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1. CJM Online first

Lee, Jungyun; Lee, Yoonjin
Regulators of an infinite family of the simplest quartic function fields
We explicitly find regulators of an infinite family $\{L_m\}$ of the simplest quartic function fields with a parameter $m$ in a polynomial ring $\mathbb{F}_q [t]$, where $\mathbb{F}_q$ is the finite field of order $q$ with odd characteristic. In fact, this infinite family of the simplest quartic function fields are subfields of maximal real subfields of cyclotomic function fields, where they have the same conductors. We obtain a lower bound on the class numbers of the family $\{L_m\}$ and some result on the divisibility of the divisor class numbers of cyclotomic function fields which contain $\{L_m\}$ as their subfields. Furthermore, we find an explicit criterion for the characterization of splitting types of all the primes of the rational function field $\mathbb{F}_q (t)$ in $\{L_m\}$.

Keywords:regulator, function field, quartic extension, class number
Categories:11R29, 11R58

2. CJM Online first

Lei, Antonio; Loeffler, David; Zerbes, Sarah Livia
On the asymptotic growth of Bloch-Kato--Shafarevich-Tate groups of modular forms over cyclotomic extensions
We study the asymptotic behaviour of the Bloch--Kato--Shafarevich--Tate group of a modular form $f$ over the cyclotomic $\mathbb{Z}_p$-extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ under the assumption that $f$ is non-ordinary at $p$. In particular, we give upper bounds of these groups in terms of Iwasawa invariants of Selmer groups defined using $p$-adic Hodge Theory. These bounds have the same form as the formulae of Kobayashi, Kurihara and Sprung for supersingular elliptic curves.

Keywords:cyclotomic extension, Shafarevich-Tate group, Bloch-Kato Selmer group, modular form, non-ordinary prime, p-adic Hodge theory
Categories:11R18, 11F11, 11R23, 11F85

3. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 654)

Lim, Meng Fai; Murty, V. Kumar
Growth of Selmer groups of CM Abelian varieties
Let $p$ be an odd prime. We study the variation of the $p$-rank of the Selmer group of Abelian varieties with complex multiplication in certain towers of number fields.

Keywords:Selmer group, Abelian variety with complex multiplication, $\mathbb{Z}_p$-extension, $p$-Hilbert class tower
Categories:11G15, 11G10, 11R23, 11R34

4. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 827)

Kaniuth, Eberhard
The Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein Property and Spectral Synthesis for Certain Banach Algebra Products
Associated with two commutative Banach algebras $A$ and $B$ and a character $\theta$ of $B$ is a certain Banach algebra product $A\times_\theta B$, which is a splitting extension of $B$ by $A$. We investigate two topics for the algebra $A\times_\theta B$ in relation to the corresponding ones of $A$ and $B$. The first one is the Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein property and the algebra of Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein functions on the spectrum, whereas the second one concerns the wide range of spectral synthesis problems for $A\times_\theta B$.

Keywords:commutative Banach algebra, splitting extension, Gelfand spectrum, set of synthesis, weak spectral set, multiplier algebra, BSE-algebra, BSE-function
Categories:46J10, 46J25, 43A30, 43A45

5. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 596)

Eilers, Søren; Restorff, Gunnar; Ruiz, Efren
The Ordered $K$-theory of a Full Extension
Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be a $C^{*}$-algebra with real rank zero which has the stable weak cancellation property. Let $\mathfrak{I}$ be an ideal of $\mathfrak{A}$ such that $\mathfrak{I}$ is stable and satisfies the corona factorization property. We prove that $ 0 \to \mathfrak{I} \to \mathfrak{A} \to \mathfrak{A} / \mathfrak{I} \to 0 $ is a full extension if and only if the extension is stenotic and $K$-lexicographic. {As an immediate application, we extend the classification result for graph $C^*$-algebras obtained by Tomforde and the first named author to the general non-unital case. In combination with recent results by Katsura, Tomforde, West and the first author, our result may also be used to give a purely $K$-theoretical description of when an essential extension of two simple and stable graph $C^*$-algebras is again a graph $C^*$-algebra.}

Keywords:classification, extensions, graph algebras
Categories:46L80, 46L35, 46L05

6. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1036)

Koh, Doowon; Shen, Chun-Yen
Harmonic Analysis Related to Homogeneous Varieties in Three Dimensional Vector Spaces over Finite Fields
In this paper we study the extension problem, the averaging problem, and the generalized Erdős-Falconer distance problem associated with arbitrary homogeneous varieties in three dimensional vector spaces over finite fields. In the case when the varieties do not contain any plane passing through the origin, we obtain the best possible results on the aforementioned three problems. In particular, our result on the extension problem modestly generalizes the result by Mockenhaupt and Tao who studied the particular conical extension problem. In addition, investigating the Fourier decay on homogeneous varieties enables us to give complete mapping properties of averaging operators. Moreover, we improve the size condition on a set such that the cardinality of its distance set is nontrivial.

Keywords:extension problems, averaging operator, finite fields, Erdős-Falconer distance problems, homogeneous polynomial
Categories:42B05, 11T24, 52C17

7. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 200)

Rahman, Mizan
An Explicit Polynomial Expression for a $q$-Analogue of the 9-$j$ Symbols
Using standard transformation and summation formulas for basic hypergeometric series we obtain an explicit polynomial form of the $q$-analogue of the 9-$j$ symbols, introduced by the author in a recent publication. We also consider a limiting case in which the 9-$j$ symbol factors into two Hahn polynomials. The same factorization occurs in another limit case of the corresponding $q$-analogue.

Keywords:6-$j$ and 9-$j$ symbols, $q$-analogues, balanced and very-well-poised basic hypergeometric series, orthonormal polynomials in one and two variables, Racah and $q$-Racah polynomials and their extensions
Categories:33D45, 33D50

8. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1037)

Calviño-Louzao, E.; García-Río, E.; Vázquez-Lorenzo, R.
Riemann Extensions of Torsion-Free Connections with Degenerate Ricci Tensor
{Correspondence} between torsion-free connections with {nilpotent skew-symmetric curvature operator} and IP Riemann extensions is shown. Some consequences are derived in the study of four-dimensional IP metrics and locally homogeneous affine surfaces.

Keywords:Walker metric, Riemann extension, curvature operator, projectively flat and recurrent affine connection
Categories:53B30, 53C50

9. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 892)

Neeb, Karl-Hermann; Wagemann, Friedrich
The Second Cohomology of Current Algebras of General Lie Algebras
Let $A$ be a unital commutative associative algebra over a field of characteristic zero, $\k$ a Lie algebra, and $\zf$ a vector space, considered as a trivial module of the Lie algebra $\gf := A \otimes \kf$. In this paper, we give a description of the cohomology space $H^2(\gf,\zf)$ in terms of easily accessible data associated with $A$ and $\kf$. We also discuss the topological situation, where $A$ and $\kf$ are locally convex algebras.

Keywords:current algebra, Lie algebra cohomology, Lie algebra homology, invariant bilinear form, central extension
Categories:17B56, 17B65

10. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1135)

Björn, Anders; Björn, Jana; Shanmugalingam, Nageswari
Sobolev Extensions of Hölder Continuous and Characteristic Functions on Metric Spaces
We study when characteristic and H\"older continuous functions are traces of Sobolev functions on doubling metric measure spaces. We provide analytic and geometric conditions sufficient for extending characteristic and H\"older continuous functions into globally defined Sobolev functions.

Keywords:characteristic function, Newtonian function, metric space, resolutivity, Hölder continuous, Perron solution, $p$-harmonic, Sobolev extension, Whitney covering
Categories:46E35, 31C45

11. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 351)

Lin, Huaxin
Extensions by Simple $C^*$-Algebras: Quasidiagonal Extensions
Let $A$ be an amenable separable $C^*$-algebra and $B$ be a non-unital but $\sigma$-unital simple $C^*$-algebra with continuous scale. We show that two essential extensions $\tau_1$ and $\tau_2$ of $A$ by $B$ are approximately unitarily equivalent if and only if $$ [\tau_1]=[\tau_2] \text{ in } KL(A, M(B)/B). $$ If $A$ is assumed to satisfy the Universal Coefficient Theorem, there is a bijection from approximate unitary equivalence classes of the above mentioned extensions to $KL(A, M(B)/B)$. Using $KL(A, M(B)/B)$, we compute exactly when an essential extension is quasidiagonal. We show that quasidiagonal extensions may not be approximately trivial. We also study the approximately trivial extensions.

Keywords:Extensions, Simple $C^*$-algebras
Categories:46L05, 46L35

12. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 944)

Ludwig, J.; Molitor-Braun, C.
Représentations irréductibles bornées des groupes de Lie exponentiels
Let $G$ be a solvable exponential Lie group. We characterize all the continuous topologically irreducible bounded representations $(T, \calU)$ of $G$ on a Banach space $\calU$ by giving a $G$-orbit in $\frn^*$ ($\frn$ being the nilradical of $\frg$), a topologically irreducible representation of $L^1(\RR^n, \o)$, for a certain weight $\o$ and a certain $n \in \NN$, and a topologically simple extension norm. If $G$ is not symmetric, \ie, if the weight $\o$ is exponential, we get a new type of representations which are fundamentally different from the induced representations. Soit $G$ un groupe de Lie r\'esoluble exponentiel. Nous caract\'erisons toutes les repr\'esentations $(T, \calU)$ continues born\'ees topologiquement irr\'eductibles de $G$ dans un espace de Banach $\calU$ \`a l'aide d'une $G$-orbite dans $\frn^*$ ($\frn$ \'etant le radical nilpotent de $\frg$), d'une repr\'esentation topologiquement irr\'eductible de $L^1(\RR^n, \o)$, pour un certain poids $\o$ et un certain $n \in \NN$, d'une norme d'extension topologiquement simple. Si $G$ n'est pas sym\'etrique, c. \`a d. si le poids $\o$ est exponentiel, nous obtenons un nouveau type de repr\'esentations qui sont fondamentalement diff\'erentes des repr\'esentations induites.

Keywords:groupe de Lie résoluble exponentiel, représentation bornée topologiquement irréductible, orbite, norme d'extension, sous-espace invariant, idéal premier, idéal primitif

13. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1253)

López-Bautista, Pedro Ricardo; Villa-Salvador, Gabriel Daniel
Integral representation of $p$-class groups in ${\Bbb Z}_p$-extensions and the Jacobian variety
For an arbitrary finite Galois $p$-extension $L/K$ of $\zp$-cyclotomic number fields of $\CM$-type with Galois group $G = \Gal(L/K)$ such that the Iwasawa invariants $\mu_K^-$, $ \mu_L^-$ are zero, we obtain unconditionally and explicitly the Galois module structure of $\clases$, the minus part of the $p$-subgroup of the class group of $L$. For an arbitrary finite Galois $p$-extension $L/K$ of algebraic function fields of one variable over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$ as its exact field of constants with Galois group $G = \Gal(L/K)$ we obtain unconditionally and explicitly the Galois module structure of the $p$-torsion part of the Jacobian variety $J_L(p)$ associated to $L/k$.

Keywords:${\Bbb Z}_p$-extensions, Iwasawa's theory, class group, integral representation, fields of algebraic functions, Jacobian variety, Galois module structure
Categories:11R33, 11R23, 11R58, 14H40

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