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1. CJM Online first

Mok, Chung Pang; Tan, Fucheng
Overconvergent Families of Siegel-Hilbert Modular Forms
We construct one-parameter families of overconvergent Siegel-Hilbert modular forms. This result has applications to construction of Galois representations for automorphic forms of non-cohomological weights.

Keywords:p-adic automorphic form, rigid analytic geometry
Categories:11F46, 14G22

2. CJM Online first

Adler, Jeffrey D.; Lansky, Joshua M.
Lifting Representations of Finite Reductive Groups I: Semisimple Conjugacy Classes
Suppose that $\tilde{G}$ is a connected reductive group defined over a field $k$, and $\Gamma$ is a finite group acting via $k$-automorphisms of $\tilde{G}$ satisfying a certain quasi-semisimplicity condition. Then the identity component of the group of $\Gamma$-fixed points in $\tilde{G}$ is reductive. We axiomatize the main features of the relationship between this fixed-point group and the pair $(\tilde{G},\Gamma)$, and consider any group $G$ satisfying the axioms. If both $\tilde{G}$ and $G$ are $k$-quasisplit, then we can consider their duals $\tilde{G}^*$ and $G^*$. We show the existence of and give an explicit formula for a natural map from the set of semisimple stable conjugacy classes in $G^*(k)$ to the analogous set for $\tilde{G}^*(k)$. If $k$ is finite, then our groups are automatically quasisplit, and our result specializes to give a map of semisimple conjugacy classes. Since such classes parametrize packets of irreducible representations of $G(k)$ and $\tilde{G}(k)$, one obtains a mapping of such packets.

Keywords:reductive group, lifting, conjugacy class, representation, Lusztig series
Categories:20G15, 20G40, 20C33, 22E35

3. CJM Online first

Agler, Jim; McCarthy,
Global holomorphic functions in several noncommuting variables
We define a free holomorphic function to be a function that is locally, with respect to the free topology, a bounded nc-function. We prove that free holomorphic functions are the functions that are locally uniformly approximable by free polynomials. We prove a realization formula and an Oka-Weil theorem for free analytic functions.

Keywords:noncommutative analysis, free holomorphic functions
Category:15A54

4. CJM Online first

Köck, Bernhard; Tait, Joseph
Faithfulness of Actions on Riemann-Roch Spaces
Given a faithful action of a finite group $G$ on an algebraic curve~$X$ of genus $g_X\geq 2$, we give explicit criteria for the induced action of~$G$ on the Riemann-Roch space~$H^0(X,\mathcal{O}_X(D))$ to be faithful, where $D$ is a $G$-invariant divisor on $X$ of degree at least~$2g_X-2$. This leads to a concise answer to the question when the action of~$G$ on the space~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes m})$ of global holomorphic polydifferentials of order $m$ is faithful. If $X$ is hyperelliptic, we furthermore provide an explicit basis of~$H^0(X, \Omega_X^{\otimes m})$. Finally, we give applications in deformation theory and in coding theory and we discuss the analogous problem for the action of~$G$ on the first homology $H_1(X, \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z})$ if $X$ is a Riemann surface.

Keywords:faithful action, Riemann-Roch space, polydifferential, hyperelliptic curve, equivariant deformation theory, Goppa code, homology
Categories:14H30, 30F30, 14L30, 14D15, 11R32

5. CJM Online first

Asadollahi, Javad; Hafezi, Rasool; Vahed, Razieh
Bounded Derived Categories of Infinite Quivers: Grothendieck Duality, Reflection Functor
We study bounded derived categories of the category of representations of infinite quivers over a ring $R$. In case $R$ is a commutative noetherian ring with a dualising complex, we investigate an equivalence similar to Grothendieck duality for these categories, while a notion of dualising complex does not apply to them. The quivers we consider are left, resp. right, rooted quivers that are either noetherian or their opposite are noetherian. We also consider reflection functor and generalize a result of Happel to noetherian rings of finite global dimension, instead of fields.

Keywords:derived category, Grothendieck duality, representation of quivers, reflection functor
Categories:18E30, 16G20, 18E40, 16D90, 18A40

6. CJM Online first

Beuzart-Plessis, Raphaël
Expression d'un facteur epsilon de paire par une formule intégrale
Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of $p$-adic fields and let $d$, $m$ be nonnegative integers of distinct parities. Fix admissible irreducible tempered representations $\pi$ and $\sigma$ of $GL_d(E)$ and $GL_m(E)$ respectively. We assume that $\pi$ and $\sigma$ are conjugate-dual. That is to say $\pi\simeq \pi^{\vee,c}$ and $\sigma\simeq \sigma^{\vee,c}$ where $c$ is the non trivial $F$-automorphism of $E$. This implies, we can extend $\pi$ to an unitary representation $\tilde{\pi}$ of a nonconnected group $GL_d(E)\rtimes \{1,\theta\}$. Define $\tilde{\sigma}$ the same way. We state and prove an integral formula for $\epsilon(1/2,\pi\times \sigma,\psi_E)$ involving the characters of $\tilde{\pi}$ and $\tilde{\sigma}$. This formula is related to the local Gan-Gross-Prasad conjecture for unitary groups.

Keywords:epsilon factor, twisted groups
Categories:22E50, 11F85

7. CJM Online first

Ducrot, Arnaud; Magal, Pierre; Seydi, Ousmane
A Finite-time Condition for Exponential Trichotomy in Infinite Dynamical Systems
In this article we study exponential trichotomy for infinite dimensional discrete time dynamical systems. The goal of this article is to prove that finite time exponential trichotomy conditions allow to derive exponential trichotomy for any times. We present an application to the case of pseudo orbits in some neighborhood of a normally hyperbolic set.

Keywords:exponential trichotomy, exponential dichotomy, discrete time dynamical systems, difference equations
Categories:34D09, 34A10

8. CJM Online first

Di Nasso, Mauro; Goldbring, Isaac; Jin, Renling; Leth, Steven; Lupini, Martino; Mahlburg, Karl
On a sumset conjecture of Erdős
Erdős conjectured that for any set $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ with positive lower asymptotic density, there are infinite sets $B,C\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ such that $B+C\subseteq A$. We verify Erdős' conjecture in the case that $A$ has Banach density exceeding $\frac{1}{2}$. As a consequence, we prove that, for $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ with positive Banach density (a much weaker assumption than positive lower density), we can find infinite $B,C\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ such that $B+C$ is contained in the union of $A$ and a translate of $A$. Both of the aforementioned results are generalized to arbitrary countable amenable groups. We also provide a positive solution to Erdős' conjecture for subsets of the natural numbers that are pseudorandom.

Keywords:sumsets of integers, asymptotic density, amenable groups, nonstandard analysis
Categories:11B05, 11B13, 11P70, 28D15, 37A45

9. CJM Online first

Elliott, George A.; Niu, Zhuang
All Irrational Extended Rotation Algebras are AF Algebras
Let $\theta\in[0, 1]$ be any irrational number. It is shown that the extended rotation algebra $\mathcal B_\theta$ introduced in a previous paper is always an AF algebra.

Keywords:irrational rotation algebra, extended irrational rotation algebra, AF-embedding

10. CJM Online first

Graham, Robert; Pichot, Mikael
A Free Product Formula for the Sofic Dimension
It is proved that if $G=G_1*_{G_3}G_2$ is free product of probability measure preserving $s$-regular ergodic discrete groupoids amalgamated over an amenable subgroupoid $G_3$, then the sofic dimension $s(G)$ satisfies the equality \[ s(G)=\mathfrak{h}(G_1^0)s(G_1)+\mathfrak{h}(G_2^0)s(G_2)-\mathfrak{h}(G_3^0)s(G_3) \] where $\mathfrak{h}$ is the normalized Haar measure on $G$.

Keywords:sofic groups, dynamical systems, orbit equivalence, free entropy
Category:20E06

11. CJM Online first

Samart, Detchat
Mahler Measures as Linear Combinations of $L$-values of Multiple Modular Forms
We study the Mahler measures of certain families of Laurent polynomials in two and three variables. Each of the known Mahler measure formulas for these families involves $L$-values of at most one newform and/or at most one quadratic character. In this paper, we show, either rigorously or numerically, that the Mahler measures of some polynomials are related to $L$-values of multiple newforms and quadratic characters simultaneously. The results suggest that the number of modular $L$-values appearing in the formulas significantly depends on the shape of the algebraic value of the parameter chosen for each polynomial. As a consequence, we also obtain new formulas relating special values of hypergeometric series evaluated at algebraic numbers to special values of $L$-functions.

Keywords:Mahler measures, Eisenstein-Kronecker series, $L$-functions, hypergeometric series
Categories:11F67, 33C20

12. CJM Online first

Barron, Tatyana; Kerner, Dmitry; Tvalavadze, Marina
On Varieties of Lie Algebras of Maximal Class
We study complex projective varieties that parametrize (finite-dimensional) filiform Lie algebras over ${\mathbb C}$, using equations derived by Millionshchikov. In the infinite-dimensional case we concentrate our attention on ${\mathbb N}$-graded Lie algebras of maximal class. As shown by A. Fialowski there are only three isomorphism types of $\mathbb{N}$-graded Lie algebras $L=\oplus^{\infty}_{i=1} L_i$ of maximal class generated by $L_1$ and $L_2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_2 \rangle$. Vergne described the structure of these algebras with the property $L=\langle L_1 \rangle$. In this paper we study those generated by the first and $q$-th components where $q\gt 2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_q \rangle$. Under some technical condition, there can only be one isomorphism type of such algebras. For $q=3$ we fully classify them. This gives a partial answer to a question posed by Millionshchikov.

Keywords:filiform Lie algebras, graded Lie algebras, projective varieties, topology, classification
Categories:17B70, 14F45

13. CJM Online first

Baird, Thomas
Moduli Spaces of Vector Bundles over a Real Curve: $\mathbb Z/2$-Betti Numbers
Moduli spaces of real bundles over a real curve arise naturally as Lagrangian submanifolds of the moduli space of semi-stable bundles over a complex curve. In this paper, we adapt the methods of Atiyah-Bott's ``Yang-Mills over a Riemann Surface'' to compute $\mathbb Z/2$-Betti numbers of these spaces.

Keywords:cohomology of moduli spaces, holomorphic vector bundles
Categories:32L05, 14P25

14. CJM Online first

Brugallé, Erwan; Shaw, Kristin
Obstructions to Approximating Tropical Curves in Surfaces Via Intersection Theory
We provide some new local obstructions to approximating tropical curves in smooth tropical surfaces. These obstructions are based on a relation between tropical and complex intersection theories which is also established here. We give two applications of the methods developed in this paper. First we classify all locally irreducible approximable 3-valent fan tropical curves in a fan tropical plane. Secondly, we prove that a generic non-singular tropical surface in tropical projective 3-space contains finitely many approximable tropical lines if it is of degree 3, and contains no approximable tropical lines if it is of degree 4 or more.

Keywords:tropical geometry, amoebas, approximation of tropical varieties, intersection theory
Categories:14T05, 14M25

15. CJM Online first

McReynolds, D. B.
Geometric Spectra and Commensurability
The work of Reid, Chinburg-Hamilton-Long-Reid, Prasad-Rapinchuk, and the author with Reid have demonstrated that geodesics or totally geodesic submanifolds can sometimes be used to determine the commensurability class of an arithmetic manifold. The main results of this article show that generalizations of these results to other arithmetic manifolds will require a wide range of data. Specifically, we prove that certain incommensurable arithmetic manifolds arising from the semisimple Lie groups of the form $(\operatorname{SL}(d,\mathbf{R}))^r \times (\operatorname{SL}(d,\mathbf{C}))^s$ have the same commensurability classes of totally geodesic submanifolds coming from a fixed field. This construction is algebraic and shows the failure of determining, in general, a central simple algebra from subalgebras over a fixed field. This, in turn, can be viewed in terms of forms of $\operatorname{SL}_d$ and the failure of determining the form via certain classes of algebraic subgroups.

Keywords:arithmetic groups, Brauer groups, arithmetic equivalence, locally symmetric manifolds
Category:20G25

16. CJM Online first

Osėkowski, Adam
Sharp Localized Inequalities for Fourier Multipliers
In the paper we study sharp localized $L^q\colon L^p$ estimates for Fourier multipliers resulting from modulation of the jumps of Lévy processes. The proofs of these estimates rest on probabilistic methods and exploit related sharp bounds for differentially subordinated martingales, which are of independent interest. The lower bounds for the constants involve the analysis of laminates, a family of certain special probability measures on $2\times 2$ matrices. As an application, we obtain new sharp bounds for the real and imaginary parts of the Beurling-Ahlfors operator .

Keywords:Fourier multiplier, martingale, laminate
Categories:42B15, 60G44, 42B20

17. CJM Online first

Lanphier, Dominic; Skogman, Howard
Values of Twisted Tensor $L$-functions of Automorphic Forms Over Imaginary Fields
Let $K$ be a complex quadratic extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ and let $\mathbb{A}_K$ denote the adeles of $K$. We find special values at all of the critical points of twisted tensor $L$-functions attached to cohomological cuspforms on $GL_2(\mathbb{A}_K)$, and establish Galois equivariance of the values. To investigate the values, we determine the archimedean factors of a class of integral representations of these $L$-functions, thus proving a conjecture due to Ghate. We also investigate analytic properties of these $L$-functions, such as their functional equations.

Keywords:twisted tensor $L$-function, cuspform, hypergeometric series
Categories:11F67, 11F37

18. CJM Online first

Nishinou, Takeo
Toric Degenerations, Tropical Curve, and Gromov-Witten Invariants of Fano Manifolds
In this paper, we give a tropical method for computing Gromov-Witten type invariants of Fano manifolds of special type. This method applies to those Fano manifolds which admit toric degenerations to toric Fano varieties with singularities allowing small resolutions. Examples include (generalized) flag manifolds of type A, and some moduli space of rank two bundles on a genus two curve.

Keywords:Fano varieties, Gromov-Witten invariants, tropical curves
Category:14J45

19. CJM Online first

Bell, Jason P.; Lagarias, Jeffrey C.
A Skolem-Mahler-Lech Theorem for Iterated Automorphisms of $K$-algebras
This paper proves a commutative algebraic extension of a generalized Skolem-Mahler-Lech theorem due to the first author. Let $A$ be a finitely generated commutative $K$-algebra over a field of characteristic $0$, and let $\sigma$ be a $K$-algebra automorphism of $A$. Given ideals $I$ and $J$ of $A$, we show that the set $S$ of integers $m$ such that $\sigma^m(I) \supseteq J$ is a finite union of complete doubly infinite arithmetic progressions in $m$, up to the addition of a finite set. Alternatively, this result states that for an affine scheme $X$ of finite type over $K$, an automorphism $\sigma \in \operatorname{Aut}_K(X)$, and $Y$ and $Z$ any two closed subschemes of $X$, the set of integers $m$ with $\sigma^m(Z ) \subseteq Y$ is as above. The paper presents examples showing that this result may fail to hold if the affine scheme $X$ is not of finite type, or if $X$ is of finite type but the field $K$ has positive characteristic.

Keywords:automorphisms, endomorphisms, affine space, commutative algebras, Skolem-Mahler-Lech theorem
Categories:11D45, 14R10, 11Y55, 11D88

20. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 429)

Rivera-Noriega, Jorge
Perturbation and Solvability of Initial $L^p$ Dirichlet Problems for Parabolic Equations over Non-cylindrical Domains
For parabolic linear operators $L$ of second order in divergence form, we prove that the solvability of initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problems for the whole range $1\lt p\lt \infty$ is preserved under appropriate small perturbations of the coefficients of the operators involved. We also prove that if the coefficients of $L$ satisfy a suitable controlled oscillation in the form of Carleson measure conditions, then for certain values of $p\gt 1$, the initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problem associated to $Lu=0$ over non-cylindrical domains is solvable. The results are adequate adaptations of the corresponding results for elliptic equations.

Keywords:initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problem, second order parabolic equations in divergence form, non-cylindrical domains, reverse Hölder inequalities
Category:35K20

21. CJM Online first

Feigin, Evgeny; Finkelberg, Michael; Littelmann, Peter
Symplectic Degenerate Flag Varieties
A simple finite dimensional module $V_\lambda$ of a simple complex algebraic group $G$ is naturally endowed with a filtration induced by the PBW-filtration of $U(\mathrm{Lie}\, G)$. The associated graded space $V_\lambda^a$ is a module for the group $G^a$, which can be roughly described as a semi-direct product of a Borel subgroup of $G$ and a large commutative unipotent group $\mathbb{G}_a^M$. In analogy to the flag variety $\mathcal{F}_\lambda=G.[v_\lambda]\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda)$, we call the closure $\overline{G^a.[v_\lambda]}\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda^a)$ of the $G^a$-orbit through the highest weight line the degenerate flag variety $\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$. In general this is a singular variety, but we conjecture that it has many nice properties similar to that of Schubert varieties. In this paper we consider the case of $G$ being the symplectic group. The symplectic case is important for the conjecture because it is the first known case where even for fundamental weights $\omega$ the varieties $\mathcal{F}^a_\omega$ differ from $\mathcal{F}_\omega$. We give an explicit construction of the varieties $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ and construct desingularizations, similar to the Bott-Samelson resolutions in the classical case. We prove that $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ are normal locally complete intersections with terminal and rational singularities. We also show that these varieties are Frobenius split. Using the above mentioned results, we prove an analogue of the Borel-Weil theorem and obtain a $q$-character formula for the characters of irreducible $Sp_{2n}$-modules via the Atiyah-Bott-Lefschetz fixed points formula.

Keywords:Lie algebras, flag varieties, symplectic groups, representations
Categories:14M15, 22E46

22. CJM Online first

Alfonseca, M. Angeles; Kim, Jaegil
On the Local Convexity of Intersection Bodies of Revolution
One of the fundamental results in Convex Geometry is Busemann's theorem, which states that the intersection body of a symmetric convex body is convex. Thus, it is only natural to ask if there is a quantitative version of Busemann's theorem, i.e., if the intersection body operation actually improves convexity. In this paper we concentrate on the symmetric bodies of revolution to provide several results on the (strict) improvement of convexity under the intersection body operation. It is shown that the intersection body of a symmetric convex body of revolution has the same asymptotic behavior near the equator as the Euclidean ball. We apply this result to show that in sufficiently high dimension the double intersection body of a symmetric convex body of revolution is very close to an ellipsoid in the Banach-Mazur distance. We also prove results on the local convexity at the equator of intersection bodies in the class of star bodies of revolution.

Keywords:convex bodies, intersection bodies of star bodies, Busemann's theorem, local convexity
Categories:52A20, 52A38, 44A12

23. CJM Online first

Clouâtre, Raphaël
Unitary Equivalence and Similarity to Jordan Models for Weak Contractions of Class $C_0$
We obtain results on the unitary equivalence of weak contractions of class $C_0$ to their Jordan models under an assumption on their commutants. In particular, our work addresses the case of arbitrary finite multiplicity. The main tool is the theory of boundary representations due to Arveson. We also generalize and improve previously known results concerning unitary equivalence and similarity to Jordan models when the minimal function is a Blaschke product.

Keywords:weak contractions, operators of class $C_0$, Jordan model, unitary equivalence
Categories:47A45, 47L55

24. CJM Online first

Henniart, Guy; Sécherre, Vincent
Types et contragrédientes
Soit $\mathrm{G}$ un groupe réductif $p$-adique, et soit $\mathrm{R}$ un corps algébriquement clos. Soit $\pi$ une représentation lisse de $\mathrm{G}$ dans un espace vectoriel $\mathrm{V}$ sur $\mathrm{R}$. Fixons un sous-groupe ouvert et compact $\mathrm{K}$ de $\mathrm{G}$ et une représentation lisse irréductible $\tau$ de $\mathrm{K}$ dans un espace vectoriel $\mathrm{W}$ de dimension finie sur $\mathrm{R}$. Sur l'espace $\mathrm{Hom}_{\mathrm{K}(\mathrm{W},\mathrm{V})}$ agit l'algèbre d'entrelacement $\mathscr{H}(\mathrm{G},\mathrm{K},\mathrm{W})$. Nous examinons la compatibilité de ces constructions avec le passage aux représentations contragrédientes $\mathrm{V}^ėe$ et $\mathrm{W}^ėe$, et donnons en particulier des conditions sur $\mathrm{W}$ ou sur la caractéristique de $\mathrm{R}$ pour que le comportement soit semblable au cas des représentations complexes. Nous prenons un point de vue abstrait, n'utilisant que des propriétés générales de $\mathrm{G}$. Nous terminons par une application à la théorie des types pour le groupe $\mathrm{GL}_n$ et ses formes intérieures sur un corps local non archimédien.

Keywords:modular representations of p-adic reductive groups, types, contragredient, intertwining
Category:22E50

25. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 141)

Caillat-Gibert, Shanti; Matignon, Daniel
Existence of Taut Foliations on Seifert Fibered Homology $3$-spheres
This paper concerns the problem of existence of taut foliations among $3$-manifolds. Since the contribution of David Gabai, we know that closed $3$-manifolds with non-trivial second homology group admit a taut foliation. The essential part of this paper focuses on Seifert fibered homology $3$-spheres. The result is quite different if they are integral or rational but non-integral homology $3$-spheres. Concerning integral homology $3$-spheres, we can see that all but the $3$-sphere and the Poincaré $3$-sphere admit a taut foliation. Concerning non-integral homology $3$-spheres, we prove there are infinitely many which admit a taut foliation, and infinitely many without taut foliation. Moreover, we show that the geometries do not determine the existence of taut foliations on non-integral Seifert fibered homology $3$-spheres.

Keywords:homology 3-spheres, taut foliation, Seifert-fibered 3-manifolds
Categories:57M25, 57M50, 57N10, 57M15
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