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1. CJM Online first
The Category of Bratteli Diagrams A category structure for Bratteli diagrams is proposed and a
functor from
the category of AF algebras to the category of Bratteli diagrams
is
constructed. Since isomorphism of Bratteli diagrams in this
category coincides
with Bratteli's notion of equivalence, we obtain in particular
a functorial formulation of Bratteli's
classification of AF algebras (and at the same time, of Glimm's
classification of UHF~algebras).
It is shown that the three approaches
to classification of AF~algebras, namely, through Bratteli diagrams,
K-theory, and
abstract classifying categories, are essentially the same
from a categorical point of view.
Keywords:C$^{*}$-algebra, category, functor, AF algebra, dimension group, Bratteli diagram Categories:46L05, 46L35, 46M15 |
2. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1384)
Estimates of Hausdorff Dimension for Non-wandering Sets of Higher Dimensional Open Billiards This article concerns a class of open billiards consisting of a finite
number of strictly convex, non-eclipsing obstacles $K$. The
non-wandering set $M_0$ of the billiard ball map is a topological
Cantor set and its Hausdorff dimension has been previously estimated
for billiards in $\mathbb{R}^2$, using well-known techniques. We
extend these estimates to billiards in $\mathbb{R}^n$, and make
various refinements to the estimates. These refinements also allow
improvements to other results. We also show that in many cases, the
non-wandering set is confined to a particular subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$
formed by the convex hull of points determined by period 2
orbits. This allows more accurate bounds on the constants used in
estimating Hausdorff dimension.
Keywords:dynamical systems, billiards, dimension, Hausdorff Categories:37D20, 37D40 |
3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 625)
Classifying the Minimal Varieties of Polynomial Growth Let $\mathcal{V}$ be a variety of associative algebras generated by
an algebra with $1$ over a field of characteristic zero. This
paper is devoted to the classification of the varieties
$\mathcal{V}$ which are minimal of polynomial growth (i.e., their
sequence of codimensions growth like $n^k$ but any proper subvariety
grows like $n^t$ with $t\lt k$). These varieties are the building
blocks of general varieties of polynomial growth.
It turns out that for $k\le 4$ there are only a finite number of
varieties of polynomial growth $n^k$, but for each $k \gt 4$, the
number of minimal varieties is at least $|F|$, the cardinality of
the base field and we give a recipe of how to construct them.
Keywords:T-ideal, polynomial identity, codimension, polynomial growth, Categories:16R10, 16P90 |
4. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 303)
Haar Null Sets and the Consistent Reflection of Non-meagreness A subset $X$ of a Polish group $G$ is called Haar null if there exists
a Borel set $B \supset X$ and Borel probability measure $\mu$ on $G$ such that
$\mu(gBh)=0$ for every $g,h \in G$.
We prove that there exist a set $X \subset \mathbb R$ that is not Lebesgue null and a
Borel probability measure $\mu$ such that $\mu(X + t) = 0$ for every $t \in
\mathbb R$.
This answers a question from David Fremlin's problem list by showing
that one cannot simplify the definition of a Haar null set by leaving out the
Borel set $B$. (The answer was already known assuming the Continuum
Hypothesis.)
This result motivates the following Baire category analogue. It is consistent
with $ZFC$ that there exist an abelian Polish group $G$ and a Cantor
set $C \subset G$ such that for every non-meagre set $X \subset G$ there exists a $t
\in G$ such that $C \cap (X + t)$ is relatively non-meagre in $C$. This
essentially generalises results of BartoszyÅski and Burke-Miller.
Keywords:Haar null, Christensen, non-locally compact Polish group, packing dimension, Problem FC on Fremlin's list, forcing, generic real Categories:28C10, 03E35, 03E17, , , , , 22C05, 28A78 |
5. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 721)
Tameness of Complex Dimension in a Real Analytic Set Given a real analytic set $X$ in a complex manifold and a positive
integer $d$, denote by $\mathcal A^d$ the set of points $p$ in $X$ at which
there exists a germ of a complex analytic set of dimension $d$ contained in $X$.
It is proved that $\mathcal A^d$ is a closed semianalytic subset of $X$.
Keywords:complex dimension, finite type, semianalytic set, tameness Categories:32B10, 32B20, 32C07, 32C25, 32V15, 32V40, 14P15 |
6. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 755)
Homotopy Classification of Projections in the Corona Algebra of a Non-simple $C^*$-algebra We study projections in the corona algebra of $C(X)\otimes K$, where K
is the $C^*$-algebra of compact operators on a separable infinite
dimensional Hilbert space and $X=[0,1],[0,\infty),(-\infty,\infty)$,
or $[0,1]/\{ 0,1 \}$. Using BDF's essential codimension, we determine
conditions for a projection in the corona algebra to be liftable to a
projection in the multiplier algebra. We also determine the
conditions for two projections to be equal in $K_0$, Murray-von
Neumann equivalent, unitarily equivalent, or homotopic. In light of
these characterizations, we construct examples showing that the
equivalence notions above are all distinct.
Keywords:essential codimension, continuous field of Hilbert spaces, Corona algebra Categories:46L05, 46L80 |
7. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 573)
Fundamental Group of Simple $C^*$-algebras with Unique Trace III We introduce the fundamental group ${\mathcal F}(A)$ of
a simple $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ with unique (up to scalar multiple)
densely defined lower semicontinuous trace.
This is a generalization of ``Fundamental Group of Simple
$C^*$-algebras with Unique Trace I and II'' by Nawata and Watatani.
Our definition in this paper makes sense for stably projectionless $C^*$-algebras.
We show that there exist separable stably projectionless $C^*$-algebras such that
their fundamental groups are equal to $\mathbb{R}_+^\times$
by using the classification theorem of Razak and Tsang.
This is a contrast to the unital case in Nawata and Watatani.
This study is motivated by the work of Kishimoto and Kumjian.
Keywords:fundamental group, Picard group, Hilbert module, countable basis, stably projectionless algebra, dimension function Categories:46L05, 46L08, 46L35 |
8. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 616)
A Modular Quintic Calabi-Yau Threefold of Level 55 In this note we search the parameter space of Horrocks-Mumford quintic
threefolds and locate a Calabi-Yau threefold that is modular, in the
sense that the $L$-function of its middle-dimensional cohomology is
associated with a classical modular form of weight 4 and level 55.
Keywords: Calabi-Yau threefold, non-rigid Calabi-Yau threefold, two-dimensional Galois representation, modular variety, Horrocks-Mumford vector bundle Categories:14J15, 11F23, 14J32, 11G40 |
9. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 551)
Topological Free Entropy Dimensions in Nuclear C$^*$-algebras and in Full Free Products of Unital C$^*$-algebras |
Topological Free Entropy Dimensions in Nuclear C$^*$-algebras and in Full Free Products of Unital C$^*$-algebras In the paper, we introduce a new concept,
topological orbit dimension of an $n$-tuple of elements in a unital
C$^{\ast}$-algebra. Using this concept, we conclude that Voiculescu's
topological free
entropy dimension of every finite family of self-adjoint generators of a
nuclear C$^{\ast}$-algebra is less than or equal to $1$. We also show that the
Voiculescu's topological free entropy dimension is additive in the full free
product of some unital C$^{\ast}$-algebras. We show that the unital full free
product of Blackadar and Kirchberg's unital MF
algebras is also an MF algebra. As an application, we obtain that
$\mathop{\textrm{Ext}}(C_{r}^{\ast}(F_{2})\ast_{\mathbb{C}}C_{r}^{\ast}(F_{2}))$ is not a group.
Keywords: topological free entropy dimension, unital C$^{*}$-algebra Categories:46L10, 46L54 |
10. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 481)
The Ample Cone for a K3 Surface
In this paper, we give several pictorial fractal
representations of the ample or KÃ¤hler cone for surfaces in a
certain class of $K3$ surfaces. The class includes surfaces
described by smooth $(2,2,2)$ forms in ${\mathbb P^1\times\mathbb P^1\times \mathbb P^1}$ defined over a
sufficiently large number field $K$ that have a line parallel to
one of the axes and have Picard number four. We relate the
Hausdorff dimension of this fractal to the asymptotic growth of
orbits of curves under the action of the surface's group of
automorphisms. We experimentally estimate the Hausdorff dimension
of the fractal to be $1.296 \pm .010$.
Keywords:Fractal, Hausdorff dimension, K3 surface, Kleinian groups, dynamics Categories:14J28, , , , 14J50, 11D41, 11D72, 11H56, 11G10, 37F35, 37D05 |
11. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 648)
Spectral Asymptotics of Laplacians Associated with One-dimensional Iterated Function Systems with Overlaps |
Spectral Asymptotics of Laplacians Associated with One-dimensional Iterated Function Systems with Overlaps We set up a framework for computing the spectral dimension of a class of one-dimensional
self-similar measures that are defined by iterated function systems
with overlaps and satisfy a family of second-order self-similar
identities. As applications of our result we obtain the spectral dimension
of important measures such as the infinite Bernoulli convolution
associated with the golden ratio and convolutions of Cantor-type measures.
The main novelty of our result is that the iterated function systems
we consider are not post-critically finite and do not satisfy the
well-known open set condition.
Keywords:spectral dimension, fractal, Laplacian, self-similar measure, iterated function system with overlaps, second-order self-similar identities Categories:28A80, , , , 35P20, 35J05, 43A05, 47A75 |
12. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 436)
Simplicial Complexes and Open Subsets of Non-Separable LF-Spaces
Let $F$ be a non-separable LF-space homeomorphic to
the direct sum $\sum_{n\in\mathbb{N}} \ell_2(\tau_n)$,
where $\aleph_0 < \tau_1 < \tau_2 < \cdots$.
It is proved that
every open subset $U$ of $F$ is homeomorphic to the product $|K| \times F$
for some locally finite-dimensional simplicial complex $K$ such that
every vertex $v \in K^{(0)}$ has the star $\operatorname{St}(v,K)$
with $\operatorname{card} \operatorname{St}(v,K)^{(0)} < \tau = \sup\tau_n$
(and $\operatorname{card} K^{(0)} \le \tau$),
and, conversely, if $K$ is such a simplicial complex,
then the product $|K| \times F$ can be embedded in $F$ as an open set,
where $|K|$ is the polyhedron of $K$ with the metric topology.
Keywords:LF-space, open set, simplicial complex, metric topology, locally finite-dimensional, star, small box product, ANR, $\ell_2(\tau)$, $\ell_2(\tau)$-manifold, open embedding, $\sum_{i\in\mathbb{N}}\ell_2(\tau_i)$ Categories:57N20, 46A13, 46T05, 57N17, 57Q05, 57Q40 |
13. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1182)
A Fractal Function Related to the John-Nirenberg Inequality for $Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$
A borderline case function $f$ for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$ spaces
is defined as a Haar wavelet decomposition, with the coefficients
depending on a fixed parameter $\beta>0$. On its support $I_0=[0,
1]^n$, $f(x)$ can be expressed by the binary expansions of the
coordinates of $x$. In particular, $f=f_{\beta}\in Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb
R^n})$ if and only if $\alpha<\beta<\frac{n}{2}$, while for
$\beta=\alpha$, it was shown by Yue and Dafni that $f$ satisfies a
John--Nirenberg inequality for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$. When
$\beta\neq 1$, $f$ is a self-affine function. It is continuous almost
everywhere and discontinuous at all dyadic points inside $I_0$. In
addition, it is not monotone along any coordinate direction in any
small cube. When the parameter $\beta\in (0, 1)$, $f$ is onto from
$I_0$ to $[-\frac{1}{1-2^{-\beta}}, \frac{1}{1-2^{-\beta}}]$, and the
graph of $f$ has a non-integer fractal dimension $n+1-\beta$.
Keywords:Haar wavelets, Q spaces, John-Nirenberg inequality, Greedy expansion, self-affine, fractal, Box dimension Categories:42B35, 42C10, 30D50, 28A80 |
14. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 124)
Characterizing Complete Erd\H os Space The space now known as {\em complete Erd\H os
space\/} $\cerdos$ was introduced by Paul Erd\H os in 1940 as the
closed subspace of the Hilbert space $\ell^2$ consisting of all
vectors such that every coordinate is in the convergent sequence
$\{0\}\cup\{1/n:n\in\N\}$. In a solution to a problem posed by Lex G.
Oversteegen we present simple and useful topological
characterizations of $\cerdos$.
As an application we determine the class
of factors of $\cerdos$. In another application we determine
precisely which of the spaces that can be constructed in the Banach
spaces $\ell^p$ according to the `Erd\H os method' are homeomorphic
to $\cerdos$. A novel application states that if $I$ is a
Polishable $F_\sigma$-ideal on $\omega$, then $I$ with the Polish
topology is homeomorphic to either $\Z$, the Cantor set $2^\omega$,
$\Z\times2^\omega$, or $\cerdos$. This last result answers a
question that was asked
by Stevo Todor{\v{c}}evi{\'c}.
Keywords:Complete Erd\H os space, Lelek fan, almost zero-dimensional, nowhere zero-dimensional, Polishable ideals, submeasures on $\omega$, $\R$-trees, line-free groups in Banach spaces Categories:28C10, 46B20, 54F65 |
15. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 76)
Ascent Properties of Auslander Categories Let $R$ be a homomorphic image of a Gorenstein local ring. Recent
work has shown that there is a bridge between Auslander categories
and modules of finite Gorenstein homological dimensions over $R$.
We use Gorenstein dimensions to prove new results about Auslander
categories and vice versa. For example, we establish base change
relations between the Auslander categories of the source and target
rings of a homomorphism $\varphi \colon R \to S$ of finite flat dimension.
Keywords:Auslander categories, Gorenstein dimensions, ascent properties, Auslander--Buchsbaum formulas Categories:13D05, 13D07, 13D25 |
16. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 658)
Inverse Pressure Estimates and the Independence of Stable Dimension for Non-Invertible Maps We study the case of an Axiom A holomorphic non-degenerate
(hence non-invertible) map $f\from\mathbb P^2
\mathbb C \to \mathbb P^2 \mathbb C$, where $\mathbb P^2 \mathbb C$
stands for the complex
projective space of dimension 2. Let $\Lambda$ denote a basic set for
$f$ of unstable index 1, and $x$ an arbitrary point of $\Lambda$; we
denote by $\delta^s(x)$ the Hausdorff dimension of $W^s_r(x) \cap
\Lambda$, where $r$ is some fixed positive number and $W^s_r(x)$ is
the local stable manifold at $x$ of size $r$; $\delta^s(x)$ is called
\emph{the stable dimension at} $x$. Mihailescu and
Urba\'nski introduced a notion of inverse topological pressure,
denoted by $P^-$, which takes into consideration preimages of points.
Manning and McCluskey study the case of hyperbolic diffeomorphisms on
real surfaces and give formulas for Hausdorff dimension. Our
non-invertible situation is different here since the local unstable
manifolds are not uniquely determined by their base point, instead
they depend in general on whole prehistories of the base points. Hence
our methods are different and are based on using a sequence of inverse
pressures for the iterates of $f$, in order to give upper and lower
estimates of the stable dimension. We obtain an estimate of the
oscillation of the stable dimension on $\Lambda$. When each point $x$
from $\Lambda$ has the same number $d'$ of preimages in $\Lambda$,
then we show that $\delta^s(x)$ is independent
of $x$; in fact $\delta^s(x)$ is shown to be equal in this case with
the unique zero of the map $t \to P(t\phi^s - \log d')$. We also
prove the Lipschitz continuity of the stable vector spaces over
$\Lambda$; this proof is again different than the one for
diffeomorphisms (however, the unstable distribution is not always
Lipschitz for conformal non-invertible maps). In the end we include
the corresponding results for a real conformal setting.
Keywords:Hausdorff dimension, stable manifolds, basic sets, inverse topological pressure Categories:37D20, 37A35, 37F35 |
17. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 332)
Endomorphism Rings of Finite Global Dimension For a commutative local ring $R$, consider (noncommutative)
$R$-algebras $\Lambda$ of the form $\Lambda = \operatorname{End}_R(M)$
where $M$ is a reflexive $R$-module with nonzero free direct summand.
Such algebras $\Lambda$ of finite global dimension can be viewed as
potential substitutes for, or analogues of, a resolution of
singularities of $\operatorname{Spec} R$. For example, Van den Bergh
has shown that a three-dimensional Gorenstein normal
$\mathbb{C}$-algebra with isolated terminal singularities has a
crepant resolution of singularities if and only if it has such an
algebra $\Lambda$ with finite global dimension and which is maximal
Cohen--Macaulay over $R$ (a ``noncommutative crepant resolution of
singularities''). We produce algebras
$\Lambda=\operatorname{End}_R(M)$ having finite global dimension in
two contexts: when $R$ is a reduced one-dimensional complete local
ring, or when $R$ is a Cohen--Macaulay local ring of finite
Cohen--Macaulay type. If in the latter case $R$ is Gorenstein, then
the construction gives a noncommutative crepant resolution of
singularities in the sense of Van den Bergh.
Keywords:representation dimension, noncommutative crepant resolution, maximal Cohen--Macaulay modules Categories:16G50, 16G60, 16E99 |
18. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 449)
Existence and Multiplicity of Positive Solutions for Singular Semipositone $p$-Laplacian Equations Positive solutions are obtained for the boundary value problem
\[\begin{cases}
-( | u'| ^{p-2}u')'
=\lambda f( t,u),\;t\in ( 0,1) ,p>1\\
u( 0) =u(1) =0.
\end{cases}
\]
Here $f(t,u) \geq -M,$ ($M$ is a positive constant)
for $(t,u) \in [0\mathinner{,}1] \times (0,\infty )$.
We will show the existence of two positive
solutions by using degree theory together with the upper-lower
solution method.
Keywords:one dimensional $p$-Laplacian, positive solution, degree theory, upper and lower solution Category:34B15 |
19. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1280)
Besov Spaces and Hausdorff Dimension For Some Carnot-CarathÃ©odory Metric Spaces We regard a system of left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{X}=\{X_1,\dots,X_k\}$
satisfying the H\"ormander condition and the related Carnot-Carath\'eodory metric on a
unimodular Lie group $G$. We define Besov spaces corresponding to the sub-Laplacian
$\Delta=\sum X_i^2$ both with positive and negative smoothness. The atomic
decomposition of the spaces is given. In consequence we get the distributional
characterization of the Hausdorff dimension of Borel subsets with the Haar measure
zero.
Keywords:Besov spaces, sub-elliptic operators, Carnot-CarathÃ©odory metric, Hausdorff dimension Categories:46E35, 43A15, 28A78 |
20. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 673)
Brownian Motion and Harmonic Analysis on Sierpinski Carpets We consider a class of fractal subsets of $\R^d$ formed in a manner
analogous to the construction of the Sierpinski carpet. We prove a
uniform Harnack inequality for positive harmonic functions; study
the heat equation, and obtain upper and lower bounds on the heat
kernel which are, up to constants, the best possible; construct a
locally isotropic diffusion $X$ and determine its basic properties;
and extend some classical Sobolev and Poincar\'e inequalities to
this setting.
Keywords:Sierpinski carpet, fractal, Hausdorff dimension, spectral dimension, Brownian motion, heat equation, harmonic functions, potentials, reflecting Brownian motion, coupling, Harnack inequality, transition densities, fundamental solutions Categories:60J60, 60B05, 60J35 |
21. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 675)
Some adjunction-theoretic properties of codimension two non-singular subvarities of quadrics We make precise the structure of the first two reduction morphisms
associated with codimension two non-singular subvarieties
of non-singular quadrics $\Q^n$, $n\geq 5$.
We give a coarse classification of the same class of subvarieties
when they are assumed not to be of log-general-type.}
Keywords:Adjunction Theory, classification, codimension two, conic bundles,, low codimension, non log-general-type, quadric, reduction, special, variety. Categories:14C05, 14E05, 14E25, 14E30, 14E35, 14J10 |