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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword locally compact group

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1. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 3)

Ghahramani, F.; Zadeh, S.
Bipositive Isomorphisms Between Beurling Algebras and Between their Second Dual Algebras
Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $\omega$ be a continuous weight on $G$. We show that for each of the Banach algebras $L^1(G,\omega)$, $M(G,\omega)$, $LUC(G,\omega^{-1})^*$ and $L^1(G,\omega)^{**}$, the order structure combined with the algebra structure determines the weighted group.

Keywords:locally compact group, Beurling algebra, Arens product, topological group isomorphism, bipositive algebra isomorphism
Categories:43A20, 43A22

2. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1073)

Kalantar, Mehrdad; Neufang, Matthias
From Quantum Groups to Groups
In this paper we use the recent developments in the representation theory of locally compact quantum groups, to assign, to each locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$, a locally compact group $\tilde {\mathbb{G}}$ which is the quantum version of point-masses, and is an invariant for the latter. We show that ``quantum point-masses" can be identified with several other locally compact groups that can be naturally assigned to the quantum group $\mathbb{G}$. This assignment preserves compactness as well as discreteness (hence also finiteness), and for large classes of quantum groups, amenability. We calculate this invariant for some of the most well-known examples of non-classical quantum groups. Also, we show that several structural properties of $\mathbb{G}$ are encoded by $\tilde {\mathbb{G}}$: the latter, despite being a simpler object, can carry very important information about $\mathbb{G}$.

Keywords:locally compact quantum group, locally compact group, von Neumann algebra

3. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 102)

Birth, Lidia; Glöckner, Helge
Continuity of convolution of test functions on Lie groups
For a Lie group $G$, we show that the map $C^\infty_c(G)\times C^\infty_c(G)\to C^\infty_c(G)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma*\eta$ taking a pair of test functions to their convolution is continuous if and only if $G$ is $\sigma$-compact. More generally, consider $r,s,t \in \mathbb{N}_0\cup\{\infty\}$ with $t\leq r+s$, locally convex spaces $E_1$, $E_2$ and a continuous bilinear map $b\colon E_1\times E_2\to F$ to a complete locally convex space $F$. Let $\beta\colon C^r_c(G,E_1)\times C^s_c(G,E_2)\to C^t_c(G,F)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma *_b\eta$ be the associated convolution map. The main result is a characterization of those $(G,r,s,t,b)$ for which $\beta$ is continuous. Convolution of compactly supported continuous functions on a locally compact group is also discussed, as well as convolution of compactly supported $L^1$-functions and convolution of compactly supported Radon measures.

Keywords:Lie group, locally compact group, smooth function, compact support, test function, second countability, countable basis, sigma-compactness, convolution, continuity, seminorm, product estimates
Categories:22E30, 46F05, 22D15, 42A85, 43A10, 43A15, 46A03, 46A13, 46E25

4. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 123)

Granirer, Edmond E.
Strong and Extremely Strong Ditkin sets for the Banach Algebras $A_p^r(G)=A_p\cap L^r(G)$
Let $A_p(G)$ be the Figa-Talamanca, Herz Banach Algebra on $G$; thus $A_2(G)$ is the Fourier algebra. Strong Ditkin (SD) and Extremely Strong Ditkin (ESD) sets for the Banach algebras $A_p^r(G)$ are investigated for abelian and nonabelian locally compact groups $G$. It is shown that SD and ESD sets for $A_p(G)$ remain SD and ESD sets for $A_p^r(G)$, with strict inclusion for ESD sets. The case for the strict inclusion of SD sets is left open. A result on the weak sequential completeness of $A_2(F)$ for ESD sets $F$ is proved and used to show that Varopoulos, Helson, and Sidon sets are not ESD sets for $A_2(G)$, yet they are such for $A_2^r(G)$ for discrete groups $G$, for any $1\le r\le 2$. A result is given on the equivalence of the sequential and the net definitions of SD or ESD sets for $\sigma$-compact groups. The above results are new even if $G$ is abelian.

Keywords:Fourier algebra, Figa-Talamanca-Herz algebra, locally compact group, Ditkin sets, Helson sets, Sidon sets, weak sequential completeness
Categories:43A15, 43A10, 46J10, 43A45

5. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 382)

Miao, Tianxuan
Unit Elements in the Double Dual of a Subalgebra of the Fourier Algebra $A(G)$
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra with a bounded right approximate identity and let $\mathcal B$ be a closed ideal of $\mathcal A$. We study the relationship between the right identities of the double duals ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ under the Arens product. We show that every right identity of ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ can be extended to a right identity of ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ in some sense. As a consequence, we answer a question of Lau and \"Ulger, showing that for the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ of a locally compact group $G$, an element $\phi \in A(G)^{**}$ is in $A(G)$ if and only if $A(G) \phi \subseteq A(G)$ and $E \phi = \phi $ for all right identities $E $ of $A(G)^{**}$. We also prove some results about the topological centers of ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$.

Keywords:Locally compact groups, amenable groups, Fourier algebra, identity, Arens product, topological center

6. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 768)

Hu, Zhiguo; Neufang, Matthias
Decomposability of von Neumann Algebras and the Mazur Property of Higher Level
The decomposability number of a von Neumann algebra $\m$ (denoted by $\dec(\m)$) is the greatest cardinality of a family of pairwise orthogonal non-zero projections in $\m$. In this paper, we explore the close connection between $\dec(\m)$ and the cardinal level of the Mazur property for the predual $\m_*$ of $\m$, the study of which was initiated by the second author. Here, our main focus is on those von Neumann algebras whose preduals constitute such important Banach algebras on a locally compact group $G$ as the group algebra $\lone$, the Fourier algebra $A(G)$, the measure algebra $M(G)$, the algebra $\luc^*$, etc. We show that for any of these von Neumann algebras, say $\m$, the cardinal number $\dec(\m)$ and a certain cardinal level of the Mazur property of $\m_*$ are completely encoded in the underlying group structure. In fact, they can be expressed precisely by two dual cardinal invariants of $G$: the compact covering number $\kg$ of $G$ and the least cardinality $\bg$ of an open basis at the identity of $G$. We also present an application of the Mazur property of higher level to the topological centre problem for the Banach algebra $\ag^{**}$.

Keywords:Mazur property, predual of a von Neumann algebra, locally compact group and its cardinal invariants, group algebra, Fourier algebra, topological centre
Categories:22D05, 43A20, 43A30, 03E55, 46L10

7. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1259)

Paterson, Alan L. T.
The Fourier Algebra for Locally Compact Groupoids
We introduce and investigate using Hilbert modules the properties of the {\em Fourier algebra} $A(G)$ for a locally compact groupoid $G$. We establish a duality theorem for such groupoids in terms of multiplicative module maps. This includes as a special case the classical duality theorem for locally compact groups proved by P. Eymard.

Keywords:Fourier algebra, locally compact groupoids, Hilbert modules,, positive definite functions, completely bounded maps

8. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 344)

Miao, Tianxuan
Predual of the Multiplier Algebra of $A_p(G)$ and Amenability
For a locally compact group $G$ and $1
Keywords:Locally compact groups, amenable groups, multiplier algebra, Herz algebra

9. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1100)

Wood, Peter J.
The Operator Biprojectivity of the Fourier Algebra
In this paper, we investigate projectivity in the category of operator spaces. In particular, we show that the Fourier algebra of a locally compact group $G$ is operator biprojective if and only if $G$ is discrete.

Keywords:locally compact group, Fourier algebra, operator space, projective
Categories:13D03, 18G25, 43A95, 46L07, 22D99

10. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 795)

Möller, Rögnvaldur G.
Structure Theory of Totally Disconnected Locally Compact Groups via Graphs and Permutations
Willis's structure theory of totally disconnected locally compact groups is investigated in the context of permutation actions. This leads to new interpretations of the basic concepts in the theory and also to new proofs of the fundamental theorems and to several new results. The treatment of Willis's theory is self-contained and full proofs are given of all the fundamental results.

Keywords:totally disconnected locally compact groups, scale function, permutation groups, groups acting on graphs
Categories:22D05, 20B07, 20B27, 05C25

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