To better understand the capacity of Northern communities to cooperate in local food sharing economies, we developed an Agent-Based Model to simulate the effects that participation in household-level versus community-level sharing might have on a caribou meat distribution system. This model is based on the findings from data gathered at the Innu community of Sheshatshiu, Labrador. The preliminary objective of this study is to examine how the relative contributions of household-level versus community-level sharing of caribou affect the uniformity of caribou meat amongst the population. The preliminary results from the application of the ABM approach have shown that the agents operating at the higher scale of the community-level tend to distribute the meat more evenly. This indicates that policies promoting large-scale (or up-scaling) of cooperation may also increase the capacity of Northern communities to build healthy food sharing economies.
Despite the long history of beekeeping and its extensive use in honey bee farming practice, little information is available about the conditions inside a honey beehive. In this study, using field data and observations, we constructed for the first time a realistic physical model of a beehive, and modeled the relevant heat and mass transfer processes describing the interaction of the honeybees with the air and simulated the 3-D flow inside the beehive. In our talk, we will discuss the challenges involved in modeling this problem as well as our findings regarding conditions inside the beehive at different ambient temperatures and its implication for the honeybees.