CMS/SMC
Canadian Mathematical Society
www.cms.math.ca
Canadian Mathematical Society
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PROBLEMS FOR JANUARY

Please send your solution to

Ed Barbeau
Department of Mathematics
University of Toronto
Toronto, ON M5S 3G3

no later than February 29, 2004. It is important that your complete mailing address and your email address appear on the front page.


283.
(a) Determine all quadruples (a, b, c, d) of positive integers for which the greatest common divisor of its elements is 1,
 a

b
=  c

d
and a + b + c = d.
(b) Of those quadruples found in (a), which also satisfy
 1

b
+  1

c
+  1

d
=  1

a
 ?
(c) For quadruples (a, b, c, d) of positive integers, do the conditions a + b + c = d and (1/b) + (1/c) + (1/d) = (1/a) together imply that a/b = c/d?

284.
Suppose that ABCDEF is a convex hexagon for which A + C + E = 360 and
 AB

BC
·  CD

DE
·  EF

FA
= 1 .
Prove that
 AB

BF
·  FD

DE
·  EC

CA
= 1 .

285.
(a) Solve the following system of equations:
(1 + 42x - y)(51 - 2x + y) = 1 + 22x - y + 1 ;

y2 + 4x = log2 (y2 + 2x + 1) .
(b) Solve for real values of x:
3x ·8x/(x+2) = 6 .
Express your answers in a simple form.

286.
Construct inside a triangle ABC a point P such that, if X, Y, Z are the respective feet of the perpendiculars from P to BC, CA, AB, then P is the centroid (intersection of the medians) of triangle XYZ.

287.
Let M and N be the respective midpoints of the sides BC and AC of the triangle ABC. Prove that the centroid of the triangle ABC lies on the circumscribed circle of the triangle CMN if and only if
4 ·|AM |·|BN | = 3 ·|AC |·|BC | .

288.
Suppose that a1 < a2 < < an. Prove that
a1 a24 + a2 a34 + + an a14 a2 a14 + a3 a24 + + a1 an4 .

289.
Let n(r) be the number of points with integer coordinates on the circumference of a circle of radius r > 1 in the cartesian plane. Prove that
n(r) < 6
3
 

pr2
 
 .



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