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1. CJM Online first

Zydor, Michał
 La variante infinitÃ©simale de la formule des traces de Jacquet-Rallis pour les groupes unitaires We establish an infinitesimal version of the Jacquet-Rallis trace formula for unitary groups. Our formula is obtained by integrating a truncated kernel Ã  la Arthur. It has a geometric side which is a sum of distributions $J_{\mathfrak{o}}$ indexed by classes of elements of the Lie algebra of $U(n+1)$ stable by $U(n)$-conjugation as well as the "spectral side" consisting of the Fourier transforms of the aforementioned distributions. We prove that the distributions $J_{\mathfrak{o}}$ are invariant and depend only on the choice of the Haar measure on $U(n)(\mathbb{A})$. For regular semi-simple classes $\mathfrak{o}$, $J_{\mathfrak{o}}$ is a relative orbital integral of Jacquet-Rallis. For classes $\mathfrak{o}$ called relatively regular semi-simple, we express $J_{\mathfrak{o}}$ in terms of relative orbital integrals regularised by means of zÃªta functions. Keywords:formule des traces relativeCategories:11F70, 11F72

2. CJM Online first

Zheng, Tao
 The Chern-Ricci flow on Oeljeklaus-Toma manifolds We study the Chern-Ricci flow, an evolution equation of Hermitian metrics, on a family of Oeljeklaus-Toma (OT-) manifolds which are non-KÃ¤hler compact complex manifolds with negative Kodaira dimension. We prove that, after an initial conformal change, the flow converges, in the Gromov-Hausdorff sense, to a torus with a flat Riemannian metric determined by the OT-manifolds themselves. Keywords:Chern-Ricci flow, Oeljeklaus-Toma manifold, Calabi-type estimate, Gromov-Hausdorff convergenceCategories:53C44, 53C55, 32W20, 32J18, 32M17

3. CJM Online first

Brasca, Riccardo
 Eigenvarieties for cuspforms over PEL type Shimura varieties with dense ordinary locus Let $p \gt 2$ be a prime and let $X$ be a compactified PEL Shimura variety of type (A) or (C) such that $p$ is an unramified prime for the PEL datum and such that the ordinary locus is dense in the reduction of $X$. Using the geometric approach of Andreatta, Iovita, Pilloni, and Stevens we define the notion of families of overconvergent locally analytic $p$-adic modular forms of Iwahoric level for $X$. We show that the system of eigenvalues of any finite slope cuspidal eigenform of Iwahoric level can be deformed to a family of systems of eigenvalues living over an open subset of the weight space. To prove these results, we actually construct eigenvarieties of the expected dimension that parameterize finite slope systems of eigenvalues appearing in the space of families of cuspidal forms. Keywords:$p$-adic modular forms, eigenvarieties, PEL-type Shimura varietiesCategories:11F55, 11F33

4. CJM Online first

Ehrig, Michael; Stroppel, Catharina
 2-row Springer fibres and Khovanov diagram algebras for type D We study in detail two row Springer fibres of even orthogonal type from an algebraic as well as topological point of view. We show that the irreducible components and their pairwise intersections are iterated $\mathbb{P}^1$-bundles. Using results of Kumar and Procesi we compute the cohomology ring with its action of the Weyl group. The main tool is a type $\operatorname D$ diagram calculus labelling the irreducible components in a convenient way which relates to a diagrammatical algebra describing the category of perverse sheaves on isotropic Grassmannians based on work of Braden. The diagram calculus generalizes Khovanov's arc algebra to the type $\operatorname D$ setting and should be seen as setting the framework for generalizing well-known connections of these algebras in type $\operatorname A$ to other types. Keywords:Springer fibers, Khovanov homology, Weyl group type DCategory:17-11

5. CJM Online first

Boden, Hans Ulysses; Curtis, Cynthia L
 The SL$(2, C)$ Casson invariant for knots and the $\hat{A}$-polynomial In this paper, we extend the definition of the ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson invariant to arbitrary knots $K$ in integral homology 3-spheres and relate it to the $m$-degree of the $\widehat{A}$-polynomial of $K$. We prove a product formula for the $\widehat{A}$-polynomial of the connected sum $K_1 \# K_2$ of two knots in $S^3$ and deduce additivity of ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant under connected sum for a large class of knots in $S^3$. We also present an example of a nontrivial knot $K$ in $S^3$ with trivial $\widehat{A}$-polynomial and trivial ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant, showing that neither of these invariants detect the unknot. Keywords:Knots, 3-manifolds, character variety, Casson invariant, $A$-polynomialCategories:57M27, 57M25, 57M05

6. CJM Online first

Hartz, Michael
 On the isomorphism problem for multiplier algebras of Nevanlinna-Pick spaces We continue the investigation of the isomorphism problem for multiplier algebras of reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces with the complete Nevanlinna-Pick property. In contrast to previous work in this area, we do not study these spaces by identifying them with restrictions of a universal space, namely the Drury-Arveson space. Instead, we work directly with the Hilbert spaces and their reproducing kernels. In particular, we show that two multiplier algebras of Nevanlinna-Pick spaces on the same set are equal if and only if the Hilbert spaces are equal. Most of the article is devoted to the study of a special class of complete Nevanlinna-Pick spaces on homogeneous varieties. We provide a complete answer to the question of when two multiplier algebras of spaces of this type are algebraically or isometrically isomorphic. This generalizes results of Davidson, Ramsey, Shalit, and the author. Keywords:non-selfadjoint operator algebras, reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces, multiplier algebra, Nevanlinna-Pick kernels, isomorphism problemCategories:47L30, 46E22, 47A13

7. CJM Online first

Fernández Bretón, David J.
 Strongly Summable Ultrafilters, Union Ultrafilters, and the Trivial Sums Property We answer two questions of Hindman, SteprÄns and Strauss, namely we prove that every strongly summable ultrafilter on an abelian group is sparse and has the trivial sums property. Moreover we show that in most cases the sparseness of the given ultrafilter is a consequence of its being isomorphic to a union ultrafilter. However, this does not happen in all cases: we also construct (assuming Martin's Axiom for countable partial orders, i.e. $\operatorname{cov}(\mathcal{M})=\mathfrak c$), on the Boolean group, a strongly summable ultrafilter that is not additively isomorphic to any union ultrafilter. Keywords:ultrafilter, Stone-Cech compactification, sparse ultrafilter, strongly summable ultrafilter, union ultrafilter, finite sum, additive isomorphism, trivial sums property, Boolean group, abelian groupCategories:03E75, 54D35, 54D80, 05D10, 05A18, 20K99

8. CJM Online first

Doran, Charles F.; Harder, Andrew
 Toric Degenerations and Laurent polynomials related to Givental's Landau-Ginzburg models For an appropriate class of Fano complete intersections in toric varieties, we prove that there is a concrete relationship between degenerations to specific toric subvarieties and expressions for Givental's Landau-Ginzburg models as Laurent polynomials. As a result, we show that Fano varieties presented as complete intersections in partial flag manifolds admit degenerations to Gorenstein toric weak Fano varieties, and their Givental Landau-Ginzburg models can be expressed as corresponding Laurent polynomials. We also use this to show that all of the Laurent polynomials obtained by Coates, Kasprzyk and Prince by the so called Przyjalkowski method correspond to toric degenerations of the corresponding Fano variety. We discuss applications to geometric transitions of Calabi-Yau varieties. Keywords:Fano varieties, Landau-Ginzburg models, Calabi-Yau varieties, toric varietiesCategories:14M25, 14J32, 14J33, 14J45

9. CJM Online first

Kopotun, Kirill; Leviatan, Dany; Shevchuk, Igor
 Constrained approximation with Jacobi weights In this paper, we prove that, for $\ell=1$ or $2$, the rate of best $\ell$-monotone polynomial approximation in the $L_p$ norm ($1\leq p \leq \infty$) weighted by the Jacobi weight $w_{\alpha,\beta}(x) :=(1+x)^\alpha(1-x)^\beta$ with $\alpha,\beta\gt -1/p$ if $p\lt \infty$, or $\alpha,\beta\geq 0$ if $p=\infty$, is bounded by an appropriate $(\ell+1)$st modulus of smoothness with the same weight, and that this rate cannot be bounded by the $(\ell+2)$nd modulus. Related results on constrained weighted spline approximation and applications of our estimates are also given. Keywords:constrained approximation, Jacobi weights, weighted moduli of smoothness, exact estimates, exact ordersCategories:41A29, 41A10, 41A15, 41A17, 41A25

10. CJM Online first

Demchenko, Oleg; Gurevich, Alexander
 Kernels in the category of formal group laws Fontaine described the category of formal groups over the ring of Witt vectors over a finite field of characteristic $p$ with the aid of triples consisting of the module of logarithms, the DieudonnÃ© module and the morphism from the former to the latter. We propose an explicit construction for the kernels in this category in term of Fontaine's triples. The construction is applied to the formal norm homomorphism in the case of an unramified extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ and of a totally ramified extension of degree less or equal than $p$. A similar consideration applied to a global extension allows us to establish the existence of a strict isomorphism between the formal norm torus and a formal group law coming from $L$-series. Keywords:formal groups, $p$-divisible groups, Dieudonne modules, norm toriCategory:14L05

11. CJM Online first

Stavrova, Anastasia
 Non-stable $K_1$-functors of multiloop groups Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0. Let $G$ be a reductive group over the ring of Laurent polynomials $R=k[x_1^{\pm 1},...,x_n^{\pm 1}]$. Assume that $G$ contains a maximal $R$-torus, and that every semisimple normal subgroup of $G$ contains a two-dimensional split torus $\mathbf{G}_m^2$. We show that the natural map of non-stable $K_1$-functors, also called Whitehead groups, $K_1^G(R)\to K_1^G\bigl( k((x_1))...((x_n)) \bigr)$ is injective, and an isomorphism if $G$ is semisimple. As an application, we provide a way to compute the difference between the full automorphism group of a Lie torus (in the sense of Yoshii-Neher) and the subgroup generated by exponential automorphisms. Keywords:loop reductive group, non-stable $K_1$-functor, Whitehead group, Laurent polynomials, Lie torusCategories:20G35, 19B99, 17B67

12. CJM Online first

Ishida, Hirotaka
 The lower bound on the Euler-PoincarÃ© characteristic of certain surfaces of general type with a linear pencil of hyperelliptic curves Let $S$ be a surface of general type. In this article, when there exists a relatively minimal hyperelliptic fibration $f \colon S \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ whose slope is less than or equal to four, we show the lower bound on the Euler-PoincarÃ© characteristic of $S$. Furthermore, we prove that our bound is the best possible by giving required hyperelliptic fibrations. Keywords:hyperelliptic fibration, surface of general type, double coverCategories:14D05, 14J29, 14H30

13. CJM Online first

Sugiyama, Shingo; Tsuzuki, Masao
 Existence of Hilbert cusp forms with non-vanishing $L$-values We develop a derivative version of the relative trace formula on $\operatorname{PGL}(2)$ studied in our previous work, and derive an asymptotic formula of an average of central values (derivatives) of automorphic $L$-functions for Hilbert cusp forms. As an application, we prove the existence of Hilbert cusp forms with non-vanishing central values (derivatives) such that the absolute degrees of their Hecke fields are arbitrarily large. Keywords:automorphic representations, relative trace formulas, central $L$-values, derivatives of $L$-functionsCategories:11F67, 11F72

14. CJM Online first

Ingram, Patrick
 Rigidity and height bounds for certain post-critically finite endomorphisms of $\mathbb P^N$ The morphism $f:\mathbb{P}^N\to\mathbb{P}^N$ is called post-critically finite (PCF) if the forward image of the critical locus, under iteration of $f$, has algebraic support. In the case $N=1$, a result of Thurston implies that there are no algebraic families of PCF morphisms, other than a well-understood exceptional class known as the flexible LattÃ¨s maps. A related arithmetic result states that the set of PCF morphisms corresponds to a set of bounded height in the moduli space of univariate rational functions. We prove corresponding results for a certain subclass of the regular polynomial endomorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^N$, for any $N$. Keywords:post-critically finite, arithmetic dynamics, heightsCategories:37P15, 32H50, 37P30

15. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1290)

Charlesworth, Ian; Nelson, Brent; Skoufranis, Paul
 On Two-faced Families of Non-commutative Random Variables We demonstrate that the notions of bi-free independence and combinatorial-bi-free independence of two-faced families are equivalent using a diagrammatic view of bi-non-crossing partitions. These diagrams produce an operator model on a Fock space suitable for representing any two-faced family of non-commutative random variables. Furthermore, using a Kreweras complement on bi-non-crossing partitions we establish the expected formulas for the multiplicative convolution of a bi-free pair of two-faced families. Keywords:free probability, operator algebras, bi-freeCategory:46L54

16. CJM Online first

Calixto, Lucas; Moura, Adriano; Savage, Alistair
 Equivariant map queer Lie superalgebras An equivariant map queer Lie superalgebra is the Lie superalgebra of regular maps from an algebraic variety (or scheme) $X$ to a queer Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak{q}$ that are equivariant with respect to the action of a finite group $\Gamma$ acting on $X$ and $\mathfrak{q}$. In this paper, we classify all irreducible finite-dimensional representations of the equivariant map queer Lie superalgebras under the assumption that $\Gamma$ is abelian and acts freely on $X$. We show that such representations are parameterized by a certain set of $\Gamma$-equivariant finitely supported maps from $X$ to the set of isomorphism classes of irreducible finite-dimensional representations of $\mathfrak{q}$. In the special case where $X$ is the torus, we obtain a classification of the irreducible finite-dimensional representations of the twisted loop queer superalgebra. Keywords:Lie superalgebra, queer Lie superalgebra, loop superalgebra, equivariant map superalgebra, finite-dimensional representation, finite-dimensional moduleCategories:17B65, 17B10

17. CJM Online first

Shiozawa, Yuichi
 Lower Escape Rate of Symmetric Jump-diffusion Processes We establish an integral test on the lower escape rate of symmetric jump-diffusion processes generated by regular Dirichlet forms. Using this test, we can find the speed of particles escaping to infinity. We apply this test to symmetric jump processes of variable order. We also derive the upper and lower escape rates of time changed processes by using those of underlying processes. Keywords:lower escape rate, Dirichlet form, Markov process, time changeCategories:60G17, 31C25, 60J25

18. CJM Online first

 The Weak b-principle: Mumford Conjecture In this note we introduce and study a new class of maps called oriented colored broken submersions. This is the simplest class of maps that satisfies a version of the b-principle and in dimension $2$ approximates the class of oriented submersions well in the sense that every oriented colored broken submersion of dimension $2$ to a closed simply connected manifold is bordant to a submersion. We show that the Madsen-Weiss theorem (the standard Mumford Conjecture) fits a general setting of the b-principle. Namely, a version of the b-principle for oriented colored broken submersions together with the Harer stability theorem and Miller-Morita theorem implies the Madsen-Weiss theorem. Keywords:generalized cohomology theories, fold singularities, h-principle, infinite loop spacesCategories:55N20, 53C23

19. CJM Online first

Garibaldi, Skip; Nakano, Daniel K.
 Bilinear and quadratic forms on rational modules of split reductive groups The representation theory of semisimple algebraic groups over the complex numbers (equivalently, semisimple complex Lie algebras or Lie groups, or real compact Lie groups) and the question of whether a given complex representation is symplectic or orthogonal has been solved since at least the 1950s. Similar results for Weyl modules of split reductive groups over fields of characteristic different from 2 hold by using similar proofs. This paper considers analogues of these results for simple, induced and tilting modules of split reductive groups over fields of prime characteristic as well as a complete answer for Weyl modules over fields of characteristic 2. Keywords:orthogonal representations, symmetric tensors, alternating forms, characteristic 2, split reductive groupsCategories:20G05, 11E39, 11E88, 15A63, 20G15

20. CJM Online first

Emamizadeh, Behrouz; Farjudian, Amin; Zivari-Rezapour, Mohsen
 Optimization related to some nonlocal problems of Kirchhoff type In this paper we introduce two rearrangement optimization problems, one being a maximization and the other a minimization problem, related to a nonlocal boundary value problem of Kirchhoff type. Using the theory of rearrangements as developed by G. R. Burton we are able to show that both problems are solvable, and derive the corresponding optimality conditions. These conditions in turn provide information concerning the locations of the optimal solutions. The strict convexity of the energy functional plays a crucial role in both problems. The popular case in which the rearrangement class (i.e., the admissible set) is generated by a characteristic function is also considered. We show that in this case, the maximization problem gives rise to a free boundary problem of obstacle type, which turns out to be unstable. On the other hand, the minimization problem leads to another free boundary problem of obstacle type, which is stable. Some numerical results are included to confirm the theory. Keywords:Kirchhoff equation, rearrangements of functions, maximization, existence, optimality conditionCategories:35J20, 35J25

21. CJM Online first

Biswas, Indranil; Gómez, Tomás L.; Logares, Marina
 Integrable systems and Torelli theorems for the moduli spaces of parabolic bundles and parabolic Higgs bundles We prove a Torelli theorem for the moduli space of semistable parabolic Higgs bundles over a smooth complex projective algebraic curve under the assumption that the parabolic weight system is generic. When the genus is at least two, using this result we also prove a Torelli theorem for the moduli space of semistable parabolic bundles of rank at least two with generic parabolic weights. The key input in the proofs is a method of J.C. Hurtubise. Keywords:parabolic bundle, Higgs field, Torelli theoremCategories:14D22, 14D20

22. CJM Online first

 Quantum families of invertible maps and related problems The notion of families of quantum invertible maps (C$^*$-algebra homomorphisms satisfying PodleÅ' condition) is employed to strengthen and reinterpret several results concerning universal quantum groups acting on finite quantum spaces. In particular Wang's quantum automorphism groups are shown to be universal with respect to quantum families of invertible maps. Further the construction of the Hopf image of Banica and Bichon is phrased in the purely analytic language and employed to define the quantum subgroup generated by a family of quantum subgroups or more generally a family of quantum invertible maps. Keywords:quantum families of invertible maps, Hopf image, universal quantum groupCategories:46L89, 46L65

23. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1326)

Cojocaru, Alina Carmen; Shulman, Andrew Michael
 The Distribution of the First Elementary Divisor of the Reductions of a Generic Drinfeld Module of Arbitrary Rank Let $\psi$ be a generic Drinfeld module of rank $r \geq 2$. We study the first elementary divisor $d_{1, \wp}(\psi)$ of the reduction of $\psi$ modulo a prime $\wp$, as $\wp$ varies. In particular, we prove the existence of the density of the primes $\wp$ for which $d_{1, \wp} (\psi)$ is fixed. For $r = 2$, we also study the second elementary divisor (the exponent) of the reduction of $\psi$ modulo $\wp$ and prove that, on average, it has a large norm. Our work is motivated by the study of J.-P. Serre of an elliptic curve analogue of Artin's Primitive Root Conjecture, and, moreover, by refinements to Serre's study developed by the first author and M.R. Murty. Keywords:Drinfeld modules, density theoremsCategories:11R45, 11G09, 11R58

24. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1091)

Mine, Kotaro; Yamashita, Atsushi
 Metric Compactifications and Coarse Structures Let $\mathbf{TB}$ be the category of totally bounded, locally compact metric spaces with the $C_0$ coarse structures. We show that if $X$ and $Y$ are in $\mathbf{TB}$ then $X$ and $Y$ are coarsely equivalent if and only if their Higson coronas are homeomorphic. In fact, the Higson corona functor gives an equivalence of categories $\mathbf{TB}\to\mathbf{K}$, where $\mathbf{K}$ is the category of compact metrizable spaces. We use this fact to show that the continuously controlled coarse structure on a locally compact space $X$ induced by some metrizable compactification $\tilde{X}$ is determined only by the topology of the remainder $\tilde{X}\setminus X$. Keywords:coarse geometry, Higson corona, continuously controlled coarse structure, uniform continuity, boundary at infinityCategories:18B30, 51F99, 53C23, 54C20

25. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1046)

Dubickas, Arturas; Sha, Min; Shparlinski, Igor
 Explicit Form of Cassels' $p$-adic Embedding Theorem for Number Fields In this paper, we mainly give a general explicit form of Cassels' $p$-adic embedding theorem for number fields. We also give its refined form in the case of cyclotomic fields. As a byproduct, given an irreducible polynomial $f$ over $\mathbb{Z}$, we give a general unconditional upper bound for the smallest prime number $p$ such that $f$ has a simple root modulo $p$. Keywords:number field, $p$-adic embedding, height, polynomial, cyclotomic fieldCategories:11R04, 11S85, 11G50, 11R09, 11R18
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