Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 15 of 15 |
1. CJM Online first
On homotopy invariants of combings of three-manifolds Combings of compact, oriented $3$-dimensional manifolds $M$ are
homotopy classes of nowhere vanishing vector fields.
The Euler class of the normal bundle is an invariant of the combing,
and it only depends on the underlying Spin$^c$-structure. A combing
is called torsion
if this Euler class is a torsion element of $H^2(M;\mathbb Z)$. Gompf
introduced a $\mathbb Q$-valued invariant $\theta_G$ of torsion combings
on closed $3$-manifolds, and he showed that $\theta_G$ distinguishes
all torsion combings with the same Spin$^c$-structure.
We give an alternative definition for $\theta_G$ and we express
its variation as a linking number. We define a similar invariant
$p_1$ of combings for manifolds bounded by $S^2$. We relate $p_1$
to the $\Theta$-invariant, which is the simplest configuration
space integral invariant of rational homology $3$-balls, by the
formula $\Theta=\frac14p_1 + 6 \lambda(\hat{M})$ where $\lambda$
is the Casson-Walker invariant.
The article also includes a self-contained presentation of combings
for $3$-manifolds.
Keywords:Spin$^c$-structure, nowhere zero vector fields, first Pontrjagin class, Euler class, Heegaard Floer homology grading, Gompf invariant, Theta invariant, Casson-Walker invariant, perturbative expansion of Chern-Simons theory, configuration space integrals Categories:57M27, 57R20, 57N10 |
2. CJM Online first
Faithfulness of Actions on Riemann-Roch Spaces Given a faithful action of a finite group $G$ on an algebraic
curve~$X$ of genus $g_X\geq 2$, we give explicit criteria for
the induced action of~$G$ on the Riemann-Roch space~$H^0(X,\mathcal{O}_X(D))$
to be faithful, where $D$ is a $G$-invariant divisor on $X$ of
degree at least~$2g_X-2$. This leads to a concise answer to the
question when the action of~$G$ on the space~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes
m})$ of global holomorphic polydifferentials of order $m$ is
faithful. If $X$ is hyperelliptic, we furthermore provide an
explicit basis of~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes m})$. Finally, we
give applications in deformation theory and in coding theory
and we discuss the analogous problem for the action of~$G$ on
the first homology $H_1(X, \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z})$ if $X$ is a Riemann surface.
Keywords:faithful action, Riemann-Roch space, polydifferential, hyperelliptic curve, equivariant deformation theory, Goppa code, homology Categories:14H30, 30F30, 14L30, 14D15, 11R32 |
3. CJM 2014 (vol 66 pp. 961)
Moduli Spaces of Vector Bundles over a Real Curve: $\mathbb Z/2$-Betti Numbers Moduli spaces of real bundles over a real curve arise naturally
as Lagrangian submanifolds of the moduli space of semi-stable
bundles over a complex curve. In this paper, we adapt the methods
of Atiyah-Bott's ``Yang-Mills over a Riemann Surface'' to compute
$\mathbb Z/2$-Betti numbers of these spaces.
Keywords:cohomology of moduli spaces, holomorphic vector bundles Categories:32L05, 14P25 |
4. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 141)
Existence of Taut Foliations on Seifert Fibered Homology $3$-spheres This paper concerns the problem of existence of taut foliations among $3$-manifolds.
Since the contribution of David Gabai,
we know that closed $3$-manifolds with non-trivial second homology group
admit a taut foliation.
The essential part of this paper focuses on Seifert fibered homology $3$-spheres.
The result is quite different if they are integral or rational but non-integral homology $3$-spheres.
Concerning integral homology $3$-spheres, we can see that all but the $3$-sphere and the PoincarÃ© $3$-sphere admit a taut foliation.
Concerning non-integral homology $3$-spheres,
we prove there are infinitely many which admit a taut foliation, and infinitely many without taut foliation.
Moreover, we show that the geometries do not determine the existence of taut foliations
on non-integral Seifert fibered homology $3$-spheres.
Keywords:homology 3-spheres, taut foliation, Seifert-fibered 3-manifolds Categories:57M25, 57M50, 57N10, 57M15 |
5. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 874)
Quantum Drinfeld Hecke Algebras We consider finite groups acting on
quantum (or skew) polynomial rings. Deformations of the
semidirect product of the quantum polynomial ring with the acting group
extend symplectic reflection algebras and graded Hecke algebras
to the quantum setting over a field
of arbitrary characteristic.
We give necessary and sufficient conditions for such algebras to satisfy a
PoincarÃ©-Birkhoff-Witt property using the theory of noncommutative
GrÃ¶bner bases.
We include applications to the case of abelian groups
and the case of groups acting on coordinate rings of quantum planes.
In addition, we classify graded automorphisms of the coordinate ring of quantum 3-space. In characteristic zero, Hochschild cohomology
gives an elegant description of the PBW conditions.
Keywords:skew polynomial rings, noncommutative GrÃ¶bner bases, graded Hecke algebras, symplectic reflection algebras, Hochschild cohomology Categories:16S36, 16S35, 16S80, 16W20, 16Z05, 16E40 |
6. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 843)
3-torsion in the Homology of Complexes of Graphs of Bounded Degree For $\delta \ge 1$ and $n \ge 1$, consider the simplicial
complex of graphs on $n$ vertices in which each vertex has degree
at most $\delta$; we identify a given graph with its edge set and
admit one loop at each vertex.
This complex is of some importance in the theory of semigroup
algebras.
When $\delta = 1$, we obtain the
matching complex, for which it is known that
there is $3$-torsion in degree $d$ of the homology
whenever $\frac{n-4}{3} \le d \le \frac{n-6}{2}$.
This paper establishes similar bounds for $\delta \ge
2$. Specifically, there is $3$-torsion in degree $d$ whenever
$\frac{(3\delta-1)n-8}{6} \le d \le \frac{\delta (n-1) -
4}{2}$.
The procedure for detecting
torsion is to construct an explicit cycle $z$ that is easily seen
to have the property that $3z$ is a boundary. Defining a
homomorphism that sends
$z$ to a non-boundary element in the chain complex of a certain
matching complex, we obtain that $z$ itself is a non-boundary.
In particular, the homology class of $z$ has order $3$.
Keywords:simplicial complex, simplicial homology, torsion group, vertex degree Categories:05E45, 55U10, 05C07, 20K10 |
7. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 467)
Quasimap Floer Cohomology for Varying Symplectic Quotients We show that quasimap Floer cohomology for varying symplectic
quotients resolves several puzzles regarding displaceability of toric
moment fibers. For example, we (i) present a compact Hamiltonian
torus action containing an open subset of non-displaceable
orbits and a codimension four singular set, partly answering a
question of McDuff, and (ii) determine displaceability for most of the
moment fibers of a symplectic ellipsoid.
Keywords:Floer cohomology, Hamiltonian displaceability Category:53Dxx |
8. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1246)
Quantum Cohomology of Minuscule Homogeneous Spaces III. Semi-Simplicity and Consequences
We prove that the quantum cohomology ring of any minuscule or
cominuscule homogeneous space, specialized at $q=1$, is semisimple.
This implies that complex conjugation defines an algebra automorphism
of the quantum cohomology ring localized at the quantum
parameter. We check that this involution coincides with the strange
duality defined in our previous article. We deduce Vafa--Intriligator type
formulas for the Gromov--Witten invariants.
Keywords:quantum cohomology, minuscule homogeneous spaces, Schubert calculus, quantum Euler class Categories:14M15, 14N35 |
9. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1240)
Categorification of the Colored Jones Polynomial and Rasmussen Invariant of Links We define a family of formal Khovanov brackets
of a colored link depending on two parameters.
The isomorphism classes of these brackets are
invariants of framed colored links.
The Bar-Natan functors applied to these brackets
produce Khovanov and Lee homology theories categorifying the colored
Jones polynomial. Further,
we study conditions under which
framed colored link cobordisms induce chain transformations between
our formal brackets. We conjecture that
for special choice of parameters, Khovanov and Lee homology theories
of colored links are functorial (up to sign).
Finally, we extend the Rasmussen invariant to links and give examples
where this invariant is a stronger obstruction to sliceness
than the multivariable Levine--Tristram signature.
Keywords:Khovanov homology, colored Jones polynomial, slice genus, movie moves, framed cobordism Categories:57M25, 57M27, 18G60 |
10. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 892)
The Second Cohomology of Current Algebras of General Lie Algebras Let $A$ be a unital commutative associative algebra over a field of
characteristic zero, $\k$ a Lie algebra, and
$\zf$ a vector space, considered as a trivial module of the Lie algebra
$\gf := A \otimes \kf$. In this paper, we give a
description of the cohomology space $H^2(\gf,\zf)$
in terms of easily accessible data associated with $A$ and $\kf$.
We also discuss the topological situation, where
$A$ and $\kf$ are locally convex algebras.
Keywords:current algebra, Lie algebra cohomology, Lie algebra homology, invariant bilinear form, central extension Categories:17B56, 17B65 |
11. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 981)
The Chen--Ruan Cohomology of Weighted Projective Spaces In this paper we study the Chen--Ruan cohomology ring of weighted
projective spaces. Given a weighted projective space ${\bf
P}^{n}_{q_{0}, \dots, q_{n}}$, we determine all of its twisted
sectors and the corresponding degree shifting numbers. The main
result of this paper is that the obstruction bundle over any
3\nobreakdash-multi\-sector is a direct sum of line bundles which we use to
compute the orbifold cup product. Finally we compute the
Chen--Ruan cohomology ring of weighted projective space ${\bf
P}^{5}_{1,2,2,3,3,3}$.
Keywords:Chen--Ruan cohomology, twisted sectors, toric varieties, weighted projective space, localization Categories:14N35, 53D45 |
12. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 36)
Classification of Ding's Schubert Varieties: Finer Rook Equivalence K.~Ding studied a class of Schubert varieties $X_\lambda$
in type A partial
flag manifolds, indexed by
integer partitions $\lambda$ and in bijection
with dominant permutations. He observed that the
Schubert cell structure of $X_\lambda$ is indexed by maximal rook
placements on the Ferrers board $B_\lambda$, and that the
integral cohomology groups $H^*(X_\lambda;\:\Zz)$, $H^*(X_\mu;\:\Zz)$ are
additively isomorphic exactly when the Ferrers boards $B_\lambda, B_\mu$
satisfy the combinatorial condition of \emph{rook-equivalence}.
We classify the varieties $X_\lambda$ up to isomorphism, distinguishing them
by their graded cohomology rings with integer coefficients. The crux of our approach
is studying the nilpotence orders of linear forms in
the cohomology ring.
Keywords:Schubert variety, rook placement, Ferrers board, flag manifold, cohomology ring, nilpotence Categories:14M15, 05E05 |
13. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1178)
Asymptotic Behavior of the Length of Local Cohomology Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0, $R=k[x_1, \ldots, x_d]$ be a polynomial ring,
and $\mm$ its maximal homogeneous ideal. Let $I \subset R$ be a homogeneous ideal in
$R$. Let $\lambda(M)$ denote the length of an $R$-module $M$. In this paper, we show
that
$$
\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{\l\bigl(H^0_{\mathfrak{m}}(R/I^n)\bigr)}{n^d}
=\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{\l\bigl(\Ext^d_R\bigl(R/I^n,R(-d)\bigr)\bigr)}{n^d}
$$
always exists. This limit has been shown to be ${e(I)}/{d!}$ for $m$-primary ideals
$I$ in a local Cohen--Macaulay ring, where $e(I)$ denotes the multiplicity
of $I$. But we find that this limit may not be rational in general. We give an example
for which the limit is an irrational number thereby showing that the lengths of these
extention modules may not have polynomial growth.
Keywords:powers of ideals, local cohomology, Hilbert function, linear growth Categories:13D40, 14B15, 13D45 |
14. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1319)
The Continuous Hochschild Cochain Complex of a Scheme Let $X$ be a separated finite type scheme over a noetherian base ring
$\mathbb{K}$. There is a complex $\widehat{\mathcal{C}}^{\cdot} (X)$
of topological $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules, called the complete Hochschild
chain complex of $X$. To any $\mathcal{O}_X$-module
$\mathcal{M}$---not necessarily quasi-coherent---we assign the complex
$\mathcal{H}om^{\cont}_{\mathcal{O}_X} \bigl(
\widehat{\mathcal{C}}^{\cdot} (X), \mathcal{M} \bigr)$ of continuous
Hochschild cochains with values in $\mathcal{M}$. Our first main
result is that when $X$ is smooth over $\mathbb{K}$ there is a
functorial isomorphism
$$
\mathcal{H}om^{\cont}_{\mathcal{O}_X} \bigl(
\widehat{\mathcal{C}}^{\cdot} (X), \mathcal{M} \bigr) \cong \R
\mathcal{H}om_{\mathcal{O}_{X^2}} (\mathcal{O}_X, \mathcal{M})
$$
in the derived category $\mathsf{D} (\Mod \mathcal{O}_{X^2})$, where
$X^2 := X \times_{\mathbb{K}} X$.
The second main result is that if $X$ is smooth of relative dimension
$n$ and $n!$ is invertible in $\mathbb{K}$, then the standard maps
$\pi \colon \widehat{\mathcal{C}}^{-q} (X) \to \Omega^q_{X/
\mathbb{K}}$ induce a quasi-isomorphism
$$
\mathcal{H}om_{\mathcal{O}_X} \Bigl( \bigoplus_q \Omega^q_{X/
\mathbb{K}} [q], \mathcal{M} \Bigr) \to
\mathcal{H}om^{\cont}_{\mathcal{O}_X} \bigl(
\widehat{\mathcal{C}}^{\cdot} (X), \mathcal{M} \bigr).
$$
When $\mathcal{M} = \mathcal{O}_X$ this is the quasi-isomorphism
underlying the Kontsevich Formality Theorem.
Combining the two results above we deduce a decomposition of the
global Hochschild cohomology
$$
\Ext^i_{\mathcal{O}_{X^2}} (\mathcal{O}_X, \mathcal{M}) \cong
\bigoplus_q \H^{i-q} \Bigl( X, \bigl( \bigwedge^q_{\mathcal{O}_X}
\mathcal{T}_{X/\mathbb{K}} \bigr) \otimes_{\mathcal{O}_X} \mathcal{M}
\Bigr),
$$
where $\mathcal{T}_{X/\mathbb{K}}$ is the relative tangent sheaf.
Keywords:Hochschild cohomology, schemes, derived categories Categories:16E40, 14F10, 18G10, 13H10 |
15. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 581)
The homology of singular polygon spaces Let $M_n$ be the variety of spatial polygons $P= (a_1, a_2, \dots,
a_n)$ whose sides are vectors $a_i \in \text{\bf R}^3$ of length
$\vert a_i \vert=1 \; (1 \leq i \leq n),$ up to motion in
$\text{\bf R}^3.$ It is known that for odd $n$, $M_n$ is a
smooth manifold, while for even $n$, $M_n$ has cone-like singular
points. For odd $n$, the rational homology of $M_n$ was determined
by Kirwan and Klyachko [6], [9]. The purpose of this paper is to
determine the rational homology of $M_n$ for even $n$. For even
$n$, let ${\tilde M}_n$ be the manifold obtained from $M_n$ by the
resolution of the singularities. Then we also determine the
integral homology of ${\tilde M}_n$.
Keywords:singular polygon space, homology Categories:14D20, 57N65 |