1. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 1378)
 Raghavan, Dilip; Steprāns, Juris

On Weakly Tight Families
Using ideas from Shelah's recent proof that a completely
separable maximal almost disjoint family exists when
$\mathfrak{c} \lt {\aleph}_{\omega}$, we construct a weakly tight family
under the hypothesis $\mathfrak{s} \leq \mathfrak{b} \lt
{\aleph}_{\omega}$.
The case when $\mathfrak{s} \lt \mathfrak{b}$
is handled in $\mathrm{ZFC}$ and does not require $\mathfrak{b} \lt {\aleph}_{\omega}$,
while an additional PCF type hypothesis, which holds when $\mathfrak{b} \lt
{\aleph}_{\omega}$ is used to treat the case $\mathfrak{s} = \mathfrak{b}$. The notion of
a weakly tight family is a natural weakening of the well studied
notion of a Cohen indestructible maximal almost disjoint family. It
was introduced by HruÅ¡Ã¡k and GarcÃa
Ferreira, who applied it to the KatÃ©tov order on almost
disjoint families.
Keywords:maximal almost disjoint family, cardinal invariants Categories:03E17, 03E15, 03E35, 03E40, 03E05, 03E50, 03E65 

2. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 455)
 Sherman, David

On Cardinal Invariants and Generators for von Neumann Algebras
We demonstrate how most common cardinal invariants associated with a von
Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ can be computed from the decomposability number,
$\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M)$, and the minimal cardinality of a generating
set, $\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)$.
Applications include the equivalence of the wellknown generator
problem, ``Is every separablyacting von Neumann algebra
singlygenerated?", with the formally stronger questions, ``Is every
countablygenerated von Neumann algebra singlygenerated?" and ``Is
the $\operatorname{gen}$ invariant monotone?" Modulo the generator problem, we
determine the range of the invariant $\bigl( \operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M),
\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \bigr)$,
which is mostly governed by the inequality $\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \leq
\mathfrak C^{\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)}$.
Keywords:von Neumann algebra, cardinal invariant, generator problem, decomposability number, representation density Category:46L10 

3. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 768)
 Hu, Zhiguo; Neufang, Matthias

Decomposability of von Neumann Algebras and the Mazur Property of Higher Level
The decomposability
number of a von Neumann algebra $\m$ (denoted by $\dec(\m)$) is the
greatest cardinality of a family of pairwise orthogonal nonzero
projections in $\m$. In this paper, we explore the close
connection between $\dec(\m)$ and the cardinal level of the Mazur
property for the predual $\m_*$ of $\m$, the study of which was
initiated by the second author. Here, our main focus is on
those von Neumann algebras whose preduals constitute such
important Banach algebras on a locally compact group $G$ as the
group algebra $\lone$, the Fourier algebra $A(G)$, the measure
algebra $M(G)$, the algebra $\luc^*$, etc. We show that for
any of these von Neumann algebras, say $\m$, the cardinal number
$\dec(\m)$ and a certain cardinal level of the Mazur property of $\m_*$
are completely encoded in the underlying group structure. In fact,
they can be expressed precisely by two dual cardinal
invariants of $G$: the compact covering number $\kg$ of $G$ and
the least cardinality $\bg$ of an open basis at the identity of
$G$. We also present an application of the Mazur property of higher
level to the topological centre problem for the Banach algebra
$\ag^{**}$.
Keywords:Mazur property, predual of a von Neumann algebra, locally compact group and its cardinal invariants, group algebra, Fourier algebra, topological centre Categories:22D05, 43A20, 43A30, 03E55, 46L10 
