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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword Lie group

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1. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 700)

He, Jianxun; Xiao, Jinsen
 Inversion of the Radon Transform on the Free Nilpotent Lie Group of Step Two Let $F_{2n,2}$ be the free nilpotent Lie group of step two on $2n$ generators, and let $\mathbf P$ denote the affine automorphism group of $F_{2n,2}$. In this article the theory of continuous wavelet transform on $F_{2n,2}$ associated with $\mathbf P$ is developed, and then a type of radial wavelets is constructed. Secondly, the Radon transform on $F_{2n,2}$ is studied and two equivalent characterizations of the range for Radon transform are given. Several kinds of inversion Radon transform formulae are established. One is obtained from the Euclidean Fourier transform, the others are from group Fourier transform. By using wavelet transform we deduce an inversion formula of the Radon transform, which does not require the smoothness of functions if the wavelet satisfies the differentiability property. Specially, if $n=1$, $F_{2,2}$ is the $3$-dimensional Heisenberg group $H^1$, the inversion formula of the Radon transform is valid which is associated with the sub-Laplacian on $F_{2,2}$. This result cannot be extended to the case $n\geq 2$. Keywords:Radon transform, wavelet transform, free nilpotent Lie group, unitary representation, inversion formula, sub-LaplacianCategories:43A85, 44A12, 52A38

2. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 102)

Birth, Lidia; Glöckner, Helge
 Continuity of convolution of test functions on Lie groups For a Lie group $G$, we show that the map $C^\infty_c(G)\times C^\infty_c(G)\to C^\infty_c(G)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma*\eta$ taking a pair of test functions to their convolution is continuous if and only if $G$ is $\sigma$-compact. More generally, consider $r,s,t \in \mathbb{N}_0\cup\{\infty\}$ with $t\leq r+s$, locally convex spaces $E_1$, $E_2$ and a continuous bilinear map $b\colon E_1\times E_2\to F$ to a complete locally convex space $F$. Let $\beta\colon C^r_c(G,E_1)\times C^s_c(G,E_2)\to C^t_c(G,F)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma *_b\eta$ be the associated convolution map. The main result is a characterization of those $(G,r,s,t,b)$ for which $\beta$ is continuous. Convolution of compactly supported continuous functions on a locally compact group is also discussed, as well as convolution of compactly supported $L^1$-functions and convolution of compactly supported Radon measures. Keywords:Lie group, locally compact group, smooth function, compact support, test function, second countability, countable basis, sigma-compactness, convolution, continuity, seminorm, product estimatesCategories:22E30, 46F05, 22D15, 42A85, 43A10, 43A15, 46A03, 46A13, 46E25

3. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 66)

Deng, Shaoqiang; Hu, Zhiguang
 On Flag Curvature of Homogeneous Randers Spaces In this paper we give an explicit formula for the flag curvature of homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type and apply this formula to obtain some interesting results. We first deduce an explicit formula for the flag curvature of an arbitrary left invariant Randers metric on a two-step nilpotent Lie group. Then we obtain a classification of negatively curved homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type. This results, in particular, in many examples of homogeneous non-Riemannian Finsler spaces with negative flag curvature. Finally, we prove a rigidity result that a homogeneous Randers space of Berwald type whose flag curvature is everywhere nonzero must be Riemannian. Keywords:homogeneous Randers manifolds, flag curvature, Douglas spaces, two-step nilpotent Lie groupsCategories:22E46, 53C30

4. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 481)

Chamorro, Diego
 Some Functional Inequalities on Polynomial Volume Growth Lie Groups In this article we study some Sobolev-type inequalities on polynomial volume growth Lie groups. We show in particular that improved Sobolev inequalities can be extended to this general framework without the use of the Littlewood-Paley decomposition. Keywords:Sobolev inequalities, polynomial volume growth Lie groupsCategory:22E30

5. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1083)

Kaletha, Tasho
 Decomposition of Splitting Invariants in Split Real Groups For a maximal torus in a quasi-split semi-simple simply-connected group over a local field of characteristic $0$, Langlands and Shelstad constructed a cohomological invariant called the splitting invariant, which is an important component of their endoscopic transfer factors. We study this invariant in the case of a split real group and prove a decomposition theorem which expresses this invariant for a general torus as a product of the corresponding invariants for simple tori. We also show how this reduction formula allows for the comparison of splitting invariants between different tori in the given real group. Keywords:endoscopy, real lie group, splitting invariant, transfer factorCategories:11F70, 22E47, 11S37, 11F72, 17B22

6. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 284)

Grbić, Jelena; Theriault, Stephen
 Self-Maps of Low Rank Lie Groups at Odd Primes Let G be a simple, compact, simply-connected Lie group localized at an odd prime~p. We study the group of homotopy classes of self-maps $[G,G]$ when the rank of G is low and in certain cases describe the set of homotopy classes of multiplicative self-maps $H[G,G]$. The low rank condition gives G certain structural properties which make calculations accessible. Several examples and applications are given. Keywords:Lie group, self-map, H-mapCategories:55P45, 55Q05, 57T20

7. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 721)

Calin, Ovidiu; Chang, Der-Chen; Markina, Irina
 SubRiemannian Geometry on the Sphere $\mathbb{S}^3$ We discuss the subRiemannian geometry induced by two noncommutative vector fields which are left invariant on the Lie group $\mathbb{S}^3$. Keywords:noncommutative Lie group, quaternion group, subRiemannian geodesic, horizontal distribution, connectivity theorem, holonomic constraintCategories:53C17, 53C22, 35H20

8. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1301)

Furioli, Giulia; Melzi, Camillo; Veneruso, Alessandro
 Strichartz Inequalities for the Wave Equation with the Full Laplacian on the Heisenberg Group We prove dispersive and Strichartz inequalities for the solution of the wave equation related to the full Laplacian on the Heisenberg group, by means of Besov spaces defined by a Littlewood--Paley decomposition related to the spectral resolution of the full Laplacian. This requires a careful analysis due also to the non-homogeneous nature of the full Laplacian. This result has to be compared to a previous one by Bahouri, G\'erard and Xu concerning the solution of the wave equation related to the Kohn Laplacian. Keywords:nilpotent and solvable Lie groups, smoothness and regularity of solutions of PDEsCategories:22E25, 35B65

9. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1000)

Graczyk, P.; Sawyer, P.
 Some Convexity Results for the Cartan Decomposition In this paper, we consider the set $\mathcal{S} = a(e^X K e^Y)$ where $a(g)$ is the abelian part in the Cartan decomposition of $g$. This is exactly the support of the measure intervening in the product formula for the spherical functions on symmetric spaces of noncompact type. We give a simple description of that support in the case of $\SL(3,\mathbf{F})$ where $\mathbf{F} = \mathbf{R}$, $\mathbf{C}$ or $\mathbf{H}$. In particular, we show that $\mathcal{S}$ is convex. We also give an application of our result to the description of singular values of a product of two arbitrary matrices with prescribed singular values. Keywords:convexity theorems, Cartan decomposition, spherical functions, product formula, semisimple Lie groups, singular valuesCategories:43A90, 53C35, 15A18
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