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1. CJM Online first

Feigin, Evgeny; Finkelberg, Michael; Littelmann, Peter
 Symplectic Degenerate Flag Varieties A simple finite dimensional module $V_\lambda$ of a simple complex algebraic group $G$ is naturally endowed with a filtration induced by the PBW-filtration of $U(\mathrm{Lie}\, G)$. The associated graded space $V_\lambda^a$ is a module for the group $G^a$, which can be roughly described as a semi-direct product of a Borel subgroup of $G$ and a large commutative unipotent group $\mathbb{G}_a^M$. In analogy to the flag variety $\mathcal{F}_\lambda=G.[v_\lambda]\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda)$, we call the closure $\overline{G^a.[v_\lambda]}\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda^a)$ of the $G^a$-orbit through the highest weight line the degenerate flag variety $\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$. In general this is a singular variety, but we conjecture that it has many nice properties similar to that of Schubert varieties. In this paper we consider the case of $G$ being the symplectic group. The symplectic case is important for the conjecture because it is the first known case where even for fundamental weights $\omega$ the varieties $\mathcal{F}^a_\omega$ differ from $\mathcal{F}_\omega$. We give an explicit construction of the varieties $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ and construct desingularizations, similar to the Bott-Samelson resolutions in the classical case. We prove that $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ are normal locally complete intersections with terminal and rational singularities. We also show that these varieties are Frobenius split. Using the above mentioned results, we prove an analogue of the Borel-Weil theorem and obtain a $q$-character formula for the characters of irreducible $Sp_{2n}$-modules via the Atiyah-Bott-Lefschetz fixed points formula. Keywords:Lie algebras, flag varieties, symplectic groups, representationsCategories:14M15, 22E46

2. CJM Online first

Bell, Jason P.; Lagarias, Jeffrey C.
 A Skolem-Mahler-Lech Theorem for Iterated Automorphisms of $K$-algebras This paper proves a commutative algebraic extension of a generalized Skolem-Mahler-Lech theorem due to the first author. Let $A$ be a finitely generated commutative $K$-algebra over a field of characteristic $0$, and let $\sigma$ be a $K$-algebra automorphism of $A$. Given ideals $I$ and $J$ of $A$, we show that the set $S$ of integers $m$ such that $\sigma^m(I) \supseteq J$ is a finite union of complete doubly infinite arithmetic progressions in $m$, up to the addition of a finite set. Alternatively, this result states that for an affine scheme $X$ of finite type over $K$, an automorphism $\sigma \in \operatorname{Aut}_K(X)$, and $Y$ and $Z$ any two closed subschemes of $X$, the set of integers $m$ with $\sigma^m(Z ) \subseteq Y$ is as above. The paper presents examples showing that this result may fail to hold if the affine scheme $X$ is not of finite type, or if $X$ is of finite type but the field $K$ has positive characteristic. Keywords:automorphisms, endomorphisms, affine space, commutative algebras, Skolem-Mahler-Lech theoremCategories:11D45, 14R10, 11Y55, 11D88

3. CJM Online first

Baird, Thomas
 Moduli Spaces of Vector Bundles over a Real Curve: $\mathbb Z/2$-Betti Numbers Moduli spaces of real bundles over a real curve arise naturally as Lagrangian submanifolds of the moduli space of semi-stable bundles over a complex curve. In this paper, we adapt the methods of Atiyah-Bott's Yang-Mills over a Riemann Surface'' to compute $\mathbb Z/2$-Betti numbers of these spaces. Keywords:cohomology of moduli spaces, holomorphic vector bundlesCategories:32L05, 14P25

4. CJM Online first

Alfonseca, M. Angeles; Kim, Jaegil
 On the Local Convexity of Intersection Bodies of Revolution One of the fundamental results in Convex Geometry is Busemann's theorem, which states that the intersection body of a symmetric convex body is convex. Thus, it is only natural to ask if there is a quantitative version of Busemann's theorem, i.e., if the intersection body operation actually improves convexity. In this paper we concentrate on the symmetric bodies of revolution to provide several results on the (strict) improvement of convexity under the intersection body operation. It is shown that the intersection body of a symmetric convex body of revolution has the same asymptotic behavior near the equator as the Euclidean ball. We apply this result to show that in sufficiently high dimension the double intersection body of a symmetric convex body of revolution is very close to an ellipsoid in the Banach-Mazur distance. We also prove results on the local convexity at the equator of intersection bodies in the class of star bodies of revolution. Keywords:convex bodies, intersection bodies of star bodies, Busemann's theorem, local convexityCategories:52A20, 52A38, 44A12

5. CJM Online first

Clouâtre, Raphaël
 Unitary Equivalence and Similarity to Jordan Models for Weak Contractions of Class $C_0$ We obtain results on the unitary equivalence of weak contractions of class $C_0$ to their Jordan models under an assumption on their commutants. In particular, our work addresses the case of arbitrary finite multiplicity. The main tool is the theory of boundary representations due to Arveson. We also generalize and improve previously known results concerning unitary equivalence and similarity to Jordan models when the minimal function is a Blaschke product. Keywords:weak contractions, operators of class $C_0$, Jordan model, unitary equivalenceCategories:47A45, 47L55

6. CJM Online first

Lanphier, Dominic; Skogman, Howard
 Values of Twisted Tensor $L$-functions of Automorphic Forms Over Imaginary Fields Let $K$ be a complex quadratic extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ and let $\mathbb{A}_K$ denote the adeles of $K$. We find special values at all of the critical points of twisted tensor $L$-functions attached to cohomological cuspforms on $GL_2(\mathbb{A}_K)$, and establish Galois equivariance of the values. To investigate the values, we determine the archimedean factors of a class of integral representations of these $L$-functions, thus proving a conjecture due to Ghate. We also investigate analytic properties of these $L$-functions, such as their functional equations. Keywords:twisted tensor $L$-function, cuspform, hypergeometric seriesCategories:11F67, 11F37

7. CJM Online first

Henniart, Guy; Sécherre, Vincent
 Types et contragrÃ©dientes Soit $\mathrm{G}$ un groupe rÃ©ductif $p$-adique, et soit $\mathrm{R}$ un corps algÃ©briquement clos. Soit $\pi$ une reprÃ©sentation lisse de $\mathrm{G}$ dans un espace vectoriel $\mathrm{V}$ sur $\mathrm{R}$. Fixons un sous-groupe ouvert et compact $\mathrm{K}$ de $\mathrm{G}$ et une reprÃ©sentation lisse irrÃ©ductible $\tau$ de $\mathrm{K}$ dans un espace vectoriel $\mathrm{W}$ de dimension finie sur $\mathrm{R}$. Sur l'espace $\mathrm{Hom}_{\mathrm{K}(\mathrm{W},\mathrm{V})}$ agit l'algÃ¨bre d'entrelacement $\mathscr{H}(\mathrm{G},\mathrm{K},\mathrm{W})$. Nous examinons la compatibilitÃ© de ces constructions avec le passage aux reprÃ©sentations contragrÃ©dientes $\mathrm{V}^Äe$ et $\mathrm{W}^Äe$, et donnons en particulier des conditions sur $\mathrm{W}$ ou sur la caractÃ©ristique de $\mathrm{R}$ pour que le comportement soit semblable au cas des reprÃ©sentations complexes. Nous prenons un point de vue abstrait, n'utilisant que des propriÃ©tÃ©s gÃ©nÃ©rales de $\mathrm{G}$. Nous terminons par une application Ã  la thÃ©orie des types pour le groupe $\mathrm{GL}_n$ et ses formes intÃ©rieures sur un corps local non archimÃ©dien. Keywords:modular representations of p-adic reductive groups, types, contragredient, intertwiningCategory:22E50

8. CJM Online first

Caillat-Gibert, Shanti; Matignon, Daniel
 Existence of Taut Foliations on Seifert Fibered Homology $3$-spheres This paper concerns the problem of existence of taut foliations among $3$-manifolds. Since the contribution of David Gabai, we know that closed $3$-manifolds with non-trivial second homology group admit a taut foliation. The essential part of this paper focuses on Seifert fibered homology $3$-spheres. The result is quite different if they are integral or rational but non-integral homology $3$-spheres. Concerning integral homology $3$-spheres, we can see that all but the $3$-sphere and the PoincarÃ© $3$-sphere admit a taut foliation. Concerning non-integral homology $3$-spheres, we prove there are infinitely many which admit a taut foliation, and infinitely many without taut foliation. Moreover, we show that the geometries do not determine the existence of taut foliations on non-integral Seifert fibered homology $3$-spheres. Keywords:homology 3-spheres, taut foliation, Seifert-fibered 3-manifoldsCategories:57M25, 57M50, 57N10, 57M15

9. CJM Online first

Hrušák, Michael; Mill, Jan van
 Addendum to Nearly Countable Dense Homogeneous Spaces' This paper provides an addendum to M. HruÅ¡Ã¡k and J. van Mill Nearly countable dense homogeneous spaces.'' Canad. J. Math., published online 2013-03-08 http://dx.doi.org/10.4153/CJM-2013-006-8. Keywords:countable dense homogeneous, nearly countable dense homogeneous, Effros Theorem, Vaught's conjectureCategories:54H05, 03E15, 54E50

10. CJM Online first

Zhang, Xi; Zhang, Xiangwen
 Generalized KÃ¤hler--Einstein Metrics and Energy Functionals In this paper, we consider a generalized KÃ¤hler-Einstein equation on KÃ¤hler manifold $M$. Using the twisted $\mathcal K$-energy introduced by Song and Tian, we show that the existence of generalized KÃ¤hler-Einstein metrics with semi-positive twisting $(1, 1)$-form $\theta$ is also closely related to the properness of the twisted $\mathcal K$-energy functional. Under the condition that the twisting form $\theta$ is strictly positive at a point or $M$ admits no nontrivial Hamiltonian holomorphic vector field, we prove that the existence of generalized KÃ¤hler-Einstein metric implies a Moser-Trudinger type inequality. Keywords:complex Monge--AmpÃ¨re equation, energy functional, generalized KÃ¤hler--Einstein metric, Moser--Trudinger type inequalityCategories:53C55, 32W20

11. CJM Online first

Szpruch, Dani
 Symmetric Genuine Spherical Whittaker Functions on $\overline{GSp_{2n}(F)}$ Let $F$ be a p-adic field of odd residual characteristic. Let $\overline{GSp_{2n}(F)}$ and $\overline{Sp_{2n}(F)}$ be the metaplectic double covers of the general symplectic group and the symplectic group attached to the $2n$ dimensional symplectic space over $F$. Let $\sigma$ be a genuine, possibly reducible, unramified principal series representation of $\overline{GSp_{2n}(F)}$. In these notes we give an explicit formulas for a spanning set for the space of Spherical Whittaker functions attached to $\sigma$. For odd $n$, and generically for even $n$, this spanning set is a basis. The significant property of this set is that each of its elements is unchanged under the action of the Weyl group of $\overline{Sp_{2n}(F)}$. If $n$ is odd then each element in the set has an equivariant property that generalizes a uniqueness result of Gelbart, Howe and Piatetski-Shapiro. Using this symmetric set, we construct a family of reducible genuine unramified principal series representations which have more then one generic constituent. This family contains all the reducible genuine unramified principal series representations induced from a unitary data and exists only for $n$ even. Keywords:metaplectic group, Casselman Shalika FormulaCategory:11F85

12. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1320)

Taniguchi, Takashi; Thorne, Frank
 Orbital $L$-functions for the Space of Binary Cubic Forms We introduce the notion of orbital $L$-functions for the space of binary cubic forms and investigate their analytic properties. We study their functional equations and residue formulas in some detail. Aside from their intrinsic interest, the results from this paper are used to prove the existence of secondary terms in counting functions for cubic fields. This is worked out in a companion paper. Keywords:binary cubic forms, prehomogeneous vector spaces, Shintani zeta functions, $L$-functions, cubic rings and fieldsCategories:11M41, 11E76

13. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1287)

Reihani, Kamran
 $K$-theory of Furstenberg Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras The paper studies the $K$-theoretic invariants of the crossed product $C^{*}$-algebras associated with an important family of homeomorphisms of the tori $\mathbb{T}^{n}$ called Furstenberg transformations. Using the Pimsner-Voiculescu theorem, we prove that given $n$, the $K$-groups of those crossed products, whose corresponding $n\times n$ integer matrices are unipotent of maximal degree, always have the same rank $a_{n}$. We show using the theory developed here that a claim made in the literature about the torsion subgroups of these $K$-groups is false. Using the representation theory of the simple Lie algebra $\frak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$, we show that, remarkably, $a_{n}$ has a combinatorial significance. For example, every $a_{2n+1}$ is just the number of ways that $0$ can be represented as a sum of integers between $-n$ and $n$ (with no repetitions). By adapting an argument of van Lint (in which he answered a question of ErdÅs), a simple, explicit formula for the asymptotic behavior of the sequence $\{a_{n}\}$ is given. Finally, we describe the order structure of the $K_{0}$-groups of an important class of Furstenberg crossed products, obtaining their complete Elliott invariant using classification results of H. Lin and N. C. Phillips. Keywords:$K$-theory, transformation group $C^*$-algebra, Furstenberg transformation, Anzai transformation, minimal homeomorphism, positive cone, minimal homeomorphismCategories:19K14, 19K99, 46L35, 46L80, , 05A15, 05A16, 05A17, 15A36, 17B10, 17B20, 37B05, 54H20

14. CJM Online first

Beuzart-Plessis, Raphaël
 Expression d'un facteur epsilon de paire par une formule intÃ©grale Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of $p$-adic fields and let $d$, $m$ be nonnegative integers of distinct parities. Fix admissible irreducible tempered representations $\pi$ and $\sigma$ of $GL_d(E)$ and $GL_m(E)$ respectively. We assume that $\pi$ and $\sigma$ are conjugate-dual. That is to say $\pi\simeq \pi^{\vee,c}$ and $\sigma\simeq \sigma^{\vee,c}$ where $c$ is the non trivial $F$-automorphism of $E$. This implies, we can extend $\pi$ to an unitary representation $\tilde{\pi}$ of a nonconnected group $GL_d(E)\rtimes \{1,\theta\}$. Define $\tilde{\sigma}$ the same way. We state and prove an integral formula for $\epsilon(1/2,\pi\times \sigma,\psi_E)$ involving the characters of $\tilde{\pi}$ and $\tilde{\sigma}$. This formula is related to the local Gan-Gross-Prasad conjecture for unitary groups. Keywords:epsilon factor, twisted groupsCategories:22E50, 11F85

15. CJM Online first

Eikrem, Kjersti Solberg
 Random Harmonic Functions in Growth Spaces and Bloch-type Spaces Let $h^\infty_v(\mathbf D)$ and $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ be the spaces of harmonic functions in the unit disk and multi-dimensional unit ball which admit a two-sided radial majorant $v(r)$. We consider functions $v$ that fulfill a doubling condition. In the two-dimensional case let $u (re^{i\theta},\xi) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty (a_{j0} \xi_{j0} r^j \cos j\theta +a_{j1} \xi_{j1} r^j \sin j\theta)$ where $\xi =\{\xi_{ji}\}$ is a sequence of random subnormal variables and $a_{ji}$ are real; in higher dimensions we consider series of spherical harmonics. We will obtain conditions on the coefficients $a_{ji}$ which imply that $u$ is in $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ almost surely. Our estimate improves previous results by Bennett, Stegenga and Timoney, and we prove that the estimate is sharp. The results for growth spaces can easily be applied to Bloch-type spaces, and we obtain a similar characterization for these spaces, which generalizes results by Anderson, Clunie and Pommerenke and by Guo and Liu. Keywords:harmonic functions, random series, growth space, Bloch-type spaceCategories:30B20, 31B05, 30H30, 42B05

16. CJM Online first

Izmestiev, Ivan
 Infinitesimal Rigidity of Convex Polyhedra through the Second Derivative of the Hilbert-Einstein Functional The paper is centered around a new proof of the infinitesimal rigidity of convex polyhedra. The proof is based on studying derivatives of the discrete Hilbert-Einstein functional on the space of "warped polyhedra" with a fixed metric on the boundary. The situation is in a sense dual to using derivatives of the volume in order to prove the Gauss infinitesimal rigidity of convex polyhedra. This latter kind of rigidity is related to the Minkowski theorem on the existence and uniqueness of a polyhedron with prescribed face normals and face areas. In the spherical and in the hyperbolic-de Sitter space, there is a perfect duality between the Hilbert-Einstein functional and the volume, as well as between both kinds of rigidity. We review some of the related work and discuss directions for future research. Keywords:convex polyhedron, rigidity, Hilbert-Einstein functional, Minkowski theoremCategories:52B99, 53C24

17. CJM Online first

Plevnik, Lucijan; Šemrl, Peter
 Maps Preserving Complementarity of Closed Subspaces of a Hilbert Space Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{K}$ be infinite-dimensional separable Hilbert spaces and ${\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ the lattice of all closed subspaces oh $\mathcal{H}$. We describe the general form of pairs of bijective maps $\phi , \psi : {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H} \to {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{K}$ having the property that for every pair $U,V \in {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ we have $\mathcal{H} = U \oplus V \iff \mathcal{K} = \phi (U) \oplus \psi (V)$. Then we reformulate this theorem as a description of bijective image equality and kernel equality preserving maps acting on bounded linear idempotent operators. Several known structural results for maps on idempotents are easy consequences. Keywords:Hilbert space, lattice of closed subspaces, complemented subspaces, adjacent subspaces, idempotentsCategories:46B20, 47B49

18. CJM Online first

Vaz, Pedro; Wagner, Emmanuel
 A Remark on BMW algebra, $q$-Schur Algebras and Categorification We prove that the 2-variable BMW algebra embeds into an algebra constructed from the HOMFLY-PT polynomial. We also prove that the $\mathfrak{so}_{2N}$-BMW algebra embeds in the $q$-Schur algebra of type $A$. We use these results to suggest a schema providing categorifications of the $\mathfrak{so}_{2N}$-BMW algebra. Keywords:tangle algebras, BMW algebra, HOMFLY-PT Skein algebra, q-Schur algebra, categorificationCategories:57M27, 81R50, 17B37, 16W99

19. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1384)

Wright, Paul
 Estimates of Hausdorff Dimension for Non-wandering Sets of Higher Dimensional Open Billiards This article concerns a class of open billiards consisting of a finite number of strictly convex, non-eclipsing obstacles $K$. The non-wandering set $M_0$ of the billiard ball map is a topological Cantor set and its Hausdorff dimension has been previously estimated for billiards in $\mathbb{R}^2$, using well-known techniques. We extend these estimates to billiards in $\mathbb{R}^n$, and make various refinements to the estimates. These refinements also allow improvements to other results. We also show that in many cases, the non-wandering set is confined to a particular subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ formed by the convex hull of points determined by period 2 orbits. This allows more accurate bounds on the constants used in estimating Hausdorff dimension. Keywords:dynamical systems, billiards, dimension, HausdorffCategories:37D20, 37D40

20. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1005)

Forrest, Brian; Miao, Tianxuan
 Uniformly Continuous Functionals and M-Weakly Amenable Groups Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $A_{M}(G)$ ($A_{0}(G)$)denote the closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$ in the space of bounded (completely bounded) multipliers of $A(G)$. We call a locally compact group M-weakly amenable if $A_M(G)$ has a bounded approximate identity. We will show that when $G$ is M-weakly amenable, the algebras $A_{M}(G)$ and $A_{0}(G)$ have properties that are characteristic of the Fourier algebra of an amenable group. Along the way we show that the sets of tolopolically invariant means associated with these algebras have the same cardinality as those of the Fourier algebra. Keywords:Fourier algebra, multipliers, weakly amenable, uniformly continuous functionalsCategories:43A07, 43A22, 46J10, 47L25

21. CJM Online first

Wu, Xinfeng
 Weighted Carleson Measure Spaces Associated with Different Homogeneities In this paper, we introduce weighted Carleson measure spaces associated with different homogeneities and prove that these spaces are the dual spaces of weighted Hardy spaces studied in a forthcoming paper. As an application, we establish the boundedness of composition of two CalderÃ³n-Zygmund operators with different homogeneities on the weighted Carleson measure spaces; this, in particular, provides the weighted endpoint estimates for the operators studied by Phong-Stein. Keywords:composition of operators, weighted Carleson measure spaces, dualityCategories:42B20, 42B35

22. CJM Online first

Eilers, Søren; Restorff, Gunnar; Ruiz, Efren
 The Ordered $K$-theory of a Full Extension Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be a $C^{*}$-algebra with real rank zero which has the stable weak cancellation property. Let $\mathfrak{I}$ be an ideal of $\mathfrak{A}$ such that $\mathfrak{I}$ is stable and satisfies the corona factorization property. We prove that $0 \to \mathfrak{I} \to \mathfrak{A} \to \mathfrak{A} / \mathfrak{I} \to 0$ is a full extension if and only if the extension is stenotic and $K$-lexicographic. {As an immediate application, we extend the classification result for graph $C^*$-algebras obtained by Tomforde and the first named author to the general non-unital case. In combination with recent results by Katsura, Tomforde, West and the first author, our result may also be used to give a purely $K$-theoretical description of when an essential extension of two simple and stable graph $C^*$-algebras is again a graph $C^*$-algebra.} Keywords:classification, extensions, graph algebrasCategories:46L80, 46L35, 46L05

23. CJM Online first

Berg, Chris; Bergeron, Nantel; Saliola, Franco; Serrano, Luis; Zabrocki, Mike
 A Lift of the Schur and Hall-Littlewood Bases to Non-commutative Symmetric Functions We introduce a new basis of the algebra of non-commutative symmetric functions whose images under the forgetful map are Schur functions when indexed by a partition. Dually, we build a basis of the quasi-symmetric functions which expand positively in the fundamental quasi-symmetric functions. We then use the basis to construct a non-commutative lift of the Hall-Littlewood symmetric functions with similar properties to their commutative counterparts. Keywords:Hall-Littlewood polynomial, symmetric function, quasisymmetric function, tableauCategory:05E05

24. CJM Online first

Levandovskyy, Viktor; Shepler, Anne V.
 Quantum Drinfeld Hecke Algebras We consider finite groups acting on quantum (or skew) polynomial rings. Deformations of the semidirect product of the quantum polynomial ring with the acting group extend symplectic reflection algebras and graded Hecke algebras to the quantum setting over a field of arbitrary characteristic. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for such algebras to satisfy a PoincarÃ©-Birkhoff-Witt property using the theory of noncommutative GrÃ¶bner bases. We include applications to the case of abelian groups and the case of groups acting on coordinate rings of quantum planes. In addition, we classify graded automorphisms of the coordinate ring of quantum 3-space. In characteristic zero, Hochschild cohomology gives an elegant description of the PBW conditions. Keywords:skew polynomial rings, noncommutative GrÃ¶bner bases, graded Hecke algebras, symplectic reflection algebras, Hochschild cohomologyCategories:16S36, 16S35, 16S80, 16W20, 16Z05, 16E40

25. CJM Online first

Rivera-Noriega, Jorge
 Perturbation and Solvability of Initial $L^p$ Dirichlet Problems for Parabolic Equations over Non-cylindrical Domains For parabolic linear operators $L$ of second order in divergence form, we prove that the solvability of initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problems for the whole range $1\lt p\lt \infty$ is preserved under appropriate small perturbations of the coefficients of the operators involved. We also prove that if the coefficients of $L$ satisfy a suitable controlled oscillation in the form of Carleson measure conditions, then for certain values of $p\gt 1$, the initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problem associated to $Lu=0$ over non-cylindrical domains is solvable. The results are adequate adaptations of the corresponding results for elliptic equations. Keywords:initial $L^p$ Dirichlet problem, second order parabolic equations in divergence form, non-cylindrical domains, reverse HÃ¶lder inequalitiesCategory:35K20
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