of Berwald type whose
flag curvature is everywhere nonzero must be Riemannian.
Keywords:homogeneous Randers manifolds, flag curvature, Douglas spaces, twostep nilpotent Lie groups Categories:22E46, 53C30 

8. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 436)
 Mine, Kotaro; Sakai, Katsuro

Simplicial Complexes and Open Subsets of NonSeparable LFSpaces
Let $F$ be a nonseparable LFspace homeomorphic to
the direct sum $\sum_{n\in\mathbb{N}} \ell_2(\tau_n)$,
where $\aleph_0 < \tau_1 < \tau_2 < \cdots$.
It is proved that
every open subset $U$ of $F$ is homeomorphic to the product $K \times F$
for some locally finitedimensional simplicial complex $K$ such that
every vertex $v \in K^{(0)}$ has the star $\operatorname{St}(v,K)$
with $\operatorname{card} \operatorname{St}(v,K)^{(0)} < \tau = \sup\tau_n$
(and $\operatorname{card} K^{(0)} \le \tau$),
and, conversely, if $K$ is such a simplicial complex,
then the product $K \times F$ can be embedded in $F$ as an open set,
where $K$ is the polyhedron of $K$ with the metric topology.
Keywords:LFspace, open set, simplicial complex, metric topology, locally finitedimensional, star, small box product, ANR, $\ell_2(\tau)$, $\ell_2(\tau)$manifold, open embedding, $\sum_{i\in\mathbb{N}}\ell_2(\tau_i)$ Categories:57N20, 46A13, 46T05, 57N17, 57Q05, 57Q40 

9. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 242)
10. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 218)
 Xing, Yang

The General Definition of the Complex MongeAmpÃ¨re Operator on Compact KÃ¤hler Manifolds
We introduce a wide subclass ${\mathcal F}(X,\omega)$ of
quasiplurisubharmonic functions in a compact KÃ¤hler manifold, on
which the complex MongeAmpÃ¨re operator is well defined and the
convergence theorem is valid. We also prove that ${\mathcal F}(X,\omega)$
is a convex cone and includes all quasiplurisubharmonic functions
that are in the Cegrell class.
Keywords:complex MongeAmpÃ¨re operator, compact KÃ¤hler manifold Categories:32W20, 32Q15 

11. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1201)
 Arvanitoyeorgos, Andreas; Dzhepko, V. V.; Nikonorov, Yu. G.

Invariant Einstein Metrics on Some Homogeneous Spaces of Classical Lie Groups
A Riemannian manifold $(M,\rho)$ is called Einstein if the metric
$\rho$ satisfies the condition \linebreak$\Ric (\rho)=c\cdot \rho$ for some
constant $c$. This paper is devoted to the investigation of
$G$invariant Einstein metrics, with additional symmetries,
on some homogeneous spaces $G/H$ of classical groups.
As a consequence, we obtain new invariant Einstein metrics on some
Stiefel manifolds $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$.
Furthermore, we show that for any positive integer $p$ there exists a
Stiefel manifold $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$
that admits at least $p$
$\SO(n)$invariant Einstein metrics.
Keywords:Riemannian manifolds, homogeneous spaces, Einstein metrics, Stiefel manifolds Categories:53C25, 53C30 

12. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 641)
 Maeda, Sadahiro; Udagawa, Seiichi

Characterization of Parallel Isometric Immersions of Space Forms into Space Forms in the Class of Isotropic Immersions
For an isotropic submanifold $M^n\,(n\geqq3)$ of a space form
$\widetilde{M}^{n+p}(c)$ of constant sectional curvature $c$, we
show that if the mean curvature vector of $M^n$ is parallel and the
sectional curvature $K$ of $M^n$ satisfies some inequality, then
the second fundamental form of $M^n$ in $\widetilde{M}^{n+p}$ is
parallel and our manifold $M^n$ is a space form.
Keywords:space forms, parallel isometric immersions, isotropic immersions, totally umbilic, Veronese manifolds, sectional curvatures, parallel mean curvature vector Categories:53C40, 53C42 

13. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 658)
 Mihailescu, Eugen; Urba\'nski, Mariusz

Inverse Pressure Estimates and the Independence of Stable Dimension for NonInvertible Maps
We study the case of an Axiom A holomorphic nondegenerate
(hence noninvertible) map $f\from\mathbb P^2
\mathbb C \to \mathbb P^2 \mathbb C$, where $\mathbb P^2 \mathbb C$
stands for the complex
projective space of dimension 2. Let $\Lambda$ denote a basic set for
$f$ of unstable index 1, and $x$ an arbitrary point of $\Lambda$; we
denote by $\delta^s(x)$ the Hausdorff dimension of $W^s_r(x) \cap
\Lambda$, where $r$ is some fixed positive number and $W^s_r(x)$ is
the local stable manifold at $x$ of size $r$; $\delta^s(x)$ is called
\emph{the stable dimension at} $x$. Mihailescu and
Urba\'nski introduced a notion of inverse topological pressure,
denoted by $P^$, which takes into consideration preimages of points.
Manning and McCluskey study the case of hyperbolic diffeomorphisms on
real surfaces and give formulas for Hausdorff dimension. Our
noninvertible situation is different here since the local unstable
manifolds are not uniquely determined by their base point, instead
they depend in general on whole prehistories of the base points. Hence
our methods are different and are based on using a sequence of inverse
pressures for the iterates of $f$, in order to give upper and lower
estimates of the stable dimension. We obtain an estimate of the
oscillation of the stable dimension on $\Lambda$. When each point $x$
from $\Lambda$ has the same number $d'$ of preimages in $\Lambda$,
then we show that $\delta^s(x)$ is independent
of $x$; in fact $\delta^s(x)$ is shown to be equal in this case with
the unique zero of the map $t \to P(t\phi^s  \log d')$. We also
prove the Lipschitz continuity of the stable vector spaces over
$\Lambda$; this proof is again different than the one for
diffeomorphisms (however, the unstable distribution is not always
Lipschitz for conformal noninvertible maps). In the end we include
the corresponding results for a real conformal setting.
Keywords:Hausdorff dimension, stable manifolds, basic sets, inverse topological pressure Categories:37D20, 37A35, 37F35 

14. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1245)
 Chen, Qun; Zhou, ZhenRong

On Gap Properties and Instabilities of $p$YangMills Fields
We consider the
$p$YangMills functional
$(p\geq 2)$
defined as
$\YM_p(\nabla):=\frac 1 p \int_M \\rn\^p$.
We call critical points of $\YM_p(\cdot)$ the $p$YangMills
connections, and the associated curvature $\rn$ the $p$YangMills
fields. In this paper, we prove gap properties and instability theorems for $p$YangMills
fields over submanifolds in $\mathbb{R}^{n+k}$ and $\mathbb{S}^{n+k}$.
Keywords:$p$YangMills field, gap property, instability, submanifold Categories:58E15, 53C05 

15. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 845)
 Schaffhauser, Florent

Representations of the Fundamental Group of an $L$Punctured Sphere Generated by Products of Lagrangian Involutions
In this paper, we characterize unitary representations of $\pi:=\piS$ whose
generators $u_1, \dots, u_l$ (lying in conjugacy classes fixed initially)
can be decomposed as products of two Lagrangian involutions
$u_j=\s_j\s_{j+1}$ with $\s_{l+1}=\s_1$. Our main result is that such
representations are exactly the elements of the fixedpoint set of an
antisymplectic involution defined on the moduli space
$\Mod:=\Hom_{\mathcal C}(\pi,U(n))/U(n)$. Consequently, as this fixedpoint set is
nonempty, it is a Lagrangian submanifold of $\Mod$. To prove this, we use
the quasiHamiltonian description of the symplectic structure of $\Mod$ and
give conditions on an involution defined on a quasiHamiltonian $U$space
$(M, \w, \mu\from M \to U)$ for it to induce an antisymplectic involution on
the reduced space $M/\!/U := \mu^{1}(\{1\})/U$.
Keywords:momentum maps, moduli spaces, Lagrangian submanifolds, antisymplectic involutions, quasiHamiltonian Categories:53D20, 53D30 

16. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 742)
 Gil, Juan B.; Krainer, Thomas; Mendoza, Gerardo A.

Geometry and Spectra of Closed Extensions of Elliptic Cone Operators
We study the geometry of the set of closed extensions of index $0$ of
an elliptic differential cone operator and its model operator in
connection with the spectra of the extensions, and we give a necessary
and sufficient condition for the existence of rays of minimal growth
for such operators.
Keywords:resolvents, manifolds with conical singularities, spectral theor, boundary value problems, Grassmannians Categories:58J50, 35J70, 14M15 

17. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 36)
 Develin, Mike; Martin, Jeremy L.; Reiner, Victor

Classification of Ding's Schubert Varieties: Finer Rook Equivalence
K.~Ding studied a class of Schubert varieties $X_\lambda$
in type A partial
flag manifolds, indexed by
integer partitions $\lambda$ and in bijection
with dominant permutations. He observed that the
Schubert cell structure of $X_\lambda$ is indexed by maximal rook
placements on the Ferrers board $B_\lambda$, and that the
integral cohomology groups $H^*(X_\lambda;\:\Zz)$, $H^*(X_\mu;\:\Zz)$ are
additively isomorphic exactly when the Ferrers boards $B_\lambda, B_\mu$
satisfy the combinatorial condition of \emph{rookequivalence}.
We classify the varieties $X_\lambda$ up to isomorphism, distinguishing them
by their graded cohomology rings with integer coefficients. The crux of our approach
is studying the nilpotence orders of linear forms in
the cohomology ring.
Keywords:Schubert variety, rook placement, Ferrers board, flag manifold, cohomology ring, nilpotence Categories:14M15, 05E05 

18. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1314)
 Zhitomirskii, M.

Relative Darboux Theorem for Singular Manifolds and Local Contact Algebra
In 1999 V. Arnol'd introduced the local contact algebra: studying the
problem of classification of singular curves in a contact space, he
showed the existence of the ghost of the contact structure (invariants
which are not related to the induced structure on the curve). Our
main result implies that the only reason for existence of the local
contact algebra and the ghost is the difference between the geometric
and (defined in this paper) algebraic restriction of a $1$form to a
singular submanifold. We prove that a germ of any subset $N$ of a
contact manifold is well defined, up to contactomorphisms, by the
algebraic restriction to $N$ of the contact structure. This is a
generalization of the DarbouxGivental' theorem for smooth
submanifolds of a contact manifold. Studying the difference between
the geometric and the algebraic restrictions gives a powerful tool for
classification of stratified submanifolds of a contact manifold. This
is illustrated by complete solution of three classification problems,
including a simple explanation of V.~Arnold's results and further
classification results for singular curves in a contact space. We
also prove several results on the external geometry of a singular
submanifold $N$ in terms of the algebraic restriction of the contact
structure to $N$. In particular, the algebraic restriction is zero if
and only if $N$ is contained in a smooth Legendrian submanifold of
$M$.
Keywords:contact manifold, local contact algebra,, relative Darboux theorem, integral curves Categories:53D10, 14B05, 58K50 

19. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 871)
 Zhang, Xi

Hermitian Yang_MillsHiggs Metrics on\\Complete KÃ¤hler Manifolds
In this paper, first, we will investigate the
Dirichlet problem for one type of vortex equation, which
generalizes the wellknown Hermitian Einstein equation. Secondly,
we will give existence results for solutions of these vortex
equations over various complete noncompact K\"ahler manifolds.
Keywords:vortex equation, Hermitian YangMillsHiggs metric,, holomorphic vector bundle, KÃ¤hler manifolds Categories:58E15, 53C07 

20. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 771)
 Schrohe, E.; Seiler, J.

The Resolvent of Closed Extensions of Cone Differential Operators
We study closed extensions $\underline A$ of
an elliptic differential operator $A$ on a manifold with conical
singularities, acting as an unbounded operator on a weighted $L_p$space.
Under suitable conditions we show that the resolvent
$(\lambda\underline A)^{1}$ exists
in a sector of the complex plane and decays like $1/\lambda$ as
$\lambda\to\infty$. Moreover, we determine the structure of the resolvent
with enough precision to guarantee existence and boundedness of imaginary
powers of $\underline A$.
As an application we treat the LaplaceBeltrami operator for a metric with
straight conical degeneracy and describe domains yielding
maximal regularity for the Cauchy problem $\dot{u}\Delta u=f$, $u(0)=0$.
Keywords:Manifolds with conical singularities, resolvent, maximal regularity Categories:35J70, 47A10, 58J40 

21. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 776)
 Lim, Yongdo

Best Approximation in Riemannian Geodesic Submanifolds of Positive Definite Matrices
We explicitly describe
the best approximation in
geodesic submanifolds of positive definite matrices
obtained from involutive
congruence transformations on the
CartanHadamard manifold ${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\Bbb R})^{++}$ of
positive definite matrices.
An explicit calculation for the minimal distance
function from the geodesic submanifold
${\mathrm{Sym}}(p,{\mathbb R})^{++}\times
{\mathrm{Sym}}(q,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ block diagonally embedded in
${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ is
given in terms of metric and
spectral geometric means, Cayley transform, and Schur
complements of positive definite matrices when $p\leq 2$ or $q\leq 2.$
Keywords:Matrix approximation, positive, definite matrix, geodesic submanifold, CartanHadamard manifold,, best approximation, minimal distance function, global tubular, neighborhood theorem, Schur complement, metric and spectral, geometric mean, Cayley transform Categories:15A48, 49R50, 15A18, 53C3 

22. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1254)
23. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 715)
 Cushman, Richard; Śniatycki, Jędrzej

Differential Structure of Orbit Spaces
We present a new approach to singular reduction of Hamiltonian systems
with symmetries. The tools we use are the category of differential
spaces of Sikorski and the StefanSussmann theorem. The former is
applied to analyze the differential structure of the spaces involved
and the latter is used to prove that some of these spaces are smooth
manifolds.
Our main result is the identification of accessible sets of the
generalized distribution spanned by the Hamiltonian vector fields of
invariant functions with singular reduced spaces. We are also able
to describe the differential structure of a singular reduced space
corresponding to a coadjoint orbit which need not be locally closed.
Keywords:accessible sets, differential space, Poisson algebra, proper action, singular reduction, symplectic manifolds Categories:37J15, 58A40, 58D19, 70H33 

24. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 780)
 Nicolaescu, Liviu I.

SeibergWitten Invariants of Lens Spaces
We show that the SeibergWitten invariants of a lens space determine
and are determined by its CassonWalker invariant and its
ReidemeisterTuraev torsion.
Keywords:lens spaces, Seifert manifolds, SeibergWitten invariants, CassonWalker invariant, Reidemeister torsion, eta invariants, DedekindRademacher sums Categories:58D27, 57Q10, 57R15, 57R19, 53C20, 53C25 

25. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 278)
 Helminck, G. F.; van de Leur, J. W.

Darboux Transformations for the KP Hierarchy in the SegalWilson Setting
In this paper it is shown that inclusions inside the SegalWilson
Grassmannian give rise to Darboux transformations between the
solutions of the $\KP$ hierarchy corresponding to these planes. We
present a closed form of the operators that procure the transformation
and express them in the related geometric data. Further the
associated transformation on the level of $\tau$functions is given.
Keywords:KP hierarchy, Darboux transformation, Grassmann manifold Categories:22E65, 22E70, 35Q53, 35Q58, 58B25 
