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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword height

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1. CJM Online first

Folha, Abigail; Penafiel, Carlos
Weingarten type surfaces in $\mathbb{H}^2\times\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R}$
In this article, we study complete surfaces $\Sigma$, isometrically immersed in the product space $\mathbb{H}^2\times\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{S}^2\times\mathbb{R}$ having positive extrinsic curvature $K_e$. Let $K_i$ denote the intrinsic curvature of $\Sigma$. Assume that the equation $aK_i+bK_e=c$ holds for some real constants $a\neq0$, $b\gt 0$ and $c$. The main result of this article state that when such a surface is a topological sphere it is rotational.

Keywords:Weingarten surface, extrinsic curvature, intrinsic curvature, height estimate, rotational Weingarten surface
Categories:53C42, 53C30

2. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1120)

Stange, Katherine E.
Integral Points on Elliptic Curves and Explicit Valuations of Division Polynomials
Assuming Lang's conjectured lower bound on the heights of non-torsion points on an elliptic curve, we show that there exists an absolute constant $C$ such that for any elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$ and non-torsion point $P \in E(\mathbb{Q})$, there is at most one integral multiple $[n]P$ such that $n \gt C$. The proof is a modification of a proof of Ingram giving an unconditional but not uniform bound. The new ingredient is a collection of explicit formulae for the sequence $v(\Psi_n)$ of valuations of the division polynomials. For $P$ of non-singular reduction, such sequences are already well described in most cases, but for $P$ of singular reduction, we are led to define a new class of sequences called \emph{elliptic troublemaker sequences}, which measure the failure of the Néron local height to be quadratic. As a corollary in the spirit of a conjecture of Lang and Hall, we obtain a uniform upper bound on $\widehat{h}(P)/h(E)$ for integer points having two large integral multiples.

Keywords:elliptic divisibility sequence, Lang's conjecture, height functions
Categories:11G05, 11G07, 11D25, 11B37, 11B39, 11Y55, 11G50, 11H52

3. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 625)

Ingram, Patrick
Rigidity and Height Bounds for Certain Post-critically Finite Endomorphisms of $\mathbb P^N$
The morphism $f:\mathbb{P}^N\to\mathbb{P}^N$ is called post-critically finite (PCF) if the forward image of the critical locus, under iteration of $f$, has algebraic support. In the case $N=1$, a result of Thurston implies that there are no algebraic families of PCF morphisms, other than a well-understood exceptional class known as the flexible Lattès maps. A related arithmetic result states that the set of PCF morphisms corresponds to a set of bounded height in the moduli space of univariate rational functions. We prove corresponding results for a certain subclass of the regular polynomial endomorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^N$, for any $N$.

Keywords:post-critically finite, arithmetic dynamics, heights
Categories:37P15, 32H50, 37P30

4. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1046)

Dubickas, Arturas; Sha, Min; Shparlinski, Igor
Explicit Form of Cassels' $p$-adic Embedding Theorem for Number Fields
In this paper, we mainly give a general explicit form of Cassels' $p$-adic embedding theorem for number fields. We also give its refined form in the case of cyclotomic fields. As a byproduct, given an irreducible polynomial $f$ over $\mathbb{Z}$, we give a general unconditional upper bound for the smallest prime number $p$ such that $f$ has a simple root modulo $p$.

Keywords:number field, $p$-adic embedding, height, polynomial, cyclotomic field
Categories:11R04, 11S85, 11G50, 11R09, 11R18

5. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1284)

Fukshansky, Lenny
On Effective Witt Decomposition and the Cartan--Dieudonn{é Theorem
Let $K$ be a number field, and let $F$ be a symmetric bilinear form in $2N$ variables over $K$. Let $Z$ be a subspace of $K^N$. A classical theorem of Witt states that the bilinear space $(Z,F)$ can be decomposed into an orthogonal sum of hyperbolic planes and singular and anisotropic components. We prove the existence of such a decomposition of small height, where all bounds on height are explicit in terms of heights of $F$ and $Z$. We also prove a special version of Siegel's lemma for a bilinear space, which provides a small-height orthogonal decomposition into one-dimensional subspaces. Finally, we prove an effective version of the Cartan--Dieudonn{\'e} theorem. Namely, we show that every isometry $\sigma$ of a regular bilinear space $(Z,F)$ can be represented as a product of reflections of bounded heights with an explicit bound on heights in terms of heights of $F$, $Z$, and $\sigma$.

Keywords:quadratic form, heights
Categories:11E12, 15A63, 11G50

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