Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 25 of 39 |
1. CJM Online first
The Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein property and spectral synthesis for certain Banach algebra products Associated with two commutative Banach algebras $A$ and $B$ and
a character $\theta$ of $B$ is a certain Banach algebra product
$A\times_\theta B$, which is a splitting extension of $B$ by
$A$. We investigate two topics for the algebra $A\times_\theta
B$ in relation to the corresponding ones of $A$ and $B$. The
first one is the Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein property and the
algebra of Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein functions on the spectrum,
whereas the second one concerns the wide range of spectral synthesis
problems for $A\times_\theta B$.
Keywords:commutative Banach algebra, splitting extension, Gelfand spectrum, set of synthesis, weak spectral set, multiplier algebra, BSE-algebra, BSE-function Categories:46J10, 46J25, 43A30, 43A45 |
2. CJM Online first
Twisted Vertex Operators and Unitary Lie Algebras A representation of the central extension of the
unitary Lie algebra
coordinated with a skew Laurent polynomial ring
is constructed using vertex operators over an integral $\mathbb Z_2$-lattice.
The irreducible decomposition of the representation is explicitly computed and described.
As a by-product, some fundamental representations of affine
Kac-Moody Lie algebra of type $A_n^{(2)}$ are recovered
by the new method.
Keywords:Lie algebra, vertex operator, representation theory Categories:17B60, 17B69 |
3. CJM Online first
On Varieties of Lie Algebras of Maximal Class We study complex projective varieties that parametrize
(finite-dimensional) filiform Lie algebras over ${\mathbb C}$,
using equations derived by Millionshchikov. In the
infinite-dimensional case we concentrate our attention on
${\mathbb N}$-graded Lie algebras of maximal class. As shown by A.
Fialowski
there are only
three isomorphism types of $\mathbb{N}$-graded Lie algebras
$L=\oplus^{\infty}_{i=1} L_i$ of maximal class generated by $L_1$
and $L_2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_2 \rangle$. Vergne described the
structure of these algebras with the property $L=\langle L_1
\rangle$. In this paper we study those generated by the first and
$q$-th components where $q\gt 2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_q \rangle$. Under
some technical condition, there can only be one isomorphism type
of such algebras. For $q=3$ we fully classify them. This gives a
partial answer to a question posed by Millionshchikov.
Keywords:filiform Lie algebras, graded Lie algebras, projective varieties, topology, classification Categories:17B70, 14F45 |
4. CJM Online first
Sharp Localized Inequalities for Fourier Multipliers In the paper we study sharp localized $L^q\colon L^p$ estimates for
Fourier multipliers resulting from modulation of the jumps of
LÃ©vy
processes.
The proofs of these estimates rest on probabilistic methods and
exploit related sharp bounds for differentially subordinated
martingales, which are of independent interest. The lower bounds
for
the constants involve the analysis of laminates, a family of
certain
special probability measures on $2\times 2$ matrices. As an
application, we obtain new sharp bounds for the real and imaginary
parts of the Beurling-Ahlfors operator .
Keywords:Fourier multiplier, martingale, laminate Categories:42B15, 60G44, 42B20 |
5. CJM Online first
Symplectic Degenerate Flag Varieties A simple finite dimensional module $V_\lambda$ of a simple complex
algebraic group $G$ is naturally endowed with a filtration induced by the PBW-filtration
of $U(\mathrm{Lie}\, G)$. The associated graded space $V_\lambda^a$ is a module
for the group $G^a$, which can be roughly described as a semi-direct product of a
Borel subgroup of $G$ and a large commutative unipotent group $\mathbb{G}_a^M$. In analogy
to the flag variety $\mathcal{F}_\lambda=G.[v_\lambda]\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda)$,
we call the closure
$\overline{G^a.[v_\lambda]}\subset \mathbb{P}(V_\lambda^a)$
of the $G^a$-orbit through the highest weight line the degenerate flag variety $\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$.
In general this is a
singular variety, but we conjecture that it has many nice properties similar to
that of Schubert varieties. In this paper we consider the case of $G$ being the symplectic group.
The symplectic case is important for the conjecture
because it is the first known case where even for fundamental weights $\omega$ the varieties
$\mathcal{F}^a_\omega$ differ from $\mathcal{F}_\omega$. We give an explicit
construction of the varieties $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$ and construct desingularizations,
similar to the Bott-Samelson resolutions in the classical case. We prove that $Sp\mathcal{F}^a_\lambda$
are normal locally complete intersections with terminal and rational singularities.
We also show that these varieties are Frobenius split. Using the above mentioned results, we
prove an analogue of the Borel-Weil theorem and obtain a $q$-character formula
for the characters of irreducible $Sp_{2n}$-modules via the Atiyah-Bott-Lefschetz fixed
points formula.
Keywords:Lie algebras, flag varieties, symplectic groups, representations Categories:14M15, 22E46 |
6. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1005)
Uniformly Continuous Functionals and M-Weakly Amenable Groups Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $A_{M}(G)$ ($A_{0}(G)$)denote
the closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$ in the space of
bounded (completely bounded) multipliers of $A(G)$.
We call a locally compact group M-weakly amenable if
$A_M(G)$
has a
bounded approximate identity. We will show that when $G$ is M-weakly
amenable, the algebras $A_{M}(G)$ and $A_{0}(G)$ have
properties that are characteristic of the Fourier algebra of an
amenable group. Along the way we show that the sets of tolopolically
invariant means associated with these algebras have the same
cardinality as those of the Fourier algebra.
Keywords:Fourier algebra, multipliers, weakly amenable, uniformly continuous functionals Categories:43A07, 43A22, 46J10, 47L25 |
7. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 700)
Inversion of the Radon Transform on the Free Nilpotent Lie Group of Step Two Let $F_{2n,2}$ be the free nilpotent Lie group of step two on $2n$
generators, and let $\mathbf P$ denote the affine automorphism group
of $F_{2n,2}$. In this article the theory of continuous wavelet
transform on $F_{2n,2}$ associated with $\mathbf P$ is developed,
and then a type of radial wavelets is constructed. Secondly, the
Radon transform on $F_{2n,2}$ is studied and two equivalent
characterizations of the range for Radon transform are given.
Several kinds of inversion Radon transform formulae
are established. One is obtained from the Euclidean Fourier transform, the others are from group Fourier transform. By using wavelet transform we deduce an inversion formula of the Radon
transform, which
does not require the smoothness of
functions if the wavelet satisfies the differentiability property.
Specially, if $n=1$, $F_{2,2}$ is the $3$-dimensional Heisenberg group $H^1$, the
inversion formula of the Radon transform is valid which is
associated with the sub-Laplacian on $F_{2,2}$. This result cannot
be extended to the case $n\geq 2$.
Keywords:Radon transform, wavelet transform, free nilpotent Lie group, unitary representation, inversion formula, sub-Laplacian Categories:43A85, 44A12, 52A38 |
8. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 82)
The Ranks of the Homotopy Groups of a Finite Dimensional Complex Let $X$ be an
$n$-dimensional, finite, simply connected CW complex and set
$\alpha_X =\limsup_i \frac{\log\mbox{ rank}\, \pi_i(X)}{i}$. When
$0\lt \alpha_X\lt \infty$, we give upper and lower bound for $
\sum_{i=k+2}^{k+n} \textrm{rank}\, \pi_i(X) $ for $k$ sufficiently
large. We show also for any $r$ that $\alpha_X$ can be estimated
from the integers rk$\,\pi_i(X)$, $i\leq nr$ with an error bound
depending explicitly on $r$.
Keywords:homotopy groups, graded Lie algebra, exponential growth, LS category Categories:55P35, 55P62, , , , 17B70 |
9. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 102)
Continuity of convolution of test functions on Lie groups For a Lie group $G$, we show that the map
$C^\infty_c(G)\times C^\infty_c(G)\to C^\infty_c(G)$,
$(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma*\eta$
taking a pair of
test functions to their convolution is continuous if and only if $G$ is $\sigma$-compact.
More generally, consider $r,s,t
\in \mathbb{N}_0\cup\{\infty\}$ with $t\leq r+s$, locally convex spaces $E_1$, $E_2$
and a continuous bilinear map $b\colon E_1\times E_2\to F$
to a complete locally convex space $F$.
Let $\beta\colon C^r_c(G,E_1)\times C^s_c(G,E_2)\to C^t_c(G,F)$,
$(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma *_b\eta$ be the associated convolution map.
The main result is a characterization of those $(G,r,s,t,b)$
for which $\beta$ is continuous.
Convolution
of compactly supported continuous functions on a locally compact group
is also discussed, as well as convolution of compactly supported $L^1$-functions
and convolution of compactly supported Radon measures.
Keywords:Lie group, locally compact group, smooth function, compact support, test function, second countability, countable basis, sigma-compactness, convolution, continuity, seminorm, product estimates Categories:22E30, 46F05, 22D15, 42A85, 43A10, 43A15, 46A03, 46A13, 46E25 |
10. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 510)
Transference of vector-valued multipliers on weighted $L^p$-spaces We prove
restriction and extension of multipliers between
weighted Lebesgue spaces with
two different weights, which belong to a class more general than periodic weights, and two different exponents of integrability which can be
below one.
We also develop some ad-hoc methods which apply to weights
defined by the product of periodic weights with functions of power type.
Our vector-valued approach allow us to extend results
to transference of maximal multipliers and provide transference of Littlewood-Paley inequalities.
Keywords:Fourier multipliers, restriction theorems, weighted spaces Categories:42B15, 42B35 |
11. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 299)
On Multilinear Fourier Multipliers of Limited Smoothness In this paper,
we prove certain $L^2$-estimate
for multilinear Fourier multiplier operators
with multipliers of limited smoothness.
As a result,
we extend the result of CalderÃ³n and Torchinsky
in the linear theory to the multilinear case.
The sharpness of our results and some
related estimates in Hardy spaces
are also discussed.
Keywords:multilinear Fourier multipliers, HÃ¶rmander multiplier theorem, Hardy spaces Categories:42B15, 42B20 |
12. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 241)
Lagrange's Theorem for Hopf Monoids in Species Following Radford's proof of Lagrange's theorem for pointed Hopf algebras,
we prove Lagrange's theorem for Hopf monoids in the category of
connected species.
As a corollary, we obtain necessary conditions for a given subspecies
$\mathbf k$ of a Hopf monoid $\mathbf h$ to be a Hopf submonoid: the quotient of
any one of the generating series of $\mathbf h$ by the corresponding
generating series of $\mathbf k$ must have nonnegative coefficients. Other
corollaries include a necessary condition for a sequence of
nonnegative integers to be the
dimension sequence of a Hopf monoid
in the form of certain polynomial inequalities, and of
a set-theoretic Hopf monoid in the form of certain linear inequalities.
The latter express that the binomial transform of the sequence must be nonnegative.
Keywords:Hopf monoids, species, graded Hopf algebras, Lagrange's theorem, generating series, PoincarÃ©-Birkhoff-Witt theorem, Hopf kernel, Lie kernel, primitive element, partition, composition, linear order, cyclic order, derangement Categories:05A15, 05A20, 05E99, 16T05, 16T30, 18D10, 18D35 |
13. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 66)
On Flag Curvature of Homogeneous Randers Spaces In this paper we give an explicit formula for the flag curvature of
homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type and apply this formula to
obtain some interesting results. We first deduce an explicit formula
for the flag curvature of an arbitrary left invariant Randers metric
on a two-step nilpotent Lie group. Then we obtain a classification of
negatively curved homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type. This
results, in particular, in many examples of homogeneous non-Riemannian
Finsler spaces with negative flag curvature. Finally, we prove a
rigidity result that a homogeneous Randers space of Berwald type whose
flag curvature is everywhere nonzero must be Riemannian.
Keywords:homogeneous Randers manifolds, flag curvature, Douglas spaces, two-step nilpotent Lie groups Categories:22E46, 53C30 |
14. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1416)
MAD Saturated Families and SANE Player We throw some light on the question: is there a MAD family
(a maximal family of infinite subsets of $\mathbb{N}$, the intersection of any
two is finite) that is saturated (completely separable \emph{i.e.,} any
$X \subseteq \mathbb{N}$ is
included in a finite union of members of the family \emph{or} includes a
member (and even continuum many members) of the family).
We prove that it is hard to prove the consistency of the negation:
(i) if $2^{\aleph_0} \lt \aleph_\omega$, then there is such a family;
(ii) if there is no such family, then some situation
related to pcf holds whose consistency is large (and if ${\mathfrak a}_* \gt
\aleph_1$ even unknown);
(iii) if, \emph{e.g.,} there is no inner model with measurables,
\emph{then} there is such a family.
Keywords:set theory, MAD families, pcf, the continuum Categories:03E05, 03E04, 03E17 |
15. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 481)
Some Functional Inequalities on Polynomial Volume Growth Lie Groups In this article we study some Sobolev-type inequalities on polynomial volume growth Lie groups.
We show in particular that improved Sobolev inequalities can be extended to this general framework
without the use of the Littlewood-Paley decomposition.
Keywords:Sobolev inequalities, polynomial volume growth Lie groups Category:22E30 |
16. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1161)
Transfer of Fourier Multipliers into Schur Multipliers and Sumsets in a Discrete Group We inspect the relationship between relative Fourier
multipliers on noncommutative Lebesgue-Orlicz spaces of a discrete
group $\varGamma$ and relative Toeplitz-Schur multipliers on
Schatten-von-Neumann-Orlicz classes. Four applications are given:
lacunary sets, unconditional Schauder bases for the subspace of a
Lebesgue space determined by a given spectrum $\varLambda\subseteq\varGamma$, the
norm of the Hilbert transform and the Riesz projection on
Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent a power of 2, and the norm of
Toeplitz Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with
exponent less than 1.
Keywords:Fourier multiplier, Toeplitz Schur multiplier, lacunary set, unconditional approximation property, Hilbert transform, Riesz projection Categories:47B49, 43A22, 43A46, 46B28 |
17. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1083)
Decomposition of Splitting Invariants in Split Real Groups For a maximal torus in a quasi-split semi-simple simply-connected group over a local field of characteristic $0$,
Langlands and Shelstad constructed a
cohomological invariant called the splitting invariant, which is an important
component of their endoscopic transfer factors. We study this invariant in the
case of a split real group and prove a
decomposition theorem which expresses this invariant for a general torus as a product of the corresponding
invariants for simple tori. We also show how this reduction formula allows for the comparison of splitting invariants
between different tori in the given real group.
Keywords:endoscopy, real lie group, splitting invariant, transfer factor Categories:11F70, 22E47, 11S37, 11F72, 17B22 |
18. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 798)
Representing Multipliers of the Fourier Algebra on Non-Commutative $L^p$ Spaces We show that the multiplier algebra of the Fourier algebra on a
locally compact group $G$ can be isometrically represented on a direct
sum on non-commutative $L^p$ spaces associated with the right von
Neumann algebra of $G$. The resulting image is the idealiser of the
image of the Fourier algebra. If these spaces are given their
canonical operator space structure, then we get a completely isometric
representation of the completely bounded multiplier algebra. We make
a careful study of the non-commutative $L^p$ spaces we construct and
show that they are completely isometric to those considered recently
by Forrest, Lee, and Samei. We improve a result of theirs about module
homomorphisms. We suggest a definition of a Figa-Talamanca-Herz
algebra built out of these non-commutative $L^p$ spaces, say
$A_p(\widehat G)$. It is shown that $A_2(\widehat G)$ is isometric to
$L^1(G)$, generalising the abelian situation.
Keywords:multiplier, Fourier algebra, non-commutative $L^p$ space, complex interpolation Categories:43A22, 43A30, 46L51, 22D25, 42B15, 46L07, 46L52 |
19. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1276)
A Generalized Poisson Transform of an $L^{p}$-Function over the Shilov Boundary of the $n$-Dimensional Lie Ball |
A Generalized Poisson Transform of an $L^{p}$-Function over the Shilov Boundary of the $n$-Dimensional Lie Ball
Let $\mathcal{D}$ be the $n$-dimensional Lie ball and let
$\mathbf{B}(S)$ be the space of hyperfunctions on the Shilov
boundary $S$ of $\mathcal{D}$.
The aim of this paper is to give a
necessary and sufficient condition on the generalized Poisson
transform $P_{l,\lambda}f$ of an element $f$ in the space
$\mathbf{B}(S)$ for $f$ to be in $ L^{p}(S)$, $1 > p > \infty.$
Namely, if $F$ is the Poisson transform of some $f\in
\mathbf{B}(S)$ (i.e., $F=P_{l,\lambda}f$), then for any
$l\in \mathbb{Z}$ and $\lambda\in \mathbb{C}$ such that
$\mathcal{R}e[i\lambda] > \frac{n}{2}-1$, we show that $f\in L^{p}(S)$ if and
only if $f$ satisfies the growth condition
$$
\|F\|_{\lambda,p}=\sup_{0\leq r
< 1}(1-r^{2})^{\mathcal{R}e[i\lambda]-\frac{n}{2}+l}\Big[\int_{S}|F(ru)|^{p}du
\Big]^{\frac{1}{p}} < +\infty.
$$
Keywords:Lie ball, Shilov boundary, Fatou's theorem, hyperfuctions, parabolic subgroup, homogeneous line bundle Categories:32A45, 30E20, 33C67, 33C60, 33C55, 32A25, 33C75, 11K70 |
20. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 961)
Multiplicative Isometries and Isometric Zero-Divisors
For some Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disk
(weighted Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet-type spaces), the
isometric pointwise multipliers are found to be unimodular constants.
As a consequence, it is shown that none of those spaces have isometric
zero-divisors. Isometric coefficient multipliers are also
investigated.
Keywords:Banach spaces of analytic functions, Hardy spaces, Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet space, Dirichlet-type spaces, pointwise multipliers, coefficient multipliers, isometries, isometric zero-divisors Categories:30H05, 46E15 |
21. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 870)
The Brascamp-Lieb Polyhedron
A set of necessary and sufficient conditions for the Brascamp--Lieb inequality to hold has recently been found by Bennett, Carbery, Christ, and Tao. We present an analysis of these conditions. This analysis allows us to give a concise description of the set where the inequality holds in the case where each of the linear maps involved has co-rank $1$. This complements the result of Barthe concerning the case where the linear maps all have rank $1$. Pushing our analysis further, we describe the case where the maps have either rank $1$ or rank $2$. A separate but related problem is to give a list of the finite number of conditions necessary and sufficient for the Brascamp--Lieb inequality to hold. We present an algorithm which generates such a list.
Keywords:Brascamp-Lieb inequality, Loomis-Whitney inequality, lattice, flag Categories:44A35, 14M15, 26D20 |
22. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 284)
Self-Maps of Low Rank Lie Groups at Odd Primes Let G be a simple, compact, simply-connected Lie group localized at an odd prime~p. We study the group of homotopy classes of self-maps $[G,G]$ when the rank of G is low and in certain cases describe the set of homotopy classes of multiplicative self-maps $H[G,G]$. The low rank condition gives G certain structural properties which make calculations accessible. Several examples and applications are given.
Keywords:Lie group, self-map, H-map Categories:55P45, 55Q05, 57T20 |
23. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 52)
An Algebraic Approach to Weakly Symmetric Finsler Spaces In this paper, we introduce a new algebraic notion, weakly symmetric
Lie algebras, to give an algebraic description of an
interesting class of homogeneous Riemann--Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric
Finsler spaces. Using this new definition, we are able to give a
classification of weakly symmetric Finsler spaces with dimensions $2$
and $3$. Finally, we show that all the non-Riemannian reversible weakly
symmetric Finsler spaces we find are non-Berwaldian and with vanishing
S-curvature. This means that reversible non-Berwaldian Finsler spaces
with vanishing S-curvature may exist at large. Hence the generalized
volume comparison theorems due to Z. Shen are valid for a rather large
class of Finsler spaces.
Keywords:weakly symmetric Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric Lie algebras, Berwald spaces, S-curvature Categories:53C60, 58B20, 22E46, 22E60 |
24. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 721)
SubRiemannian Geometry on the Sphere $\mathbb{S}^3$ We discuss the subRiemannian
geometry induced by two noncommutative
vector fields which are left invariant
on the Lie group $\mathbb{S}^3$.
Keywords:noncommutative Lie group, quaternion group, subRiemannian geodesic, horizontal distribution, connectivity theorem, holonomic constraint Categories:53C17, 53C22, 35H20 |
25. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1010)
$H^\infty$ Functional Calculus and Mikhlin-Type Multiplier Conditions Let $T$ be a sectorial operator. It is known that the existence of a
bounded (suitably scaled) $H^\infty$ calculus for $T$, on every
sector containing the positive half-line, is equivalent to the
existence of a bounded functional calculus on the Besov algebra
$\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha(\R^+)$. Such an algebra
includes functions defined by Mikhlin-type conditions and so the
Besov calculus can be seen as a result on multipliers for $T$. In
this paper, we use fractional derivation to analyse in detail the
relationship between $\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha$ and Banach algebras
of Mikhlin-type. As a result, we obtain a new version of the quoted
equivalence.
Keywords:functional calculus, fractional calculus, Mikhlin multipliers, analytic semigroups, unbounded operators, quasimultipliers Categories:47A60, 47D03, 46J15, 26A33, 47L60, 47B48, 43A22 |