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1. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1023)

Phillips, John; Raeburn, Iain
 Centre-valued Index for Toeplitz Operators with Noncommuting Symbols We formulate and prove a winding number'' index theorem for certain Toeplitz'' operators in the same spirit as Gohberg-Krein, Lesch and others. The number'' is replaced by a self-adjoint operator in a subalgebra $Z\subseteq Z(A)$ of a unital $C^*$-algebra, $A$. We assume a faithful $Z$-valued trace $\tau$ on $A$ left invariant under an action $\alpha:{\mathbf R}\to Aut(A)$ leaving $Z$ pointwise fixed.If $\delta$ is the infinitesimal generator of $\alpha$ and $u$ is invertible in $\operatorname{dom}(\delta)$ then the winding operator'' of $u$ is $\frac{1}{2\pi i}\tau(\delta(u)u^{-1})\in Z_{sa}.$ By a careful choice of representations we extend $(A,Z,\tau,\alpha)$ to a von Neumann setting $(\mathfrak{A},\mathfrak{Z},\bar\tau,\bar\alpha)$ where $\mathfrak{A}=A^{\prime\prime}$ and $\mathfrak{Z}=Z^{\prime\prime}.$ Then $A\subset\mathfrak{A}\subset \mathfrak{A}\rtimes{\bf R}$, the von Neumann crossed product, and there is a faithful, dual $\mathfrak{Z}$-trace on $\mathfrak{A}\rtimes{\bf R}$. If $P$ is the projection in $\mathfrak{A}\rtimes{\bf R}$ corresponding to the non-negative spectrum of the generator of $\mathbf R$ inside $\mathfrak{A}\rtimes{\mathbf R}$ and $\tilde\pi:A\to\mathfrak{A}\rtimes{\mathbf R}$ is the embedding then we define for $u\in A^{-1}$, $T_u=P\tilde\pi(u) P$ and show it is Fredholm in an appropriate sense and the $\mathfrak{Z}$-valued index of $T_u$ is the negative of the winding operator. In outline the proof follows the proof of the scalar case done previously by the authors. The main difficulty is making sense of the constructions with the scalars replaced by $\mathfrak{Z}$ in the von Neumann setting. The construction of the dual $\mathfrak{Z}$-trace on $\mathfrak{A}\rtimes{\mathbf R}$ required the nontrivial development of a $\mathfrak{Z}$-Hilbert Algebra theory. We show that certain of these Fredholm operators fiber as a section'' of Fredholm operators with scalar-valued index and the centre-valued index fibers as a section of the scalar-valued indices. Keywords:index ,Toeplitz operatorCategories:46L55, 19K56, 46L80

2. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 759)

Carey, Alan L; Gayral, Victor; Phillips, John; Rennie, Adam; Sukochev, Fedor
 Spectral Flow for Nonunital Spectral Triples We prove two results about nonunital index theory left open in a previous paper. The first is that the spectral triple arising from an action of the reals on a $C^*$-algebra with invariant trace satisfies the hypotheses of the nonunital local index formula. The second result concerns the meaning of spectral flow in the nonunital case. For the special case of paths arising from the odd index pairing for smooth spectral triples in the nonunital setting we are able to connect with earlier approaches to the analytic definition of spectral flow. Keywords:spectral triple, spectral flow, local index theoremCategory:46H30

3. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 331)

 Lushness, Numerical Index 1 and the Daugavet Property in Rearrangement Invariant Spaces We show that for spaces with 1-unconditional bases lushness, the alternative Daugavet property and numerical index 1 are equivalent. In the class of rearrangement invariant (r.i.) sequence spaces the only examples of spaces with these properties are $c_0$, $\ell_1$ and $\ell_\infty$. The only lush r.i. separable function space on $[0,1]$ is $L_1[0,1]$; the same space is the only r.i. separable function space on $[0,1]$ with the Daugavet property over the reals. Keywords:lush space, numerical index, Daugavet property, KÃ¶the space, rearrangement invariant spaceCategories:46B04, 46E30
 Correspondences, von Neumann Algebras and Holomorphic $L^2$ Torsion Given a holomorphic Hilbertian bundle on a compact complex manifold, we introduce the notion of holomorphic $L^2$ torsion, which lies in the determinant line of the twisted $L^2$ Dolbeault cohomology and represents a volume element there. Here we utilise the theory of determinant lines of Hilbertian modules over finite von~Neumann algebras as developed in \cite{CFM}. This specialises to the Ray-Singer-Quillen holomorphic torsion in the finite dimensional case. We compute a metric variation formula for the holomorphic $L^2$ torsion, which shows that it is {\it not\/} in general independent of the choice of Hermitian metrics on the complex manifold and on the holomorphic Hilbertian bundle, which are needed to define it. We therefore initiate the theory of correspondences of determinant lines, that enables us to define a relative holomorphic $L^2$ torsion for a pair of flat Hilbertian bundles, which we prove is independent of the choice of Hermitian metrics on the complex manifold and on the flat Hilbertian bundles. Keywords:holomorphic $L^2$ torsion, correspondences, local index theorem, almost KÃ¤hler manifolds, von~Neumann algebras, determinant linesCategories:58J52, 58J35, 58J20