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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword Lie algebra

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1. CJM Online first

Gupta, Sanjiv Kumar; Hare, Kathryn
 Characterizing the absolute continuity of the convolution of orbital measures in a classical Lie algebra Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a compact, simple Lie algebra of dimension $d$. It is a classical result that the convolution of any $d$ non-trivial, $G$-invariant, orbital measures is absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure on $\mathfrak{g}$ and the sum of any $d$ non-trivial orbits has non-empty interior. The number $d$ was later reduced to the rank of the Lie algebra (or rank $+1$ in the case of type $A_{n}$). More recently, the minimal integer $k=k(X)$ such that the $k$-fold convolution of the orbital measure supported on the orbit generated by $X$ is an absolutely continuous measure was calculated for each $X\in \mathfrak{g}$. In this paper $\mathfrak{g}$ is any of the classical, compact, simple Lie algebras. We characterize the tuples $(X_{1},\dots,X_{L})$, with $X_{i}\in \mathfrak{g},$ which have the property that the convolution of the $L$-orbital measures supported on the orbits generated by the $X_{i}$ is absolutely continuous and, equivalently, the sum of their orbits has non-empty interior. The characterization depends on the Lie type of $\mathfrak{g}$ and the structure of the annihilating roots of the $X_{i}$. Such a characterization was previously known only for type $A_{n}$. Keywords:compact Lie algebra, orbital measure, absolutely continuous measureCategories:43A80, 17B45, 58C35

2. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 573)

Chen, Fulin; Gao, Yun; Jing, Naihuan; Tan, Shaobin
 Twisted Vertex Operators and Unitary Lie Algebras A representation of the central extension of the unitary Lie algebra coordinated with a skew Laurent polynomial ring is constructed using vertex operators over an integral $\mathbb Z_2$-lattice. The irreducible decomposition of the representation is explicitly computed and described. As a by-product, some fundamental representations of affine Kac-Moody Lie algebra of type $A_n^{(2)}$ are recovered by the new method. Keywords:Lie algebra, vertex operator, representation theoryCategories:17B60, 17B69

3. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 55)

Barron, Tatyana; Kerner, Dmitry; Tvalavadze, Marina
 On Varieties of Lie Algebras of Maximal Class We study complex projective varieties that parametrize (finite-dimensional) filiform Lie algebras over ${\mathbb C}$, using equations derived by Millionshchikov. In the infinite-dimensional case we concentrate our attention on ${\mathbb N}$-graded Lie algebras of maximal class. As shown by A. Fialowski there are only three isomorphism types of $\mathbb{N}$-graded Lie algebras $L=\oplus^{\infty}_{i=1} L_i$ of maximal class generated by $L_1$ and $L_2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_2 \rangle$. Vergne described the structure of these algebras with the property $L=\langle L_1 \rangle$. In this paper we study those generated by the first and $q$-th components where $q\gt 2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_q \rangle$. Under some technical condition, there can only be one isomorphism type of such algebras. For $q=3$ we fully classify them. This gives a partial answer to a question posed by Millionshchikov. Keywords:filiform Lie algebras, graded Lie algebras, projective varieties, topology, classificationCategories:17B70, 14F45

4. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1250)

Feigin, Evgeny; Finkelberg, Michael; Littelmann, Peter
 Symplectic Degenerate Flag Varieties A simple finite dimensional module $V_\lambda$ of a simple complex algebraic group $G$ is naturally endowed with a filtration induced by the PBW-filtration of $U(\mathrm{Lie}\, G)$. The associated graded space $V_\lambda^a$ is a module for the group $G^a$, which can be roughly described as a semi-direct product of a Borel subgroup of $G$ and a large commutative unipotent group $\mathbb{G}_a^M$. In analogy to the flag variety $\mathcal{F}_\lambda=G.[v_\lambda]\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda)$, we call the closure $\overline{G^a.[v_\lambda]}\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda^a)$ of the $G^a$-orbit through the highest weight line the degenerate flag variety $\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$. In general this is a singular variety, but we conjecture that it has many nice properties similar to that of Schubert varieties. In this paper we consider the case of $G$ being the symplectic group. The symplectic case is important for the conjecture because it is the first known case where even for fundamental weights $\omega$ the varieties $\mathcal{F}^a_\omega$ differ from $\mathcal{F}_\omega$. We give an explicit construction of the varieties $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ and construct desingularizations, similar to the Bott-Samelson resolutions in the classical case. We prove that $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ are normal locally complete intersections with terminal and rational singularities. We also show that these varieties are Frobenius split. Using the above mentioned results, we prove an analogue of the Borel-Weil theorem and obtain a $q$-character formula for the characters of irreducible $Sp_{2n}$-modules via the Atiyah-Bott-Lefschetz fixed points formula. Keywords:Lie algebras, flag varieties, symplectic groups, representationsCategories:14M15, 22E46

5. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 82)

Félix, Yves; Halperin, Steve; Thomas, Jean-Claude
 The Ranks of the Homotopy Groups of a Finite Dimensional Complex Let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional, finite, simply connected CW complex and set $\alpha_X =\limsup_i \frac{\log\mbox{ rank}\, \pi_i(X)}{i}$. When $0\lt \alpha_X\lt \infty$, we give upper and lower bound for $\sum_{i=k+2}^{k+n} \textrm{rank}\, \pi_i(X)$ for $k$ sufficiently large. We show also for any $r$ that $\alpha_X$ can be estimated from the integers rk$\,\pi_i(X)$, $i\leq nr$ with an error bound depending explicitly on $r$. Keywords:homotopy groups, graded Lie algebra, exponential growth, LS categoryCategories:55P35, 55P62, , , , 17B70

6. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 52)

Deng, Shaoqiang
 An Algebraic Approach to Weakly Symmetric Finsler Spaces In this paper, we introduce a new algebraic notion, weakly symmetric Lie algebras, to give an algebraic description of an interesting class of homogeneous Riemann--Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric Finsler spaces. Using this new definition, we are able to give a classification of weakly symmetric Finsler spaces with dimensions $2$ and $3$. Finally, we show that all the non-Riemannian reversible weakly symmetric Finsler spaces we find are non-Berwaldian and with vanishing S-curvature. This means that reversible non-Berwaldian Finsler spaces with vanishing S-curvature may exist at large. Hence the generalized volume comparison theorems due to Z. Shen are valid for a rather large class of Finsler spaces. Keywords:weakly symmetric Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric Lie algebras, Berwald spaces, S-curvatureCategories:53C60, 58B20, 22E46, 22E60

7. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 892)

Neeb, Karl-Hermann; Wagemann, Friedrich
 The Second Cohomology of Current Algebras of General Lie Algebras Let $A$ be a unital commutative associative algebra over a field of characteristic zero, $\k$ a Lie algebra, and $\zf$ a vector space, considered as a trivial module of the Lie algebra $\gf := A \otimes \kf$. In this paper, we give a description of the cohomology space $H^2(\gf,\zf)$ in terms of easily accessible data associated with $A$ and $\kf$. We also discuss the topological situation, where $A$ and $\kf$ are locally convex algebras. Keywords:current algebra, Lie algebra cohomology, Lie algebra homology, invariant bilinear form, central extensionCategories:17B56, 17B65

8. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 1291)

Weimar-Woods, Evelyn
 The General Structure of $G$-Graded Contractions of Lie Algebras I. The Classification We give the general structure of complex (resp., real) $G$-graded contractions of Lie algebras where $G$ is an arbitrary finite Abelian group. For this purpose, we introduce a number of concepts, such as pseudobasis, higher-order identities, and sign invariants. We characterize the equivalence classes of $G$-graded contractions by showing that our set of invariants (support, higher-order identities, and sign invariants) is complete, which yields a classification. Keywords:Lie algebras, graded contractionsCategories:17B05, 17B70

9. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 210)

Zhao, Kaiming
 Isomorphisms between generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras in characteristic $0$ In this paper, we determine when two simple generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras $W_d (A, T, \varphi)$ are isomorphic, and discuss the relationship between the Jacobian conjecture and the generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras. Keywords:Simple Lie algebras, the general Lie algebra, generalized Cartan type $W$ Lie algebras, isomorphism, Jacobian conjectureCategories:17B40, 17B65, 17B56, 17B68

10. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 133)

Reeder, Mark
 Exterior powers of the adjoint representation Exterior powers of the adjoint representation of a complex semisimple Lie algebra are decomposed into irreducible representations, to varying degrees of satisfaction. Keywords:Lie algebras, adjoint representation, exterior algebraCategories:20G05, 20C30, 22E10, 22E60