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1. CJM Online first
On a sumset conjecture of ErdÅs ErdÅs conjectured that for any set $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$
with positive
lower asymptotic density, there are infinite sets $B,C\subseteq
\mathbb{N}$
such that $B+C\subseteq A$. We verify ErdÅs' conjecture in
the case that $A$ has Banach density exceeding $\frac{1}{2}$.
As a consequence, we prove that, for $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$
with
positive Banach density (a much weaker assumption than positive
lower density), we can find infinite $B,C\subseteq \mathbb{N}$
such
that $B+C$ is contained in the union of $A$ and a translate of
$A$. Both of the aforementioned
results are generalized to arbitrary countable
amenable groups. We also provide a positive solution to ErdÅs'
conjecture for subsets of the natural numbers that are pseudorandom.
Keywords:sumsets of integers, asymptotic density, amenable groups, nonstandard analysis Categories:11B05, 11B13, 11P70, 28D15, 37A45 |
2. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 455)
On Cardinal Invariants and Generators for von Neumann Algebras We demonstrate how most common cardinal invariants associated with a von
Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ can be computed from the decomposability number,
$\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M)$, and the minimal cardinality of a generating
set, $\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)$.
Applications include the equivalence of the well-known generator
problem, ``Is every separably-acting von Neumann algebra
singly-generated?", with the formally stronger questions, ``Is every
countably-generated von Neumann algebra singly-generated?" and ``Is
the $\operatorname{gen}$ invariant monotone?" Modulo the generator problem, we
determine the range of the invariant $\bigl( \operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M),
\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \bigr)$,
which is mostly governed by the inequality $\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \leq
\mathfrak C^{\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)}$.
Keywords:von Neumann algebra, cardinal invariant, generator problem, decomposability number, representation density Category:46L10 |
3. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 356)
Non-Abelian Generalizations of the Erd\H os-Kac Theorem Let $a$ be a natural number greater than $1$.
Let $f_a(n)$ be the order of $a$ mod $n$.
Denote by $\omega(n)$ the number of distinct
prime factors of $n$. Assuming a weak form
of the generalised Riemann hypothesis, we prove
the following conjecture of Erd\"os and Pomerance:
The number of $n\leq x$ coprime to $a$ satisfying
$$\alpha \leq \frac{\omega(f_a(n)) - (\log \log n)^2/2
}{ (\log \log n)^{3/2}/\sqrt{3}} \leq \beta $$
is asymptotic to
$$\left(\frac{ 1 }{ \sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{\alpha}^{\beta}
e^{-t^2/2}dt\right)
\frac{x\phi(a) }{ a}, $$
as $x$ tends to infinity.
Keywords:Tur{\' a}n's theorem, Erd{\H o}s-Kac theorem, Chebotarev density theorem,, Erd{\H o}s-Pomerance conjecture Categories:11K36, 11K99 |