26. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 382)
 Miao, Tianxuan

Unit Elements in the Double Dual of a Subalgebra of the Fourier Algebra $A(G)$
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra with a bounded right
approximate identity and let $\mathcal B$ be a closed ideal of
$\mathcal A$. We study the relationship between the right identities
of the double duals ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ under
the Arens product. We show that every right identity of ${\mathcal
B}^{**}$ can be extended to a right identity of ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ in
some sense. As a consequence, we answer a question of Lau and
\"Ulger, showing that for the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ of a locally
compact group $G$, an element $\phi \in A(G)^{**}$ is in $A(G)$ if and
only if $A(G) \phi \subseteq A(G)$ and $E \phi = \phi $ for all right
identities $E $ of $A(G)^{**}$. We also prove some results about the
topological centers of ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$.
Keywords:Locally compact groups, amenable groups, Fourier algebra, identity, Arens product, topological center Category:43A07 

27. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 124)
 Dijkstra, Jan J.; Mill, Jan van

Characterizing Complete Erd\H os Space
The space now known as {\em complete Erd\H os
space\/} $\cerdos$ was introduced by Paul Erd\H os in 1940 as the
closed subspace of the Hilbert space $\ell^2$ consisting of all
vectors such that every coordinate is in the convergent sequence
$\{0\}\cup\{1/n:n\in\N\}$. In a solution to a problem posed by Lex G.
Oversteegen we present simple and useful topological
characterizations of $\cerdos$.
As an application we determine the class
of factors of $\cerdos$. In another application we determine
precisely which of the spaces that can be constructed in the Banach
spaces $\ell^p$ according to the `Erd\H os method' are homeomorphic
to $\cerdos$. A novel application states that if $I$ is a
Polishable $F_\sigma$ideal on $\omega$, then $I$ with the Polish
topology is homeomorphic to either $\Z$, the Cantor set $2^\omega$,
$\Z\times2^\omega$, or $\cerdos$. This last result answers a
question that was asked
by Stevo Todor{\v{c}}evi{\'c}.
Keywords:Complete Erd\H os space, Lelek fan, almost zerodimensional, nowhere zerodimensional, Polishable ideals, submeasures on $\omega$, $\R$trees, linefree groups in Banach spaces Categories:28C10, 46B20, 54F65 

28. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1010)
 Galé, José E.; Miana, Pedro J.

$H^\infty$ Functional Calculus and MikhlinType Multiplier Conditions
Let $T$ be a sectorial operator. It is known that the existence of a
bounded (suitably scaled) $H^\infty$ calculus for $T$, on every
sector containing the positive halfline, is equivalent to the
existence of a bounded functional calculus on the Besov algebra
$\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha(\R^+)$. Such an algebra
includes functions defined by Mikhlintype conditions and so the
Besov calculus can be seen as a result on multipliers for $T$. In
this paper, we use fractional derivation to analyse in detail the
relationship between $\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha$ and Banach algebras
of Mikhlintype. As a result, we obtain a new version of the quoted
equivalence.
Keywords:functional calculus, fractional calculus, Mikhlin multipliers, analytic semigroups, unbounded operators, quasimultipliers Categories:47A60, 47D03, 46J15, 26A33, 47L60, 47B48, 43A22 

29. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1001)
30. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1301)
 Furioli, Giulia; Melzi, Camillo; Veneruso, Alessandro

Strichartz Inequalities for the Wave Equation with the Full Laplacian on the Heisenberg Group
We prove dispersive and Strichartz inequalities for the solution of the wave
equation related to the full
Laplacian on the Heisenberg group, by means of Besov spaces defined by a
LittlewoodPaley
decomposition related to the spectral resolution of the full Laplacian.
This requires a careful
analysis due also to the nonhomogeneous nature of the full Laplacian.
This result has to be compared to a previous one by Bahouri, G\'erard
and Xu concerning the solution of the wave equation related to
the Kohn Laplacian.
Keywords:nilpotent and solvable Lie groups, smoothness and regularity of solutions of PDEs Categories:22E25, 35B65 

31. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 897)
 Courtès, François

Distributions invariantes sur les groupes rÃ©ductifs quasidÃ©ployÃ©s
Soit $F$ un corps local non archim\'edien, et $G$ le groupe des
$F$points d'un groupe r\'eductif connexe quasid\'eploy\'e d\'efini sur $F$.
Dans cet article, on s'int\'eresse aux distributions sur $G$ invariantes
par conjugaison, et \`a l'espace de leurs restrictions \`a l'alg\`ebre de
Hecke $\mathcal{H}$ des fonctions sur $G$ \`a support compact
biinvariantes par un sousgroupe d'Iwahori $I$ donn\'e. On montre tout
d'abord que les valeurs d'une telle distribution sur $\mathcal{H}$
sont enti\`erement d\'etermin\'ees par sa restriction au sousespace de
dimension finie des \'el\'ements de $\mathcal{H}$ \`a support dans la
r\'eunion des sousgroupes parahoriques de $G$ contenant $I$. On utilise
ensuite cette propri\'et\'e pour montrer, moyennant certaines conditions
sur $G$, que cet espace est engendr\'e d'une part par certaines
int\'egrales orbitales semisimples, d'autre part par les int\'egrales
orbitales unipotentes, en montrant tout d'abord des r\'esultats
analogues sur les groupes finis.
Keywords:reductive $p$adic groups, orbital integrals, invariant distributions Categories:22E35, 20G40 

32. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 23)
 DabbaghianAbdoly, Vahid

Constructing Representations of Finite Simple Groups and Covers
Let $G$ be a finite group and $\chi$ be an irreducible character of $G$. An efficient
and simple method to construct representations of finite groups is applicable
whenever $G$ has a subgroup $H$ such that $\chi_H$
has a linear constituent with multiplicity $1$.
In this paper we show (with a few exceptions) that if $G$
is a simple group or a covering group of a simple group and
$\chi$ is an irreducible character of $G$ of degree less than 32,
then there exists a subgroup $H$ (often a Sylow subgroup) of $G$
such that $\chi_H$ has a linear constituent with multiplicity $1$.
Keywords:group representations, simple groups, central covers, irreducible representations Categories:20C40, 20C15 

33. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 648)
 Nevins, Monica

Branching Rules for Principal Series Representations of $SL(2)$ over a $p$adic Field
We explicitly describe the decomposition into irreducibles of
the restriction of the principal
series representations of $SL(2,k)$, for $k$ a $p$adic field,
to each of its two maximal compact subgroups (up to conjugacy).
We identify these irreducible subrepresentations in the
Kirillovtype classification
of Shalika. We go on to explicitly describe the decomposition
of the reducible principal series of $SL(2,k)$ in terms of the
restrictions of its irreducible constituents to a maximal compact
subgroup.
Keywords:representations of $p$adic groups, $p$adic integers, orbit method, $K$types Categories:20G25, 22E35, 20H25 

34. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 344)
35. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1000)
 Graczyk, P.; Sawyer, P.

Some Convexity Results for the Cartan Decomposition
In this paper, we consider the set $\mathcal{S} = a(e^X K e^Y)$
where $a(g)$ is the abelian part in the Cartan decomposition of
$g$. This is exactly the support of the measure intervening in the
product formula for the spherical functions on symmetric spaces of
noncompact type. We give a simple description of that support in
the case of $\SL(3,\mathbf{F})$ where $\mathbf{F} = \mathbf{R}$,
$\mathbf{C}$ or $\mathbf{H}$. In particular, we show that
$\mathcal{S}$ is convex.
We also give an application of our result to the description of
singular values of a product of two arbitrary matrices with
prescribed singular values.
Keywords:convexity theorems, Cartan decomposition, spherical functions, product formula, semisimple Lie groups, singular values Categories:43A90, 53C35, 15A18 

36. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 795)
 Möller, Rögnvaldur G.

Structure Theory of Totally Disconnected Locally Compact Groups via Graphs and Permutations
Willis's structure theory of totally disconnected locally compact groups
is investigated in the context of permutation actions. This leads to new
interpretations of the basic concepts in the theory and also to new proofs
of the fundamental theorems and to several new results. The treatment of
Willis's theory is selfcontained and full proofs are given of all the
fundamental results.
Keywords:totally disconnected locally compact groups, scale function, permutation groups, groups acting on graphs Categories:22D05, 20B07, 20B27, 05C25 

37. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 633)
 Walters, Samuel G.

Chern Characters of Fourier Modules
Let $A_\theta$ denote the rotation algebrathe universal $C^\ast$algebra
generated by unitaries $U,V$ satisfying $VU=e^{2\pi i\theta}UV$, where
$\theta$ is a fixed real number. Let $\sigma$ denote the Fourier
automorphism of $A_\theta$ defined by $U\mapsto V$, $V\mapsto U^{1}$,
and let $B_\theta = A_\theta \rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}/4\mathbb{Z}$ denote
the associated $C^\ast$crossed product. It is shown that there is a
canonical inclusion $\mathbb{Z}^9 \hookrightarrow K_0(B_\theta)$ for each
$\theta$ given by nine canonical modules. The unbounded trace functionals
of $B_\theta$ (yielding the Chern characters here) are calculated to obtain
the cyclic cohomology group of order zero $\HC^0(B_\theta)$ when
$\theta$ is irrational. The Chern characters of the nine modulesand more
importantly, the Fourier moduleare computed and shown to involve techniques
from the theory of Jacobi's theta functions. Also derived are explicit
equations connecting unbounded traces across strong Morita equivalence, which
turn out to be noncommutative extensions of certain theta function equations.
These results provide the basis for showing that for a dense $G_\delta$ set
of values of $\theta$ one has $K_0(B_\theta)\cong\mathbb{Z}^9$ and is
generated by the nine classes constructed here.
Keywords:$C^\ast$algebras, unbounded traces, Chern characters, irrational rotation algebras, $K$groups Categories:46L80, 46L40 

38. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 96)
 Rösler, Margit; Voit, Michael

Partial Characters and Signed Quotient Hypergroups
If $G$ is a closed subgroup of a commutative hypergroup $K$, then the
coset space $K/G$ carries a quotient hypergroup structure. In this
paper, we study related convolution structures on $K/G$ coming from
deformations of the quotient hypergroup structure by certain functions
on $K$ which we call partial characters with respect to $G$. They are
usually not probabilitypreserving, but lead to socalled signed
hypergroups on $K/G$. A first example is provided by the Laguerre
convolution on $\left[ 0,\infty \right[$, which is interpreted as a
signed quotient hypergroup convolution derived from the Heisenberg
group. Moreover, signed hypergroups associated with the Gelfand pair
$\bigl( U(n,1), U(n) \bigr)$ are discussed.
Keywords:quotient hypergroups, signed hypergroups, Laguerre convolution, Jacobi functions Categories:43A62, 33C25, 43A20, 43A90 

39. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 342)
 Giraldo, Antonio

Shape fibrations, multivalued maps and shape groups
The notion of shape fibration with the near lifting of near
multivalued paths property is studied. The relation of these
mapswhich agree with shape fibrations having totally disconnected
fiberswith Hurewicz fibrations with the unique path lifting
property is completely settled. Some results concerning homotopy and
shape groups are presented for shape fibrations with the near lifting
of near multivalued paths property. It is shown that for this class of
shape fibrations the existence of liftings of a fine multivalued map,
is equivalent to an algebraic problem relative to the homotopy, shape
or strong shape groups associated.
Keywords:Shape fibration, multivalued map, homotopy groups, shape, groups, strong shape groups Categories:54C56, 55P55, 55Q05, 55Q07, 55R05 
